Table 7. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 7. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Commodities5

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 67,530 100 46,368 100 7,931 100 731 9.3 - 9.9 - 10.7 - 15.5
Single modes 53,056 78.6 44,676 96.4 7,038 88.7 152 12 2.7 9.9 1 11.9 3.2 31.2
Truck6 44,862 66.4 43,833 94.5 6,663 84 129 6.3 3.5 9.9 1.3 13.1 3.6 32.8
For-hire truck 23,645 35 14,877 32.1 4,837 61 612 8.3 2.9 15.2 3.4 10.6 4.2 11.3
Private truck 21,217 31.4 28,957 62.4 1,826 23 41 9.5 2.9 10.3 3.4 28.1 3.7 12.1
Rail 405 0.6 825 1.8 360 4.5 S 44.1 0.5 49.9 0.8 46 2.5 S
Air (incl truck and air) S S 18 - 14 0.2 1,488 S S 37.8 - 32.5 0.1 11.5
Multiple modes 13,649 20.2 703 1.5 808 10.2 1,051 15.4 2.6 36.4 1 34.6 3.3 9.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 13,035 19.3 218 0.5 202 2.6 1,051 16.9 2.7 28.1 0.1 35.5 0.8 9.6
Truck and rail 323 0.5 S S 598 7.5 1,413 49.2 0.5 S S 46.9 4.2 20.9
Truck and water S S 17 - S S 1,962 S S 42.8 - S S 25.7
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 825 1.2 989 2.1 86 1.1 S 25.2 0.3 41.2 0.7 31.6 0.3 S

SCTG2 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S - 100 S S S S S 34.9 - S
Single modes S S S S - 100 S S S S S 34.9 - S
Truck6 S S S S - 100 S S S S S 34.9 - S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck 28 100 7 95.6 S S 23 49.7 - 49.7 3.1 S S 1.8

SCTG2 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 4,002 100 1,969 100 S S 150 22.9 - 35.1 - S S 44.6
Single modes 3,863 96.5 1,864 94.6 352 54.2 39 22.5 1.2 33.7 2 31.4 13.4 23.6
Truck6 3,863 96.5 1,864 94.6 352 54.1 39 22.5 1.2 33.7 2 31.4 13.4 23.5
For-hire truck 981 24.5 413 21 283 43.5 662 25.9 4.9 22.1 6.1 29.4 11.5 19
Private truck 2,881 72 1,451 73.7 69 10.6 33 24.5 5.2 39.4 6.2 41.1 10.7 6
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,056 S S S S S S 29.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 1,054 S S S S S S 22.5
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,483 S S S S S S 21.9
Other and unknown modes 8 0.2 4 0.2 S S S 30.2 0.4 19.8 0.7 S S S

SCTG2 10-14, Stones, nonmetallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 360 100 10,340 100 1,189 100 S 41.5 - 25.9 - 48.8 - S
Single modes 349 96.8 9,720 94 1,170 98.4 132 42.6 1.6 23.7 2.1 49.5 1.3 49.1
Truck6 343 95.2 9,446 91.4 S S 132 43.4 2.6 23.2 2.8 S S 49.3
For-hire truck 55 15.4 949 9.2 266 22.4 329 28.5 6.6 31.2 5.3 35.1 9.3 33.9
Private truck 287 79.8 8,498 82.2 S S S 48.4 6.1 23 4.5 S S S
Rail S S S S S S 288 S S S S S S 9.6
Multiple modes 2 0.5 - - S S S 26.9 0.4 33.9 - S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 2 0.5 - - S S S 26.9 0.4 33.9 - S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 27 S S S S S S 29.6

SCTG2 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 7,504 100 12,189 100 242 100 16 25 - 24.3 - 34.7 - 19
Single modes 7,491 99.8 12,079 99.1 241 99.8 15 24.9 0.1 24 0.4 34.7 0.1 19.8
Truck6 7,298 97.2 11,828 97 241 99.5 16 24.9 1.6 24.3 1.7 34.8 0.2 17.9
For-hire truck 2,261 30.1 3,794 31.1 95 39.2 S 36.1 10.7 39.6 11.4 31.5 10.4 S
Private truck 5,036 67.1 8,034 65.9 146 60.3 15 26.8 9.9 24.1 10.7 40.6 10.2 18.8
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 1 - - - - - 678 37.3 0.1 33.1 - 49.3 - 38.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1 - - - - - 678 37.3 0.1 33.1 - 49.3 - 38.5
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 20-24, Basic chemicals, chemical, and pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 8,270 100 1,953 100 1,187 100 758 16.1 - 18.8 - 20.9 - 16
Single modes 5,246 63.4 1,812 92.8 993 83.7 373 19.9 8.7 20.4 4 25.6 6.6 22.8
Truck6 5,040 60.9 1,688 86.5 838 70.6 371 20.3 8.9 22 6.6 27 8.7 22.9
For-hire truck 3,902 47.2 1,135 58.1 710 59.8 474 27.5 8.7 32.1 10.1 33 10.3 24.1
Private truck 1,138 13.8 553 28.3 128 10.8 216 16 6.1 49.9 8.2 27.3 4.2 29.8
Rail 147 1.8 123 6.3 155 13 1,216 23.2 2.1 24.2 7.5 27.7 7.8 10.5
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 2,981 36 133 6.8 185 15.6 821 38 8.8 36.3 4.1 42.7 6.8 14.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 2,866 34.7 64 3.3 S S 820 39.8 8.2 48.7 1 S S 14.4
Truck and rail 78 0.9 68 3.5 S S 1,749 43.9 2.5 46.5 7.2 S S 18.9
Truck and water S S S S S S 2,210 S S S S S S 49.3
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 42 0.5 7 0.4 S S S 28 0.2 33.1 0.2 S S S

