Table 8. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 8. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Commodities5

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 98,546 100 190,514 100 31,993 100 224 11.4 - 12.4 - 12.9 - 10.3
Single modes 82,866 84.1 164,180 86.2 22,648 70.8 118 11.1 1.9 11 2.6 17.2 7.1 15.1
Truck6 21,422 21.7 45,757 24 S S 104 8.8 3.8 27.4 6.7 S S 15.6
For-hire truck 12,791 13 25,306 13.3 S S 342 16.2 3.1 34.4 5.1 S S 21
Private truck 8,631 8.8 20,451 10.7 565 1.8 54 11.3 1.4 33.5 3.1 18.3 0.4 14.8
Rail 7,422 7.5 S S 5,472 17.1 782 28.7 2.6 S S 21.6 5.3 4.4
Water 18,259 18.5 48,568 25.5 6,499 20.3 399 19.7 2.7 18.3 3.6 28.9 4.5 21.4
Shallow draft 15,632 15.9 40,527 21.3 5,667 17.7 237 23.5 2.5 19.8 2.9 33.2 4.4 16.2
Deep draft 2,627 2.7 8,041 4.2 833 2.6 903 34.2 1.3 45.1 2.2 45.5 1.4 13.1
Air (incl truck and air) 275 0.3 4 - 5 - S 48.9 0.3 36 - 40.6 - S
Pipeline7 35,487 36 53,281 28 S S S 24.3 6 25.1 6.9 S S S
Multiple modes 14,799 15 25,636 13.5 9,320 29.1 641 19 1.9 27.1 2.6 26.7 7.2 10.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 3,367 3.4 46 - 27 0.1 638 23.7 1.3 16.9 - 24.5 - 10.6
Truck and rail 96 0.1 198 0.1 165 0.5 847 23.5 0.1 25.3 0.1 24.5 0.7 8.3
Truck and water 4,974 5 10,691 5.6 2,125 6.6 2,842 28.1 1.7 34.6 1.8 45.1 3.7 34.6
Rail and water 80 0.1 194 0.1 S S 764 45.5 0.3 45.2 0.6 S S 47.5
Other multiple modes 6,281 6.4 14,508 7.6 6,774 21.2 453 10.7 1.5 14.2 2.2 16.5 9.2 15.4
Other and unknown modes 882 0.9 S S 26 0.1 69 29.1 0.4 S S 41.4 - 38.6

SCTG2 02, Cereal grains

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 5,836 100 32,738 100 704 100 65 25.4 - 22.2 - 37.4 - 36.2
Single modes 4,946 84.7 27,119 82.8 S S S 29.9 9.2 27.3 9.8 S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S 21 S S S S S S 43.4
For-hire truck - - 2 - S S 29 14.5 - 30.7 - S S 36.2
Private truck S S S S S S 7 S S S S S S 3.3
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Water S S S S S S 15 S S S S S S 31.3
Shallow draft 1,468 25.2 9,473 28.9 46 6.5 6 25.1 16.3 32.4 16.5 28.3 14.2 12.8
Deep draft 890 15.2 5,112 15.6 S S 26 13.2 16.8 9.3 18.1 S S 43.2
Multiple modes 890 15.3 5,619 17.2 S S S 33.7 17.5 47.4 18.3 S S S
Truck and water 506 8.7 3,491 10.7 S S 27 9.2 18.7 17.5 19 S S -
Other multiple modes 384 6.6 2,128 6.5 S S S 27.8 6.8 47.1 7.1 S S S

