Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 327,046 100 159,862 100 25,302 100 5.7 - 9.5 - 9.9 -
Less than 50 miles 128,844 39.4 118,664 74.2 2,416 9.5 6.3 1.6 12.5 2.9 11.9 1.1
50 - 99 miles 29,392 9 13,689 8.6 1,221 4.8 11.2 1 14.2 1.2 13.7 0.6
100 - 249 miles 48,129 14.7 12,162 7.6 2,488 9.8 11.9 1.4 10.2 1 10.3 1.3
250 - 499 miles 24,664 7.5 3,810 2.4 1,954 7.7 12.1 0.8 7.5 0.3 15 1.4
500 - 749 miles 29,542 9 4,326 2.7 3,300 13 11.3 0.7 20.1 0.4 20.3 2.5
750 - 999 miles 19,765 6 1,592 1 1,650 6.5 22.2 1 15.5 0.2 16.1 0.6
1,000 - 1,499 miles 22,553 6.9 2,767 1.7 4,251 16.8 17.2 0.8 19.8 0.4 25.4 2.6
1,500 - 2,000 miles 5,330 1.6 418 0.3 836 3.3 11.2 0.1 12.7 0.1 13.1 0.8
More than 2,000 miles 18,826 5.8 2,434 1.5 7,186 28.4 9.4 0.7 23.4 0.4 24.3 5

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 251,258 100 145,914 100 18,947 100 6.3 - 10.6 - 11 -
Less than 50 miles 111,782 44.5 111,450 76.4 2,194 11.6 7.6 2 13.6 3.2 13.5 1.2
50 - 99 miles 24,064 9.6 11,897 8.2 1,038 5.5 13.5 1.1 13 1.2 13 0.7
100 - 249 miles 39,251 15.6 10,571 7.2 2,138 11.3 15.2 2.1 10.1 1.2 10.4 1.3
250 - 499 miles 15,609 6.2 3,437 2.4 1,556 8.2 17.1 0.9 8.2 0.3 7.6 0.6
500 - 749 miles 21,645 8.6 3,003 2.1 2,259 11.9 12.1 0.8 12 0.4 11.6 1.4
750 - 999 miles 12,599 5 1,381 0.9 1,422 7.5 23.6 1 17.2 0.2 18 0.7
1,000 - 1,499 miles 13,735 5.5 2,473 1.7 3,831 20.2 15.8 0.7 21.6 0.5 27.8 3
1,500 - 2,000 miles 2,967 1.2 352 0.2 698 3.7 16.8 0.1 14.3 0.1 14.5 0.7
More than 2,000 miles 9,606 3.8 1,348 0.9 3,811 20.1 11 0.5 19.2 0.2 19.7 3.4

Truck4

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 229,817 100 127,408 100 16,691 100 7.1 - 12.7 - 6 -
Less than 50 miles 99,668 43.4 94,946 74.5 2,057 12.3 8.1 1.9 16.9 3.6 14 1.5
50 - 99 miles 23,673 10.3 11,486 9 1,003 6 13 1.1 12.5 1.3 12.4 0.7
100 - 249 miles 38,658 16.8 10,048 7.9 2,050 12.3 15.7 2.2 10.5 1.4 11 1.1
250 - 499 miles 15,137 6.6 3,245 2.5 1,456 8.7 17.7 0.9 8.7 0.2 8.2 0.7
500 - 749 miles 20,821 9.1 2,950 2.3 2,213 13.3 13.4 1 12 0.4 11.6 1.3
750 - 999 miles 9,700 4.2 1,357 1.1 1,393 8.3 21.4 0.7 17.4 0.2 18.1 1.1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 11,450 5 1,862 1.5 2,583 15.5 14 0.6 18.4 0.6 20.3 2.6
1,500 - 2,000 miles 2,646 1.2 348 0.3 689 4.1 19.3 0.1 14.3 0.1 14.5 0.6
More than 2,000 miles 8,063 3.5 1,165 0.9 3,247 19.5 14.7 0.6 23.2 0.3 23.6 3.9