SCTG2 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 4,391 100 2,410 100 1,115 100 684 21.7 - 29.9 - 37.2 - 19.2
Single modes 3,584 81.6 2,124 88.1 938 84.2 302 20.9 3.9 32 5.9 38.5 5.8 37.2
Truck6 3,568 81.2 2,124 88.1 938 84.1 300 21 3.9 32 5.9 38.5 5.8 37
For-hire truck 2,409 54.9 1,351 56 877 78.7 1,085 29.2 10 41.3 12.1 39.3 12.4 15.7
Private truck 1,159 26.4 773 32.1 60 5.4 38 23.5 10.1 32.5 12.5 44.4 11.7 26.6
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,364 S S S S S S 25.5
Multiple modes 802 18.3 S S S S 1,002 37.4 3.9 S S S S 15.2
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 577 13.1 S S S S 1,003 46 3.4 S S S S 15.6
Truck and rail S S S S S S 680 S S S S S S 44.3
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 5 0.1 S S S S S 41.8 0.4 S S S S S

SCTG2 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 16,468 100 14,407 100 2,337 100 455 13.3 - 15 - 22.7 - 18.7
Single modes 14,420 87.6 14,188 98.5 2,266 97 150 14 2.3 15.3 0.6 23.8 2.4 25.5
Truck6 14,077 85.5 14,010 97.2 2,121 90.8 144 14 2.1 15 0.9 23.2 3.3 26.9
For-hire truck 8,382 50.9 6,098 42.3 1,794 76.8 505 18.4 5.2 26 8.8 28 7.7 17.4
Private truck 5,694 34.6 7,912 54.9 327 14 44 16.6 5.1 18.7 9 23.9 8 15.8
Rail S S S S S S 817 S S S S S S 16.9
Air (incl truck and air) 285 1.7 1 - 1 - 1,459 40.3 0.9 31.2 - 38.9 - 11.2
Multiple modes 1,745 10.6 S S S S 929 17 2.3 S S S S 8.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1,577 9.6 29 0.2 21 0.9 929 19.8 2.3 23.8 0.1 25.9 1.6 8.5
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water S S S S S S 333 S S S S S S 36.7
Other and unknown modes 302 1.8 124 0.9 S S 31 33.5 0.8 23.5 0.2 S S 45.7

SCTG2 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 18,378 100 371 100 280 100 1,084 25.2 - 18.3 - 17 - 13.1
Single modes 12,292 66.9 304 82 217 77.6 708 39.2 7.8 23 7.6 23.6 9.7 27.4
Truck6 4,912 26.7 289 77.9 207 73.7 512 20.2 8 23.9 7.3 24.6 9.5 27.3
For-hire truck 3,689 20.1 177 47.8 172 61.3 1,022 27.2 5.2 24.7 7.3 28.7 8.8 14.6
Private truck 1,223 6.7 111 30 S S S 28.8 4.7 45.7 9.3 S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S 15 4.1 11 3.9 1,467 S S 42.4 1.7 36.6 1.5 13.8
Multiple modes 5,995 32.6 57 15.5 62 22 1,146 21 7.9 28.7 7.6 34.6 9.5 9.9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 5,963 32.4 55 14.8 60 21.3 1,146 21.1 7.9 31.4 7.7 36.5 9.6 10
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water 32 0.2 S S 2 0.7 S 49.4 1.1 S S 15 2.9 S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc. manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 8,128 100 2,724 100 931 100 898 17.8 - 26.7 - 45.2 - 19
Single modes 5,783 71.1 2,578 94.7 858 92.2 192 20.5 5.6 27.7 3 48.4 4.8 25.8
Truck6 5,735 70.6 2,577 94.6 857 92.1 164 20.7 5.7 27.7 3 48.5 5.1 31.1
For-hire truck 1,965 24.2 960 35.2 S S 492 22.4 4.2 38.7 9.7 S S 20
Private truck 3,771 46.4 1,617 59.4 218 23.4 50 27.2 8.4 31.6 10.9 32.6 12 26.1
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,950 S S S S S S 16.1
Multiple modes 1,991 24.5 41 1.5 30 3.2 1,052 19.8 5.1 31.8 1.4 35.6 3.1 14.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1,986 24.4 41 1.5 30 3.2 1,052 19.9 5.1 31.8 1.4 35.8 3.1 14.8
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 354 4.4 105 3.9 43 4.6 551 33.1 1.4 44.6 2.9 42 3.1 32.8

SCTG2 99, Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Standard Classification of Transported Goods.
3 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
4 Coefficient of Variation.
5 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
6 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
7 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular row have no value. For example, Dallas-Fort Worth, TX by Base metal and machinery (31-34) by Water has no data for any shipment characteristic therefore the entire row is not shown. Also, entire commodity groups are not present if there is no such data for that commodity group by area. For example, Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV (DC part) by Coal and petroleum products (15-19) has no data for any mode therefore the entire commodity group is not shown.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.