Table 7. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 7. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Commodities5

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 327,046 100 159,862 100 25,302 100 641 5.7 - 9.5 - 9.9 - 7.2
Single modes 251,258 76.8 145,914 91.3 18,947 74.9 245 6.3 2.1 10.6 2.3 11 4.6 19.3
Truck6 229,817 70.3 127,408 79.7 16,691 66 228 7.1 3.3 12.7 5 6 4.8 20.9
For-hire truck 139,602 42.7 50,755 31.7 13,388 52.9 624 8 2.7 20 4.5 7 3.7 9.6
Private truck 90,215 27.6 76,652 47.9 3,303 13.1 40 9.2 1.9 18 5.1 8.3 1.9 7.3
Rail S S S S S S 1,285 S S S S S S 19.7
Water 2,762 0.8 4,686 2.9 S S 62 22.9 0.2 30.5 1.6 S S 28.6
Shallow draft 2,296 0.7 4,461 2.8 S S S 27.5 0.4 27 2.1 S S S
Deep draft 466 0.1 225 0.1 14 0.1 75 11.1 0.5 6 0.6 43.4 0.1 24.1
Air (incl truck and air) 8,494 2.6 S S S S 1,088 41.5 0.8 S S S S 6.9
Pipeline7 8,702 2.7 12,615 7.9 S S S 40.5 1.7 32.2 4.3 S S S
Multiple modes 66,785 20.4 11,738 7.3 5,215 20.6 888 11.1 1.9 28.4 2.4 25.3 4.3 4.9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 60,343 18.5 1,294 0.8 979 3.9 886 11.2 1.7 11 0.2 11 0.6 4.9
Truck and rail 2,223 0.7 1,159 0.7 2,888 11.4 1,382 28.7 0.2 34 0.3 42.5 3.7 21.9
Truck and water 1,489 0.5 S S S S 1,394 44.3 0.2 S S S S 22.6
Other multiple modes 2,731 0.8 7,697 4.8 661 2.6 72 35 0.4 28.7 2.7 49.8 2.2 37.4
Other and unknown modes 9,003 2.8 2,210 1.4 S S S 22.6 0.5 40.9 0.5 S S S

SCTG2 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 8,736 100 3,369 100 3,117 100 300 19.3 - 22.9 - 45 - 21.2
Single modes 7,495 85.8 2,701 80.2 S S 144 21.3 4.5 23.7 5.7 S S 25.2
Truck6 7,458 85.4 2,676 79.4 S S 130 21.3 4.6 23.5 5.7 S S 24.8
For-hire truck 2,472 28.3 732 21.7 S S 654 30.7 5.6 44.2 5.6 S S 21
Private truck 4,986 57.1 1,943 57.7 139 4.5 39 22.2 6.2 25.8 8.1 22.4 11.1 21.6
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Pipeline7 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 1,070 12.2 532 15.8 1,672 53.7 637 36.8 4.3 34.4 5 35 13.6 47.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 627 S S S S S S 18.1
Truck and rail 910 10.4 515 15.3 1,614 51.8 3,113 18.7 7.6 9.1 7.8 9.2 14.4 0.9
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 17,316 100 12,582 100 2,491 100 130 7.4 - 23.2 - 19 - 30.8
Single modes 16,966 98 12,462 99 2,369 95.1 82 7.1 0.8 23.2 0.6 17.1 2 33.2
Truck6 16,928 97.8 12,434 98.8 2,352 94.4 82 7.2 0.8 23.3 0.7 17.1 2.2 33.3
For-hire truck 7,539 43.5 4,385 34.9 1,924 77.2 429 13.8 4.8 15.2 6 16.6 3.4 32.8
Private truck 9,389 54.2 8,048 64 428 17.2 26 11.2 5.1 32.3 6.1 33.2 3.1 14.6
Rail 23 0.1 28 0.2 17 0.7 620 42.8 0.8 14.1 1.3 27.7 3.6 42.7
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 596 S S S S S S 28
Multiple modes S S S S S S 633 S S S S S S 16.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S 7 0.1 6 0.2 630 S S 34.6 - 43.3 - 16.4
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water S S S S 24 1 S S S S S 29.7 1.6 S
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 88 0.5 31 0.2 17 0.7 S 30.6 0.2 30.8 0.2 48.3 0.3 S

SCTG2 10-14, Stones, nonmetallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,031 100 21,474 100 S S S 29.7 - 48.6 - S S S
Single modes 933 90.5 S S S S S 31.7 5.9 S S S S S
Truck6 933 90.5 S S S S S 31.7 5.9 S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck 539 52.3 6,263 29.2 174 19.1 16 41.1 12.1 24.1 15.4 25.8 15.4 31.2
Multiple modes S S S S S S 622 S S S S S S 47
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 657 S S S S S S 50
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 8 S S S S S S 46.8

