Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 67,530 100 46,368 100 7,931 100 731 9.3 - 9.9 - 10.7 - 15.5
Less than 50 lbs 12,315 18.2 178 0.4 118 1.5 931 14.3 2.2 24.7 0.1 36.2 0.4 12.4
50 - 99 lbs 2,436 3.6 142 0.3 45 0.6 339 18.3 0.5 38.8 0.1 45.6 0.2 30.4
100 - 499 lbs 6,317 9.4 866 1.9 156 2.0 186 11.2 0.9 29.6 0.5 30.8 0.6 41.7
500 - 749 lbs 2,327 3.4 409 0.9 70 0.9 S 14.1 0.4 19.8 0.2 26.1 0.2 S
750 - 999 lbs 1,797 2.7 395 0.9 47 0.6 S 28.7 1.3 19.7 0.2 19.7 0.1 S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 15,614 23.1 5,497 11.9 726 9.2 114 19.4 2.4 12.5 1.3 5.7 0.7 26.7
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 22,878 33.9 30,379 65.5 4,546 57.3 142 13.8 2.3 12.2 2.7 17.6 4.3 21.3
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 2,693 4.0 5,043 10.9 610 7.7 122 22.5 1.3 16.6 1.9 21.0 1.5 14.7
More than 100,000 lbs 1,152 1.7 3,459 7.5 1,612 20.3 603 26.7 0.5 24.9 1.4 23.4 4.0 13.6

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 53,056 100 44,676 100 7,038 100 152 12.0 - 9.9 - 11.9 - 31.2
Less than 50 lbs 2,658 5.0 51 0.1 7 0.1 S 14.7 0.6 33.5 - 30.8 - S
50 - 99 lbs 902 1.7 S S 11 0.2 S 30.3 0.3 S S 43.4 0.1 S
100 - 499 lbs 4,507 8.5 787 1.8 111 1.6 S 11.3 1.0 33.2 0.5 30.8 0.5 S
500 - 749 lbs 1,830 3.4 392 0.9 56 0.8 148 8.8 0.3 20.7 0.2 17.9 0.1 49.4
750 - 999 lbs 1,735 3.3 382 0.9 44 0.6 S 30.0 1.7 21.1 0.2 19.1 0.2 S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 15,336 28.9 5,389 12.1 693 9.8 110 20.0 2.9 13.0 1.3 5.7 0.8 26.5
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 22,616 42.6 29,697 66.5 4,484 63.7 143 13.9 2.7 11.8 3.1 17.9 4.2 21.1
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 2,630 5.0 4,987 11.2 604 8.6 123 22.2 1.5 16.8 1.9 21.3 1.5 14.8
More than 100,000 lbs 841 1.6 2,888 6.5 1,027 14.6 477 29.3 0.4 30.5 1.5 26.2 3.5 22.0

Truck4

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 44,862 100 43,833 100 6,663 100 129 6.3 - 9.9 - 13.1 - 32.8
Less than 50 lbs 2,260 5.0 50 0.1 6 0.1 130 17.1 0.8 34.3 - 40.3 - 45.8
50 - 99 lbs 846 1.9 S S 10 0.1 S 29.9 0.6 S S 49.7 0.1 S
100 - 499 lbs 4,214 9.4 784 1.8 108 1.6 S 11.4 1.0 33.3 0.5 31.8 0.5 S
500 - 749 lbs 1,650 3.7 384 0.9 55 0.8 149 10.2 0.3 21.4 0.2 18.4 0.1 48.6
750 - 999 lbs 1,708 3.8 355 0.8 44 0.7 S 30.6 1.7 23.1 0.2 19.2 0.2 S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 11,336 25.3 5,227 11.9 687 10.3 115 14.5 2.4 13.2 1.3 5.8 1.0 24.5
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 19,583 43.7 29,629 67.6 4,481 67.3 144 9.4 2.8 11.8 3.1 17.9 4.5 20.9
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 2,626 5.9 4,982 11.4 601 9.0 122 22.3 1.6 16.9 2.0 21.5 1.6 14.7
More than 100,000 lbs 638 1.4 2,320 5.3 670 10.1 377 40.7 0.6 26.6 1.2 42.3 4.2 21.9

