Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

Excel | CSV

All Modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 75,411 100 115,846 100 S S 643 13.3 - 33.4 - S S 6.0
Less than 50 lbs 14,249 18.9 218 0.2 137 0.6 731 35.8 4.7 16.5 0.1 20.2 0.5 5.9
50 - 99 lbs 1,514 2.0 82 0.1 44 0.2 580 26.6 0.5 18.1 - 33.9 0.1 20.1
100 - 499 lbs 4,857 6.4 473 0.4 170 0.7 366 18.5 1.0 10.7 0.2 26.3 0.7 15.5
500 - 749 lbs 2,062 2.7 289 0.2 89 0.4 308 19.3 0.5 13.5 0.1 22.0 0.2 14.5
750 - 999 lbs 1,085 1.4 204 0.2 50 0.2 246 15.7 0.4 13.8 0.1 12.9 0.2 12.7
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 15,523 20.6 4,491 3.9 1,146 4.7 263 8.8 2.6 8.1 1.5 10.5 2.9 5.7
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 31,691 42.0 45,223 39.0 5,169 21.1 134 19.7 4.0 23.8 8.1 10.3 11.2 14.6
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 3,262 4.3 11,889 10.3 692 2.8 53 18.2 0.6 34.3 2.8 31.4 1.2 26.6
More than 100,000 lbs 1,168 1.5 S S S S 286 16.6 0.4 S S S S 16.0

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 56,241 100 111,115 100 S S 236 12.8 - 34.8 - S S 9.7
Less than 50 lbs 808 1.4 39 - 6 - 250 12.3 0.2 14.2 - 11.5 - 13.1
50 - 99 lbs 540 1.0 42 - 5 - 107 28.2 0.3 15.8 - 14.9 - 12.9
100 - 499 lbs 3,337 5.9 381 0.3 119 0.5 306 21.2 1.6 11.8 0.1 33.0 0.6 17.8
500 - 749 lbs 1,803 3.2 264 0.2 83 0.4 316 20.4 0.7 13.2 0.1 23.6 0.2 14.1
750 - 999 lbs 938 1.7 186 0.2 47 0.2 249 13.4 0.2 10.9 0.1 10.1 0.2 11.4
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 14,877 26.5 4,390 4.0 1,125 4.7 265 8.8 2.7 8.3 1.5 10.7 3.4 5.7
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 29,811 53.0 43,494 39.1 4,922 20.7 133 20.5 3.7 22.4 8.6 9.6 12.2 14.3
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 3,051 5.4 11,224 10.1 658 2.8 53 16.4 0.8 34.1 3.0 30.9 1.2 26.8
More than 100,000 lbs 1,077 1.9 S S S S 296 18.7 0.4 S S S S 17.7

Truck4

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 55,656 100 110,154 100 S S 234 13.0 - 35.1 - S S 9.7
Less than 50 lbs 801 1.4 38 - 6 - 247 12.4 0.2 14.3 - 11.7 - 13.3
50 - 99 lbs 529 1.0 41 - 4 - 100 29.0 0.3 16.2 - 14.5 - 10.5
100 - 499 lbs 3,333 6.0 380 0.3 119 0.5 305 21.2 1.6 11.8 0.2 33.0 0.7 17.9
500 - 749 lbs 1,791 3.2 263 0.2 83 0.4 315 20.6 0.7 13.3 0.1 23.7 0.2 14.2
750 - 999 lbs 929 1.7 185 0.2 45 0.2 243 13.5 0.2 11.0 0.1 11.1 0.2 11.7
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 14,865 26.7 4,387 4.0 1,123 4.8 264 8.8 2.7 8.3 1.6 10.7 3.5 5.6
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 29,735 53.4 43,424 39.4 4,882 21.0 132 20.6 3.7 22.4 8.9 9.9 13.2 14.4
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 3,004 5.4 11,160 10.1 657 2.8 53 16.1 0.7 33.8 3.1 30.9 1.2 26.7
More than 100,000 lbs 668 1.2 S S S S 291 30.9 0.4 S S S S 20.3

For-hire truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 42,428 100 S S S S 483 17.4 - S S S S 7.4
Less than 50 lbs 315 0.7 13 - 5 - 478 17.8 0.2 24.2 - 15.4 - 8.7
50 - 99 lbs S S S S 3 - 306 S S S S 18.8 - 32.7
100 - 499 lbs 2,172 5.1 149 0.2 103 0.5 699 33.2 2.3 22.8 0.3 38.7 0.8 11.8
500 - 749 lbs 1,111 2.6 108 0.1 70 0.3 653 34.5 0.9 24.8 0.1 29.0 0.2 6.2
750 - 999 lbs 546 1.3 65 0.1 37 0.2 564 14.9 0.2 10.3 0.1 11.9 0.2 5.7
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 9,629 22.7 1,980 2.7 888 4.1 497 12.9 2.4 10.7 1.7 8.5 3.8 4.4
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 25,361 59.8 15,257 21.1 3,768 17.4 276 23.8 3.9 10.0 11.5 9.2 13.9 9.9
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 2,461 5.8 4,624 6.4 443 2.0 86 18.0 0.8 17.3 3.8 32.8 0.8 19.8
More than 100,000 lbs 608 1.4 S S S S 294 31.6 0.9 S S S S 22.2

