Table 8. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 8. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Commodities5

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 67,530 100 46,368 100 7,931 100 731 9.3 - 9.9 - 10.7 - 15.5
Single modes 53,056 78.6 44,676 96.4 7,038 88.7 152 12 2.7 9.9 1 11.9 3.2 31.2
Truck6 44,862 66.4 43,833 94.5 6,663 84 129 6.3 3.5 9.9 1.3 13.1 3.6 32.8
For-hire truck 23,645 35 14,877 32.1 4,837 61 612 8.3 2.9 15.2 3.4 10.6 4.2 11.3
Private truck 21,217 31.4 28,957 62.4 1,826 23 41 9.5 2.9 10.3 3.4 28.1 3.7 12.1
Rail 405 0.6 825 1.8 360 4.5 S 44.1 0.5 49.9 0.8 46 2.5 S
Air (incl truck and air) S S 18 - 14 0.2 1,488 S S 37.8 - 32.5 0.1 11.5
Multiple modes 13,649 20.2 703 1.5 808 10.2 1,051 15.4 2.6 36.4 1 34.6 3.3 9.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 13,035 19.3 218 0.5 202 2.6 1,051 16.9 2.7 28.1 0.1 35.5 0.8 9.6
Truck and rail 323 0.5 S S 598 7.5 1,413 49.2 0.5 S S 46.9 4.2 20.9
Truck and water S S 17 - S S 1,962 S S 42.8 - S S 25.7
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 825 1.2 989 2.1 86 1.1 S 25.2 0.3 41.2 0.7 31.6 0.3 S

SCTG2 03, Other agricultural products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 04, Animal feed and products of animal origin, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 05, Meat, fish, seafood, and their preparations

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 28 100 7 100 S S 23 50 - 49.8 - S S 12
Single modes 28 100 7 100 S S 23 50 - 49.8 - S S 12
Truck6 28 100 7 100 S S 23 50 - 49.8 - S S 12
Private truck 28 100 7 100 S S 23 50 - 49.8 - S S 12

SCTG2 06, Milled grain products and preparations and bakery products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 657 100 233 100 S S 1,095 34.3 - 41.7 - S S 21.7
Single modes 599 91.1 227 97.6 S S S 30.8 3.5 41.1 0.7 S S S
Truck6 599 91.1 227 97.6 S S S 30.8 3.5 41.1 0.7 S S S
For-hire truck 302 46 S S S S 752 38.6 13 S S S S 28.2
Private truck 297 45.1 75 32.2 8 8.4 S 44.2 12.1 43.1 13.6 25.5 10.1 S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,131 S S S S S S 17.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 1,131 S S S S S S 17.1
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 07, Other prepared foodstuffs and fats and oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,370 100 S S 239 100 S 32.9 - S S 44.3 - S
Single modes 1,351 98.7 S S 228 95.2 S 33.3 0.8 S S 42.3 1.5 S
Truck6 1,351 98.6 S S 228 95.2 S 33.3 0.8 S S 42.3 1.5 S
For-hire truck 587 42.9 200 19.4 182 75.9 944 29.5 14.8 34.8 18.8 40.2 12.3 16.5
Private truck 764 55.8 S S S S 33 42.3 14.5 S S S S 30.6
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 14 1 S S S S 557 49.2 1.6 S S S S 39.2
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 555 S S S S S S 36.1
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 5 0.4 2 0.2 S S S 36.9 3 39.3 4.7 S S S

SCTG2 08, Alcoholic beverages

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,415 100 688 100 S S 39 17.6 - 25.5 - S S 13.8
Single modes 1,352 95.6 600 87.2 S S 38 16.7 1.9 22.5 4.8 S S 14.5
Truck6 1,352 95.6 600 87.2 S S 38 16.7 1.9 22.5 4.8 S S 14.5
For-hire truck 92 6.5 60 8.8 S S S 45.2 13.4 40.1 14.3 S S S
Private truck 1,260 89.1 539 78.4 S S 32 19.2 5.5 26.2 7.9 S S 5.4
Multiple modes S S S S S S 3,078 S S S S S S 3.9
Truck and rail S S S S S S 3,078 S S S S S S 3.9
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 09, Tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 560 100 S S S S 24 5.5 - S S S S 3.1
Single modes 560 100 S S S S 24 5.5 - S S S S 3.1
Truck6 560 100 S S S S 24 5.5 - S S S S 3.1
Private truck 560 100 S S S S 24 5.5 - S S S S 3.1

