Table 2. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Destination: 2007

Table 2. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Destination: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 40,904 100 37,901 100 7,733 100 667 9 - 17.1 - 10.3 - 6.6
Single modes 32,895 80.4 34,771 91.7 6,201 80.2 297 11.4 2.1 17.8 1.7 9.5 2.9 10.4
Truck4 31,485 77 32,751 86.4 5,031 65.1 278 11.3 2.3 18.5 2.4 6.9 4.4 11
For-hire truck 19,674 48.1 13,915 36.7 3,887 50.3 661 17.5 3.4 38.5 4.3 9.2 4.3 9.1
Private truck 11,811 28.9 18,836 49.7 1,144 14.8 60 10.4 3 14.8 3.8 13.1 2.2 14.6
Rail 600 1.5 1,710 4.5 1,143 14.8 705 29.4 0.5 33.4 1.8 40.1 4.4 16.8
Air (incl truck and air) 556 1.4 3 - 3 - 983 37.7 0.6 30.6 - 28.2 - 10.7
Pipeline5 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 6,783 16.6 2,703 7.1 1,444 18.7 954 10 1.9 38.8 1.6 28 2.9 5.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 5,651 13.8 142 0.4 111 1.4 955 11.8 1.7 11.5 0.1 10.2 0.2 5.5
Truck and rail 1,130 2.8 2,556 6.7 1,326 17.2 792 29.7 1 41 1.6 30.7 3 13.3
Truck and water S S S S S S 1,898 S S S S S S 28.7
Other and unknown modes 1,227 3 427 1.1 88 1.1 248 45.8 1.3 25.6 0.5 41.4 0.5 28.5

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular row have no value. For example, Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ by Water has no data for any shipment characteristic therefore the entire row is not shown.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.