SCTG2 03, Other agricultural products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2,114 100 5,581 100 1,322 100 254 32.1 - 32.6 - 43.8 - 49.4
Single modes 1,573 74.4 4,286 76.8 S S S 44.3 13.5 45.9 13.8 S S S
Truck6 686 32.4 S S S S S 48 16.3 S S S S S
For-hire truck 302 14.3 S S S S 783 47.1 13.3 S S S S 28.5
Private truck S S S S S S 71 S S S S S S 19.9
Rail 185 8.8 339 6.1 262 19.8 873 30.5 6 28.8 3.4 46.4 14.5 29
Water 702 33.2 2,132 38.2 16 1.2 8 45.4 15.7 38.1 17.4 37.7 19.3 5.4
Shallow draft S S S S S S 7 S S S S S S 10.5
Deep draft S S S S S S 8 S S S S S S -
Multiple modes S S S S S S 694 S S S S S S 34.8
Truck and rail S S 49 0.9 40 3 821 S S 5 3.1 30.2 10.3 32.7
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 04, Animal feed and products of animal origin, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 843 100 S S S S S 35.6 - S S S S S
Single modes 749 88.8 S S S S S 42.9 12.8 S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,084 S S S S S S 38.1
Private truck S S S S S S 120 S S S S S S 18.5
Water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Deep draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water S S S S S S 17 S S S S S S -
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 05, Meat, fish, seafood, and their preparations

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 714 100 S S S S S 22 - S S S S S
Single modes 712 99.8 S S S S S 22 0.2 S S S S S
Truck6 712 99.8 S S S S S 22 0.2 S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S 681 S S S S S S 18.1
Private truck 457 64 S S S S 73 17.3 16.4 S S S S 3.3
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 06, Milled grain products and preparations and bakery products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S 830 S S S S S S 1.2
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Shallow draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 07, Other prepared foodstuffs and fats and oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 3,680 100 3,585 100 409 100 89 49.9 - 37.8 - 35.1 - 34.5
Single modes 3,669 99.7 3,583 99.9 407 99.6 79 50 0.3 37.8 0.1 35.1 0.2 36.1
Truck6 3,156 85.8 1,620 45.2 322 78.7 78 49.8 5.6 19.6 16.1 31.1 6.7 36.6
For-hire truck S S 278 7.7 215 52.6 860 S S 31.5 5.4 39.6 10.4 7.9
Private truck 1,193 32.4 1,342 37.4 107 26.1 36 17.1 14.4 19.4 13.5 26.1 9.7 17.6
Water 508 13.8 1,962 54.7 84 20.6 43 33.3 13.9 29.8 11.5 29.6 10.9 -
Shallow draft 508 13.8 1,962 54.7 84 20.6 43 33.3 13.9 29.8 11.5 29.6 10.9 -
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 11 0.3 2 0.1 2 0.4 1,110 13.1 2 33.2 0.6 49.3 1 12
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 08, Alcoholic beverages

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 785 100 254 100 6 100 36 31.2 - 23.5 - 26.8 - 21.6
Single modes 783 99.7 254 99.9 6 99.1 35 31.4 1 23.6 0.6 27.5 2.7 18.9
Truck6 783 99.7 254 99.9 6 99.1 35 31.4 1 23.6 0.6 27.5 2.7 18.9
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck 771 98.2 253 99.6 5 93.9 32 30.6 1 23.4 0.6 24.6 3.2 19.4
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 10, Calcareous monumental or building stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 11, Natural sands

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 58 100 S S 212 100 S 48.9 - S S 39.7 - S
Single modes 58 100 S S 212 100 S 48.9 - S S 39.7 - S
Truck6 58 100 S S 212 100 S 48.9 - S S 39.7 - S
For-hire truck S S S S 166 78.4 S S S S S 47.2 11.4 S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 12, Gravel and crushed stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 120 100 6,336 100 125 100 S 43 - 39.2 - 33.4 - S
Single modes 120 100 6,336 100 125 100 S 43 - 39.2 - 33.4 - S
Truck6 120 100 6,336 100 125 100 S 43 - 39.2 - 33.4 - S
For-hire truck 83 69.6 4,554 71.9 115 92.1 S 40.9 17.9 37.3 17.8 33.8 15.8 S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 13, Nonmetallic minerals nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 51 100 S S S S S 42.7 - S S S S S
Single modes 51 99.9 S S S S 59 42.7 - S S S S 49.5
Truck6 51 99.9 S S S S 59 42.7 - S S S S 49.5
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck 46 90.5 S S S S 41 47.7 9 S S S S 39.5
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 14, Metallic ores and concentrates

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 17, Gasoline and aviation turbine fuel