SCTG2 10, Calcareous monumental or building stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 11, Natural sands

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 10 100 570 100 8 100 13 25.1 - 30.1 - 45.6 - 22.6
Single modes 10 97.7 551 96.6 8 94.6 13 8 2.3 16.6 2.7 36.2 3 28.9
Truck6 10 97.7 551 96.6 8 94.6 13 8 2.3 16.6 2.7 36.2 3 28.9
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck 8 80.9 501 87.9 7 87.9 13 16 13.9 27 15.6 43.2 16.3 28.6
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 15 S S S S S S 38.5

SCTG2 12, Gravel and crushed stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 112 100 8,348 100 262 100 26 28.1 - 29 - 39.9 - 7.2
Single modes 103 91.9 7,748 92.8 244 93.2 25 24.9 2.7 26.4 2.4 36.8 2.2 6.9
Truck6 98 87.8 7,532 90.2 201 77 25 22.7 4.1 25.5 3.4 27.5 7.7 6.5
For-hire truck S S 195 2.3 S S S S S 12.3 18.4 S S S
Private truck 94 84.1 7,337 87.9 178 67.8 23 21.7 5.2 26 4.2 24.7 10.6 6.1
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29 S S S S S S 30.5

SCTG2 13, Nonmetallic minerals nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S 1,420 100 S S 747 S S 38.6 - S S 27.2
Single modes S S 1,420 100 S S 700 S S 38.6 0.1 S S 27.1
Truck6 S S 1,362 95.9 S S 703 S S 39.8 2 S S 27.2
For-hire truck S S 703 49.5 S S 444 S S 37.4 17.3 S S 28.7
Private truck S S S S S S 926 S S S S S S 32.1
Rail S S 58 4.1 19 2 326 S S 22 5.9 21 12.4 5.2
Multiple modes 2 0.7 - - S S 1,485 24.2 1.4 42.1 0.4 S S 43.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 2 0.7 - - S S 1,485 24.2 1.4 42.1 0.4 S S 43.8

SCTG2 17, Gasoline and aviation turbine fuel

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,655 100 2,315 100 67 100 29 32.8 - 25.2 - 29.5 - 13.3
Single modes 1,655 100 2,315 100 67 100 29 32.8 - 25.2 - 29.5 - 13.3
Truck6 1,655 100 2,315 100 67 100 29 32.8 - 25.2 - 29.5 - 13.3
For-hire truck 799 48.3 1,281 55.3 36 53.3 30 12.5 17.6 12.7 16.2 11.6 17.6 9.6
Private truck S S 1,034 44.7 32 46.7 29 S S 42.7 14.5 45.6 17.6 32

SCTG2 18, Fuel oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 5,518 100 8,622 100 148 100 15 28.9 - 31.8 - 43.5 - 19.8
Single modes 5,511 99.9 8,613 99.9 148 100 15 28.9 0.1 31.8 0.1 43.6 0.1 21.6
Truck6 5,318 96.4 8,362 97 147 99.5 16 30.1 3.5 33.1 3.8 43.8 0.8 19.6
For-hire truck 1,401 25.4 S S 49 33.1 22 49.9 12.8 S S 44 12.8 16.2
Private truck 3,918 71 6,017 69.8 98 66.4 15 28.2 9.6 29.8 9.8 46 10.1 19.8
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 19, Coal and petroleum products, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 331 100 S S 27 100 S 49.3 - S S 37.7 - S
Single modes 325 98 S S 26 98 S 48.9 2.4 S S 35.8 1.6 S
Truck6 325 98 S S 26 98 S 48.9 2.4 S S 35.8 1.6 S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 1 0.2 - - - 0.1 265 35.4 18.3 38.2 18.3 36 18.2 36.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1 0.2 - - - 0.1 265 35.4 18.3 38.2 18.3 36 18.2 36.5
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 20, Basic chemicals

