Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 292,789 100 119,507 100 39,268 100 537 4.3 - 9.9 - 30.6 - 8.3
Less than 50 lbs 78,971 27.0 1,067 0.9 449 1.1 674 4.6 1.5 15.0 0.2 10.5 0.4 9.1
50 - 99 lbs 13,559 4.6 679 0.6 179 0.5 263 10.4 0.5 16.0 0.1 18.5 0.3 12.4
100 - 499 lbs 41,329 14.1 3,841 3.2 753 1.9 193 8.5 1.1 9.3 0.4 11.3 0.9 8.5
500 - 749 lbs 12,092 4.1 1,719 1.4 364 0.9 210 8.3 0.4 8.7 0.2 12.0 0.4 10.8
750 - 999 lbs 7,000 2.4 1,628 1.4 285 0.7 177 5.7 0.2 8.7 0.2 16.1 0.4 14.4
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 75,002 25.6 18,729 15.7 4,203 10.7 199 16.4 3.0 5.2 1.5 13.9 4.7 8.9
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 49,212 16.8 56,436 47.2 16,174 41.2 256 11.5 1.9 13.8 3.5 45.0 7.5 19.0
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 8,656 3.0 25,793 21.6 2,058 5.2 79 26.2 0.7 18.9 2.8 25.8 2.1 22.9
More than 100,000 lbs S S 9,616 8.0 S S 1,778 S S 38.5 2.9 S S 20.8

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 200,384 100 109,131 100 23,779 100 152 5.4 - 10.6 - 30.5 - 11.9
Less than 50 lbs 18,415 9.2 564 0.5 54 0.2 152 9.7 0.9 22.8 0.2 11.0 - 27.4
50 - 99 lbs 5,942 3.0 495 0.5 63 0.3 126 14.7 0.4 19.8 0.1 24.0 0.1 25.5
100 - 499 lbs 28,381 14.2 3,195 2.9 419 1.8 123 10.1 1.4 11.8 0.4 12.8 0.5 9.9
500 - 749 lbs 10,363 5.2 1,532 1.4 290 1.2 188 11.1 0.6 10.6 0.2 15.7 0.4 13.1
750 - 999 lbs 6,671 3.3 1,596 1.5 274 1.2 173 7.2 0.3 9.2 0.2 17.4 0.4 15.6
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 72,151 36.0 18,173 16.7 4,031 17.0 194 17.4 3.6 5.3 1.5 14.4 4.6 9.3
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 47,857 23.9 55,964 51.3 15,931 67.0 252 11.3 3.1 13.9 2.9 45.5 6.9 19.4
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 8,357 4.2 25,594 23.5 1,663 7.0 67 27.1 1.1 19.1 3.1 27.1 2.4 26.9
More than 100,000 lbs 2,246 1.1 2,017 1.8 1,054 4.4 584 39.4 0.4 23.8 0.4 36.5 2.6 46.5

Truck4

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 193,071 100 109,089 100 23,720 100 128 5.5 - 10.6 - 30.5 - 14.8
Less than 50 lbs 15,059 7.8 559 0.5 47 0.2 104 10.2 0.8 22.9 0.2 12.8 - 38.3
50 - 99 lbs 5,385 2.8 494 0.5 61 0.3 122 14.7 0.4 19.9 0.1 24.4 0.1 24.6
100 - 499 lbs 26,440 13.7 3,188 2.9 413 1.7 121 10.5 1.4 11.8 0.4 13.0 0.5 10.3
500 - 749 lbs 10,072 5.2 1,530 1.4 288 1.2 188 12.0 0.6 10.6 0.2 15.8 0.4 13.2
750 - 999 lbs 6,131 3.2 1,587 1.5 259 1.1 164 7.6 0.3 9.3 0.2 18.2 0.4 16.3
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 71,525 37.0 18,158 16.6 4,006 16.9 193 17.7 3.7 5.4 1.5 14.7 4.6 9.9
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 47,856 24.8 55,963 51.3 15,930 67.2 252 11.3 3.3 13.9 2.9 45.5 6.9 19.4
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 8,357 4.3 25,594 23.5 1,663 7.0 67 27.1 1.2 19.1 3.1 27.1 2.4 26.9
More than 100,000 lbs 2,246 1.2 2,017 1.8 1,054 4.4 584 39.4 0.5 23.8 0.4 36.5 2.6 46.5