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 30,266 100 45,086 100 7,514 100 S 25.8 - 26.5 - 39.6 - S
Single modes 25,133 83 36,857 81.7 3,045 40.5 38 24.2 4.4 24.4 4.7 46.2 14.8 42.5
Truck6 1,643 5.4 S S 123 1.6 S 47.3 5.1 S S 38 8.1 S
For-hire truck 1,575 5.2 S S 117 1.6 S 47.4 5.3 S S 37.3 8.7 S
Private truck 68 0.2 108 0.2 6 0.1 S 40.8 0.8 39.9 0.9 43.8 1.1 S
Water 3,419 11.3 5,006 11.1 460 6.1 442 46.1 2.6 47 2.4 48.4 13.2 31.9
Shallow draft 3,409 11.3 4,987 11.1 443 5.9 200 43.9 2.7 44.9 2.6 49.1 11.5 33
Deep draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Pipeline7 20,071 66.3 28,630 63.5 S S S 23.8 5.1 24.3 5.5 S S S
Multiple modes 5,133 17 8,229 18.3 4,469 59.5 520 25.2 4 30.2 4.2 31.4 10.2 11.5
Truck and water S S S S S S 462 S S S S S S 31.8
Other multiple modes 3,403 11.2 5,427 12 3,184 42.4 578 22.8 4.6 25.9 4.6 29.9 10.9 8.5

SCTG2 18, Fuel oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 21,983 100 38,130 100 4,611 100 121 21 - 22.5 - 24.4 - 29.7
Single modes 18,608 84.6 32,724 85.8 3,126 67.8 120 23.4 6.3 24.6 6 25.5 8.8 30.7
Truck6 807 3.7 1,593 4.2 89 1.9 48 33.5 8.4 33.5 8.8 27.8 3 46.5
For-hire truck 726 3.3 1,415 3.7 71 1.5 51 29.3 11.3 30.5 11.7 31.9 4.1 16.7
Private truck 81 0.4 S S 18 0.4 S 49.1 1.3 S S 37.7 1.3 S
Water 7,380 33.6 14,138 37.1 1,987 43.1 375 30 8.2 31.9 7.4 31.2 11.1 28.8
Shallow draft 6,685 30.4 12,676 33.2 1,296 28.1 213 30.6 8.9 30.6 7.9 41.9 10.2 27.2
Deep draft 695 3.2 1,462 3.8 691 15 822 30.4 4.6 41.9 5 36.4 18.9 24.5
Pipeline7 10,421 47.4 16,993 44.6 S S S 24.1 7.4 24.7 7.5 S S S
Multiple modes 3,244 14.8 5,026 13.2 1,484 32.2 238 16.8 8.6 16.4 8.4 26.1 9.6 33.2
Truck and water 2,558 11.6 3,655 9.6 729 15.8 196 18.2 10.8 15.1 10.6 49.8 11.1 31.5
Other multiple modes 686 3.1 1,371 3.6 755 16.4 S 17.3 2.8 19.9 3.1 27.6 14.7 S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 19, Coal and petroleum products, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 5,057 100 11,140 100 3,118 100 S 20.6 - 22.8 - 41.9 - S
Single modes 4,323 85.5 9,698 87.1 2,425 77.8 S 19.5 6.5 24.4 6.9 50 12 S
Truck6 513 10.1 678 6.1 S S S 45.4 5.7 37.7 8.7 S S S
For-hire truck S S 209 1.9 S S 464 S S 48.8 3.7 S S 36
Private truck 267 5.3 469 4.2 71 2.3 S 39.2 3.4 39.3 7.7 38.7 2.8 S
Rail S S S S S S 1,104 S S S S S S 28.5
Water 1,717 34 5,840 52.4 S S S 25.3 14.2 29.1 10.9 S S S
Shallow draft 1,717 34 5,840 52.4 S S S 25.3 14.2 29.1 10.9 S S S
Pipeline7 1,534 30.3 2,791 25.1 S S S 38.8 15.3 43.2 11.4 S S S
Multiple modes S S 1,238 11.1 S S 761 S S 38.2 13.2 S S 30.3
Rail and water S S S S S S 1,282 S S S S S S 13.8
Other multiple modes S S 1,082 9.7 S S 485 S S 30.9 11 S S 13.6
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 20, Basic chemicals

