Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 34,959 100 25,817 100 3,880 100 457 11.3 - 25.4 - 10.8 - 13.2
Less than 50 lbs 4,299 12.3 66 0.3 32 0.8 602 15.8 1.6 9.7 - 16.1 0.1 11.5
50 - 99 lbs 3,394 9.7 46 0.2 13 0.3 295 49.6 3.0 13.7 - 14.5 0.1 13.8
100 - 499 lbs 2,894 8.3 274 1.1 60 1.6 226 27.0 1.3 18.2 0.3 15.7 0.4 22.2
500 - 749 lbs 805 2.3 161 0.6 30 0.8 186 25.8 0.5 20.4 0.2 18.3 0.2 33.1
750 - 999 lbs 558 1.6 139 0.5 23 0.6 164 19.4 0.3 23.3 0.2 14.4 0.2 30.2
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 6,343 18.1 2,930 11.4 506 13.1 168 11.2 1.7 15.4 2.5 11.6 2.3 15.3
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 14,168 40.5 16,160 62.6 2,728 70.3 199 12.1 4.0 29.6 4.8 12.9 4.0 18.7
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 1,914 5.5 4,530 17.5 200 5.1 42 33.6 2.1 41.5 4.0 33.9 1.4 41.5
More than 100,000 lbs 585 1.7 1,510 5.9 287 7.4 S 49.0 1.2 31.8 2.3 32.1 2.7 S

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 30,264 100 24,851 100 3,374 100 189 12.2 - 26.6 - 9.1 - 30.7
Less than 50 lbs 1,786 5.9 28 0.1 4 0.1 235 38.0 1.3 15.4 - 18.0 - 38.9
50 - 99 lbs S S 33 0.1 5 0.1 146 S S 17.7 - 18.5 - 17.9
100 - 499 lbs 2,270 7.5 235 0.9 40 1.2 159 34.7 1.4 20.8 0.3 14.8 0.2 27.6
500 - 749 lbs 685 2.3 149 0.6 21 0.6 143 27.6 0.6 22.8 0.2 16.7 0.1 29.4
750 - 999 lbs 551 1.8 137 0.6 22 0.7 163 19.8 0.3 23.9 0.2 15.0 0.2 30.6
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 5,992 19.8 2,856 11.5 481 14.3 165 11.1 1.9 15.8 2.6 10.4 2.4 15.5
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 13,633 45.0 15,986 64.3 2,597 77.0 193 11.9 5.0 29.9 5.1 12.0 4.2 18.8
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 1,899 6.3 4,439 17.9 158 4.7 35 33.9 2.4 42.2 4.1 28.3 1.3 44.1
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S 46 1.4 S S S S S 49.0 1.2 S

Truck4

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 29,932 100 24,763 100 3,341 100 184 12.2 - 26.7 - 9.1 - 31.6
Less than 50 lbs 1,766 5.9 28 0.1 4 0.1 228 38.5 1.4 15.5 - 18.9 - 40.7
50 - 99 lbs S S 32 0.1 4 0.1 140 S S 17.5 - 19.7 - 18.8
100 - 499 lbs 2,246 7.5 234 0.9 39 1.2 154 35.1 1.4 20.8 0.3 14.9 0.2 28.7
500 - 749 lbs 684 2.3 148 0.6 21 0.6 142 27.7 0.6 22.8 0.2 16.9 0.1 29.6
750 - 999 lbs 549 1.8 137 0.6 22 0.7 160 20.0 0.3 24.0 0.2 15.6 0.2 28.8
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 5,972 20.0 2,854 11.5 479 14.3 164 11.1 2.0 15.8 2.6 10.5 2.4 15.3
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 13,437 44.9 15,975 64.5 2,582 77.3 191 11.8 5.1 29.8 5.1 12.0 4.3 18.9
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 1,897 6.3 4,436 17.9 158 4.7 35 34.0 2.4 42.3 4.1 28.3 1.3 44.4
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

For-hire truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 15,037 100 S S 1,757 100 429 20.0 - S S 12.9 - 22.0
Less than 50 lbs 1,160 7.7 7 0.1 3 0.2 625 49.5 1.8 20.0 0.1 22.3 - 17.4
50 - 99 lbs S S 11 0.1 3 0.2 S S S 28.6 0.1 19.0 0.1 S
100 - 499 lbs S S 56 0.6 26 1.5 426 S S 20.6 0.4 20.8 0.4 18.2
500 - 749 lbs 200 1.3 28 0.3 12 0.7 445 17.3 0.4 17.2 0.2 16.7 0.2 21.4
750 - 999 lbs 259 1.7 36 0.4 15 0.8 410 26.0 1.1 23.5 0.3 19.3 0.5 25.5
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 3,030 20.2 1,031 10.5 280 15.9 284 16.1 4.1 23.1 5.5 13.2 3.3 32.3
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 6,094 40.5 S S 1,352 77.0 218 19.8 6.8 S S 15.6 4.1 43.3
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 208 1.4 S S 65 3.7 S 35.0 0.8 S S 33.1 0.9 S
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S 1 - S S S S S 3.6 0.2 S

