Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 75,411 100 115,846 100 S S 13.3 - 33.4 - S S
Less than 50 miles 18,625 24.7 49,871 43 1,059 4.3 10.4 2.2 26.9 8 31.8 2
50 - 99 miles 3,633 4.8 6,938 6 617 2.5 14.4 0.7 23.6 1.9 22.8 1.5
100 - 249 miles 14,894 19.8 S S S S 23.7 2 S S S S
250 - 499 miles 18,668 24.8 S S S S 18.2 1.4 S S S S
500 - 749 miles 10,696 14.2 1,953 1.7 1,450 5.9 12.1 1.6 12.7 0.6 13.7 3.5
750 - 999 miles 5,113 6.8 608 0.5 622 2.5 33.6 1.5 17.7 0.2 18.3 1.6
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,564 2.1 170 0.1 238 1 45.4 1 27.1 0.1 25.5 0.9
1,500 - 2,000 miles 2,117 2.8 374 0.3 803 3.3 16.1 0.2 14.1 0.2 13.8 2.2
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 56,241 100 111,115 100 S S 12.8 - 34.8 - S S
Less than 50 miles 16,895 30 47,369 42.6 983 4.1 10 1.5 27.2 8.3 31.9 2.1
50 - 99 miles 2,948 5.2 5,423 4.9 496 2.1 13.9 0.8 27.7 2 27 1.4
100 - 249 miles 12,069 21.5 S S S S 25.5 2.2 S S S S
250 - 499 miles 13,378 23.8 S S S S 20.1 1.8 S S S S
500 - 749 miles 6,196 11 1,859 1.7 1,381 5.8 6.8 1.5 13.6 0.6 14.7 3.8
750 - 999 miles 2,457 4.4 581 0.5 595 2.5 31.3 1.4 18.8 0.2 19.4 1.7
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S 163 0.1 227 1 S S 28.1 0.1 26.5 0.9
1,500 - 2,000 miles 1,155 2.1 314 0.3 665 2.8 19.3 0.4 16.3 0.2 16 2.1
More than 2,000 miles S S S S 6 - S S S S 48.4 -

Truck4

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 55,656 100 110,154 100 S S 13 - 35.1 - S S
Less than 50 miles 16,717 30 47,199 42.8 982 4.2 10.2 1.5 27.2 8.4 31.9 2.1
50 - 99 miles 2,948 5.3 5,423 4.9 496 2.1 13.9 0.8 27.7 2.1 27 1.5
100 - 249 miles 11,901 21.4 S S S S 26.1 2.3 S S S S
250 - 499 miles 13,179 23.7 S S S S 20.6 1.8 S S S S
500 - 749 miles 6,188 11.1 1,768 1.6 1,293 5.5 6.9 1.6 11.2 0.7 11.3 3.9
750 - 999 miles 2,448 4.4 580 0.5 594 2.6 31.4 1.5 18.7 0.2 19.4 1.9
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S 163 0.1 227 1 S S 28.1 0.1 26.5 1
1,500 - 2,000 miles 1,140 2 308 0.3 650 2.8 19.5 0.4 16.8 0.2 16.6 2.3
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 42,428 100 S S S S 17.4 - S S S S
Less than 50 miles 9,322 22 14,920 20.6 304 1.4 19.2 2 21.9 9.2 22.8 1.3
50 - 99 miles 1,338 3.2 3,279 4.5 290 1.3 17.2 0.6 46.5 2.4 46.7 1.5
100 - 249 miles 8,966 21.1 S S S S 35.8 3.1 S S S S
250 - 499 miles 11,924 28.1 S S S S 22.7 1.7 S S S S
500 - 749 miles 6,176 14.6 1,765 2.4 1,290 6 6.8 2.6 11.1 1.7 11.3 4.9
750 - 999 miles 2,433 5.7 568 0.8 582 2.7 31.5 1.9 19.1 0.6 19.7 2.4
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S 163 0.2 226 1 S S 28.2 0.4 26.5 1.3
1,500 - 2,000 miles 1,137 2.7 307 0.4 649 3 19.5 0.6 16.7 0.4 16.5 2.9
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 13,228 100 37,873 100 1,622 100 8 - 33.1 - 17.9 -
Less than 50 miles 7,395 55.9 32,279 85.2 678 41.8 5.1 5 39.4 4.3 46.1 7.4
50 - 99 miles 1,610 12.2 2,144 5.7 206 12.7 14.3 1.7 20.8 1.6 20.6 2.5
100 - 249 miles 2,934 22.2 2,975 7.9 539 33.3 18.8 2.4 14.7 2.6 13.5 4.7
250 - 499 miles 1,255 9.5 458 1.2 181 11.2 45.8 2.7 31.2 0.9 31.5 3.3
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 2 - 1 - 1 0.1 2.7 0.1 13.9 - 4.9 0.5
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 367 100 351 100 158 100 24.1 - 18.8 - 43.3 -
Less than 50 miles 177 48.1 169 48.1 1 0.5 21.5 15.4 31.8 14.4 25.3 18.3
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles 180 49.1 86 24.5 S S 40.8 12.2 32.7 17.1 S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 165 100 605 100 322 100 37.7 - 36.1 - 35.5 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles 165 100 605 100 322 100 37.7 - 36.1 - 35.5 -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Shallow draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 165 100 605 100 322 100 37.7 - 36.1 - 35.5 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles 165 100 605 100 322 100 37.7 - 36.1 - 35.5 -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 52 100 3 100 4 100 35.7 - 29 - 32.9 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles 4 6.8 - 11 - 8.6 34.7 3.6 37.1 4.5 37.1 4.7
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Pipeline5

