Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 292,789 100 119,507 100 39,268 100 4.3 - 9.9 - 30.6 -
Less than 50 miles 139,638 47.7 84,269 70.5 1,634 4.2 7.2 2.1 10.5 3.1 11.6 1.5
50 - 99 miles 20,878 7.1 7,654 6.4 734 1.9 12.3 0.9 28 1.7 27.5 1.3
100 - 249 miles 23,789 8.1 6,435 5.4 1,351 3.4 11.1 0.7 11.4 0.5 12.3 1
250 - 499 miles 16,355 5.6 2,990 2.5 1,318 3.4 8 0.4 11.7 0.5 11.5 1.5
500 - 749 miles 21,086 7.2 4,215 3.5 3,453 8.8 9.7 0.5 24.4 0.8 26.5 1.7
750 - 999 miles 18,025 6.2 2,577 2.2 2,599 6.6 7.3 0.5 47.8 0.7 47.1 1.4
1,000 - 1,499 miles 22,647 7.7 4,673 3.9 6,541 16.7 6.5 0.6 36.1 0.9 33 4.5
1,500 - 2,000 miles 4,902 1.7 S S S S 15.9 0.3 S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 25,469 8.7 5,529 4.6 S S 14.5 0.9 43.9 1.6 S S

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 200,384 100 109,131 100 23,779 100 5.4 - 10.6 - 30.5 -
Less than 50 miles 111,302 55.5 80,436 73.7 1,485 6.2 9.7 2.5 11.1 2.9 11.5 1.5
50 - 99 miles 17,518 8.7 7,515 6.9 719 3 14.6 1.3 28.3 1.8 27.8 1.4
100 - 249 miles 15,435 7.7 5,894 5.4 1,191 5 15.2 1.1 12 0.5 12.8 1
250 - 499 miles 9,630 4.8 2,693 2.5 1,178 5 11.5 0.5 13 0.5 12.7 1.4
500 - 749 miles 11,121 5.5 2,506 2.3 1,921 8.1 7.5 0.5 26.7 0.3 29.2 0.9
750 - 999 miles 10,909 5.4 S S 2,398 10.1 14 0.7 S S 49.6 1.3
1,000 - 1,499 miles 11,081 5.5 4,100 3.8 5,647 23.7 6 0.4 41.8 1 39 3.8
1,500 - 2,000 miles 2,441 1.2 S S S S 32.5 0.5 S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 10,946 5.5 2,477 2.3 6,941 29.2 8.2 0.4 46.1 0.6 46.5 4.1

Truck4

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 193,071 100 109,089 100 23,720 100 5.5 - 10.6 - 30.5 -
Less than 50 miles 110,141 57 80,427 73.7 1,482 6.2 9.8 2.5 11.1 2.9 11.4 1.5
50 - 99 miles 16,149 8.4 7,513 6.9 718 3 16.5 1.4 28.3 1.8 27.9 1.4
100 - 249 miles 15,000 7.8 5,893 5.4 1,191 5 15.9 1.2 12 0.5 12.8 1
250 - 499 miles 9,225 4.8 2,692 2.5 1,177 5 11.9 0.5 13 0.5 12.7 1.4
500 - 749 miles 10,665 5.5 2,503 2.3 1,919 8.1 7.4 0.5 26.7 0.3 29.2 0.9
750 - 999 miles 9,977 5.2 S S 2,394 10.1 16 0.8 S S 49.6 1.3
1,000 - 1,499 miles 10,148 5.3 4,094 3.8 5,639 23.8 7.6 0.4 41.9 1 39.1 3.8
1,500 - 2,000 miles 2,142 1.1 S S S S 37.8 0.5 S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 9,624 5 2,463 2.3 6,904 29.1 11.3 0.5 46.2 0.6 46.7 4.1

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 100,068 100 37,799 100 20,528 100 11.6 - 17.7 - 33.8 -
Less than 50 miles 35,511 35.5 18,756 49.6 372 1.8 31.3 4.7 16.3 4.9 20.1 0.6
50 - 99 miles 7,187 7.2 2,190 5.8 211 1 20.1 1.3 24.6 1.8 24.7 0.5
100 - 249 miles 10,299 10.3 3,127 8.3 650 3.2 21 1.8 22.1 1.3 23.3 0.7
250 - 499 miles 7,215 7.2 1,970 5.2 850 4.1 16.3 1.3 16.5 1.3 16 1.3
500 - 749 miles 8,669 8.7 2,116 5.6 1,638 8 8.6 1.1 32.8 0.6 35.3 0.9
750 - 999 miles 9,401 9.4 2,013 5.3 2,046 10 16.9 1.6 43.2 0.9 42.8 1.2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 10,075 10.1 4,056 10.7 5,579 27.2 7.7 1.2 41.9 1.9 39.1 4.9
1,500 - 2,000 miles 2,123 2.1 S S S S 37.3 0.9 S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 9,588 9.6 2,463 6.5 6,903 33.6 11.3 1.3 46.2 1.4 46.7 4.3

