Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 98,546 100 190,514 100 31,993 100 11.4 - 12.4 - 12.9 -
Less than 50 miles 48,013 48.7 120,954 63.5 1,958 6.1 11.7 5.2 16.3 6.2 18.5 0.9
50 - 99 miles 11,296 11.5 19,435 10.2 1,320 4.1 35.6 2.8 31.3 2.5 26 0.9
100 - 249 miles 12,556 12.7 15,941 8.4 3,027 9.5 31.6 2.7 32.4 2.2 28.8 2.4
250 - 499 miles 10,882 11 17,883 9.4 8,941 27.9 15.1 1.3 22.7 1.8 23.3 6.6
500 - 749 miles 8,568 8.7 10,217 5.4 8,443 26.4 25.7 2.2 35.3 2.1 31.6 5.9
750 - 999 miles 4,171 4.2 3,937 2.1 4,396 13.7 16.8 1.3 31.3 1.6 29 3.5
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,910 1.9 1,112 0.6 1,688 5.3 21.6 0.7 38.9 0.5 38.3 1.8
1,500 - 2,000 miles 1,100 1.1 S S S S 35.7 0.5 S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 49 - 18 - 51 0.2 33.8 - 40.9 - 41.1 0.1

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 82,866 100 164,180 100 22,648 100 11.1 - 11 - 17.2 -
Less than 50 miles 44,889 54.2 112,370 68.4 1,760 7.8 12.4 5.1 15 6.4 18.6 2.1
50 - 99 miles 10,651 12.9 18,978 11.6 1,271 5.6 36.1 3.2 31.5 3.1 25.7 1.8
100 - 249 miles 11,364 13.7 14,305 8.7 2,633 11.6 30.1 2.9 30.5 2.2 27.1 3.3
250 - 499 miles 5,137 6.2 6,494 4 3,031 13.4 16.3 1.5 20 1.2 20 2.5
500 - 749 miles 5,200 6.3 6,121 3.7 5,869 25.9 16.3 1.3 20.8 0.8 22.5 4.3
750 - 999 miles 3,498 4.2 3,780 2.3 4,196 18.5 20.2 1.5 32.1 1.6 29.6 3.5
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,124 1.4 1,099 0.7 1,673 7.4 23 0.5 39.4 0.5 38.7 1.9
1,500 - 2,000 miles 972 1.2 S S S S 36.9 0.5 S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 29 - 18 - 50 0.2 43.1 - 40.2 - 40.7 0.2

