Table 7. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 7. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Commodities5

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 98,546 100 190,514 100 31,993 100 224 11.4 - 12.4 - 12.9 - 10.3
Single modes 82,866 84.1 164,180 86.2 22,648 70.8 118 11.1 1.9 11 2.6 17.2 7.1 15.1
Truck6 21,422 21.7 45,757 24 S S 104 8.8 3.8 27.4 6.7 S S 15.6
For-hire truck 12,791 13 25,306 13.3 S S 342 16.2 3.1 34.4 5.1 S S 21
Private truck 8,631 8.8 20,451 10.7 565 1.8 54 11.3 1.4 33.5 3.1 18.3 0.4 14.8
Rail 7,422 7.5 S S 5,472 17.1 782 28.7 2.6 S S 21.6 5.3 4.4
Water 18,259 18.5 48,568 25.5 6,499 20.3 399 19.7 2.7 18.3 3.6 28.9 4.5 21.4
Shallow draft 15,632 15.9 40,527 21.3 5,667 17.7 237 23.5 2.5 19.8 2.9 33.2 4.4 16.2
Deep draft 2,627 2.7 8,041 4.2 833 2.6 903 34.2 1.3 45.1 2.2 45.5 1.4 13.1
Air (incl truck and air) 275 0.3 4 - 5 - S 48.9 0.3 36 - 40.6 - S
Pipeline7 35,487 36 53,281 28 S S S 24.3 6 25.1 6.9 S S S
Multiple modes 14,799 15 25,636 13.5 9,320 29.1 641 19 1.9 27.1 2.6 26.7 7.2 10.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 3,367 3.4 46 - 27 0.1 638 23.7 1.3 16.9 - 24.5 - 10.6
Truck and rail 96 0.1 198 0.1 165 0.5 847 23.5 0.1 25.3 0.1 24.5 0.7 8.3
Truck and water 4,974 5 10,691 5.6 2,125 6.6 2,842 28.1 1.7 34.6 1.8 45.1 3.7 34.6
Rail and water 80 0.1 194 0.1 S S 764 45.5 0.3 45.2 0.6 S S 47.5
Other multiple modes 6,281 6.4 14,508 7.6 6,774 21.2 453 10.7 1.5 14.2 2.2 16.5 9.2 15.4
Other and unknown modes 882 0.9 S S 26 0.1 69 29.1 0.4 S S 41.4 - 38.6

SCTG2 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 9,508 100 42,244 100 S S S 23.8 - 25.1 - S S S
Single modes 7,981 83.9 34,951 82.7 S S S 24.8 6.9 28.2 7.8 S S S
Truck6 2,664 28 8,300 19.6 S S S 21 16.5 37.5 18.7 S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S 979 S S S S S S 21.8
Private truck 1,725 18.1 S S 81 1.5 93 28.2 19.2 S S 28.7 19.5 18.6
Rail S S S S 512 9.6 734 S S S S 40.7 16.8 26.3
Water 3,155 33.2 17,135 40.6 S S 15 29.1 14.8 29.6 18 S S 30.1
Shallow draft 1,763 18.5 10,577 25 53 1 6 32.9 14.5 36.6 16.3 34.7 3.3 11.3
Deep draft 1,392 14.6 6,558 15.5 S S 24 24 15.5 15.4 18.6 S S 43.9
Multiple modes 1,527 16.1 S S S S S 48 7.6 S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 221 S S S S S S 37.6
Truck and rail S S 49 0.1 40 0.8 821 S S 5 0.6 30.2 4.5 32.7
Truck and water S S S S S S 25 S S S S S S 1.1
Other multiple modes S S 3,005 7.1 S S S S S 30.4 6 S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 5,004 100 4,978 100 459 100 63 38 - 33.9 - 36.6 - 18.2
Single modes 4,991 99.7 4,976 100 457 99.6 59 38.1 0.1 33.9 - 36.6 0.2 19.2
Truck6 4,208 84.1 1,947 39.1 367 80.1 57 38.6 6 19.1 16.3 33.8 9.2 18.4
For-hire truck S S 334 6.7 255 55.5 784 S S 35.4 3.4 40.6 9.9 8.3
Private truck 2,019 40.3 1,613 32.4 113 24.6 31 18.4 12.8 18.1 14.6 26.1 8.9 11.1
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Water 619 12.4 2,376 47.7 S S 33 27.6 12.1 25.4 16.8 S S 27.2
Shallow draft 619 12.4 2,376 47.7 S S 33 27.6 12.1 25.4 16.8 S S 27.2
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 3,285 S S S S S S 40.2
Multiple modes 13 0.3 2 - S S 923 21.8 0.3 47.6 0.2 S S 27.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 7 0.1 S S S S 923 31.3 0.6 S S S S 47.3
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 10-14, Stones, nonmetallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 233 100 21,238 100 402 100 S 30.4 - 39.8 - 34.7 - S
Single modes 233 100 21,238 100 402 100 S 30.4 - 39.8 - 34.7 - S
Truck6 233 100 21,238 100 402 100 S 30.4 - 39.8 - 34.7 - S
For-hire truck 119 51.2 12,326 58 282 70.1 S 29.7 12.5 49.5 13.3 31.7 10.8 S
Private truck 114 48.7 8,912 42 120 29.9 S 25.6 8.9 44.7 15.3 46 14 S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 57,305 100 94,356 100 15,242 100 58 21 - 22.4 - 28.1 - 47.1
Single modes 48,064 83.9 79,279 84 8,597 56.4 56 21.1 3.5 22.3 3.3 26.2 7.4 46.7
Truck6 2,963 5.2 5,491 5.8 389 2.6 S 38.6 2.7 44.6 3.1 35 2.3 S
For-hire truck 2,548 4.4 4,737 5 294 1.9 S 40.7 2.3 49.2 2.6 37.6 2.1 S
Private truck 415 0.7 754 0.8 95 0.6 S 29.5 0.9 28.7 1.4 32.5 0.9 S
Rail S S S S S S 1,104 S S S S S S 28.5
Water 12,517 21.8 24,984 26.5 4,234 27.8 369 30 5.1 30.4 5.4 30.4 5.4 25.6
Shallow draft 11,811 20.6 23,503 24.9 3,526 23.1 211 29 5.5 28.6 5.8 35.1 4.6 31.4
Deep draft 705 1.2 1,481 1.6 708 4.6 826 30.1 2.6 41.2 3.2 36.2 12 24.5
Pipeline7 32,026 55.9 48,415 51.3 S S S 24.2 5.3 25.3 5.3 S S S
Multiple modes 8,941 15.6 14,493 15.4 6,634 43.5 428 26.3 3.5 28.4 3.4 32.9 6.5 40.1
Truck and water 4,288 7.5 6,457 6.8 2,014 13.2 337 23.4 5.3 26.6 5.8 45.5 6.6 23.4
Rail and water S S S S S S 1,282 S S S S S S 13.8
Other multiple modes 4,620 8.1 7,880 8.4 4,418 29 450 15.4 3.5 17 3 22.2 4.1 19.3
Other and unknown modes 300 0.5 585 0.6 S S S 16.1 4.1 30 4.8 S S S

