Table 7. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 7. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Commodities5

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 75,411 100 115,846 100 S S 643 13.3 - 33.4 - S S 6
Single modes 56,241 74.6 111,115 95.9 S S 236 12.8 4.6 34.8 3 S S 9.7
Truck6 55,656 73.8 110,154 95.1 S S 234 13 4.5 35.1 3 S S 9.7
For-hire truck 42,428 56.3 S S S S 483 17.4 4.3 S S S S 7.4
Private truck 13,228 17.5 37,873 32.7 1,622 6.6 59 8 2.3 33.1 6.8 17.9 3.2 11.6
Rail 367 0.5 351 0.3 158 0.6 377 24.1 0.3 18.8 0.1 43.3 0.7 38.7
Water 165 0.2 605 0.5 322 1.3 536 37.7 0.4 36.1 2 35.5 5 2.2
Shallow draft 165 0.2 605 0.5 322 1.3 536 37.7 0.4 36.1 2 35.5 5 2.2
Air (incl truck and air) 52 0.1 3 - 4 - 740 35.7 - 29 - 32.9 - 24.5
Pipeline7 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 16,568 22 652 0.6 419 1.7 841 30.9 4.5 31.6 0.2 19.4 1.2 5.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 16,098 21.3 306 0.3 229 0.9 842 31.5 4.5 18.9 0.1 20.9 0.8 5.7
Truck and rail 366 0.5 S S 110 0.4 S 34.5 0.2 S S 30.2 0.7 S
Truck and water S S S S 78 0.3 1,353 S S S S 47.7 1 37.4
Rail and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S 4,078 3.5 S S 29 S S 49.6 3 S S 43.1

SCTG2 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,219 100 S S 253 100 S 36.8 - S S 40.4 - S
Single modes 1,197 98.2 S S 253 99.9 S 37 1.1 S S 40.4 0.1 S
Truck6 1,088 89.2 S S 242 95.7 S 41.7 7.5 S S 42.9 5.9 S
For-hire truck 471 38.6 S S 196 77.7 555 42.7 11.8 S S 45.3 7.8 14.3
Private truck 617 50.6 S S 45 18 S 43.4 9.6 S S 39.2 4.4 S
Rail S S S S S S 673 S S S S S S 0.2
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 5,166 100 4,167 100 630 100 71 14.1 - 15.2 - 21.6 - 40.4
Single modes 5,078 98.3 4,099 98.4 629 99.7 57 14.6 0.9 15.2 0.9 21.6 0.2 47.4
Truck6 5,078 98.3 4,099 98.4 629 99.7 57 14.6 0.9 15.2 0.9 21.6 0.2 47.4
For-hire truck 2,868 55.5 1,743 41.8 409 64.9 206 20.5 8 19.5 9.6 23.2 7 32.7
Private truck 2,210 42.8 2,356 56.5 220 34.9 38 18.5 7.5 22.7 9.2 26.8 7 31.3
Multiple modes 36 0.7 1 - S S 872 38.2 0.6 42.4 - S S 18.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 36 0.7 1 - S S 872 38.2 0.6 42.4 - S S 18.3
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 11 S S S S S S 15.8

SCTG2 10-14, Stones, nonmetallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 839 100 79,604 100 S S 64 32.6 - 48.7 - S S 38
Single modes 823 98.2 S S S S 64 33.6 5.1 S S S S 38
Truck6 823 98.2 S S S S 64 33.6 5.1 S S S S 38
For-hire truck 568 67.8 S S S S 163 46.1 10.5 S S S S 24.5
Private truck 255 30.4 S S S S 28 44.7 9 S S S S 24.3
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 5,068 100 7,778 100 372 100 764 24.5 - 24.4 - 26.1 - 27.2
Single modes 3,772 74.4 5,551 71.4 196 52.6 198 13.2 8.2 11.2 10.2 7.9 14.7 28.5
Truck6 3,722 73.4 5,476 70.4 195 52.5 199 13.5 8.7 11.5 10.6 8 14.7 28.4
For-hire truck 3,237 63.9 4,797 61.7 160 42.9 218 16.2 6.9 13 9.1 10.3 11.6 30.6
Private truck 485 9.6 679 8.7 36 9.6 174 14.7 3.7 12.8 2.8 40.8 7.1 24
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 876 S S S S S S 31.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 878 S S S S S S 31.4
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 63 S S S S S S 38.9

