Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 67,530 100 46,368 100 7,931 100 9.3 - 9.9 - 10.7 -
Less than 50 miles 24,786 36.7 31,663 68.3 694 8.7 12 2.5 12.6 2.3 14.8 1.1
50 - 99 miles 8,455 12.5 4,269 9.2 408 5.1 8.9 1 12.2 1.4 12 0.8
100 - 249 miles 10,412 15.4 4,765 10.3 949 12 22.8 1.8 12.7 1.3 10.9 1.9
250 - 499 miles 3,687 5.5 1,470 3.2 646 8.1 16.3 1 15.9 0.6 17.3 1.6
500 - 749 miles 4,629 6.9 1,880 4.1 1,451 18.3 13.6 1.1 22.4 1 21.5 3.1
750 - 999 miles 4,661 6.9 1,095 2.4 1,077 13.6 23.6 1.3 21.9 0.5 20.9 2.7
1,000 - 1,499 miles 5,044 7.5 542 1.2 781 9.8 16.6 0.7 18.9 0.3 19.1 2.1
1,500 - 2,000 miles 1,073 1.6 82 0.2 177 2.2 19.5 0.4 20.3 0.1 21.7 0.6
More than 2,000 miles 4,783 7.1 602 1.3 1,749 22.1 17.6 1.6 30.9 0.4 30.5 4.1

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 53,056 100 44,676 100 7,038 100 12 - 9.9 - 11.9 -
Less than 50 miles 22,083 41.6 30,794 68.9 678 9.6 14.1 3.2 12.6 2.3 15.3 1.3
50 - 99 miles 6,299 11.9 4,075 9.1 388 5.5 7.9 0.9 12 1.6 11.8 1
100 - 249 miles 9,005 17 4,689 10.5 928 13.2 27.5 2.2 13.2 1.4 11.7 2
250 - 499 miles 2,752 5.2 1,359 3 587 8.3 21.9 1.1 15.2 0.6 16.8 1.6
500 - 749 miles 3,147 5.9 1,690 3.8 1,274 18.1 20.5 1.2 26.2 1 25.8 3.4
750 - 999 miles 3,420 6.4 1,046 2.3 1,023 14.5 29.7 1.7 22.7 0.5 21.7 3
1,000 - 1,499 miles 2,981 5.6 500 1.1 719 10.2 29.9 0.9 20.1 0.3 20.3 2.4
1,500 - 2,000 miles 610 1.2 61 0.1 135 1.9 20 0.3 17.9 - 20 0.6
More than 2,000 miles 2,757 5.2 461 1 1,306 18.6 30.9 2.3 38.2 0.4 38.1 4.1

Truck4

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 44,862 100 43,833 100 6,663 100 6.3 - 9.9 - 13.1 -
Less than 50 miles 20,388 45.4 30,541 69.7 675 10.1 9.5 3.3 12.6 2.3 15.1 1.4
50 - 99 miles 5,614 12.5 4,068 9.3 386 5.8 6.9 0.7 12 1.7 11.9 1
100 - 249 miles 5,874 13.1 4,412 10.1 866 13 13.9 1.5 12.8 1.4 10.8 2
250 - 499 miles 2,727 6.1 1,339 3.1 576 8.6 22.2 1.1 15.3 0.6 17 1.9
500 - 749 miles 3,038 6.8 1,522 3.5 1,135 17 20.1 1.2 28 1 27.6 3.2
750 - 999 miles 3,249 7.2 963 2.2 927 13.9 31.4 1.7 25 0.5 24.3 2.9
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,490 3.3 474 1.1 679 10.2 10 0.3 21.9 0.3 22 2.4
1,500 - 2,000 miles 540 1.2 61 0.1 134 2 22.7 0.3 18.3 - 20.2 0.7
More than 2,000 miles 1,943 4.3 453 1 1,285 19.3 34.1 2.2 39.1 0.4 39 4.2

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 23,645 100 14,877 100 4,837 100 8.3 - 15.2 - 10.6 -
Less than 50 miles 5,503 23.3 6,151 41.3 198 4.1 16.6 3.4 24.4 5.8 21.1 0.7
50 - 99 miles 2,963 12.5 1,615 10.9 154 3.2 14 1.5 22.7 2.5 22.1 0.7
100 - 249 miles 3,571 15.1 3,089 20.8 626 13 13.3 1.7 21.9 3.2 18.6 2.4
250 - 499 miles 2,211 9.4 1,162 7.8 499 10.3 24 1.9 18.3 1.3 20.2 2.2
500 - 749 miles 2,744 11.6 1,275 8.6 953 19.7 22.4 2 28.7 4 27.9 3.8
750 - 999 miles 3,025 12.8 843 5.7 809 16.7 33.2 3.6 25.3 1.8 24.2 3.7
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,257 5.3 338 2.3 486 10 12.8 0.6 22.4 0.7 23.3 3
1,500 - 2,000 miles 536 2.3 60 0.4 133 2.7 22.8 0.9 18.2 0.3 20.2 1.1
More than 2,000 miles 1,837 7.8 345 2.3 979 20.2 36.6 3.1 27.8 0.7 27.8 4