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 139,602 100 50,755 100 13,388 100 8 - 20 - 7 -
Less than 50 miles 32,604 23.4 31,095 61.3 707 5.3 8.9 1.9 31 6.5 36.3 1.6
50 - 99 miles 11,337 8.1 3,740 7.4 338 2.5 15.9 1.2 11 1.2 10.8 0.3
100 - 249 miles 32,399 23.2 5,891 11.6 1,249 9.3 18.7 3.1 9.7 1.9 9.2 0.7
250 - 499 miles 11,740 8.4 2,612 5.1 1,181 8.8 16.6 0.9 12.7 0.8 12.4 1
500 - 749 miles 19,817 14.2 2,717 5.4 2,049 15.3 14.1 1.5 12.2 1.3 11.8 1.5
750 - 999 miles 9,596 6.9 1,338 2.6 1,372 10.2 21.4 1 17.9 0.4 18.6 1.4
1,000 - 1,499 miles 11,425 8.2 1,856 3.7 2,575 19.2 14 0.9 18.4 1.3 20.3 3
1,500 - 2,000 miles 2,635 1.9 342 0.7 678 5.1 19.4 0.3 14.2 0.2 14.4 0.8
More than 2,000 miles 8,050 5.8 1,163 2.3 3,239 24.2 14.7 0.9 23.2 1.2 23.7 4.7

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 90,215 100 76,652 100 3,303 100 9.2 - 18 - 8.3 -
Less than 50 miles 67,064 74.3 63,851 83.3 1,350 40.9 11.5 2.8 22.6 3.3 10.2 4.4
50 - 99 miles 12,337 13.7 7,746 10.1 665 20.1 13.2 1.6 15.4 1.9 14.9 2.1
100 - 249 miles 6,259 6.9 4,157 5.4 801 24.3 15.5 0.9 17.6 1.4 17.8 3.1
250 - 499 miles 3,397 3.8 633 0.8 275 8.3 37.7 1.5 16 0.3 16.3 1.2
500 - 749 miles 1,004 1.1 233 0.3 163 4.9 18.3 0.2 27.5 0.2 27.5 1.3
750 - 999 miles 104 0.1 19 - 21 0.6 46 0.1 41.6 - 45.2 0.4
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S 6 - 9 0.3 S S 45 - 46.6 0.2
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles 14 0.9 6 0.5 S S 12.9 5.4 44.6 5.1 S S
50 - 99 miles 26 1.8 S S S S 46.7 1.6 S S S S
100 - 249 miles 35 2.3 S S S S 30.4 12.9 S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles 87 5.9 50 4.6 43 2.3 48.9 6.4 31.7 11.4 30.7 8.5
750 - 999 miles 25 1.7 10 0.9 12 0.6 44.3 5.1 47 4.1 46 3.9
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 7 0.5 3 0.3 7 0.4 12.8 4.8 39 4.9 36.7 9.6
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 2,762 100 4,686 100 S S 22.9 - 30.5 - S S
Less than 50 miles 2,247 81.4 3,939 84 S S 27 8.8 36.7 8.3 S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Shallow draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 2,296 100 4,461 100 S S 27.5 - 27 - S S
Less than 50 miles 1,818 79.2 3,727 83.5 S S 34.1 11.8 35.4 11.1 S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Deep draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 466 100 225 100 14 100 11.1 - 6 - 43.4 -
Less than 50 miles 429 92.1 211 93.9 4 25.8 9.2 2.2 5.8 1.3 - 14.4
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 8,494 100 S S S S 41.5 - S S S S
Less than 50 miles 1,173 13.8 10 8.3 3 2.7 44.3 7 34.9 7.5 34.9 3.2
50 - 99 miles S S S S - - S S S S 31.8 0.8
100 - 249 miles 340 4 S S S S 44.4 2.8 S S S S
250 - 499 miles 383 4.5 2 2 1 0.9 28.7 1.7 36.5 1.8 33.6 0.8
500 - 749 miles 737 8.7 4 3.1 3 2.4 47 3.6 45.3 2.4 45.1 1.7
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S 1 1.1 2 2.2 S S 38.7 1.5 37.7 2.4
More than 2,000 miles 1,301 15.3 S S S S 22.3 4.6 S S S S