SCTG2 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 34,135 100 52,648 100 4,808 100 53 28.4 - 26.2 - 29.7 - 32.5
Single modes 30,137 88.3 45,322 86.1 3,070 63.8 40 31.2 5.2 28.6 4.3 43.4 11.1 21.3
Truck6 S S 27,679 52.6 1,451 30.2 40 S S 48.9 10 41.1 13.8 21.6
For-hire truck 4,045 11.8 5,753 10.9 S S 167 21.7 5.6 17.9 5.1 S S 26.1
Private truck S S S S 504 10.5 28 S S S S 30.3 12.3 24
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Water 2,264 6.6 4,458 8.5 S S S 27.4 5.2 27.1 5 S S S
Shallow draft 2,264 6.6 4,458 8.5 S S S 27.4 5.2 27.1 5 S S S
Pipeline7 8,694 25.5 12,612 24 S S S 36 12.8 25.8 12.8 S S S
Multiple modes 3,978 11.7 7,280 13.8 S S 502 29 5.6 32.8 4.5 S S 21.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 16 - 3 - 1 - 498 29.3 0.2 39.5 - 31.8 - 35
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water S S S S 248 5.2 242 S S S S 47.8 6.8 23.9
Other multiple modes 2,670 7.8 5,931 11.3 588 12.2 S 32.2 6.3 33.4 6.1 42.2 9.1 S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 20-24, Basic chemicals, chemical, and pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 72,672 100 8,114 100 3,923 100 652 12.7 - 14.3 - 21.1 - 6.8
Single modes 56,832 78.2 7,093 87.4 3,115 79.4 485 12.2 3.2 8.4 3.9 9.2 5.6 13.6
Truck6 51,323 70.6 6,637 81.8 2,756 70.2 459 10.2 4.6 7.8 4.3 9.9 6.1 14.8
For-hire truck 43,368 59.7 4,599 56.7 2,614 66.6 730 12.4 4 10 5 10.6 5.6 10.7
Private truck 7,955 10.9 2,039 25.1 142 3.6 52 16.6 3.1 18.3 4.3 18.6 1.3 28.6
Rail 462 0.6 213 2.6 332 8.5 974 44.2 0.3 43.3 1.1 42.2 3.7 37.8
Water 498 0.7 228 2.8 S S 73 41.5 1.8 48.1 5.7 S S 41.8
Shallow draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Deep draft 466 0.6 225 2.8 14 0.4 75 11.1 3.1 6 9.8 43.4 1.5 24.1
Air (incl truck and air) S S 14 0.2 13 0.3 1,227 S S 34.6 0.1 46.8 0.3 16.6
Pipeline7 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 14,690 20.2 255 3.1 199 5.1 754 24.5 3 12.6 0.6 16.5 0.9 6.9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 14,389 19.8 183 2.3 119 3 754 25.1 3.1 14.4 0.4 14 0.8 6.9
Truck and rail S S 57 0.7 68 1.7 S S S 46.8 0.5 47.9 0.8 S
Truck and water 101 0.1 13 0.2 12 0.3 S 45.5 0.1 30.5 0.1 41.8 0.2 S
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 1,150 1.6 S S S S 357 37.9 0.7 S S S S 31.5

SCTG2 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 30,592 100 10,985 100 1,754 100 581 8.1 - 21.9 - 14.3 - 11.3
Single modes 24,004 78.5 10,524 95.8 1,439 82 326 8.7 3.1 22.6 1.2 16.1 4.7 21.1
Truck6 23,722 77.5 10,460 95.2 1,352 77.1 317 8.6 3.2 22.6 1.3 14.6 4.8 21.2
For-hire truck 12,163 39.8 2,000 18.2 911 51.9 849 10.8 3.1 20.6 4.8 17.4 4.8 5.6
Private truck 11,560 37.8 8,461 77 442 25.2 42 13.8 4.3 27.4 5.7 22.5 4.9 27.3
Rail 134 0.4 50 0.5 71 4.1 1,376 43.6 0.3 44.7 0.6 46.1 2.4 40.9
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S 15 0.9 1,336 S S S S 48.3 0.3 33.1
Multiple modes 5,998 19.6 407 3.7 288 16.4 737 19.8 2.9 23.7 1.2 31 4.9 9.2
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 5,742 18.8 318 2.9 172 9.8 737 20.3 2.8 24.3 1.1 17.5 2.3 9.2
Truck and rail 255 0.8 90 0.8 S S 1,177 40.4 1 44 1.2 S S 16.7
Other and unknown modes 591 1.9 53 0.5 S S S 27.5 0.4 29.1 0.2 S S S

