Table 8. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 8. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Commodities5

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 15,246 100 17,297 100 6,681 100 290 13.4 - 11.8 - 31.4 - 21.3
Single modes 12,889 84.5 15,198 87.9 4,840 72.5 103 13.4 2.8 9.2 4.5 18.8 7.9 12.4
Truck6 10,082 66.1 10,631 61.5 2,192 32.8 95 8.1 5.3 8.7 7 13.7 11.4 11.1
For-hire truck 5,804 38.1 5,497 31.8 1,734 25.9 364 15.2 2.3 14.7 4 17.6 8.8 16.7
Private truck 4,278 28.1 5,134 29.7 459 6.9 52 9.5 5 13.6 6.3 13.2 3.4 8.7
Rail 2,530 16.6 3,210 18.6 2,636 39.5 978 42 4.9 30.8 5.2 30.5 8.6 12.2
Water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Deep draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) 37 0.2 S S S S 1,005 46.3 0.2 S S S S 11.2
Pipeline7 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 2,160 14.2 S S S S 690 28.8 2.8 S S S S 16
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1,026 6.7 19 0.1 11 0.2 686 18.9 1.8 21.5 - 32.7 0.1 16.2
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,878 S S S S S S 38.9
Truck and water S S S S S S 1,214 S S S S S S 2
Rail and water 25 0.2 S S S S 459 16.8 0.8 S S S S 13.2
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 218 S S S S S S 26.4
Other and unknown modes 197 1.3 73 0.4 46 0.7 121 25.2 0.5 32.7 0.3 49.2 1.3 24.4

SCTG2 03, Other agricultural products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 116 100 75 100 S S S 37.7 - 48.2 - S S S
Single modes 112 96.8 S S S S S 40.5 13.2 S S S S S
Truck6 112 96.8 S S S S S 40.5 13.2 S S S S S
For-hire truck 41 35.7 S S S S 407 50 19 S S S S 47.6
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 397 S S S S S S 4.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 04, Animal feed and products of animal origin, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 268 100 74 100 S S S 33.6 - 15.1 - S S S
Single modes 252 94 71 96.1 S S S 31.5 4.2 14.3 3.3 S S S
Truck6 228 85.2 58 78.2 S S S 29.4 10.5 24.2 18.7 S S S
For-hire truck 197 73.6 S S S S 204 8.1 18.8 S S S S 20.7
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 05, Meat, fish, seafood, and their preparations

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S 310 S S S S S S 24.3
Single modes S S S S S S 312 S S S S S S 24.2
Truck6 S S S S S S 312 S S S S S S 24.2
For-hire truck 80 13.5 10 6 10 48.2 1,007 48.9 10.5 28.3 13.2 27.5 11.2 14.7
Private truck S S S S S S 78 S S S S S S 40.6
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 06, Milled grain products and preparations and bakery products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 83 100 38 100 8 100 212 39.6 - 35.4 - 42.3 - 45.1
Single modes 83 100 38 100 8 100 212 39.6 - 35.4 - 42.3 - 45.1
Truck6 83 100 38 100 8 100 212 39.6 - 35.4 - 42.3 - 45.1
For-hire truck S S S S S S 585 S S S S S S 1.6
Private truck S S S S S S 125 S S S S S S 9.1

SCTG2 07, Other prepared foodstuffs and fats and oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 292 100 421 100 40 100 56 25.2 - 30.3 - 44.7 - 15.1
Single modes 290 99.6 421 100 40 100 50 25.5 2.1 30.3 0.1 44.7 1.7 14.8
Truck6 290 99.6 421 100 40 100 50 25.5 2.1 30.3 0.1 44.7 1.7 14.8
For-hire truck 53 18.3 110 26.1 17 42.7 155 34.8 13 32.2 9.5 32.7 5.1 2.2
Private truck 237 81.3 312 73.9 23 57.3 46 24.4 6.1 23.1 8 35.3 11.8 13.5
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 08, Alcoholic beverages

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 197 100 156 100 4 100 29 21.7 - 23.1 - 18.8 - 9.2
Single modes 197 100 156 100 4 100 29 21.7 - 23.1 - 18.8 - 9.2
Truck6 197 100 156 100 4 100 29 21.7 - 23.1 - 18.8 - 9.2
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck 196 99.6 155 99.5 4 99.6 29 21.4 0.2 22.8 0.2 18.6 0.2 9.2