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 9,517 100 17,942 100 7,308 100 507 19.2 - 20.7 - 18.8 - 11
Single modes 8,646 90.8 14,319 79.8 5,540 75.8 486 19.9 3.1 20.2 7.4 24 9.7 10.7
Truck6 1,424 15 1,608 9 640 8.8 369 30.5 6.6 22.9 4.4 28.9 3.5 17
For-hire truck 1,386 14.6 1,414 7.9 635 8.7 427 31.1 4.9 23.7 3.8 29.1 3.5 13.3
Private truck 38 0.4 194 1.1 5 0.1 12 36.1 5.1 43.5 1.6 45.5 - 30.1
Rail 2,772 29.1 4,300 24 2,978 40.8 689 37.8 8.6 25.4 9.9 26.9 9.4 11
Water 975 10.2 3,544 19.8 S S 615 43.2 7.8 31.9 8.9 S S 45.5
Shallow draft 975 10.2 3,544 19.8 S S 615 43.2 7.8 31.9 8.9 S S 45.5
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Pipeline7 3,462 36.4 4,866 27.1 S S S 38.7 12.5 35.9 9.9 S S S
Multiple modes 858 9 S S S S 892 12.9 5.3 S S S S 16.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other multiple modes 841 8.8 S S S S 560 13 5.2 S S S S 14
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 21, Pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2,122 100 S S 7 100 522 45.3 - S S 40.8 - 36.6
Single modes S S 41 91.7 4 61.6 139 S S 42 4 46.3 17.7 17.5
Truck6 S S 41 91.7 4 61.6 139 S S 42 4 46.3 17.7 17.5
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck 655 30.9 39 86.6 4 59.1 139 19.4 6.4 2.4 8.8 17 16.8 7.8
Multiple modes 1,439 67.8 S S S S 963 31.9 13.3 S S S S 8.9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1,439 67.8 S S S S 963 31.9 13.3 S S S S 8.9

SCTG2 22, Fertilizers

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 23, Chemical products and preparations, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 3,377 100 2,022 100 1,241 100 330 38.7 - 34.8 - 32.3 - 19
Single modes 3,368 99.7 2,016 99.7 1,236 99.6 340 38.7 3.7 35 2 32.4 4.8 19.1
Truck6 1,913 56.7 1,023 50.6 232 18.7 285 38.9 7.1 36.3 9.7 33.1 14.9 19.9
For-hire truck 1,841 54.5 954 47.2 223 17.9 451 37 7.7 35.3 8.8 29.5 4.6 21.3
Private truck 72 2.1 69 3.4 9 0.7 91 24.6 15.8 36.2 18.3 45.5 16.1 15.6
Rail 1,453 43 991 49 995 80.1 1,089 28.9 1.7 21.5 3.5 18.7 1.7 7.7
Water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Deep draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 8 0.2 S S S S S 48.7 4.7 S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water S S S S 1 0.1 S S S S S 23.7 0.5 S
Other and unknown modes 1 - S S S S S 40.5 0.4 S S S S S

SCTG2 24, Plastics and rubber

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 923 100 S S S S 190 28.7 - S S S S 35.8
Single modes 888 96.2 S S S S 174 28.9 1.6 S S S S 41.7
Truck6 668 72.4 S S S S 74 31.4 7.4 S S S S 32.7
For-hire truck 346 37.5 97 17.6 S S 393 21.5 9.5 38 17.2 S S 33.1
Private truck S S 63 11.4 S S 46 S S 46.8 15.5 S S 20.9
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) 65 7 1 0.2 1 0.2 911 30.9 6.4 34.2 1.4 31.2 3.7 6.9
Multiple modes 21 2.3 S S S S S 49.5 2.1 S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 21 2.3 S S S S S 49.5 2.1 S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 13 1.4 1 0.2 S S S 48.8 1.8 40.1 0.5 S S S

SCTG2 26, Wood products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 213 100 S S S S 79 47.5 - S S S S 18.9
Single modes 211 99.1 S S S S 80 47.3 6.5 S S S S 19.4
Truck6 211 99.1 S S S S 80 47.3 6.5 S S S S 19.4
For-hire truck S S S S S S 443 S S S S S S 36
Private truck 143 67.2 S S S S 57 31.8 10.1 S S S S 19.9
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S - - S S S S S 42.5 7.2 S