SCTG2 20-24, Basic chemicals, chemical, and pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 16,084 100 20,901 100 9,029 100 369 10.4 - 17.2 - 13.6 - 20.3
Single modes 13,731 85.4 17,266 82.6 7,253 80.3 207 10.8 3.8 16 6.6 16.8 8.4 28.4
Truck6 4,835 30.1 3,173 15.2 937 10.4 141 19.1 5.9 17.6 4.7 20.8 2.3 27.2
For-hire truck 3,603 22.4 2,468 11.8 907 10 424 20.7 5.7 17.1 4.6 20.9 2.3 12.6
Private truck 1,232 7.7 S S 30 0.3 87 38 2.6 S S 33.8 0.1 15.5
Rail 4,380 27.2 5,679 27.2 4,383 48.5 782 25.8 5.5 21.5 8.7 20.3 9.1 8.2
Water 977 6.1 3,546 17 S S S 46.7 3.8 37.1 7 S S S
Shallow draft 975 6.1 3,544 17 S S 615 43.2 4.4 31.9 7.7 S S 45.5
Deep draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) 77 0.5 2 - 1 - 904 29.4 0.4 30.1 - 28.6 - 6.8
Pipeline7 3,462 21.5 4,866 23.3 S S S 38.7 10.8 35.9 9.8 S S S
Multiple modes 2,326 14.5 S S S S 825 27.1 4 S S S S 18.9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1,483 9.2 6 - 3 - 825 47.5 4.4 31.4 - 34 - 18.9
Truck and water S S S S 1 - S S S S S 23.7 0.1 S
Other multiple modes 841 5.2 S S S S 560 13 5.9 S S S S 14
Other and unknown modes 27 0.2 S S S S S 46.7 0.2 S S S S S

SCTG2 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,405 100 1,196 100 607 100 443 20.1 - 32.1 - 37.2 - 20.9
Single modes 1,044 74.3 1,092 91.2 506 83.4 73 21.1 4.6 31.8 3.6 36.8 9 34.4
Truck6 883 62.8 766 64 325 53.5 70 21.9 3.8 32.3 8.3 40.1 9.7 31.5
For-hire truck 380 27 562 47 313 51.6 319 34.2 6.4 43.1 10.4 41.4 10.6 21.3
Private truck 503 35.8 204 17 12 1.9 41 27.9 6.4 27.4 14.9 31.6 10.1 16.5
Rail 161 11.5 326 27.2 182 29.9 571 24.1 9.7 17.9 8.2 33 9.7 16.7
Air (incl truck and air) S S - - S S 1,827 S S 50 - S S 15.4
Multiple modes 350 24.9 102 8.5 101 16.6 850 32.8 4.7 42.5 1.9 44.5 8.9 12
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 281 20 6 0.5 3 0.5 850 44.4 6 38.7 1.9 43.3 11.2 11.9
Truck and rail 70 5 96 8.1 97 16 942 18.4 5.9 21.8 2.8 23.5 3.7 9
Other and unknown modes 11 0.8 S S S S S 48.6 0.5 S S S S S