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 16,568 100 652 100 419 100 30.9 - 31.6 - 19.4 -
Less than 50 miles 896 5.4 S S S S 30.4 1.9 S S S S
50 - 99 miles 274 1.7 18 2.8 2 0.5 32.5 0.6 37 1.4 47.9 0.6
100 - 249 miles 2,442 14.7 97 14.9 24 5.8 33.1 2.6 29.1 4.1 24.8 2.7
250 - 499 miles 4,483 27.1 193 29.6 141 33.7 31 3.2 29.4 4.9 36.7 6.4
500 - 749 miles 4,348 26.2 88 13.5 64 15.4 29.7 3.2 21.8 3.9 21.9 2.8
750 - 999 miles S S 28 4.2 27 6.5 S S 23.2 1.2 23.3 1.3
1,000 - 1,499 miles 434 2.6 7 1 9 2.3 21.7 0.7 16.6 0.3 20.9 0.5
1,500 - 2,000 miles 950 5.7 55 8.5 128 30.5 26.8 1.5 31.2 3.1 31.3 6.3
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 16,098 100 306 100 229 100 31.5 - 18.9 - 20.9 -
Less than 50 miles 804 5 21 7 S S 25.7 1.6 35 2.2 S S
50 - 99 miles 259 1.6 9 3.1 1 0.4 35.8 0.6 42.4 0.8 42.1 0.1
100 - 249 miles 2,364 14.7 39 12.6 9 3.9 34.8 2.8 35.4 3.7 35.3 2.5
250 - 499 miles 4,371 27.2 84 27.4 41 18 31 3.5 28.7 3.4 29.4 2.2
500 - 749 miles 4,335 26.9 88 28.6 64 28 29.6 3.3 21.9 4.7 22 4.6
750 - 999 miles S S 27 9 27 11.9 S S 23.6 1.9 23.2 2.1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 434 2.7 7 2.2 9 4.1 21.7 0.7 16.6 0.3 20.9 0.7
1,500 - 2,000 miles 792 4.9 27 8.8 58 25.5 30.6 1.5 42.8 1.9 42 4.6
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 366 100 S S 110 100 34.5 - S S 30.2 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S 58 21.5 15 13.5 S S 37 15.4 26.6 18.7
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles 146 40 28 10.4 67 60.9 49.1 15.2 45.2 20 44.4 13.7
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S 78 100 S S S S 47.7 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S 1 1.1 1 0.8 S S 34.2 2.7 41.7 10
250 - 499 miles S S 70 90.5 77 97.9 S S 50 8 4.5 1.6
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Rail and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S 4,078 100 S S S S 49.6 - S S
Less than 50 miles 834 32 S S S S 25.7 15.9 S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S 5 1.5 S S S S 49.3 10.7
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1 - S S S S 49.1 - S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 12 0.5 S S S S 23 4.1 S S S S
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any mileage group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the mileage group of "More than 2,000 miles" but does have data for the other mileage groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.