For-hire truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 100,068 100 37,799 100 20,528 100 691 11.6 - 17.7 - 33.8 - 9.9
Less than 50 lbs 5,018 5.0 36 0.1 31 0.2 827 12.7 0.9 11.7 - 17.0 0.1 13.3
50 - 99 lbs 1,707 1.7 72 0.2 48 0.2 662 21.3 0.4 37.9 0.1 28.5 0.1 31.8
100 - 499 lbs 9,783 9.8 525 1.4 315 1.5 571 13.7 1.6 15.8 0.4 14.4 0.6 23.2
500 - 749 lbs 4,999 5.0 287 0.8 230 1.1 792 24.3 1.3 13.4 0.2 17.4 0.5 12.4
750 - 999 lbs 2,605 2.6 279 0.7 206 1.0 731 13.8 0.4 19.3 0.2 21.3 0.4 16.0
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 44,939 44.9 5,034 13.3 3,413 16.6 692 28.3 5.6 12.0 2.2 16.1 5.5 11.1
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 27,296 27.3 22,941 60.7 14,226 69.3 560 19.9 4.6 25.4 3.6 49.0 7.7 12.4
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 3,015 3.0 7,925 21.0 1,172 5.7 156 24.7 0.9 18.2 2.6 31.6 2.2 24.8
More than 100,000 lbs S S 698 1.8 889 4.3 1,166 S S 35.8 1.9 35.5 5.1 32.4

Private truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 93,004 100 71,290 100 3,192 100 32 5.0 - 12.6 - 17.3 - 7.4
Less than 50 lbs 10,041 10.8 522 0.7 16 0.5 28 17.6 1.7 24.5 0.4 18.9 0.2 29.0
50 - 99 lbs 3,678 4.0 421 0.6 13 0.4 31 12.8 0.4 20.7 0.1 16.1 0.1 17.3
100 - 499 lbs 16,657 17.9 2,663 3.7 98 3.1 35 10.8 1.5 12.1 0.6 12.0 0.7 6.8
500 - 749 lbs 5,073 5.5 1,242 1.7 59 1.8 48 12.3 0.7 11.0 0.3 12.9 0.4 10.0
750 - 999 lbs 3,526 3.8 1,308 1.8 53 1.7 40 8.3 0.2 8.9 0.3 14.1 0.6 10.3
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 26,586 28.6 13,124 18.4 593 18.6 41 8.6 1.8 7.4 2.4 13.9 3.2 11.5
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 20,560 22.1 33,022 46.3 1,704 53.4 56 11.2 3.3 16.9 3.9 26.2 5.2 17.1
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 5,342 5.7 17,669 24.8 491 15.4 27 35.4 1.9 24.1 4.1 25.5 3.2 11.3
More than 100,000 lbs S S 1,319 1.8 166 5.2 S S S 38.1 0.6 34.5 2.5 S

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S 2 100 S S S S S 32.4 - S S S
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 1 98.0 S S S S S 34.7 2.0 S S S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Air (incl truck and air)