SCTG2 27, Pulp, newsprint, paper, and paperboard

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 411 100 731 100 450 100 296 38.3 - 38.5 - 40.7 - 29.6
Single modes 357 86.9 634 86.8 352 78.4 281 38.8 3.4 38.8 3.4 42.1 6.2 28.8
Truck6 196 47.6 309 42.2 171 38 244 35.4 13.1 37.4 14.5 39.5 16.7 34.6
For-hire truck 156 37.8 290 39.7 170 37.7 614 8.6 6.3 9.2 4 12.9 6.4 7.4
Private truck S S S S S S 77 S S S S S S 38.3
Rail 161 39.2 326 44.6 182 40.4 571 24.1 3.3 17.9 4 33 7.5 16.7
Multiple modes 54 13.1 96 13.2 97 21.6 965 20.5 3 21.9 3 23.6 5.8 7.5
Truck and rail 54 13.1 96 13.2 97 21.6 965 20.5 3 21.9 3 23.6 5.8 7.5
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 28, Paper or paperboard articles

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S 73 S S S S S S 24.7
Truck6 S S S S S S 73 S S S S S S 24.7
For-hire truck S S S S S S 373 S S S S S S 28.1
Private truck 169 66.7 S S S S 56 46.7 12 S S S S 20
Multiple modes S S - - S S 816 S S 37.5 9.3 S S 25.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S - - S S 816 S S 37.5 9.3 S S 25.4
Other and unknown modes - 0.1 S S S S S 8.7 1.6 S S S S S

SCTG2 29, Printed products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S 66 100 6 100 S S S 28.2 - 31.6 - S
Single modes 143 49.2 64 96.8 5 86.4 S 28.8 13.8 28.6 7.2 30.6 15.8 S
Truck6 143 49.2 64 96.8 5 86.1 S 28.8 13.8 28.6 7.2 30.5 15.7 S
For-hire truck S S S S 3 62 S S S S S 24.6 15 S
Private truck 117 40 53 79.6 1 24.1 12 33 11.8 34.3 14.5 35.1 9.8 22.3
Air (incl truck and air) S S - - S S 1,827 S S 50 - S S 15.4
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 30, Textiles, leather, and articles of textiles or leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 237 100 27 100 4 100 835 36.4 - 45 - 32.3 - 16.7
Single modes S S 21 78 1 33.9 113 S S 46.4 15.4 37 19 16.6
Truck6 S S 21 78 1 33.9 113 S S 46.4 15.4 37 19 16.6
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S 1 27.1 50 S S S S 33.9 17 38.9
Multiple modes 153 64.5 S S S S 944 41.1 12.6 S S S S 11.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 137 57.9 S S S S 944 46.8 13.4 S S S S 11.8
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 31, Nonmetallic mineral products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 568 100 3,716 100 309 100 57 21.8 - 29.3 - 21.9 - 23.7
Single modes 542 95.4 3,609 97.1 283 91.6 59 22.5 2.5 29.7 2 25 6.4 20.7
Truck6 541 95.3 3,600 96.9 279 90.3 58 22.5 2.5 29.8 2.1 25.7 6.9 20.7
For-hire truck 168 29.6 834 22.5 211 68.5 318 11.7 8.8 15.1 13 27 8.3 34
Private truck 373 65.7 2,766 74.4 67 21.8 40 29 8.5 37.1 12.1 33.8 9.9 16.2
Rail 1 0.1 8 0.2 4 1.3 470 8.1 0.5 12.2 2.1 4.9 6.1 -
Multiple modes S S S S S S 219 S S S S S S 46.2
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S - - S S S S S 36.5 - S
Truck and rail 4 0.7 51 1.4 S S 505 43.2 3.4 39.8 13.4 S S 1.1
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 6 S S S S S S 22