SCTG2 11, Natural sands

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 5 100 1,167 100 18 100 14 26.5 - 20.4 - 22.4 - 12.8
Single modes 5 99.3 1,159 99.3 18 99.4 14 26.8 0.8 20.6 0.8 22.5 0.5 13
Truck6 5 99.3 1,159 99.3 18 99.4 14 26.8 0.8 20.6 0.8 22.5 0.5 13
For-hire truck S S S S 7 38.3 12 S S S S 46.2 19.1 34.3
Private truck 3 66.6 586 50.3 11 61.1 16 43.5 15.3 31.3 16.5 39.7 15.7 12.7
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 12, Gravel and crushed stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2 100 64 100 1 100 19 33.4 - 45.6 - 48.5 - 22.8
Single modes 2 80.3 59 92.7 1 96 23 17.2 14 20 5.2 15 2.9 6.2
Truck6 2 80.3 59 92.7 1 96 23 17.2 14 20 5.2 15 2.9 6.2
For-hire truck S S S S S S 15 S S S S S S 31.2
Private truck S S 54 84.1 1 90.1 24 S S 29.5 12.2 21.7 8.7 8.2
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 12 S S S S S S 28.6

SCTG2 13, Nonmetallic minerals nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S 101 100 2 100 351 S S 39.6 - 41.5 - 37.9
Single modes S S 101 99.9 2 98.4 S S S 34.9 - 38.7 0.8 S
Truck6 S S 101 99.9 2 98.4 S S S 34.9 - 38.7 0.8 S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S 90 88.4 2 91.5 18 S S 29.9 10.6 33.3 5.7 15.9
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 18, Fuel oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 17 100 34 100 S S S 12.8 - 10.1 - S S S
Single modes 17 100 34 100 S S S 12.8 - 10.1 - S S S
Truck6 17 100 34 100 S S S 12.8 - 10.1 - S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck 16 90.1 28 82.5 S S S 3.7 8.7 8 15.7 S S S

SCTG2 19, Coal and petroleum products, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S 48 S S S S S S 28.6
Single modes S S S S S S 40 S S S S S S 14.7
Truck6 S S S S S S 40 S S S S S S 14.7
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S 39 S S S S S S 16.4
Multiple modes S S S S - 0.1 291 S S S S 43.8 15.9 18.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S - 0.1 291 S S S S 43.8 15.9 18.7

SCTG2 20, Basic chemicals

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 3,511 100 3,925 100 2,345 100 517 37.9 - 30.3 - 33 - 15.5
Single modes 3,188 90.8 3,639 92.7 2,160 92.1 504 37 3.1 30.6 3.1 34.3 3.6 15.5
Truck6 883 25.2 907 23.1 280 11.9 417 23.5 15.5 39.8 16.6 38.1 17.9 18.2
For-hire truck 714 20.3 S S 248 10.6 517 22.9 12.5 S S 44.1 16.7 19.1
Private truck 169 4.8 199 5.1 32 1.4 105 40.9 7 31.2 9.3 36.4 1.9 34
Rail 2,111 60.1 2,411 61.4 1,870 79.7 961 46 8.9 36.6 9.3 32.2 5.5 18.6
Water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Deep draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Pipeline7 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,025 S S S S S S 19.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 1,248 S S S S S S 18.4
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Rail and water 25 0.7 S S S S 459 16.8 5.5 S S S S 13.2
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 21, Pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S - 100 - 100 371 S S 41.2 - 38.8 - 21.1
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S - - 16 S S S S 25.9 3.4 8.4
Multiple modes S S - 98.3 - 98.2 394 S S 35.8 15.5 33.3 2.1 18.2
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S - 98.3 - 98.2 394 S S 35.8 15.5 33.3 2.1 18.2

SCTG2 22, Fertilizers

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 10 100 35 100 6 100 169 33.6 - 47.7 - 40.7 - 17
Single modes 10 100 35 100 6 100 169 33.6 - 47.7 - 40.7 - 17
Truck6 10 100 35 100 6 100 169 33.6 - 47.7 - 40.7 - 17
For-hire truck 9 93.2 S S 6 99.5 S 43.2 17.2 S S 38.7 2.1 S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 23, Chemical products and preparations, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,364 100 S S S S 306 35.1 - S S S S 21.8
Single modes 1,115 81.7 S S S S 269 33.9 6.4 S S S S 25.7
Truck6 998 73.1 S S 72 42.8 265 36.9 9.6 S S 35.9 17.5 26.2
For-hire truck 983 72 S S 71 42.3 676 37.4 8 S S 36.3 16.9 9
Private truck 15 1.1 6 1.1 1 0.5 S 21.1 4.2 45.2 2.8 47.8 1 S
Rail S S S S S S 447 S S S S S S 19.5
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 763 S S S S S S 21.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 791 S S S S S S 21
Truck and rail S S 4 0.8 1 0.4 163 S S 29.3 17.8 29 5.4 0.5
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 24, Plastics and rubber