For-hire truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 23,645 100 14,877 100 4,837 100 612 8.3 - 15.2 - 10.6 - 11.3
Less than 50 lbs 523 2.2 4 - 4 0.1 879 21.7 0.4 35.7 - 44.4 - 13.8
50 - 99 lbs 331 1.4 7 - S S 921 26.3 0.3 33.1 - S S 16.8
100 - 499 lbs 2,023 8.6 103 0.7 78 1.6 846 17.8 1.2 25.4 0.2 42.2 0.6 10.5
500 - 749 lbs 906 3.8 70 0.5 40 0.8 588 13.2 0.5 23.0 0.1 28.4 0.2 23.3
750 - 999 lbs 1,156 4.9 53 0.4 33 0.7 641 48.9 2.7 15.8 0.1 27.8 0.3 22.6
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 5,644 23.9 1,260 8.5 452 9.3 395 22.8 4.2 20.5 1.1 9.9 1.5 22.1
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 11,317 47.9 9,831 66.1 3,111 64.3 286 13.0 4.1 15.9 1.9 12.7 5.2 22.0
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 1,143 4.8 2,266 15.2 463 9.6 213 28.3 1.4 19.8 3.0 24.9 1.8 34.5
More than 100,000 lbs 603 2.5 1,282 8.6 650 13.4 682 42.1 1.2 32.6 2.2 42.4 5.8 25.8

Private truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 21,217 100 28,957 100 1,826 100 41 9.5 - 10.3 - 28.1 - 12.1
Less than 50 lbs 1,736 8.2 46 0.2 2 0.1 33 20.4 1.9 35.4 - 42.0 0.1 7.6
50 - 99 lbs 515 2.4 S S S S 33 35.8 1.1 S S S S 14.9
100 - 499 lbs 2,191 10.3 681 2.4 30 1.6 41 16.5 2.4 38.9 0.9 32.1 0.9 29.3
500 - 749 lbs 745 3.5 313 1.1 15 0.8 49 20.3 0.6 25.9 0.3 31.8 0.4 22.4
750 - 999 lbs 552 2.6 302 1.0 11 0.6 36 20.7 0.5 28.4 0.4 24.1 0.2 36.9
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 5,693 26.8 3,967 13.7 236 12.9 47 13.8 3.0 16.3 2.1 11.1 4.0 17.0
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 8,266 39.0 19,798 68.4 1,371 75.1 69 21.4 5.9 12.8 4.0 37.4 6.2 32.5
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 1,484 7.0 2,716 9.4 138 7.6 53 32.2 2.2 26.2 2.0 35.2 2.5 28.9
More than 100,000 lbs 36 0.2 1,038 3.6 21 1.1 S 22.7 0.1 45.5 2.3 34.7 1.4 S

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 405 100 825 100 360 100 S 44.1 - 49.9 - 46.0 - S
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S 1 0.1 S S S S S 44.9 1.1 S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S 5 0.6 2 0.7 S S S 36.7 2.1 47.9 1.8 S
More than 100,000 lbs 202 50.0 S S 357 99.0 839 30.5 17.0 S S 46.3 0.9 16.9

Air (incl truck and air)

