Table 7. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 7. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Commodities5

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 292,789 100 119,507 100 39,268 100 537 4.3 - 9.9 - 30.6 - 8.3
Single modes 200,384 68.4 109,131 91.3 23,779 60.6 152 5.4 1.7 10.6 3.1 30.5 10.6 11.9
Truck6 193,071 65.9 109,089 91.3 23,720 60.4 128 5.5 1.7 10.6 3.1 30.5 10.6 14.8
For-hire truck 100,068 34.2 37,799 31.6 20,528 52.3 691 11.6 2.5 17.7 3.6 33.8 8.7 9.9
Private truck 93,004 31.8 71,290 59.7 3,192 8.1 32 5 2 12.6 4.6 17.3 3.8 7.4
Rail S S 2 - S S S S S 32.4 - S S S
Air (incl truck and air) 7,311 2.5 40 - 58 0.1 1,262 14.1 0.3 29.8 - 27.6 - 12.6
Multiple modes 82,926 28.3 8,867 7.4 S S 986 7.9 1.8 48 3.3 S S 4.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 76,850 26.2 1,092 0.9 887 2.3 985 5.1 1.4 9.9 0.1 12.9 0.8 4.4
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,940 S S S S S S 17.2
Truck and water S S S S S S 2,162 S S S S S S 21.3
Other multiple modes S S S S 66 0.2 S S S S S 47.9 0.6 S
Other and unknown modes 9,480 3.2 1,509 1.3 287 0.7 S 25.8 0.9 25.4 0.5 23.4 0.4 S

SCTG2 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 20,802 100 9,590 100 S S 45 17.1 - 21.5 - S S 26.5
Single modes 17,192 82.6 7,942 82.8 S S 47 10.7 6 18 6.5 S S 18.7
Truck6 17,192 82.6 7,942 82.8 S S 47 10.7 6 18 6.5 S S 18.7
For-hire truck 4,609 22.2 2,716 28.3 1,155 20.2 400 26.8 4.5 30.5 5.7 37.7 16 48.3
Private truck 12,583 60.5 5,226 54.5 204 3.6 27 13.5 8.2 18.8 9.4 20 15.2 20.8
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S 3,066 S S S S S S 45.1
Other and unknown modes 804 3.9 S S 2 - S 31.1 2.6 S S 41.3 0.1 S

SCTG2 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 24,534 100 12,404 100 3,357 100 240 10.1 - 10.9 - 38 - 28.3
Single modes 23,471 95.7 12,098 97.5 3,316 98.8 S 10.2 2.6 11.2 1.8 38.6 1.2 S
Truck6 23,470 95.7 12,098 97.5 3,316 98.8 S 10.2 2.6 11.2 1.8 38.6 1.2 S
For-hire truck 5,099 20.8 3,131 25.2 2,632 78.4 727 21.4 5.8 31.9 6 43.2 10 17.4
Private truck 18,372 74.9 8,967 72.3 684 20.4 30 15.9 5.5 10 5.7 25.7 9.6 14.5
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S 21 0.2 S S 1,280 S S 49.4 0.1 S S 26.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 1,280 S S S S S S 27.8
Truck and water 3 - S S S S 91 39.7 - S S S S 21.7
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 10-14, Stones, nonmetallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 427 100 17,248 100 430 100 25 36.5 - 29 - 33.4 - 7.3
Single modes 420 98.5 17,195 99.7 430 100 21 36.5 0.8 29.1 0.5 33.4 0.1 7.5
Truck6 420 98.5 17,195 99.7 430 100 21 36.5 0.8 29.1 0.5 33.4 0.1 7.5
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck 330 77.3 12,387 71.8 293 68.1 20 45.1 7.3 26 8.8 26.6 9.7 8.3
Multiple modes 5 1.1 S S S S 1,357 44 1 S S S S 43
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 5 1.1 S S S S 1,357 44 1 S S S S 43
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 4 S S S S S S 35.3

SCTG2 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 14,390 100 24,914 100 300 100 38 26.3 - 25.5 - 22.6 - 33.7
Single modes 14,330 99.6 24,906 100 294 98.2 18 26.4 0.3 25.5 - 22.1 0.9 12.1
Truck6 14,329 99.6 24,905 100 294 98.2 18 26.4 0.3 25.5 - 22.1 0.9 12.1
For-hire truck 4,371 30.4 8,173 32.8 99 33.1 S 23.7 8.7 24.6 8.8 29.6 8.3 S
Private truck 9,959 69.2 16,733 67.2 195 65.2 18 29.1 8.2 29.7 8.5 23.1 8.5 13.8
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,076 S S S S S S 31.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 1,078 S S S S S S 18.9
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S 4 - S S S S S 38.3 - S S S

SCTG2 20-24, Basic chemicals, chemical, and pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 46,916 100 9,337 100 4,133 100 672 27.1 - 32.4 - 19.6 - 16.8
Single modes 38,338 81.7 8,575 91.8 3,326 80.5 321 33.9 6.5 34.5 3.4 20 4.4 18.8
Truck6 38,145 81.3 8,573 91.8 3,324 80.4 282 34.1 6.5 34.5 3.4 20 4.4 22.7
For-hire truck 29,930 63.8 3,503 37.5 2,765 66.9 715 41.1 6.5 13.3 7.9 21.8 6.5 13.9
Private truck 8,214 17.5 S S S S 51 21.1 3.5 S S S S 12.2
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S 1 - 1 - 984 S S 42.2 - 49.7 - 20.3
Multiple modes 8,174 17.4 669 7.2 756 18.3 977 31.6 6.4 29.8 3.2 27 4.3 14
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 7,535 16.1 149 1.6 120 2.9 977 32.9 6.1 31 0.3 42.6 1 14.1
Truck and rail 542 1.2 475 5.1 626 15.1 1,294 29.7 1.3 32 4.1 23.9 5.3 32.8
Truck and water S S S S S S 489 S S S S S S 30.9
Other and unknown modes 403 0.9 93 1 S S S 18.8 0.3 20.6 0.3 S S S