Truck4

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 21,422 100 45,757 100 S S 8.8 - 27.4 - S S
Less than 50 miles 10,220 47.7 34,190 74.7 506 7.4 11.2 3.7 34.2 7.2 30.3 4.1
50 - 99 miles 2,118 9.9 4,188 9.2 374 5.4 10.7 1.6 22.5 2.7 24.5 2.4
100 - 249 miles 2,267 10.6 1,282 2.8 238 3.5 16.8 1.8 12.5 1 12.5 2.4
250 - 499 miles 2,533 11.8 2,256 4.9 1,006 14.6 19.9 1.8 25.2 1.5 25.8 3.5
500 - 749 miles 1,761 8.2 1,021 2.2 746 10.8 26.1 1.4 33.8 1 33.3 2.4
750 - 999 miles 1,115 5.2 S S S S 31.1 1.1 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 697 3.3 S S S S 19.2 0.6 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 692 3.2 S S S S 40.7 0.9 S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 12,791 100 25,306 100 S S 16.2 - 34.4 - S S
Less than 50 miles 4,480 35 S S 313 4.9 24.1 6 S S 43.3 4.6
50 - 99 miles 675 5.3 2,636 10.4 220 3.5 31.2 1.6 28.4 3.1 29.1 1.7
100 - 249 miles 1,081 8.5 575 2.3 118 1.9 28 3.6 23.3 1.2 22.7 1.4
250 - 499 miles 2,272 17.8 2,010 7.9 911 14.4 21.5 2.7 27.5 3.1 27.9 4.9
500 - 749 miles 1,761 13.8 1,021 4 746 11.8 26.1 2.2 33.8 2 33.3 2.8
750 - 999 miles 1,115 8.7 S S S S 31.1 1.3 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 696 5.4 S S S S 19.2 1.5 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 692 5.4 S S S S 40.7 1.2 S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 8,631 100 20,451 100 565 100 11.3 - 33.5 - 18.3 -
Less than 50 miles 5,740 66.5 17,945 87.7 193 34.2 12.5 3.5 38.2 4.8 22.1 4.3
50 - 99 miles 1,443 16.7 1,552 7.6 154 27.3 14.8 2.2 34.4 3.7 40.9 4.8
100 - 249 miles 1,186 13.7 707 3.5 120 21.2 23.6 2.4 16.6 1.1 14.8 3.3
250 - 499 miles 261 3 246 1.2 96 16.9 24.9 0.5 25.6 0.5 26.4 3.1
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1 - S S S S 36.1 0.1 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 7,422 100 S S 5,472 100 28.7 - S S 21.6 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S 62 1.1 S S S S 38.7 0.4
50 - 99 miles S S 83 0.5 11 0.2 S S 46.7 2.6 42.2 0.6
100 - 249 miles S S 309 1.9 86 1.6 S S 42.4 2.8 42.5 0.9
250 - 499 miles 1,362 18.4 2,005 12.1 933 17.1 34.2 4.8 23.3 7 21.8 2.6
500 - 749 miles 918 12.4 1,321 8 1,122 20.5 39.1 3.4 38.6 3.2 41.5 5
750 - 999 miles 1,930 26 1,906 11.5 2,041 37.3 26.8 6.9 25.1 7.3 25.2 8.3
1,000 - 1,499 miles 413 5.6 418 2.5 703 12.8 43.6 2.8 43.8 2.1 44.1 3.9
1,500 - 2,000 miles 268 3.6 213 1.3 482 8.8 39.3 5.1 35.1 3.2 35.1 8.5
More than 2,000 miles 8 0.1 11 0.1 32 0.6 36.9 0.3 39.6 0.3 38.9 1.5

Water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 18,259 100 48,568 100 6,499 100 19.7 - 18.3 - 28.9 -
Less than 50 miles 13,487 73.9 39,283 80.9 537 8.3 23 9.2 21.6 9.8 20.9 10.2
50 - 99 miles S S 1,255 2.6 149 2.3 S S 41.4 8.6 37.2 3
100 - 249 miles 1,640 9 3,207 6.6 996 15.3 33.1 8.2 29.9 8.7 31.5 8.4
250 - 499 miles S S S S 1,002 15.4 S S S S 45.8 10.5
500 - 749 miles 1,378 7.5 2,312 4.8 3,004 46.2 21.3 3.3 41.9 2.5 46.2 10.8
750 - 999 miles 431 2.4 541 1.1 801 12.3 16 4 40.3 2 39.3 7.4
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Shallow draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 15,632 100 40,527 100 5,667 100 23.5 - 19.8 - 33.2 -
Less than 50 miles 11,895 76.1 32,274 79.6 415 7.3 27.3 9.4 24 9.8 24.2 10.3
50 - 99 miles S S 1,255 3.1 149 2.6 S S 41.4 8.4 37.2 2.9
100 - 249 miles 1,640 10.5 3,207 7.9 996 17.6 33.1 10.7 29.9 10 31.5 10.4
250 - 499 miles 738 4.7 1,379 3.4 688 12.1 49.1 5.2 36.5 2.8 27.9 13.7
500 - 749 miles 585 3.7 1,871 4.6 2,618 46.2 32.5 7.1 35.8 6.9 38.1 12
750 - 999 miles 431 2.8 541 1.3 801 14.1 16 5.2 40.3 3 39.3 8.7
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Deep draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 2,627 100 8,041 100 833 100 34.2 - 45.1 - 45.5 -
Less than 50 miles 1,592 60.6 7,009 87.2 S S 30.7 13.5 31.5 17.4 S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles 794 30.2 S S S S 17.3 18.3 S S S S
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 275 100 4 100 5 100 48.9 - 36 - 40.6 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles 50 18 1 18.9 - 8.7 39 9.1 37.1 5.6 31 4.9
500 - 749 miles S S 1 28.4 1 16.4 S S 34.6 16 34.4 17.7
750 - 999 miles 22 8.1 - 12 - 9.6 24.1 13.1 20.4 9.8 21.1 11.2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 14 5 - 7.9 S S 47.7 4 48.8 1.9 S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Pipeline5