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 384 100 75 100 59 100 274 23.5 - 28.5 - 41.7 - 31.9
Single modes 303 78.9 71 94.5 58 98 S 29.5 7.7 30.2 4 42.2 7 S
Truck6 303 78.9 70 94.4 58 97.8 S 29.5 7.7 30 4 42.2 7 S
For-hire truck 180 46.9 49 66.2 57 96.6 S 31.5 10 34.7 12.6 39.8 11.1 S
Private truck 123 32 21 28.1 1 1.2 41 41.6 9.6 37.7 14.2 35.3 13.7 16.3
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 75 19.6 S S 1 2 519 43.3 8 S S 30 7 24
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 75 19.6 S S 1 2 519 43.3 8 S S 30 7 24
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 7 S S S S S S 29.7

SCTG2 25, Logs and other wood in the rough

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S 690 100 S S 102 S S 35 - S S 40.5
Single modes S S 690 100 S S 102 S S 35 - S S 40.6
Truck6 S S 690 100 S S 102 S S 35 - S S 40.6
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S 78 S S S S S S 18.7
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 20 S S S S S S 9.8

SCTG2 26, Wood products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 697 100 2,729 100 296 100 165 21 - 46.6 - 18.7 - 20.5
Single modes 695 99.7 2,727 99.9 294 99.4 165 21.1 0.3 46.7 0.2 18.8 0.6 20.1
Truck6 642 92.1 1,662 60.9 265 89.5 164 16.5 2.6 23.2 12.3 17.4 3 20.1
For-hire truck 366 52.5 804 29.4 185 62.5 274 24.2 6.9 29.4 8.7 17.5 5.4 16.4
Private truck 276 39.6 859 31.5 80 27 133 21.7 7.4 30.4 9.1 28.4 4.2 8.9
Rail 7 1 31 1.1 27 9.2 747 20.9 1.2 28.2 1.7 29.7 4.9 39.1
Water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Deep draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 2 0.3 2 0.1 S S S 39 1.1 19.3 1 S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other multiple modes 2 0.2 1 - - 0.1 165 31.8 1.9 27.5 1.6 27.5 0.9 -
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 27, Pulp, newsprint, paper, and paperboard

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 319 100 562 100 289 100 278 27.8 - 41.5 - 37 - 28.5
Single modes 309 96.9 549 97.7 256 88.6 259 26.9 0.9 40.5 0.6 29.9 3.8 31.2
Truck6 309 96.9 549 97.7 256 88.6 259 26.9 0.9 40.5 0.6 29.9 3.8 31.2
For-hire truck 251 78.7 484 86.1 231 80 487 31.5 10.8 45.3 9.5 31.1 6.1 8.9
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier - - S S S S S 11.1 0.1 S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 3 1.1 2 0.4 S S 200 16.4 1.4 14.2 1.2 S S 12.6

SCTG2 28, Paper or paperboard articles

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 946 100 456 100 273 100 238 45.6 - 36.7 - 47.5 - 33.2
Single modes 946 100 456 100 273 100 236 45.6 0.6 36.7 - 47.5 0.3 35.1
Truck6 946 100 456 100 273 100 236 45.6 0.6 36.7 - 47.5 0.3 35.1
For-hire truck 889 94 406 88.9 268 98.3 576 48.3 16.7 42 13.2 48.1 12.5 21.8
Private truck S S S S S S 62 S S S S S S 12.1
Multiple modes S S - - - - S S S 30.8 0.1 46 0.6 S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S - - - - S S S 30.8 0.1 46 0.6 S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 143 S S S S S S -

