Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

Excel | CSV

All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 34,959 100 25,817 100 3,880 100 11.3 - 25.4 - 10.8 -
Less than 50 miles 9,787 28 16,976 65.8 297 7.6 15.2 3.6 39.3 6.7 31.4 3.1
50 - 99 miles 3,261 9.3 2,045 7.9 194 5 10.7 1 12.1 1.5 10.9 0.9
100 - 249 miles 8,076 23.1 2,835 11 539 13.9 25.9 2.8 14.6 2.4 15 1.7
250 - 499 miles 5,113 14.6 2,131 8.3 948 24.4 9.1 1.8 20.6 2.1 21.3 2.9
500 - 749 miles 4,055 11.6 857 3.3 672 17.3 15.3 1.2 13.9 1 14.4 2.2
750 - 999 miles 2,241 6.4 540 2.1 565 14.6 14.3 1.3 17.3 0.9 17.6 2.3
1,000 - 1,499 miles 2,148 6.1 406 1.6 607 15.6 11.8 1.2 18.9 0.4 20.3 2.1
1,500 - 2,000 miles 243 0.7 25 0.1 49 1.3 26.7 0.1 33.2 0.1 33.2 0.4
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 30,264 100 24,851 100 3,374 100 12.2 - 26.6 - 9.1 -
Less than 50 miles 9,109 30.1 16,712 67.2 293 8.7 15.7 3.7 40 6.9 32 3.2
50 - 99 miles 2,677 8.8 1,998 8 190 5.6 9.6 1.2 12.6 1.6 11.3 0.8
100 - 249 miles 7,404 24.5 2,755 11.1 523 15.5 27.3 3.1 14.2 2.5 14.7 1.8
250 - 499 miles 4,383 14.5 1,809 7.3 799 23.7 10.1 2.1 20.9 2.1 20.9 2.9
500 - 749 miles 3,334 11 757 3 580 17.2 17.4 1.2 12.7 0.9 12.7 2
750 - 999 miles 1,835 6.1 509 2 526 15.6 17 1.5 18.1 0.9 18.6 2.4
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,341 4.4 288 1.2 411 12.2 13.2 1.1 12.4 0.4 11.9 1.5
1,500 - 2,000 miles 162 0.5 23 0.1 46 1.4 30.6 0.1 34.7 0.1 35 0.5
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Truck4

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 29,932 100 24,763 100 3,341 100 12.2 - 26.7 - 9.1 -
Less than 50 miles 9,005 30.1 16,647 67.2 292 8.8 15.5 3.7 40.2 7 32 3.2
50 - 99 miles 2,677 8.9 1,998 8.1 190 5.7 9.6 1.2 12.6 1.6 11.3 0.8
100 - 249 miles 7,402 24.7 2,754 11.1 523 15.6 27.3 3.1 14.2 2.6 14.7 1.8
250 - 499 miles 4,357 14.6 1,806 7.3 797 23.9 10.2 2.1 20.9 2.1 21 2.9
500 - 749 miles 3,293 11 753 3 576 17.3 17.7 1.2 12.9 0.9 12.9 2
750 - 999 miles 1,721 5.7 505 2 520 15.6 17.8 1.5 18.4 0.9 19.1 2.4
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,317 4.4 278 1.1 397 11.9 13.1 1 13.2 0.4 12.7 1.5
1,500 - 2,000 miles 160 0.5 22 0.1 45 1.3 30.8 0.1 35.6 0.1 35.7 0.5
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 15,037 100 S S 1,757 100 20 - S S 12.9 -
Less than 50 miles 2,245 14.9 S S S S 27.6 2.6 S S S S
50 - 99 miles 827 5.5 465 4.7 45 2.6 21.7 1.1 24.4 2.3 25.9 0.6
100 - 249 miles 4,883 32.5 968 9.8 174 9.9 39 5.9 33.7 4.9 29.6 1.9
250 - 499 miles 2,711 18 1,011 10.3 470 26.8 11.1 4 21.7 5.5 22.3 4.3
500 - 749 miles 1,973 13.1 414 4.2 312 17.8 20.9 1.6 13.2 2.5 13.4 2.2
750 - 999 miles 1,134 7.5 309 3.1 318 18.1 21.6 2.4 24.1 2.6 25 3.5
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,119 7.4 217 2.2 312 17.7 15 2 15.6 1.4 14.8 2.2
1,500 - 2,000 miles 144 1 18 0.2 37 2.1 31.6 0.3 27.5 0.1 28.1 0.7
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 14,894 100 14,922 100 1,584 100 9.4 - 13.2 - 7.7 -
Less than 50 miles 6,761 45.4 10,209 68.4 204 12.9 17.3 4.5 18.7 4.9 20.3 3
50 - 99 miles 1,850 12.4 1,533 10.3 145 9.2 13.6 1.3 16.4 2.1 16 2
100 - 249 miles 2,518 16.9 1,787 12 349 22 11.9 1.9 15.8 2.3 18.9 3
250 - 499 miles 1,645 11 794 5.3 327 20.7 16.5 2.6 20.8 1.8 19.9 2.6
500 - 749 miles 1,319 8.9 338 2.3 264 16.7 17.2 1.3 15.7 0.5 15.1 2.3
750 - 999 miles 586 3.9 195 1.3 202 12.8 24.9 1 21.8 0.4 22 2.1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 198 1.3 62 0.4 85 5.4 35.1 0.5 32.8 0.2 33.2 1.8
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S 69 100 S S S S 34.2 - S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 96 100 7 100 S S 36.8 - 48.4 - S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S - 0.4 S S S S 1.5 14.6
250 - 499 miles S S 1 8.9 - 1.9 S S 45.1 5 46.5 3.3
500 - 749 miles 10 10.8 S S S S 44.8 17.4 S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 16 16.6 S S S S 48.3 15 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Pipeline5