Pipeline5

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 8,702 100 12,615 100 S S 40.5 - 32.2 - S S
Less than 50 miles 8,681 99.8 12,550 99.5 S S 36.2 0.1 26.4 0.3 S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 66,785 100 11,738 100 5,215 100 11.1 - 28.4 - 25.3 -
Less than 50 miles 12,465 18.7 6,267 53.4 S S 17.1 2.7 40.2 12.1 S S
50 - 99 miles 5,052 7.6 S S 174 3.3 16.6 1.3 S S 45.9 2
100 - 249 miles 8,695 13 S S S S 12.1 1.2 S S S S
250 - 499 miles 6,299 9.4 288 2.5 S S 17 1.1 43.4 0.7 S S
500 - 749 miles 7,594 11.4 S S S S 18.6 1.2 S S S S
750 - 999 miles 6,765 10.1 151 1.3 164 3.1 29 1.7 33.5 1.6 34.9 2.1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 8,627 12.9 206 1.8 311 6 27.4 1.7 16.1 1.6 16.2 3.6
1,500 - 2,000 miles 2,225 3.3 55 0.5 117 2.2 20.3 0.4 28.3 1.2 29.7 2.8
More than 2,000 miles 9,064 13.6 982 8.4 3,079 59 10.8 1.8 39 8.1 39.7 11.2

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 60,343 100 1,294 100 979 100 11.2 - 11 - 11 -
Less than 50 miles 9,932 16.5 253 19.6 10 1 13.4 2.4 13.5 1.8 11.1 0.2
50 - 99 miles 4,599 7.6 144 11.2 15 1.5 18.1 1.3 27.1 1.7 30.5 0.5
100 - 249 miles 7,552 12.5 250 19.3 51 5.2 11.3 1.7 23.1 2.3 23 1.4
250 - 499 miles 5,999 9.9 111 8.6 49 5 17.2 1.1 12.7 1.2 12.4 0.7
500 - 749 miles 7,493 12.4 135 10.4 103 10.5 18.9 1.4 13.7 1.2 14.4 1
750 - 999 miles 6,643 11 77 6 79 8.1 29.7 1.9 11.6 0.6 11.5 0.6
1,000 - 1,499 miles 8,441 14 145 11.2 201 20.5 28.2 1.9 20.7 2 20.5 2.8
1,500 - 2,000 miles 2,151 3.6 32 2.5 63 6.5 21.8 0.5 29.7 0.6 30.4 1.4
More than 2,000 miles 7,533 12.5 146 11.3 408 41.7 11.3 1.5 16.4 1.8 16.6 4.1

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 2,223 100 1,159 100 2,888 100 28.7 - 34 - 42.5 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles 49 2.2 S S S S 46.5 10.7 S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles 23 1 15 1.3 9 0.3 26 0.5 41.6 1.1 40 0.6
500 - 749 miles 68 3.1 27 2.4 25 0.9 41.1 2.3 43.7 1.8 43.3 3.1
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 150 6.8 56 4.8 100 3.5 28.4 12.7 34.7 13.1 35.4 14.8
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 1,519 68.3 826 71.3 2,606 90.2 36.3 11.7 43.4 14.2 43.4 14.1

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,489 100 S S S S 44.3 - S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Other multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 2,731 100 7,697 100 661 100 35 - 28.7 - 49.8 -
Less than 50 miles S S 5,857 76.1 S S S S 38.1 15.1 S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S 119 18 S S S S 9.7 19.1
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 9,003 100 2,210 100 S S 22.6 - 40.9 - S S
Less than 50 miles 4,597 51.1 946 42.8 19 1.6 22.4 8.6 33.4 9.2 36.2 3
50 - 99 miles 277 3.1 107 4.8 9 0.8 35 2.3 38.4 2.4 34.5 0.8
100 - 249 miles 182 2 99 4.5 21 1.8 24.7 2.1 38.3 5.6 35.2 6.5
250 - 499 miles S S 84 3.8 36 3.2 S S 41.6 4.9 37.4 6.5
500 - 749 miles 303 3.4 S S S S 35.1 1.2 S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 157 1.7 S S S S 35.1 3 S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any mileage group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the mileage group of "More than 2,000 miles" but does have data for the other mileage groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.