SCTG2 29, Printed products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 51 100 S S S S S 37.4 - S S S S S
Single modes 37 72 S S S S 24 36.9 10.8 S S S S 4.2
Truck6 37 72 S S S S 24 36.9 10.8 S S S S 4.2
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck 36 71.3 S S S S 24 36.9 10.6 S S S S 4.3
Multiple modes 14 28 S S - 14.9 S 47.7 17.4 S S 49.7 19.8 S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 14 28 S S - 14.9 S 47.7 17.4 S S 49.7 19.8 S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 30, Textiles, leather, and articles of textiles or leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 488 100 174 100 93 100 S 32.6 - 32.7 - 31.1 - S
Single modes 417 85.4 170 97.6 89 96.1 S 35 8.6 33 2.2 30.9 2.6 S
Truck6 416 85.3 169 97 88 95.3 S 35 8.7 33.4 3.2 31.3 2.9 S
For-hire truck 278 57 120 68.7 70 75.6 541 36.2 12.8 34.9 10.1 29.4 9.3 15.9
Private truck S S S S S S 86 S S S S S S 27
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 70 14.4 S S S S S 47.5 10.6 S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 64 13.1 S S - 0.2 S 48.8 12.1 S S 47.3 3.7 S
Truck and rail 1 0.2 1 0.3 S S S 5.7 4.3 0.1 4 S S S
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 31, Nonmetallic mineral products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 600 100 3,082 100 S S 75 40.8 - 42.8 - S S 28.4
Single modes 539 89.8 2,446 79.4 S S 74 44.9 6 40.6 7.4 S S 29
Truck6 525 87.4 2,291 74.3 S S 72 44.8 6.4 39.9 8.3 S S 29.3
For-hire truck S S S S S S 199 S S S S S S 22
Private truck 208 34.7 957 31.1 S S 48 22.4 16.4 35.1 16.3 S S 28.6
Rail 14 2.4 155 5 65 14 422 24.4 1.1 23.8 3.5 21.9 9.1 3.4
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S - - - - S S S 15.1 - 41.7 0.3 S
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 32, Base metal in prim. or semifin. forms & in finished basic shapes

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S 176 S S S S S S 30
Single modes 754 79.1 S S S S 124 45.7 6.2 S S S S 23.5
Truck6 497 52.2 471 36.6 S S 85 24.7 14.7 37.2 19.2 S S 17.3
For-hire truck 233 24.5 S S S S 461 45.1 11.2 S S S S 17.5
Private truck 264 27.7 239 18.6 S S 36 26.2 15.8 24.3 18.3 S S 22.6
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,198 S S S S S S 39.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 461 S S S S S S 25.9
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 63 S S S S S S 40

SCTG2 33, Articles of base metal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 684 100 129 100 14 100 147 22.2 - 18.7 - 20.9 - 30.6
Single modes 606 88.6 122 94.5 13 93.9 S 24.9 3.8 19.9 2.9 22.1 3.1 S
Truck6 604 88.3 122 94.5 13 93.7 46 25 3.9 19.9 2.9 22.1 3.1 43.1
For-hire truck 209 30.6 32 25.1 10 69.6 S 26.4 6.3 37.6 7.3 26.7 10.2 S
Private truck 395 57.7 89 69.4 3 24.1 30 28.6 8.7 26 8.3 22.8 12.7 42.1
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 832 S S S S S S 25.9
Multiple modes 56 8.2 1 0.8 - 2.8 430 48.3 4.2 33.9 0.5 47.3 1.4 32
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 56 8.2 1 0.8 - 2.8 430 48.3 4.2 33.9 0.5 47.3 1.4 32
Other and unknown modes 22 3.1 6 4.6 S S S 39.9 1.3 39.8 3.2 S S S

SCTG2 34, Machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 650 100 90 100 27 100 362 16.3 - 41.9 - 45.1 - 24.8
Single modes 503 77.4 80 89.4 20 75.9 S 18.9 7.8 41.7 5.6 40.9 7.8 S
Truck6 503 77.4 80 89.4 20 75.9 S 18.9 7.8 41.7 5.6 40.9 7.8 S
For-hire truck 225 34.6 S S 18 66.6 422 26.3 7.2 S S 44.5 7.9 30.2
Private truck 278 42.8 33 36.3 2 9.4 S 30.5 9.3 26.2 9.4 28.8 4.3 S
Multiple modes 126 19.3 S S S S 686 40.2 5.3 S S S S 15
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 122 18.8 2 2.8 1 5.1 686 38.8 5.1 47.9 1.3 47.5 3.3 15
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 21 3.3 S S S S S 37.1 6.4 S S S S S

SCTG2 35, Electronic & other electrical equip & components & office equip

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 167 100 8 100 S S 340 24.4 - 28.2 - S S 28.2
Single modes 82 49.4 5 58.3 S S S 35.9 10.7 35.3 10.6 S S S
Truck6 70 42 5 55.5 - 10.2 S 35.7 8.6 36.5 9.5 29.2 13.6 S
For-hire truck 1 0.3 - 0.3 - 2.3 1,402 34.4 1.7 21.6 4.8 45.1 8.9 37.6
Private truck 69 41.7 5 55.1 - 8 34 34 8.4 35.1 9.3 31.1 14.7 28
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 57 34.2 S S S S 778 45.7 11.4 S S S S 17.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 57 34.2 S S S S 778 45.7 11.4 S S S S 17.5
Other and unknown modes 27 16.3 1 17.9 - 5.6 87 27.8 13 21.7 11.7 47.4 13.5 29.5