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 93,004 100 71,290 100 3,192 100 5 - 12.6 - 17.3 -
Less than 50 miles 74,630 80.2 61,671 86.5 1,111 34.8 6 2.3 12.8 2 13.7 3.3
50 - 99 miles 8,962 9.6 5,323 7.5 507 15.9 28.7 2.5 33.3 2.1 33.2 4
100 - 249 miles 4,701 5.1 2,766 3.9 541 16.9 14.3 0.8 22.3 1.1 21.9 3.4
250 - 499 miles 2,010 2.2 722 1 327 10.2 18.8 0.5 30.5 0.3 31.4 3.2
500 - 749 miles 1,995 2.1 388 0.5 281 8.8 20.7 0.4 27.4 0.1 27 2.1
750 - 999 miles 576 0.6 S S S S 33.8 0.3 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S 2 100 S S S S 32.4 - S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 7,311 100 40 100 58 100 14.1 - 29.8 - 27.6 -
Less than 50 miles 1,161 15.9 9 23.2 2 3.7 24.9 4.5 47.4 5.2 47.5 2.2
50 - 99 miles S S S S 1 1.9 S S S S 29.4 2.6
100 - 249 miles 435 6 1 2.6 - 0.4 25.2 1.5 44.1 2.9 46.9 0.5
250 - 499 miles 404 5.5 1 1.3 - 0.4 47.9 2.1 30.2 0.6 29.9 0.2
500 - 749 miles 456 6.2 S S S S 40.2 2.5 S S S S
750 - 999 miles 933 12.8 4 9.9 4 6.4 42.5 5.7 46.2 2.7 44.3 2.3
1,000 - 1,499 miles 933 12.8 6 15.3 8 14.4 27.1 3.1 34.7 6.7 35 5.7
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 1,322 18.1 13 33 37 63.8 25.1 4.3 32 5.2 29 6.6

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 82,926 100 8,867 100 S S 7.9 - 48 - S S
Less than 50 miles 21,370 25.8 2,644 29.8 S S 8.8 2.4 45.6 6.5 S S
50 - 99 miles 3,220 3.9 107 1.2 12 0.1 7.8 0.5 18.9 1.8 18.2 0.3
100 - 249 miles 7,749 9.3 458 5.2 S S 9.6 0.6 44.3 2.5 S S
250 - 499 miles 6,435 7.8 233 2.6 110 0.7 10.7 1 44.4 1.5 41.2 1.2
500 - 749 miles 9,746 11.8 1,671 18.8 1,503 9.9 16.1 1.1 48.8 7.1 48.8 8
750 - 999 miles 7,016 8.5 172 1.9 187 1.2 9.7 0.6 27.4 2.1 29 3
1,000 - 1,499 miles 10,769 13 523 5.9 823 5.4 11.5 1.1 47.1 1.9 47.2 4.8
1,500 - 2,000 miles 2,439 2.9 43 0.5 86 0.6 15.5 0.4 22.1 0.9 23 1.7
More than 2,000 miles 14,181 17.1 S S S S 25.5 2.3 S S S S

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 76,850 100 1,092 100 887 100 5.1 - 9.9 - 12.9 -
Less than 50 miles 20,448 26.6 233 21.4 10 1.1 8.7 2.2 9 2.3 14.9 0.3
50 - 99 miles 3,191 4.2 75 6.9 8 0.9 7.7 0.4 13.9 0.9 13.6 0.1
100 - 249 miles 7,503 9.8 154 14.1 33 3.7 8.9 0.6 15.4 1.5 15.5 0.5
250 - 499 miles 6,295 8.2 93 8.5 43 4.9 10.6 0.9 14.4 1.2 14.1 0.6
500 - 749 miles 9,025 11.7 160 14.6 120 13.5 16.7 1.5 28.9 2.4 28.5 1.8
750 - 999 miles 6,843 8.9 98 9 98 11.1 9 0.6 18.1 1 17.8 1.1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 10,567 13.7 126 11.6 174 19.6 11.5 1.1 9.2 0.6 9.4 1.3
1,500 - 2,000 miles 2,366 3.1 33 3.1 65 7.3 16.7 0.5 22.1 0.4 22.1 0.9
More than 2,000 miles 10,613 13.8 118 10.9 335 37.8 8.4 0.9 12.9 0.6 13 1.3

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles 20 0.4 15 0.3 1 - 17.4 2.4 22 4.9 45 0.4
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles 34 0.7 27 0.6 18 0.2 37.2 13.1 36.6 20 21.2 12.8
500 - 749 miles 349 7.8 S S S S 33 18 S S S S
750 - 999 miles 172 3.8 74 1.6 88 1.1 35.5 7.7 37 11.4 38.6 15.3
1,000 - 1,499 miles 137 3.1 185 4 310 3.9 19.1 10.3 48.8 10.1 43.9 9.3
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles 197 13.6 S S S S 49.4 12.6 S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Other multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S 66 100 S S S S 47.9 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 9,480 100 1,509 100 287 100 25.8 - 25.4 - 23.4 -
Less than 50 miles 6,965 73.5 1,188 78.7 16 5.6 31.5 8.1 28.7 5.9 34.3 4
50 - 99 miles 140 1.5 33 2.2 3 1.1 28.3 1.1 26.8 0.9 25.4 0.5
100 - 249 miles 605 6.4 83 5.5 17 5.9 47.5 3.3 42 1.7 45.4 7.2
250 - 499 miles 290 3.1 64 4.3 30 10.5 44.8 4.1 43.4 2.7 44.7 2.9
500 - 749 miles 219 2.3 37 2.5 28 9.8 40.6 1.5 39.5 2.3 40.1 2.9
750 - 999 miles 100 1.1 14 1 14 5 28 0.5 22.7 0.8 22.2 1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 797 8.4 50 3.3 71 24.6 36.3 2.8 34.2 1.5 36 8.5
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 342 3.6 37 2.5 103 35.9 37.3 5.2 28.9 2.4 28.7 8.5

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any mileage group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the mileage group of "More than 2,000 miles" but does have data for the other mileage groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.