SCTG2 32, Base metal in prim. or semifin. forms & in finished basic shapes

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 805 100 431 100 70 100 139 20.5 - 21.2 - 17.3 - 15.6
Single modes 752 93.4 423 98 69 98 106 21.2 3.4 21.6 2.2 17.7 1.2 19.8
Truck6 748 92.8 422 97.9 68 96.4 89 21.5 3.9 21.7 3.7 18.7 5.8 12.8
For-hire truck 219 27.2 102 23.6 42 60.2 377 36.7 6.7 23.1 6.7 30.4 10.5 17.4
Private truck 529 65.7 321 74.3 25 36.2 58 25.8 6.3 26.8 7.9 27.4 10.9 14
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S 2 0.4 1 1.4 S S S 42.7 2.3 48.1 1.6 S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S 2 0.4 1 1.4 S S S 42 2.3 47.3 1.6 S
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 18 2.3 7 1.6 - 0.6 151 49.9 3.9 30.2 3.5 38 1.4 44.2

SCTG2 33, Articles of base metal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 893 100 251 100 102 100 119 41.9 - 36.4 - 48.3 - 19.9
Single modes 742 83.1 210 83.8 S S 79 47.6 6.6 36.9 6.8 S S 23.2
Truck6 715 80.1 202 80.5 S S 77 47.4 7 38 7.8 S S 23.9
For-hire truck S S S S S S 227 S S S S S S 38.9
Private truck 339 37.9 87 34.8 S S 41 41.4 9.9 42.3 12.2 S S 19.2
Water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Shallow draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 306 S S S S S S 31.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S 1 0.5 301 S S S S 47.6 5.1 38.3
Rail and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 34, Machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,786 100 117 100 26 100 S 39.4 - 42.2 - 49.9 - S
Single modes 1,492 83.5 113 95.9 S S S 40.4 4.5 42.3 1.3 S S S
Truck6 1,489 83.4 112 95.9 S S S 40.3 4.5 42.3 1.3 S S S
For-hire truck S S 45 38.8 16 61.5 313 S S 47.3 11.4 39 6.9 39.3
Private truck 683 38.2 S S S S S 48.3 9 S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 289 16.2 4 3.4 1 4.3 S 35.8 4.5 41.2 0.8 37.4 2.9 S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 289 16.2 4 3.4 1 4.3 S 35.8 4.5 41.2 0.8 37.4 2.9 S
Other and unknown modes 5 0.3 S S S S 33 37.7 0.3 S S S S 27

SCTG2 35, Electronic & other electrical equip & components & office equip

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 714 100 S S 9 100 212 15.8 - S S 24.6 - 15.2
Single modes 541 75.8 61 67.2 7 84.5 188 25.1 10.9 46.1 8.1 25 6 21.6
Truck6 539 75.5 61 67.1 7 84.3 186 25.3 11 46.1 8.1 25.2 5.9 21.6
For-hire truck 320 44.9 S S 6 73.2 371 40.7 10.6 S S 28.4 9.1 32.7
Private truck 219 30.6 21 23.6 1 11.1 46 33.1 11.4 39.3 13.2 45.1 11 15.2
Air (incl truck and air) 2 0.3 - - S S 610 36.2 1.8 42.6 0.8 S S 26.3
Multiple modes 87 12.2 1 1.1 - 3.9 425 38.2 7.8 39.7 1.9 41.4 2.8 30
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 85 11.9 1 1.1 - 3.8 424 38.6 7.8 39.7 1.9 41.1 2.8 30.1
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 86 12 S S 1 11.6 86 37.7 11.7 S S 41.7 6.6 48.5

SCTG2 36, Motorized and other vehicles (including parts)

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,099 100 S S S S 607 47.4 - S S S S 30.5
Single modes S S S S S S 594 S S S S S S 45.7
Truck6 S S S S S S 594 S S S S S S 45.7
For-hire truck S S S S S S 753 S S S S S S 36.8
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 274 24.9 5 17.8 4 19.9 608 41.4 15.3 46.6 14.2 42.6 13.7 38.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 274 24.9 5 17.8 4 19.9 608 41.4 15.3 46.6 14.2 42.6 13.7 38.1
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 884 S S S S S S 30.1

SCTG2 37, Transportation equipment, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,220 100 S S S S 662 35.3 - S S S S 17
Single modes 909 74.5 S S S S 457 41.2 9.9 S S S S 40.9
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Water 873 71.6 S S S S S 38.8 10.2 S S S S S
Shallow draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Deep draft 528 43.3 S S S S 1,049 5 16.5 S S S S -
Multiple modes S S S S S S 663 S S S S S S 22.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 663 S S S S S S 22.1