Private truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 13,228 100 37,873 100 1,622 100 59 8.0 - 33.1 - 17.9 - 11.6
Less than 50 lbs 486 3.7 26 0.1 1 0.1 50 17.3 0.6 13.6 - 13.7 - 24.0
50 - 99 lbs 303 2.3 32 0.1 S S 45 27.7 0.7 17.1 - S S 14.1
100 - 499 lbs 1,161 8.8 231 0.6 15 0.9 62 14.3 1.1 15.0 0.2 26.4 0.3 13.6
500 - 749 lbs 681 5.1 156 0.4 13 0.8 84 16.8 0.9 20.0 0.2 31.1 0.4 14.1
750 - 999 lbs 383 2.9 120 0.3 8 0.5 69 16.6 0.6 14.4 0.1 25.8 0.3 17.7
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 5,236 39.6 2,407 6.4 235 14.5 96 15.9 4.0 12.7 2.8 32.1 4.5 15.5
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 4,375 33.1 28,168 74.4 1,114 68.7 44 6.9 1.7 32.7 3.8 20.2 3.5 19.4
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 543 4.1 S S 214 13.2 32 34.2 1.6 S S 41.2 3.6 24.2
More than 100,000 lbs 61 0.5 198 0.5 19 1.2 S 44.5 0.6 46.5 1.0 47.4 1.1 S

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 367 100 351 100 158 100 377 24.1 - 18.8 - 43.3 - 38.7
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 76 20.8 69 19.7 S S S 34.6 20.0 43.8 16.2 S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 4 S S S S S S 4.1
More than 100,000 lbs 243 66.1 217 61.7 S S 539 35.4 13.2 26.1 12.5 S S 26.8

Water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 165 100 605 100 322 100 536 37.7 - 36.1 - 35.5 - 2.2
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs 165 100.0 605 100.0 322 100.0 536 37.7 - 36.1 - 35.5 - 2.2

Shallow draft

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 165 100 605 100 322 100 536 37.7 - 36.1 - 35.5 - 2.2
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs 165 100.0 605 100.0 322 100.0 536 37.7 - 36.1 - 35.5 - 2.2

Air (incl truck and air)

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 52 100 3 100 4 100 740 35.7 - 29.0 - 32.9 - 24.5
Less than 50 lbs 6 12.4 - 8.2 - 3.8 678 27.7 12.8 26.6 11.5 21.1 12.0 19.5
50 - 99 lbs S S S S S S 850 S S S S S S 19.6
100 - 499 lbs 4 6.9 - 13.8 - 6.9 688 38.6 13.0 38.3 13.1 23.0 15.8 39.2
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S 3,192 S S S S S S 48.6
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,882 S S S S S S 1.9
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Pipeline5

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 16,568 100 652 100 419 100 841 30.9 - 31.6 - 19.4 - 5.7
Less than 50 lbs 13,353 80.6 176 26.9 131 31.2 838 37.8 5.3 19.5 6.9 21.0 6.4 5.7
50 - 99 lbs 953 5.8 37 5.7 39 9.3 1,120 30.9 2.3 28.2 1.7 37.1 3.8 19.7
100 - 499 lbs 1,462 8.8 78 11.9 51 12.1 661 34.4 2.6 33.5 4.0 42.8 3.3 9.3
500 - 749 lbs S S S S 6 1.4 409 S S S S 43.0 1.3 48.5
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S 481 S S S S S S 31.1
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S 15 2.4 S S S S S 47.5 2.5 S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 240 1.5 S S 124 29.5 753 43.8 0.6 S S 43.5 8.6 46.7
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs 26 0.2 97 14.8 S S 354 44.8 0.6 43.7 13.0 S S 48.2

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 16,098 100 306 100 229 100 842 31.5 - 18.9 - 20.9 - 5.7
Less than 50 lbs 13,352 82.9 176 57.4 131 57.2 838 37.8 4.8 19.5 5.8 21.0 6.5 5.7
50 - 99 lbs 953 5.9 37 12.1 39 17.0 1,120 30.9 2.5 28.2 1.9 37.1 4.2 19.7
100 - 499 lbs 1,437 8.9 75 24.4 50 21.8 669 35.4 2.7 35.6 4.0 43.9 4.1 9.1
500 - 749 lbs S S S S 6 2.5 409 S S S S 43.0 2.2 48.5
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S 610 S S S S S S 28.3
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Truck and rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 366 100 S S 110 100 S 34.5 - S S 30.2 - S
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S 14 5.2 4 4.1 S S S 42.9 9.5 32.2 9.0 S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 166 45.3 S S 87 79.4 S 40.3 17.7 S S 35.0 11.7 S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

Truck and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S 78 100 1,353 S S S S 47.7 - 37.4
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S 1 1.1 1 0.8 729 S S 34.2 2.7 41.7 10.0 9.2
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

Rail and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S 4,078 100 S S 29 S S 49.6 - S S 43.1
Less than 50 lbs 89 3.4 4 0.1 - - S 42.5 6.6 48.8 1.5 29.1 0.4 S
50 - 99 lbs S S 3 0.1 - - S S S 36.3 1.4 16.6 0.2 S
100 - 499 lbs 58 2.2 14 0.3 - - S 41.3 4.4 49.5 3.3 49.5 0.7 S
500 - 749 lbs S S 12 0.3 - - S S S 33.2 6.6 37.3 2.1 S
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 508 19.5 86 2.1 S S 160 43.7 9.7 40.0 9.4 S S 45.1
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 181 7.0 618 15.2 30 9.8 50 41.3 17.7 39.2 18.1 41.6 14.2 3.0
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 ""Truck"" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any shipment weight group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the shipment weight groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the shipment size of "More than 100,000 lbs" but does have data for the other shipment weight groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.