SCTG2 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 52,992 100 8,572 100 4,920 100 768 9 - 9.9 - 32 - 6.5
Single modes 35,645 67.3 7,867 91.8 4,392 89.3 366 11 2.9 10.2 0.9 35.1 2.8 28.9
Truck6 35,336 66.7 7,862 91.7 4,386 89.1 349 10.9 2.9 10.3 0.9 35.1 2.8 29.2
For-hire truck 21,164 39.9 3,153 36.8 3,860 78.4 928 10 3.4 25.2 6.8 40.8 7.3 12.2
Private truck 14,172 26.7 4,709 54.9 526 10.7 S 18.9 3.2 19.8 7.1 39.8 5.3 S
Air (incl truck and air) 310 0.6 4 0.1 7 0.1 933 38.9 0.2 32 - 34.5 0.1 32.1
Multiple modes 14,986 28.3 419 4.9 410 8.3 963 17.5 3.2 13.8 0.8 22.3 2.8 5.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 13,810 26.1 357 4.2 302 6.1 961 17.3 3 13.7 0.7 16 2.2 5.4
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,163 S S S S S S 19.2
Truck and water S S S S S S 2,556 S S S S S S 43.1
Other and unknown modes 2,362 4.5 286 3.3 118 2.4 642 23.6 1.4 25.2 0.7 41.3 1.4 23.3

SCTG2 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 20,002 100 16,422 100 2,244 100 566 14.2 - 24.4 - 33.6 - 13
Single modes 15,226 76.1 16,100 98 2,116 94.3 214 14.8 4.4 24.8 0.8 35.4 1.9 28.8
Truck6 14,694 73.5 16,093 98 2,110 94 186 15.1 4.4 24.8 0.9 35.5 2 34.4
For-hire truck 8,858 44.3 3,487 21.2 1,697 75.6 708 25 4.8 31 8.4 42.7 6 21.5
Private truck 5,835 29.2 12,606 76.8 413 18.4 40 23.3 6.4 32.1 8.6 37.6 6.4 9.7
Air (incl truck and air) S S 7 - 6 0.3 1,191 S S 39.2 0.1 44.6 0.3 11.5
Multiple modes 4,026 20.1 93 0.6 90 4 871 25.5 4.4 29.1 0.3 38.5 1.6 7.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 4,016 20.1 92 0.6 89 3.9 871 25.6 4.4 29.3 0.3 38.4 1.6 7.8
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 750 3.8 229 1.4 S S S 36.5 1.3 26.2 0.6 S S S

SCTG2 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 51,186 100 2,658 100 822 100 604 10.2 - 18.7 - 37.3 - 17.4
Single modes 27,102 52.9 2,317 87.2 645 78.5 155 14.9 3.8 20.8 3.7 47.7 7.5 29.9
Truck6 23,366 45.6 2,301 86.6 623 75.7 77 15.7 3.6 20.7 3.7 49.6 8 37.7
For-hire truck 11,758 23 933 35.1 S S 765 30.6 4.5 48.4 9.2 S S 25.8
Private truck 11,608 22.7 1,368 51.5 39 4.7 S 13.5 2.5 27.9 9.3 19.7 2.3 S
Air (incl truck and air) 3,736 7.3 16 0.6 23 2.7 1,536 26.8 1.7 40.8 0.1 34.6 1.7 20.7
Multiple modes 21,423 41.9 159 6 166 20.2 1,022 11.6 4.4 12.8 3.1 32.9 6.8 7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 21,318 41.6 144 5.4 119 14.4 1,022 11.6 4.4 10.5 3.1 12.3 7 7
Truck and water 106 0.2 16 0.6 S S 3,535 16.5 0.8 2.7 2.3 S S 47.9
Other and unknown modes S S 181 6.8 11 1.3 S S S 45.9 2.5 27.2 1 S

SCTG2 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc. manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 61,513 100 18,361 100 17,332 100 652 7.5 - 28.1 - 47.1 - 12.3
Single modes 28,645 46.6 12,130 66.1 S S 169 11.4 3.2 36 9.9 S S 31.9
Truck6 26,105 42.4 12,118 66 S S 157 12 3.1 36 9.9 S S 33.9
For-hire truck 14,187 23.1 S S S S 559 11.9 2.2 S S S S 27.6
Private truck 11,919 19.4 4,224 23 278 1.6 S 22.9 3.6 36 10.3 40.9 8.2 S
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) 2,540 4.1 S S S S 1,044 17.2 0.7 S S S S 14.7
Multiple modes 30,816 50.1 S S S S 947 8.8 2.8 S S S S 7.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 29,475 47.9 333 1.8 245 1.4 946 8 2.9 29.5 0.9 33.6 5.9 7.5
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 2,052 3.3 S S S S S 42.1 1.4 S S S S S

SCTG2 99, Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 27 100 S S 1 100 S 31.5 - S S 47.6 - S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 12 46.9 S S S S S 38.2 15.6 S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 12 46.9 S S S S S 38.2 15.6 S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Standard Classification of Transported Goods.
3 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
4 Coefficient of Variation.
5 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
6 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
7 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular row have no value. For example, Dallas-Fort Worth, TX by Base metal and machinery (31-34) by Water has no data for any shipment characteristic therefore the entire row is not shown. Also, entire commodity groups are not present if there is no such data for that commodity group by area. For example, Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV (DC part) by Coal and petroleum products (15-19) has no data for any mode therefore the entire commodity group is not shown.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.