Private truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 14,894 100 14,922 100 1,584 100 81 9.4 - 13.2 - 7.7 - 18.6
Less than 50 lbs 606 4.1 21 0.1 1 0.1 67 24.8 1.0 20.1 - 24.8 - 36.7
50 - 99 lbs 276 1.8 22 0.1 1 0.1 67 18.0 0.4 21.4 - 25.8 - 20.5
100 - 499 lbs 932 6.3 178 1.2 13 0.8 70 21.2 1.1 24.6 0.3 19.7 0.1 18.5
500 - 749 lbs 484 3.3 120 0.8 8 0.5 70 34.3 1.2 27.4 0.3 29.4 0.1 20.5
750 - 999 lbs 290 1.9 100 0.7 7 0.4 70 21.3 0.4 30.5 0.3 23.9 0.1 20.6
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 2,942 19.8 1,823 12.2 199 12.5 104 17.5 3.0 20.0 3.2 17.6 2.3 12.1
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 7,343 49.3 8,292 55.6 1,229 77.6 170 9.5 3.8 14.5 5.8 10.3 4.9 13.2
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 1,689 11.3 3,454 23.1 93 5.9 27 36.7 3.7 36.8 5.9 32.9 2.1 23.2
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S 69 100 S S 887 S S 34.2 - S S 34.5
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs S S 59 84.8 S S S S S 40.8 8.0 S S S

Air (incl truck and air)

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 96 100 7 100 S S 994 36.8 - 48.4 - S S 24.9
Less than 50 lbs 20 20.7 S S S S 1,004 48.1 19.2 S S S S 7.1
50 - 99 lbs S S S S - 1.8 S S S S S 42.7 7.6 S
100 - 499 lbs S S S S S S 1,100 S S S S S S 28.0
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 lbs S S - 5.7 1 4.0 1,346 S S 38.0 17.0 46.2 14.1 19.9
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 15 15.8 S S S S 1,224 33.6 13.1 S S S S 29.4
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

Pipeline5

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 3,582 100 364 100 331 100 839 13.0 - 25.1 - 28.0 - 7.3
Less than 50 lbs 2,376 66.3 34 9.4 28 8.4 846 13.5 4.3 16.5 7.0 17.9 7.5 7.4
50 - 99 lbs 294 8.2 11 3.0 9 2.6 773 28.8 1.5 19.8 1.7 21.2 2.3 9.3
100 - 499 lbs 512 14.3 28 7.7 19 5.9 719 25.1 3.1 21.7 5.8 27.7 5.2 8.9
500 - 749 lbs 103 2.9 11 2.9 9 2.7 817 37.6 0.8 43.6 2.1 50.0 2.0 30.4
750 - 999 lbs 4 0.1 1 0.2 S S 606 30.8 0.1 33.9 0.5 S S 25.6
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 94 2.6 S S S S 1,619 43.0 3.9 S S S S 13.4
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs 181 5.0 224 61.5 174 52.5 787 21.3 3.6 27.8 11.3 39.8 16.6 30.7

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 3,289 100 84 100 65 100 839 13.7 - 15.1 - 18.8 - 7.3
Less than 50 lbs 2,376 72.2 34 40.7 28 42.9 846 13.5 4.0 16.5 6.5 17.9 6.8 7.4
50 - 99 lbs 294 9.0 11 12.8 9 13.3 773 28.8 1.7 19.8 2.0 21.2 2.2 9.3
100 - 499 lbs 512 15.6 28 33.1 19 30.1 719 25.1 3.2 21.7 4.1 27.7 4.2 8.9
500 - 749 lbs 102 3.1 11 12.7 S S 779 38.0 0.9 45.0 3.3 S S 12.9
750 - 999 lbs 4 0.1 1 0.7 S S 606 30.8 0.2 33.9 1.6 S S 25.6
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Truck and rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 276 100 279 100 264 100 1,215 18.7 - 28.3 - 31.5 - 14.9
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,619 S S S S S S 19.0
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs 181 65.4 224 80.4 174 65.8 787 21.3 15.8 27.8 9.0 39.8 15.9 30.7

Truck and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 17 100 1 100 2 100 S 43.6 - 44.6 - 24.1 - S
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,112 100 601 100 S S 39 25.4 - 45.1 - S S 44.5
Less than 50 lbs 138 12.4 3 0.6 - - S 40.5 5.5 27.2 0.7 33.2 0.7 S
50 - 99 lbs 56 5.0 2 0.4 S S 14 43.1 2.8 30.7 0.3 S S 40.8
100 - 499 lbs 111 10.0 11 1.8 S S S 31.5 2.9 30.0 1.7 S S S
500 - 749 lbs 17 1.5 2 0.4 - - S 23.6 5.1 33.2 3.1 26.2 2.9 S
750 - 999 lbs 2 0.2 S S S S S 44.3 0.3 S S S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S 74 12.3 S S 254 S S 48.3 10.4 S S 30.4
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S 124 20.6 S S 353 S S 32.5 12.3 S S 27.8
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 400 S S S S S S 48.6
More than 100,000 lbs 1 0.1 297 49.4 S S 221 38.5 3.1 39.5 13.9 S S 48.1

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 ""Truck"" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any shipment weight group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the shipment weight groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the shipment size of "More than 100,000 lbs" but does have data for the other shipment weight groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.