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 35,487 100 53,281 100 S S 24.3 - 25.1 - S S
Less than 50 miles 18,927 53.3 28,592 53.7 S S 20.6 12.7 22.2 12.7 S S
50 - 99 miles 8,137 22.9 13,452 25.2 S S 23.6 6.4 27.4 7.4 S S
100 - 249 miles 7,243 20.4 9,507 17.8 S S 31 8.3 28.8 7.8 S S
250 - 499 miles 214 0.6 264 0.5 S S 49.3 0.9 42.7 0.7 S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 14,799 100 25,636 100 9,320 100 19 - 27.1 - 26.7 -
Less than 50 miles 2,674 18.1 S S S S 44.6 6.9 S S S S
50 - 99 miles 634 4.3 S S S S 41.5 1.2 S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles 5,604 37.9 11,385 44.4 5,909 63.4 32.6 8.6 39.8 11.1 39 13
500 - 749 miles 3,364 22.7 S S S S 45 9.8 S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S 154 0.6 196 2.1 S S 28.9 5.5 32.4 7
1,000 - 1,499 miles 537 3.6 7 - 9 0.1 28 4.2 22 0.2 21.9 0.2
1,500 - 2,000 miles 128 0.9 S S S S 38.9 0.4 S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 20 0.1 S S S S 31.4 0.2 S S S S

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 3,367 100 46 100 27 100 23.7 - 16.9 - 24.5 -
Less than 50 miles 316 9.4 7 16.2 - 1 34.3 4.3 20.7 6.1 26.7 1.3
50 - 99 miles S S 8 16.6 1 2.4 S S 31.9 3.8 30.5 1.4
100 - 249 miles 170 5.1 6 13.8 1 4.8 26.1 1 32.8 2.9 36.1 2.7
250 - 499 miles 316 9.4 6 13.5 3 9.8 29.5 1.6 24.5 2 25.2 2.3
500 - 749 miles 927 27.5 5 10.3 4 13.1 42.6 6.9 33.2 2.8 31.6 3.4
750 - 999 miles S S 4 9 4 15.9 S S 32.6 1.9 32.7 3.1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 537 15.9 7 15.1 9 32.3 28 6.1 22 5.5 21.9 6.1
1,500 - 2,000 miles 128 3.8 S S S S 38.9 3.4 S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 20 0.6 S S S S 31.8 0.3 S S S S

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 96 100 198 100 165 100 23.5 - 25.3 - 24.5 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles S S 81 41.1 43 26.2 S S 40.6 17.1 39 17.8
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles 53 55.4 S S 88 53.2 21.4 18.2 S S 19.3 19.6
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 4,974 100 10,691 100 2,125 100 28.1 - 34.6 - 45.1 -
Less than 50 miles S S 6,096 57 S S S S 45.5 19.8 S S
50 - 99 miles 283 5.7 447 4.2 48 2.2 35.6 8.5 35.3 3.1 33.9 16.5
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S 1,565 73.6 S S S S 40.4 9.2
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Rail and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 80 100 194 100 S S 45.5 - 45.2 - S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 6,281 100 14,508 100 6,774 100 10.7 - 14.2 - 16.5 -
Less than 50 miles 271 4.3 S S S S 46.8 10.4 S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles 3,515 56 8,619 59.4 4,271 63.1 18.7 17.9 36 16.4 32.1 18.5
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 882 100 S S 26 100 29.1 - S S 41.4 -
Less than 50 miles 450 51.1 S S S S 41.6 12.9 S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles 28 3.2 2 0.3 S S 47.1 11.8 40.7 10.1 S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any mileage group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the mileage group of "More than 2,000 miles" but does have data for the other mileage groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.