SCTG2 38, Precision instruments and apparatus

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 597 100 S S 1 100 455 43.8 - S S 41.6 - 45
Single modes S S 2 46.1 1 47.5 524 S S 38.5 10.4 46.3 16.5 38.6
Truck6 S S 2 37.1 S S 258 S S 41.2 7.9 S S 39
For-hire truck S S S S S S 478 S S S S S S 41.1
Private truck 22 3.7 1 12.2 - 2.2 S 12.4 0.6 36.2 10.1 11.8 0.3 S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 333 55.9 S S 1 52.5 S 37.1 12.3 S S 42.2 15.4 S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 333 55.9 S S 1 52.5 S 37.1 12.3 S S 42.2 15.4 S

SCTG2 39, Furniture, mattresses & mattress supports, lamps, lighting

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 132 100 12 100 - 100 S 46.7 - 46.6 - 38.3 - S
Single modes 131 99.5 12 99.9 - 99.4 S 46 1.1 45.6 0.4 37 0.2 S
Truck6 131 99.5 12 99.9 - 99.4 S 46 1.1 45.6 0.4 37 0.2 S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck 125 94.9 10 84.6 - 98.2 S 43.6 1.8 37.4 5.4 36.4 0.6 S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 40, Miscellaneous manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 388 100 S S S S 880 39.1 - S S S S 22.6
Single modes 259 66.8 S S S S 639 49.7 10 S S S S 27.6
Truck6 241 62.1 S S S S 629 47.8 10.1 S S S S 27.2
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,047 S S S S S S 23
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 945 S S S S S S 35.9
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,094 S S S S S S 20
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 1,059 S S S S S S 19.4
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 7 1.9 S S S S S 27.7 5.2 S S S S S

SCTG2 41, Waste and scrap

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S 670 100 334 100 S S S 43.3 - 42.1 - S
Single modes S S 669 99.8 331 99.3 S S S 43.4 0.2 42.2 0.5 S
Truck6 S S 282 42 S S S S S 48.8 19 S S S
For-hire truck S S S S 48 14.4 S S S S S 42.1 19.3 S
Private truck S S S S S S 29 S S S S S S 36.6
Water S S 387 57.8 282 84.5 728 S S 14.1 9.2 14.1 2.2 -
Shallow draft S S 387 57.8 282 84.5 728 S S 14.1 9.2 14.1 2.2 -
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 43, Mixed freight

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 317 100 74 100 7 100 194 28.4 - 40.3 - 33.9 - 24.3
Single modes 270 85.2 70 94.5 6 83.2 142 27.5 5.4 42.1 4.7 38.1 10.3 32.8
Truck6 270 85.2 70 94.5 6 83.2 142 27.5 5.4 42.1 4.7 38.1 10.3 32.8
For-hire truck S S S S S S 768 S S S S S S 11.3
Private truck 232 73.2 67 90.1 4 49.1 103 29.7 6.7 43.9 6.8 40 8.7 19.3
Multiple modes S S 3 4.7 1 16.7 372 S S 39.6 4.6 41.6 10.3 29.9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S 3 4.7 1 16.7 372 S S 39.6 4.6 41.6 10.3 29.9
Other and unknown modes 4 1.4 S S S S S 48.1 5 S S S S S

SCTG2 99, Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2 100 1 100 S S 89 39.8 - 27.1 - S S 34.4
Single modes 2 100 1 100 S S 89 39.8 - 27.1 - S S 34.4
Truck6 2 100 1 100 S S 89 39.8 - 27.1 - S S 34.4
Private truck 2 100 1 100 S S 89 39.8 - 27.1 - S S 34.4

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Standard Classification of Transported Goods.
3 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
4 Coefficient of Variation.
5 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
6 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
7 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular row have no value. For example, Orlando-Deltona-Daytona Beach, FL by Alcoholic Beverages (08) by Air has no data for any cell therefore the entire row is not shown. Also, two-digit commodities are not present if there is no such data for an entire commodity by area. For example, Pittsburgh-New Castle, PA by Cereal Grains (02) has no data for any mode therefore the entire commodity is not shown.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.