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,474 100 810 100 347 100 334 36.1 - 33.2 - 28.1 - 34.7
Single modes 1,391 94.4 807 99.7 345 99.6 269 37.8 4.4 33.4 0.5 28.2 0.2 43.3
Truck6 1,347 91.4 778 96.1 310 89.4 267 39.3 5.2 35.1 4.3 29.1 5.7 43.1
For-hire truck 1,022 69.3 403 49.8 221 63.9 S 47.7 14.6 44.7 14.2 39.7 15.3 S
Private truck 326 22.1 S S 88 25.5 245 34.8 14.3 S S 40.6 16.3 41.4
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 71 4.8 2 0.2 1 0.4 1,155 42.4 5.3 48.4 0.1 34.9 0.2 31.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S 1 0.3 1,084 S S S S 44.4 0.1 33.3
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 21, Pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S 4 100 S S S S S 36.4 - S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S 3 86.2 S S S S S 40 9.7 S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S 3 86.2 S S S S S 40 9.7 S S S

SCTG2 22, Fertilizers

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S 152 S S S S S S 27.1
Single modes S S S S S S 152 S S S S S S 27.1
Truck6 S S S S S S 152 S S S S S S 27.1
For-hire truck S S S S S S 152 S S S S S S 27.1

SCTG2 23, Chemical products and preparations, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 3,636 100 S S S S 782 36.9 - S S S S 13.8
Single modes 2,228 61.3 S S S S 684 49 13.4 S S S S 20.5
Truck6 2,228 61.3 S S S S 684 49 13.4 S S S S 20.5
For-hire truck S S S S S S 811 S S S S S S 20.6
Private truck S S S S S S 469 S S S S S S 26.4
Multiple modes S S S S S S 789 S S S S S S 17.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 789 S S S S S S 17.1
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 24, Plastics and rubber

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2,106 100 565 100 483 100 922 11.5 - 17.2 - 28.6 - 19.6
Single modes 1,599 75.9 469 83 340 70.4 327 11.7 6.7 17.3 5 28.4 7.2 21.7
Truck6 1,436 68.2 374 66.2 220 45.6 323 13.9 7.6 17.6 9.1 30.7 12.5 21.9
For-hire truck 870 41.3 247 43.7 206 42.6 562 16.3 5.4 27.3 5.7 32 10.2 18.8
Private truck 566 26.9 127 22.5 14 3 S 23.5 7 24 7.3 26.3 4 S
Rail 107 5.1 94 16.6 119 24.7 1,242 30.3 8.1 32.2 10.8 36.9 12.3 13.4
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 478 22.7 90 16 S S 1,036 39.5 6.9 46 5.2 S S 17.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 388 18.4 21 3.7 S S 1,035 41.7 5.7 43.1 1.4 S S 17.1
Truck and rail 78 3.7 68 12 S S 1,749 43.9 3.4 46.5 8.3 S S 18.9
Truck and water S S S S S S 96 S S S S S S 6.4
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 29 1.4 6 1 S S S 31.7 0.7 41.4 0.6 S S S

SCTG2 25, Logs and other wood in the rough

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 26, Wood products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 222 100 S S S S 35 24.8 - S S S S 21.9
Single modes 220 99.1 S S S S 37 24.5 0.4 S S S S 24.7
Truck6 220 99.1 S S S S 37 24.5 0.4 S S S S 24.7
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck 202 91.1 S S S S 35 26.8 6.9 S S S S 24
Multiple modes S S S S S S 13 S S S S S S 7.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 13 S S S S S S 7.3
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 12 S S S S S S 32.6

SCTG2 27, Pulp, newsprint, paper, and paperboard

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,298 100 1,543 100 858 100 732 28.7 - 34.7 - 43.9 - 19.8
Single modes 1,130 87.1 1,294 83.8 704 82 742 30.2 6.1 37.8 7.5 45.1 6.7 19.7
Truck6 1,130 87.1 1,294 83.8 704 82 742 30.2 6.1 37.8 7.5 45.1 6.7 19.7
For-hire truck 884 68.1 1,072 69.4 688 80.1 1,153 40.5 12.3 47.7 13 45.6 11.6 15.2
Private truck S S S S S S 54 S S S S S S 40.5
Multiple modes S S S S S S 334 S S S S S S 30.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 267 S S S S S S 18.5
Truck and rail S S S S S S 680 S S S S S S 44.3
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 28, Paper or paperboard articles