SCTG2 36, Motorized and other vehicles (including parts)

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 263 100 22 100 3 100 204 19.2 - 27.2 - 36 - 42.4
Single modes 205 77.9 20 87.2 2 78.4 S 23.4 12.8 29.9 12.3 49.1 12.6 S
Truck6 205 77.9 20 87.2 2 78.4 S 23.4 12.8 29.9 12.3 49.1 12.6 S
For-hire truck S S S S S S 130 S S S S S S 30.8
Private truck 169 64.3 15 67.7 2 71.6 S 26.6 15.4 27.5 13.6 37.7 14 S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 38 14.3 S S S S 358 49.7 13 S S S S 36.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 38 14.3 S S S S 358 49.7 13 S S S S 36.5
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 37, Transportation equipment, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 536 100 2 100 2 100 903 35.5 - 22.1 - 29.3 - 11.1
Single modes 483 90.1 2 95.2 2 97.7 826 38 5.3 22.9 2.5 29 1.1 21.3
Truck6 473 88.2 2 93.4 2 95.7 769 39.3 5.5 23.5 2.9 30.3 4.3 25
For-hire truck 423 78.9 2 83.5 2 94.4 1,002 41.8 9 26.9 7.3 30.3 4.4 14.4
Private truck 50 9.3 - 10 S S S 32.6 8 45.4 11.6 S S S
Air (incl truck and air) 11 2 - 1.8 S S 1,066 20 6.5 43.9 2.8 S S 20.5
Multiple modes S S S S S S 985 S S S S S S 19.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 985 S S S S S S 19.4
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 38, Precision instruments and apparatus

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S 764 S S S S S S 22.1
Single modes S S S S S S 573 S S S S S S 39
Truck6 S S S S S S 14 S S S S S S 48.9
Private truck S S S S S S 14 S S S S S S 48.9
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 812 S S S S S S 18.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 812 S S S S S S 18.3
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 39, Furniture, mattresses & mattress supports, lamps, lighting

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 272 100 79 100 S S 795 49 - 49.6 - S S 17.9
Single modes S S S S S S 793 S S S S S S 31
Truck6 S S S S S S 793 S S S S S S 31
For-hire truck 69 25.2 25 32.4 S S 931 45.7 10.3 48.3 12 S S 26.9
Private truck S S 23 28.7 S S 674 S S 47.7 9.3 S S 26.2
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,073 S S S S S S 19.9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 1,073 S S S S S S 19.9
Other and unknown modes 68 24.9 S S S S S 42.2 13.8 S S S S S

SCTG2 40, Miscellaneous manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 362 100 S S S S 433 34.9 - S S S S 27.9
Single modes 134 37 S S S S S 49.4 11.9 S S S S S
Truck6 134 37 S S S S S 49.4 11.9 S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck 62 17.3 S S S S S 48.3 14 S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 221 61 2 1.5 1 2.7 525 43.8 11.3 36.4 12 34.2 15.6 22.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 221 61 2 1.5 1 2.7 525 43.8 11.3 36.4 12 34.2 15.6 22.5
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 41, Waste and scrap

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S 342 S S S S S S 48.7
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S 598 S S S S S S 45.4
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 43, Mixed freight

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 634 100 148 100 42 100 899 28 - 34.1 - 30.5 - 22.7
Single modes 516 81.3 142 96.1 37 87.8 159 33.1 5.5 33.8 2.5 32.7 8.6 26.7
Truck6 516 81.3 142 96.1 37 87.8 159 33.1 5.5 33.8 2.5 32.7 8.6 26.7
For-hire truck 29 4.5 S S S S 347 40.1 15.6 S S S S 24.7
Private truck 487 76.8 134 90.5 33 79.6 140 31.7 7.2 35 9.2 36.5 18.2 29
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,086 S S S S S S 17.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 1,086 S S S S S S 17.6
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 99, Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S - 100 246 S S S S 45.6 - 43.1
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Standard Classification of Transported Goods.
3 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
4 Coefficient of Variation.
5 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
6 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
7 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular row have no value. For example, Orlando-Deltona-Daytona Beach, FL by Alcoholic Beverages (08) by Air has no data for any cell therefore the entire row is not shown. Also, two-digit commodities are not present if there is no such data for an entire commodity by area. For example, Pittsburgh-New Castle, PA by Cereal Grains (02) has no data for any mode therefore the entire commodity is not shown.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.