SCTG2 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 32,758 100 20,211 100 3,087 100 376 13 - 11.8 - 11 - 14
Single modes 26,685 81.5 19,448 96.2 2,827 91.6 191 13.6 2.8 12.4 1.5 12.1 2 24.9
Truck6 26,364 80.5 19,241 95.2 2,749 89 186 13.7 2.8 12.6 1.8 12.3 3.1 25.4
For-hire truck 16,909 51.6 8,215 40.6 2,237 72.4 612 17.5 3 21.3 5.5 15.6 4.3 13.3
Private truck 9,455 28.9 11,026 54.6 512 16.6 38 12.3 3.6 14.5 4.8 14.4 3.2 29.3
Rail 74 0.2 203 1 S S 368 44.2 0.3 46.7 2.4 S S 27.9
Air (incl truck and air) 248 0.8 4 - 3 0.1 S 40.5 0.3 36.5 - 43.5 - S
Multiple modes 4,812 14.7 304 1.5 184 6 644 15.6 2.9 38.8 0.5 31.4 1.7 10.9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 4,524 13.8 162 0.8 122 4 644 13.9 2.4 20.4 0.2 22 1 11
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S 459 2.3 76 2.5 S S S 44.3 1.5 23.4 0.7 S

SCTG2 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 74,034 100 3,465 100 1,344 100 810 16.3 - 24.3 - 30.8 - 10.6
Single modes 40,271 54.4 2,781 80.3 967 72 224 22.9 6.1 29.8 5.9 35.6 6.5 45.9
Truck6 37,519 50.7 2,699 77.9 892 66.3 S 24.3 6 31.1 6.9 39.5 8.1 S
For-hire truck 31,794 42.9 2,304 66.5 862 64.2 422 28.9 6.4 35.9 8.4 40.8 7.8 30.9
Private truck 5,726 7.7 396 11.4 29 2.2 35 13.3 1.5 20.7 4.6 38.6 0.9 22.7
Air (incl truck and air) 2,751 3.7 S S S S 952 20.9 1 S S S S 10.5
Multiple modes 29,017 39.2 337 9.7 356 26.5 1,014 17.4 5 27.2 4 28.8 6.1 6.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 28,698 38.8 312 9 355 26.4 1,012 17.7 4.9 26.9 4 28.8 6.1 6.5
Truck and rail S S 1 - S S S S S 2.9 0.1 S S S
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 4,746 6.4 347 10 21 1.5 S 45.6 2.5 48.5 4.6 44.4 0.8 S

SCTG2 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc. manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 55,739 100 27,010 100 3,862 100 859 13.5 - 23.1 - 15.8 - 12
Single modes 47,905 85.9 25,932 96 3,112 80.6 229 13.8 2.1 24 1.8 18 6 11.6
Truck6 47,141 84.6 25,931 96 3,111 80.5 218 14.1 2.2 24 1.8 18 6 11
For-hire truck 20,917 37.5 9,385 34.7 2,178 56.4 444 19.3 4.4 33.4 5.3 22.8 6.7 17.8
Private truck 26,224 47 16,547 61.3 933 24.1 65 15.9 3.7 23.9 5.7 26.3 4.9 9.2
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) 760 1.4 S S 1 - 1,877 42.5 0.8 S S 44.6 - 9.3
Multiple modes 6,862 12.3 S S S S 1,048 24.7 2 S S S S 7.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 6,641 11.9 300 1.1 194 5 1,047 25.5 1.9 38.9 0.2 20.1 0.9 7.4
Truck and rail 140 0.3 22 0.1 58 1.5 S 31.2 0.5 36.6 0.2 47.2 2.6 S
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 972 1.7 298 1.1 S S S 42.3 0.6 34.2 0.6 S S S

SCTG2 99, Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S 40 S S S S S S 23
Truck6 S S S S S S 40 S S S S S S 23
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck 28 88.4 S S S S 41 23.7 11.6 S S S S 17.8
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,584 S S S S S S 3.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 1,584 S S S S S S 3.7

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Standard Classification of Transported Goods.
3 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
4 Coefficient of Variation.
5 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
6 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
7 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular row have no value. For example, Dallas-Fort Worth, TX by Base metal and machinery (31-34) by Water has no data for any shipment characteristic therefore the entire row is not shown. Also, entire commodity groups are not present if there is no such data for that commodity group by area. For example, Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV (DC part) by Coal and petroleum products (15-19) has no data for any mode therefore the entire commodity group is not shown.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.