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 7,311 100 40 100 58 100 1,262 14.1 - 29.8 - 27.6 - 12.6
Less than 50 lbs 3,356 45.9 5 12.1 7 11.5 1,267 14.7 7.7 17.6 6.9 17.2 9.5 14.3
50 - 99 lbs 557 7.6 2 4.3 2 4.2 1,286 36.5 2.9 32.8 2.5 48.6 4.8 18.9
100 - 499 lbs 1,941 26.5 7 17.0 6 10.3 827 42.7 6.4 34.5 5.2 34.2 4.2 15.4
500 - 749 lbs 291 4.0 2 6.2 2 2.6 S 45.6 1.8 48.7 3.1 40.6 1.6 S
750 - 999 lbs 540 7.4 9 21.8 15 26.8 1,819 48.2 5.6 30.5 12.3 28.9 11.2 14.5
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S 15 37.2 25 44.1 1,808 S S 44.3 9.7 45.3 11.5 20.4
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 82,926 100 8,867 100 S S 986 7.9 - 48.0 - S S 4.4
Less than 50 lbs 57,864 69.8 446 5.0 390 2.6 1,002 5.4 3.2 12.2 6.2 12.0 6.9 4.8
50 - 99 lbs 7,008 8.5 148 1.7 113 0.7 755 17.7 1.4 16.6 2.6 21.5 2.3 9.0
100 - 499 lbs 10,580 12.8 403 4.5 308 2.0 735 20.7 2.3 17.1 6.0 19.7 5.2 7.9
500 - 749 lbs 1,308 1.6 82 0.9 70 0.5 840 22.3 0.4 13.9 1.3 13.2 2.1 17.7
750 - 999 lbs S S 14 0.2 11 0.1 806 S S 34.5 0.2 39.0 0.2 15.9
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 523 0.6 27 0.3 S S 1,494 46.2 0.3 43.6 0.9 S S 28.6
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 908 1.1 S S S S 1,327 37.5 0.5 S S S S 32.2
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S 2,117 S S S S S S 20.4

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 76,850 100 1,092 100 887 100 985 5.1 - 9.9 - 12.9 - 4.4
Less than 50 lbs 57,753 75.2 446 40.9 390 43.9 1,002 5.3 2.2 12.2 3.5 12.0 1.9 4.8
50 - 99 lbs 7,008 9.1 148 13.6 113 12.8 755 17.7 1.5 16.6 1.7 21.5 2.0 9.0
100 - 499 lbs 10,567 13.7 402 36.8 305 34.4 731 20.7 2.6 17.1 3.3 19.6 2.8 8.0
500 - 749 lbs 1,298 1.7 81 7.5 69 7.7 828 22.4 0.4 13.9 1.1 13.5 1.5 17.8
750 - 999 lbs S S 13 1.2 11 1.2 809 S S 33.7 0.5 38.6 0.5 19.0
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Truck and rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S 1,940 S S S S S S 17.2
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs S S - - S S S S S 17.1 0.7 S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,996 S S S S S S 34.3
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S 15 0.3 18 0.2 S S S 34.4 16.2 48.7 15.4 S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S 2,247 S S S S S S 17.0

Truck and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S 2,162 S S S S S S 21.3
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 lbs - - S S S S S 35.5 0.1 S S S S S
100 - 499 lbs 13 0.9 S S S S 4,944 44.9 16.0 S S S S 33.2
500 - 749 lbs 10 0.7 - - S S 3,408 40.6 3.9 43.4 0.7 S S 39.0
750 - 999 lbs S S S S - - S S S S S 29.9 2.7 S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S 17 0.7 S S 1,200 S S 48.6 14.0 S S 35.0
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,287 S S S S S S 36.7
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S 1,939 S S S S S S 30.8

Other multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S 66 100 S S S S S 47.9 - S
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 9,480 100 1,509 100 287 100 S 25.8 - 25.4 - 23.4 - S
Less than 50 lbs 2,693 28.4 57 3.8 S S S 38.2 5.7 36.6 0.8 S S S
50 - 99 lbs 609 6.4 35 2.3 S S S 29.3 1.9 24.4 0.5 S S S
100 - 499 lbs 2,368 25.0 244 16.1 S S S 44.0 4.9 23.6 3.2 S S S
500 - 749 lbs 421 4.4 S S S S S 40.1 2.3 S S S S S
750 - 999 lbs 92 1.0 18 1.2 - 0.1 S 31.8 0.8 48.7 0.9 46.0 0.1 S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 2,328 24.6 529 35.1 135 47.0 S 31.5 7.6 25.4 4.7 23.4 9.0 S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 446 4.7 285 18.9 74 25.8 351 36.3 1.6 19.0 4.1 47.8 7.7 27.1
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S 34 2.2 S S 777 S S 47.7 1.4 S S 39.7
More than 100,000 lbs 279 2.9 S S S S S 39.7 6.9 S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 ""Truck"" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any shipment weight group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the shipment weight groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the shipment size of "More than 100,000 lbs" but does have data for the other shipment weight groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.