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,070 100 319 100 157 100 651 30.8 - 29.5 - 32.1 - 17.8
Single modes 979 91.5 312 98 153 97.3 246 32.4 6.8 27.9 1.2 30.5 1.4 43.7
Truck6 979 91.5 312 98 153 97.3 246 32.4 6.8 27.9 1.2 30.5 1.4 43.8
For-hire truck 735 68.7 193 60.7 140 89.3 858 32.4 12.2 32.6 13 26.9 5.4 14.3
Private truck 244 22.8 119 37.3 12 8 65 40.6 15.4 43.7 16.8 49.7 19.5 26.4
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 928 S S S S S S 23.9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 928 S S S S S S 23.9
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 29, Printed products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 922 100 S S 29 100 S 39 - S S 31.5 - S
Single modes 731 79.3 S S 27 93 S 42.5 8 S S 32.2 6.8 S
Truck6 731 79.3 S S 27 93 S 42.5 8 S S 32.2 6.8 S
For-hire truck S S S S 25 84.6 717 S S S S 27.8 16 31.8
Private truck 361 39.2 S S S S S 44.5 15.5 S S S S S
Multiple modes 191 20.7 S S 2 7 1,059 44.5 8.6 S S 43.9 7.6 30.9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 191 20.7 S S 2 7 1,059 44.5 8.6 S S 43.9 7.6 30.9
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 30, Textiles, leather, and articles of textiles or leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S 1,020 S S S S S S 27.5
Single modes 523 59.5 29 67.5 S S 1,105 46.4 9.3 47.4 12.7 S S 28.2
Truck6 507 57.7 29 66.8 S S 1,099 44.3 11.1 45.4 9.8 S S 32.5
For-hire truck 403 45.8 22 49.8 S S 1,591 46.4 8.1 49.8 12.6 S S 27
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,377 S S S S S S 39.1
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,013 S S S S S S 21.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 1,013 S S S S S S 21.8
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 31, Nonmetallic mineral products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,361 100 6,955 100 S S 607 25.5 - 20 - S S 27.2
Single modes 1,149 84.4 6,895 99.1 S S 66 23.2 6.6 20.3 0.6 S S 35.1
Truck6 1,149 84.4 6,895 99.1 S S 66 23.2 6.6 20.3 0.6 S S 35.1
For-hire truck 404 29.7 1,511 21.7 S S 334 37.4 8.1 32.9 7.3 S S 31.8
Private truck 745 54.7 5,384 77.4 86 11.9 27 37.8 9.3 23.1 7.6 21.7 17.1 13.6
Multiple modes S S 4 0.1 S S 1,085 S S 45 - S S 17.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S 4 0.1 S S 1,085 S S 45 - S S 17.6
Other and unknown modes 16 1.2 57 0.8 S S S 41.5 0.3 40.5 0.8 S S S

SCTG2 32, Base metal in prim. or semifin. forms & in finished basic shapes

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 7,143 100 5,644 100 1,247 100 190 23.2 - 28.6 - 29.2 - 45.2
Single modes 6,940 97.2 5,547 98.3 1,205 96.6 150 23.7 2.4 29 1.1 29.9 2 42
Truck6 6,873 96.2 5,370 95.1 1,061 85.1 146 23.4 2.3 28 1.6 25.7 4.7 43.7
For-hire truck 4,029 56.4 3,557 63 904 72.5 373 25.3 7.2 33.9 9.1 30.9 8.6 29.4
Private truck 2,844 39.8 1,813 32.1 157 12.6 51 35.7 8.1 36.4 9.7 42.4 9.1 17.6
Rail S S S S S S 811 S S S S S S 23.4
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,994 S S S S S S 30
Multiple modes 137 1.9 S S S S 949 27.2 2.5 S S S S 25.2
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 100 1.4 4 0.1 3 0.2 956 33.8 3 43.4 0.6 47 0.6 29.1
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water 20 0.3 3 0.1 - - 180 22.2 1.1 18.8 0.4 17.8 0.3 19.6
Other and unknown modes 66 0.9 S S S S S 27.1 0.4 S S S S S