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S 18 100 14 100 1,488 S S 37.8 - 32.5 - 11.5
Less than 50 lbs 398 5.1 1 4.5 1 9.7 1,513 26.6 15.0 24.2 4.8 33.7 7.6 10.6
50 - 99 lbs 56 0.7 1 3.3 1 8.1 1,881 47.0 1.5 39.8 6.1 48.1 7.1 14.7
100 - 499 lbs 293 3.8 3 14.9 3 20.1 1,179 28.1 6.0 23.9 10.2 33.3 7.8 15.0
500 - 749 lbs 175 2.2 2 8.3 1 5.2 S 29.7 14.4 45.3 5.6 32.1 5.6 S
750 - 999 lbs 8 0.1 - 1.5 - 2.8 1,411 36.5 1.3 28.2 4.6 29.4 6.9 15.6
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S 9 48.2 S S 627 S S 44.1 9.4 S S 40.8
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S 2 16.0 S S S S S 18.4 12.6 S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 13,649 100 703 100 808 100 1,051 15.4 - 36.4 - 34.6 - 9.6
Less than 50 lbs 9,407 68.9 116 16.5 108 13.4 1,056 17.1 3.4 37.0 7.4 37.9 8.1 10.0
50 - 99 lbs 1,487 10.9 34 4.8 S S 972 29.8 1.8 43.2 3.2 S S 10.3
100 - 499 lbs 1,670 12.2 52 7.4 45 5.5 781 22.1 1.7 22.9 4.7 34.8 5.0 8.6
500 - 749 lbs 485 3.6 12 1.7 S S 1,277 38.0 0.8 27.8 1.1 S S 19.0
750 - 999 lbs S S 5 0.7 S S 484 S S 44.8 1.4 S S 33.4
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 66 0.5 S S S S 645 45.8 0.6 S S S S 37.7
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 130 1.0 S S S S 677 46.3 1.8 S S S S 32.6
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs 310 2.3 S S 584 72.3 1,507 47.3 3.4 S S 42.0 13.6 26.6

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 13,035 100 218 100 202 100 1,051 16.9 - 28.1 - 35.5 - 9.6
Less than 50 lbs 9,402 72.1 116 53.2 108 53.6 1,056 17.1 2.7 37.0 6.4 38.0 7.5 10.0
50 - 99 lbs 1,487 11.4 34 15.5 S S 972 29.8 1.8 43.2 2.3 S S 10.3
100 - 499 lbs 1,636 12.6 52 23.7 44 21.8 777 22.4 1.9 23.1 4.2 35.1 5.5 8.7
500 - 749 lbs 477 3.7 12 5.3 S S 1,269 39.0 0.9 28.4 1.8 S S 19.8
750 - 999 lbs S S 5 2.2 S S 489 S S 43.1 3.0 S S 36.8
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Truck and rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 323 100 S S 598 100 1,413 49.2 - S S 46.9 - 20.9
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,146 S S S S S S 30.9
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs 310 96.1 S S 584 97.6 1,507 47.3 2.1 S S 42.0 1.1 26.6

Truck and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S 17 100 S S 1,962 S S 42.8 - S S 25.7
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 5,125 S S S S S S 32.7
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs S S - 1.3 S S 2,001 S S 41.9 11.5 S S 37.0
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S 112 S S S S S S 9.8
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 518 S S S S S S 44.7
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S 9 53.6 S S 389 S S 32.8 18.3 S S 33.3
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 825 100 989 100 86 100 S 25.2 - 41.2 - 31.6 - S
Less than 50 lbs 249 30.2 11 1.1 S S S 31.4 7.8 34.1 4.7 S S S
50 - 99 lbs 47 5.7 6 0.6 S S S 29.9 1.8 30.3 1.3 S S S
100 - 499 lbs S S 27 2.7 S S 17 S S 43.3 3.5 S S 30.4
500 - 749 lbs 12 1.5 5 0.5 S S 44 48.0 1.5 44.7 2.4 S S 29.0
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S 27 S S S S S S 23.8
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 213 25.8 102 10.3 30 35.1 339 36.2 7.2 37.2 7.4 46.8 9.4 40.2
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 133 16.1 S S 46 53.6 S 42.6 7.5 S S 37.3 8.9 S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 ""Truck"" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any shipment weight group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the shipment weight groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the shipment size of "More than 100,000 lbs" but does have data for the other shipment weight groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.