SCTG2 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 4,052 100 4,516 100 507 100 113 21.8 - 24.3 - 17.1 - 18.8
Single modes 3,528 87.1 4,354 96.4 451 89 72 22 2.1 24.7 1.5 18.5 5.2 25.8
Truck6 3,494 86.2 4,337 96 446 88 70 21.8 2.3 24.9 1.6 18.8 5.6 26.9
For-hire truck 1,570 38.7 1,096 24.3 338 66.7 289 32.5 6.3 16.9 9.3 22.8 8.2 13.3
Private truck 1,924 47.5 3,241 71.8 108 21.3 41 22 7 32.7 9.2 22.4 7.5 38.3
Rail 1 - 8 0.2 4 0.8 470 8.1 0.1 12.2 1.6 4.9 4.4 -
Water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Shallow draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 471 11.6 96 2.1 S S 312 26.1 2.2 49.5 1.7 S S 32.2
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 417 10.3 8 0.2 3 0.5 311 31.6 2.3 26.3 0.1 20 0.7 33.3
Truck and rail 4 0.1 51 1.1 S S 505 43.2 0.5 39.8 9.8 S S 1.1
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Rail and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 54 1.3 S S 1 0.1 S 37 0.8 S S 36.9 0.1 S

SCTG2 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 3,630 100 S S 33 100 383 20.6 - S S 31.7 - 11.7
Single modes 2,148 59.2 S S 18 56.7 284 29.9 9 S S 49.1 11.4 23
Truck6 1,121 30.9 78 30.4 S S 241 38.4 6.8 37.2 12.8 S S 22.2
For-hire truck 879 24.2 55 21.6 S S 452 46.8 6.1 41.3 10.7 S S 18.1
Private truck 242 6.7 22 8.7 1 3.2 54 31.9 2.5 37.6 6.7 43.8 2.1 14.3
Water 873 24 S S S S S 38.8 7.4 S S S S S
Shallow draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Deep draft 528 14.6 - - - 0.2 1,049 5 5.3 - 0.1 - 0.1 -
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 731 S S S S S S 29.1
Multiple modes 1,005 27.7 10 3.7 6 18.7 524 36.2 6.7 33.2 5.8 30.4 7 19
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1,002 27.6 10 3.7 6 18.7 524 36.3 6.6 33.2 5.8 30.4 7 19
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 477 13.2 S S S S S 45 6.3 S S S S S

SCTG2 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc. manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,322 100 829 100 410 100 337 31.8 - 42.1 - 41.6 - 20.3
Single modes 1,144 86.5 814 98.2 396 96.5 204 36.5 7 42.9 3.7 42.9 9.6 25.7
Truck6 1,021 77.2 426 51.4 113 27.6 201 38.1 6.5 39 11.1 49.9 14.1 25.7
For-hire truck S S 287 34.7 S S 865 S S 45.3 8.1 S S 19.5
Private truck 456 34.5 139 16.7 6 1.5 100 22.8 10.1 29.5 17.1 28.5 14.6 18.4
Water 105 8 387 46.8 282 68.8 728 13.4 11 14.1 10.5 14.1 9.8 -
Shallow draft 105 8 387 46.8 282 68.8 728 13.4 11 14.1 10.5 14.1 9.8 -
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 945 S S S S S S 35.9
Multiple modes S S 12 1.5 S S 645 S S 45.4 3.7 S S 20.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S 11 1.4 S S 630 S S 46.6 3.7 S S 20.3
Truck and water S S S S S S 7,050 S S S S S S 49.6
Other and unknown modes 11 0.9 S S S S S 36.2 2.6 S S S S S

SCTG2 99, Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2 100 1 100 S S 89 39.8 - 27.1 - S S 34.4
Single modes 2 100 1 100 S S 89 39.8 - 27.1 - S S 34.4
Truck6 2 100 1 100 S S 89 39.8 - 27.1 - S S 34.4
Private truck 2 100 1 100 S S 89 39.8 - 27.1 - S S 34.4

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Standard Classification of Transported Goods.
3 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
4 Coefficient of Variation.
5 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
6 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
7 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular row have no value. For example, Dallas-Fort Worth, TX by Base metal and machinery (31-34) by Water has no data for any shipment characteristic therefore the entire row is not shown. Also, entire commodity groups are not present if there is no such data for that commodity group by area. For example, Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV (DC part) by Coal and petroleum products (15-19) has no data for any mode therefore the entire commodity group is not shown.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.