SCTG2 20-24, Basic chemicals, chemical, and pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 5,594 100 1,659 100 746 100 364 19.7 - 26.2 - 37.2 - 19.2
Single modes 3,342 59.7 1,623 97.8 715 95.9 232 19.8 10.8 26.3 0.6 37.9 1.2 31.4
Truck6 3,189 57 1,429 86.1 612 82 229 20 10 27.1 4.5 40.3 6.7 31.2
For-hire truck 2,644 47.3 1,117 67.4 593 79.5 531 21 7.9 30.3 8.1 41.4 7.1 11.5
Private truck 544 9.7 311 18.8 19 2.5 32 36.8 5.8 43.4 6.1 33.4 2.1 22.5
Rail 145 2.6 193 11.6 S S 541 32.2 2.5 27.8 6 S S 28.2
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Pipeline7 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S 18 1.1 S S 672 S S 39.9 0.7 S S 10
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S 8 0.5 6 0.8 671 S S 27.7 0.6 31.2 0.7 10
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,444 S S S S S S 1.6
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 11,376 100 4,446 100 1,419 100 798 25 - 27.9 - 26 - 4.6
Single modes 7,215 63.4 4,269 96 1,292 91 424 16.7 4.9 28.9 1.2 28.7 2.6 10.4
Truck6 7,165 63 4,219 94.9 1,267 89.3 424 16.7 4.9 29.2 1.4 29.3 3 10.4
For-hire truck 6,117 53.8 2,594 58.3 1,143 80.5 534 17.3 5.1 34.6 4.1 30.5 3.1 9.8
Private truck 1,048 9.2 1,625 36.6 124 8.7 50 19 1.4 24.3 4.5 24.4 1.4 19.6
Rail 49 0.4 50 1.1 S S 504 46.7 0.8 48.9 2.8 S S 34.1
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S - - S S S S S 43.2 - S
Multiple modes 4,079 35.9 163 3.7 126 8.8 881 45.4 4.7 16.9 1.1 17.8 2.6 5.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 4,039 35.5 127 2.9 104 7.3 881 45.7 4.8 22.5 0.9 23.8 2.5 5.6
Truck and rail 40 0.3 35 0.8 22 1.5 629 23 0.2 30.3 1.1 28.2 1.7 16.7
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S 14 0.3 S S 117 S S 41.4 0.3 S S 49.7

SCTG2 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 10,618 100 11,930 100 1,822 100 307 11.8 - 12.2 - 13.9 - 10.3
Single modes 9,510 89.6 11,765 98.6 1,758 96.5 221 10.5 2.2 12.6 1.1 15.1 2.1 8.9
Truck6 9,479 89.3 11,745 98.4 1,737 95.3 213 10.5 2.2 12.6 1.3 15.5 2.5 8.2
For-hire truck 6,983 65.8 4,430 37.1 1,458 80 475 11.1 3.7 22.5 5.6 15.3 2.7 7.7
Private truck 2,496 23.5 7,315 61.3 279 15.3 45 17.6 3.3 15.3 5.9 21.3 2.2 19.8
Rail 13 0.1 18 0.2 S S 1,669 28.8 0.2 39.1 0.5 S S 31.3
Air (incl truck and air) S S 2 - 1 0.1 841 S S 46.6 - 41.8 - 29
Multiple modes 921 8.7 66 0.6 S S 403 38.9 2.2 38.2 0.4 S S 31.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 811 7.6 S S 12 0.6 403 45.8 2.3 S S 33.6 0.2 33.2
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Rail and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 188 1.8 99 0.8 S S S 34.5 0.7 41 0.7 S S S

SCTG2 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 26,434 100 1,427 100 608 100 717 32.1 - 11.7 - 16.6 - 10.4
Single modes 17,773 67.2 1,308 91.7 515 84.6 220 41.2 8.4 13.3 4.1 20.6 6.5 26.4
Truck6 17,748 67.1 1,307 91.6 513 84.3 201 41.3 8.4 13.3 4.1 20.5 6.4 29.1
For-hire truck 15,610 59.1 985 69 479 78.6 454 47.2 9.3 19.1 6.3 20.2 6.2 8.9
Private truck 2,138 8.1 322 22.6 34 5.6 S 10.3 6.2 22 6.5 40.8 1.8 S
Air (incl truck and air) 25 0.1 1 0.1 S S 713 42.7 0.2 47.3 - S S 36.7
Multiple modes S S S S S S 851 S S S S S S 10
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S 45 3.2 S S 851 S S 48.3 1.9 S S 10
Truck and rail S S 4 0.3 10 1.6 2,355 S S 38 1 39.1 6.5 1.2
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc. manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 9,094 100 3,843 100 1,264 100 654 19.3 - 23.2 - 22.3 - 14.1
Single modes 7,529 82.8 3,692 96.1 1,172 92.7 259 18.5 4.6 23.7 1.6 20.6 2.2 9.3
Truck6 7,362 81 3,087 80.3 850 67.2 259 19.1 4.9 30.4 9.7 22.1 9.7 9.5
For-hire truck 3,928 43.2 1,098 28.6 622 49.2 655 22.3 6.4 22.8 3.9 21.6 6.4 9.6
Private truck 3,434 37.8 1,989 51.7 228 18 130 32.6 7.8 38.2 9.7 43.4 5.6 10.3
Water 165 1.8 S S 322 25.5 536 37.7 4.3 S S 35.5 18.5 2.2
Shallow draft 165 1.8 S S 322 25.5 536 37.7 4.3 S S 35.5 18.5 2.2
Air (incl truck and air) 1 - S S S S 835 45.9 - S S S S 13.8
Multiple modes S S S S S S 900 S S S S S S 8.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 900 S S S S S S 8.6
Truck and rail S S S S 13 1.1 467 S S S S 46.2 1.6 29.8
Truck and water S S S S S S 766 S S S S S S 0.9
Other and unknown modes 45 0.5 7 0.2 S S S 38.2 0.1 38.4 0.1 S S S

SCTG2 99, Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S 37 S S S S S S 10.7
Single modes S S S S S S 33 S S S S S S 29.1
Truck6 S S S S S S 33 S S S S S S 29.1
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Standard Classification of Transported Goods.
3 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
4 Coefficient of Variation.
5 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
6 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
7 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular row have no value. For example, Dallas-Fort Worth, TX by Base metal and machinery (31-34) by Water has no data for any shipment characteristic therefore the entire row is not shown. Also, entire commodity groups are not present if there is no such data for that commodity group by area. For example, Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV (DC part) by Coal and petroleum products (15-19) has no data for any mode therefore the entire commodity group is not shown.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.