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 3,582 100 364 100 331 100 13 - 25.1 - 28 -
Less than 50 miles 254 7.1 S S S S 38.9 1.9 S S S S
50 - 99 miles 193 5.4 5 1.2 - 0.1 39.3 1.5 23.2 0.6 22.4 0.1
100 - 249 miles 550 15.4 S S S S 15.9 3.8 S S S S
250 - 499 miles 690 19.3 92 25.4 43 13.1 28.7 2.7 46.2 5.6 47 3.2
500 - 749 miles 601 16.8 88 24.1 S S 21.1 2.8 48.9 5.8 S S
750 - 999 miles 406 11.3 26 7.1 35 10.5 15.4 2 28.8 7.2 35.2 9.1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 793 22.1 90 24.8 S S 16.3 2.8 48.7 8 S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 81 2.3 2 0.4 3 0.9 42.6 0.7 45.6 0.5 46 1
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 3,289 100 84 100 65 100 13.7 - 15.1 - 18.8 -
Less than 50 miles 241 7.3 6 6.8 - 0.2 41.4 2.2 23.4 2.9 30.8 0.1
50 - 99 miles 193 5.9 5 5.4 - 0.7 39.3 1.7 23.2 0.9 22.4 0.2
100 - 249 miles 519 15.8 14 16 3 4.1 17.8 4.8 21.4 1.9 19.7 0.7
250 - 499 miles 633 19.3 16 18.6 7 11.3 31.3 3 22.9 2.3 20.3 2
500 - 749 miles 528 16.1 12 13.9 9 14.1 25.7 2.8 16.2 1.4 16.5 1.9
750 - 999 miles 360 11 11 13 11 17.5 17.3 1.8 23.3 1.7 23.8 2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 728 22.1 20 24.3 30 46.8 17.4 3.3 22.5 3.2 22.9 4.1
1,500 - 2,000 miles 81 2.5 2 1.9 3 4.7 42.6 0.7 45.6 0.5 46 1
More than 2,000 miles S S - 0.1 - 0.6 S S 43.1 0.1 40.3 0.5

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 276 100 279 100 264 100 18.7 - 28.3 - 31.5 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles 57 20.7 77 27.5 36 13.6 23 17.1 20.6 12.5 24.7 8.5
500 - 749 miles 73 26.3 76 27.3 S S 19.4 15 43.1 14 S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 17 100 1 100 2 100 43.6 - 44.6 - 24.1 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,112 100 601 100 S S 25.4 - 45.1 - S S
Less than 50 miles 425 38.2 249 41.4 3 2 25.2 7.6 32.1 12.8 32 11.6
50 - 99 miles 392 35.2 42 7 3 2 45.6 8.2 34.8 8 31.4 9.6
100 - 249 miles 122 11 35 5.9 7 4.1 35.4 7 38.6 3.4 39.5 8.3
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles 119 10.7 13 2.2 10 5.5 40.1 8.8 40.2 1.7 38.1 8.1
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 14 1.3 S S S S 21.2 1.9 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any mileage group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the mileage group of "More than 2,000 miles" but does have data for the other mileage groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.