SCTG2 33, Articles of base metal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 3,402 100 S S 302 100 567 26.5 - S S 42.7 - 21.2
Single modes 2,636 77.5 S S 287 95.2 210 30.4 5.4 S S 44.7 4.2 23.8
Truck6 2,633 77.4 S S 287 95.2 205 30.4 5.4 S S 44.7 4.2 23.9
For-hire truck 1,734 51 S S 211 69.8 608 29.1 3.3 S S 38.6 5.6 16.2
Private truck 899 26.4 S S S S 41 34.9 3.9 S S S S 42.4
Air (incl truck and air) S S - - - - 1,979 S S 45.9 0.1 44.4 0.1 37.1
Multiple modes 608 17.9 12 0.7 9 3.1 917 25.9 4.3 33.8 2.9 37.1 3.5 12.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 599 17.6 11 0.7 9 3 918 26.5 4.3 35.8 2.8 37.1 3.4 12.5
Truck and water S S 1 - S S 391 S S 48 0.3 S S 47
Other and unknown modes 157 4.6 26 1.6 S S S 42.5 2.9 38.8 6.1 S S S

SCTG2 34, Machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 4,561 100 201 100 71 100 361 17.4 - 37.2 - 36 - 39.1
Single modes 3,695 81 179 88.8 60 85.4 S 19.3 3.3 39.1 3.7 40.7 5.9 S
Truck6 3,422 75 178 88.6 60 84.3 S 20.5 3.7 39.2 3.8 41.4 6.3 S
For-hire truck 2,215 48.6 53 26.5 52 73.5 1,039 33.5 9.8 35.6 12.1 46.2 9.3 16.3
Private truck 1,207 26.5 S S S S 54 30.4 7.4 S S S S 27
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) 272 6 1 0.3 1 1 1,279 37.2 3.1 27 1 26.7 2 8.2
Multiple modes 804 17.6 15 7.6 10 14.3 705 23.8 2.9 38.5 3.6 43.2 5.9 15.9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 683 15 10 4.9 6 8.8 705 24.2 2.8 38.3 4 42.7 6.6 15.9
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 63 1.4 7 3.6 S S 17 30.5 3.1 36.5 2.8 S S 34.8

SCTG2 35, Electronic & other electrical equip & components & office equip

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 5,288 100 108 100 103 100 1,108 21 - 25.8 - 30.6 - 15.4
Single modes 1,458 27.6 59 54.9 57 55.4 726 26.8 7.6 36.8 10.1 44.3 11 28.9
Truck6 1,300 24.6 58 53.8 56 54.5 588 27.2 7.6 37.2 10.1 45.1 12.2 30.5
For-hire truck 1,046 19.8 48 44.7 53 51.2 1,169 31.1 5.4 41.1 11.7 47.5 13.7 23.6
Private truck 254 4.8 10 9.1 S S S 25.1 8.7 37.2 11.4 S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S 1 1.1 1 0.9 1,717 S S 37.3 5.4 44.4 8.9 22.2
Multiple modes 3,759 71.1 41 37.7 46 44.2 1,155 23.8 7.3 39.8 8.6 44.3 11 7.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 3,759 71.1 41 37.7 46 44.2 1,155 23.8 7.3 39.8 8.6 44.3 11 7.3
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 36, Motorized and other vehicles (including parts)

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 623 100 93 100 52 100 S 42.1 - 36.8 - 40 - S
Single modes 598 96 92 98.9 51 99.1 S 43 3.9 37 1.8 40.2 1.7 S
Truck6 598 96 92 98.9 51 99.1 S 43 3.9 37 1.8 40.2 1.7 S
For-hire truck 267 42.8 35 38 35 66.5 1,074 28 14.5 23.1 17.1 31.1 11.3 9.1
Private truck S S 57 60.9 S S S S S 32.3 13.5 S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 875 S S S S S S 15.9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 875 S S S S S S 15.9
Other and unknown modes S S S S - - S S S S S 15 0.1 S

SCTG2 37, Transportation equipment, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S 15 100 10 100 912 S S 43.8 - 36.8 - 14.6
Single modes S S 13 89.2 8 78.6 542 S S 46.2 15.9 43.2 16.1 10.3
Truck6 245 3.1 S S S S 388 18.7 9.7 S S S S 22.7
For-hire truck 166 2.1 S S S S 477 35.1 6.9 S S S S 39.1
Private truck 79 1 S S S S S 46.4 3.9 S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S 12 80.8 7 74 S S S 44.4 19.2 42.9 19.6 S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,031 S S S S S S 19.2
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 1,014 S S S S S S 19.4
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 38, Precision instruments and apparatus