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 21,217 100 28,957 100 1,826 100 9.5 - 10.3 - 28.1 -
Less than 50 miles 14,885 70.2 24,391 84.2 477 26.1 11.1 4.2 12.4 3.4 15.3 8.4
50 - 99 miles 2,651 12.5 2,453 8.5 232 12.7 12.1 1.3 9 1.7 9.6 3.1
100 - 249 miles 2,303 10.9 1,323 4.6 240 13.1 37 3 41 2.1 39.1 4.7
250 - 499 miles 516 2.4 177 0.6 78 4.2 23.6 0.5 25.2 0.3 22.8 1.4
500 - 749 miles 294 1.4 S S S S 30.8 0.8 S S S S
750 - 999 miles 224 1.1 120 0.4 118 6.5 27.2 0.4 44.6 0.2 46.3 2.5
1,000 - 1,499 miles 233 1.1 S S S S 29.4 0.5 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 405 100 825 100 360 100 44.1 - 49.9 - 46 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S 18 100 14 100 S S 37.8 - 32.5 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles 686 8.8 S S 2 15.4 32.6 14.6 S S 39.5 8.3
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles 50 0.6 - 1.4 - 1.4 34.7 2.1 43.1 2.2 40.6 1.4
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S 3 20.5 S S S S 47.7 3.7
1,500 - 2,000 miles 70 0.9 1 3.4 1 8.1 25.3 5.4 35.5 2.6 34.2 3.6
More than 2,000 miles S S 2 12.5 5 33.8 S S 42.1 7.1 31.8 9.7

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 13,649 100 703 100 808 100 15.4 - 36.4 - 34.6 -
Less than 50 miles 2,176 15.9 S S S S 34.5 4.3 S S S S
50 - 99 miles 2,072 15.2 38 5.3 5 0.6 24 2.3 22.4 4.8 30.8 0.9
100 - 249 miles 1,378 10.1 50 7.2 S S 21.3 1.5 43.3 1.5 S S
250 - 499 miles 917 6.7 S S S S 11.3 1.5 S S S S
500 - 749 miles 1,447 10.6 S S S S 22.1 2 S S S S
750 - 999 miles 1,207 8.8 46 6.6 50 6.2 23.5 1.5 31.1 4 33 5
1,000 - 1,499 miles 2,012 14.7 32 4.6 48 5.9 28.4 2.7 31.2 2 32 3
1,500 - 2,000 miles 462 3.4 21 3 43 5.3 25.6 0.6 35.8 1 36.8 1.7
More than 2,000 miles 1,977 14.5 134 19.1 S S 23.5 2.5 49.7 5.3 S S

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 13,035 100 218 100 202 100 16.9 - 28.1 - 35.5 -
Less than 50 miles 2,119 16.3 29 13.4 1 0.6 35.8 4.5 30.5 2.3 24.4 0.2
50 - 99 miles 1,969 15.1 29 13.4 4 1.9 25.6 2.1 31 1.6 40.1 0.7
100 - 249 miles 1,372 10.5 30 13.6 6 2.8 21.4 1.7 31.5 1.9 31.8 0.6
250 - 499 miles 874 6.7 20 9.3 9 4.4 12.7 1.3 20.9 3.2 18.1 2.3
500 - 749 miles 1,224 9.4 22 10.2 17 8.3 25.6 1.5 31.4 1.4 30.3 1.8
750 - 999 miles 1,151 8.8 20 9.1 19 9.6 22 1.4 28.4 1.1 28 1.4
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,980 15.2 25 11.6 35 17.1 29.2 2.7 37.4 1.6 37.1 2.2
1,500 - 2,000 miles 450 3.5 10 4.7 20 10.1 25.4 0.6 35.8 1 36.1 1.9
More than 2,000 miles 1,897 14.6 32 14.8 92 45.3 25.2 2.1 46.7 2.2 47 4.5

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 323 100 S S 598 100 49.2 - S S 46.9 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles 34 10.6 86 18.4 48 8.1 3.9 9.9 31.4 17 36.8 3
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 11 3.5 11 2.3 22 3.7 10.6 8.3 2.4 8.5 2.4 8.5
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S 17 100 S S S S 42.8 - S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Other multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 825 100 989 100 86 100 25.2 - 41.2 - 31.6 -
Less than 50 miles 526 63.8 768 77.7 10 11.5 36.4 9 41.5 8.6 44.6 10.5
50 - 99 miles 83 10 S S S S 35.1 5.1 S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S 1 0.1 1 0.7 S S 24.2 1.8 22.1 10.2
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S 3 0.3 3 3.4 S S 41.6 6.1 41.1 5.6
1,000 - 1,499 miles 51 6.2 S S S S 22.1 2.2 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 48 5.8 8 0.8 S S 23.4 12.3 46 5 S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any mileage group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the mileage group of "More than 2,000 miles" but does have data for the other mileage groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.