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 4,497 100 155 100 115 100 978 30 - 43.6 - 35.4 - 17.3
Single modes 3,125 69.5 139 90 101 87.7 861 34 8.5 45.2 14.4 38.3 14.9 22.1
Truck6 2,768 61.6 137 88.7 98 85.2 439 38 10.2 45.8 16.9 39.2 17.6 30.4
For-hire truck 2,210 49.1 93 59.8 84 72.8 680 46.2 10.4 38.9 13.3 42 16.2 17.5
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) 357 7.9 2 1.3 3 2.6 1,382 31.6 4.7 31.2 5.9 33.2 9.7 15.1
Multiple modes 1,362 30.3 14 9.4 13 11.7 1,030 24.6 8.6 43.1 14.1 44.5 14.6 15.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1,354 30.1 12 7.9 12 10.7 1,031 24.6 8.6 49.9 14.4 49.3 14.8 15.4
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 39, Furniture, mattresses & mattress supports, lamps, lighting

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 630 100 17 100 S S S 38.2 - 34.7 - S S S
Single modes 417 66.3 15 89.5 1 65.3 S 44.3 10.9 37.5 3.3 47 8.2 S
Truck6 402 63.9 15 87.7 1 53.3 S 42.8 11.2 37.3 3.7 41.8 11.9 S
For-hire truck S S S S 1 41.3 S S S S S 45.7 19.6 S
Private truck S S S S S S 23 S S S S S S 17.1
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 40, Miscellaneous manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 3,646 100 S S S S 1,022 22.9 - S S S S 14.8
Single modes 1,800 49.4 S S S S 292 30.4 7.8 S S S S 32.2
Truck6 1,768 48.5 S S S S 237 30.8 7.8 S S S S 22.4
For-hire truck 1,254 34.4 S S S S 574 28.6 5.8 S S S S 20.6
Private truck 514 14.1 S S S S S 45.3 3.6 S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 2,092 S S S S S S 17
Multiple modes 1,671 45.8 35 5.1 27 4.5 1,098 19.3 7.8 32.2 9.1 36.2 11.5 13.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1,666 45.7 35 5.1 27 4.5 1,098 19.3 7.8 32.2 9.1 36.3 11.3 13.5
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 175 4.8 34 4.9 39 6.5 863 41.3 1.3 49.8 12.4 41.4 12.9 27.5

SCTG2 41, Waste and scrap

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 384 100 S S S S 279 47.9 - S S S S 20.1
Single modes S S S S S S 285 S S S S S S 42.6
Truck6 S S S S S S 285 S S S S S S 42.6
For-hire truck 272 70.8 S S S S S 45.7 17.4 S S S S S
Private truck 97 25.2 S S S S S 49.7 11.1 S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 43, Mixed freight

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 3,468 100 1,506 100 209 100 194 32.8 - 34.1 - 38.5 - 34.3
Single modes 3,197 92.2 1,454 96.6 205 98.2 100 33.4 8.7 34.5 11.6 38.9 12 49.7
Truck6 3,197 92.2 1,454 96.6 205 98.2 S 33.4 8.7 34.5 11.6 38.9 12 S
For-hire truck 269 7.8 32 2.1 S S 441 39.1 4.9 49.5 9.4 S S 32.5
Private truck 2,928 84.4 1,422 94.4 183 87.6 63 33.3 10.4 35.1 14.9 39.6 15.7 23.5
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 455 S S S S S S 27.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 455 S S S S S S 27.5
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 99, Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Standard Classification of Transported Goods.
3 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
4 Coefficient of Variation.
5 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
6 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
7 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular row have no value. For example, Orlando-Deltona-Daytona Beach, FL by Alcoholic Beverages (08) by Air has no data for any cell therefore the entire row is not shown. Also, two-digit commodities are not present if there is no such data for an entire commodity by area. For example, Pittsburgh-New Castle, PA by Cereal Grains (02) has no data for any mode therefore the entire commodity is not shown.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.