Table 7. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 7. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Commodities5

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 34,959 100 25,817 100 3,880 100 457 11.3 - 25.4 - 10.8 - 13.2
Single modes 30,264 86.6 24,851 96.3 3,374 87 189 12.2 1.5 26.6 1.1 9.1 3.3 30.7
Truck6 29,932 85.6 24,763 95.9 3,341 86.1 184 12.2 1.6 26.7 1.2 9.1 3.4 31.6
For-hire truck 15,037 43 S S 1,757 45.3 429 20 4.2 S S 12.9 3.3 22
Private truck 14,894 42.6 14,922 57.8 1,584 40.8 81 9.4 4.4 13.2 6.4 7.7 3.5 18.6
Rail S S 69 0.3 S S 887 S S 34.2 0.4 S S 34.5
Air (incl truck and air) 96 0.3 7 - S S 994 36.8 0.1 48.4 - S S 24.9
Pipeline7 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 3,582 10.2 364 1.4 331 8.5 839 13 1.6 25.1 0.5 28 2.3 7.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 3,289 9.4 84 0.3 65 1.7 839 13.7 1.6 15.1 0.1 18.8 0.4 7.3
Truck and rail 276 0.8 279 1.1 264 6.8 1,215 18.7 0.2 28.3 0.6 31.5 2.7 14.9
Truck and water 17 - 1 - 2 0.1 S 43.6 0.1 44.6 - 24.1 0.1 S
Other and unknown modes 1,112 3.2 601 2.3 S S 39 25.4 0.6 45.1 1 S S 44.5

SCTG2 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,807 100 1,773 100 533 100 146 41.3 - 42.4 - 48.7 - 23.2
Single modes 1,768 97.9 1,732 97.7 526 98.7 147 40.6 0.8 41.6 0.9 48.4 0.5 23.1
Truck6 1,760 97.4 1,720 97 526 98.7 147 40.4 1 41.4 1.1 48.4 0.5 23.1
For-hire truck 833 46.1 776 43.8 319 59.9 265 43.6 11.6 41 11.5 48.8 9.9 29.5
Private truck 927 51.3 944 53.2 207 38.8 119 32.5 10.2 38.4 8.7 43.9 12 30.7
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 41 S S S S S S 48.2

SCTG2 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2,004 100 1,887 100 282 100 281 16.4 - 23.3 - 15.8 - 35.5
Single modes 1,862 92.9 1,873 99.3 279 98.7 114 17.4 6.6 23.6 1.2 16.4 1.8 39.3
Truck6 1,862 92.9 1,873 99.3 279 98.7 114 17.4 6.6 23.6 1.2 16.4 1.8 39.3
For-hire truck 619 30.9 680 36 94 33.4 S 32.1 6.5 38.5 8.1 22.5 7.2 S
Private truck 1,244 62.1 1,193 63.2 184 65.3 63 12.8 6.9 18.5 7.5 20.4 6.2 32.8
Multiple modes S S S S S S 958 S S S S S S 24.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 958 S S S S S S 24.3
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 10-14, Stones, nonmetallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 42 100 1,768 100 S S 31 34.4 - 26.4 - S S 30.9
Single modes 41 97.7 1,448 81.9 43 39 31 35.2 3.7 31.7 7.2 27.5 17.9 27.5
Truck6 41 97.7 1,448 81.9 43 39 31 35.2 3.7 31.7 7.2 27.5 17.9 27.5
For-hire truck 2 3.9 110 6.2 S S 74 26 8.7 32.9 9.2 S S 43.2
Private truck 39 93.8 1,339 75.7 34 31.3 29 36.2 6.8 33.3 6.7 25 13.8 30.8
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 1 1.6 319 18.1 S S S 34.5 8 35.9 12.3 S S S

SCTG2 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 3,555 100 S S 276 100 S 37.1 - S S 41.5 - S
Single modes 3,555 100 S S 276 100 S 37.1 - S S 41.5 - S
Truck6 3,547 99.8 S S 264 95.6 S 37.2 1.1 S S 43.3 3.5 S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck 3,305 93 4,428 44.9 195 70.6 S 36.7 2.4 38.5 17.7 30.9 9.1 S
Rail S S S S S S 1,444 S S S S S S 45

SCTG2 20-24, Basic chemicals, chemical, and pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 7,276 100 1,031 100 416 100 313 43.7 - 23.5 - 22.7 - 26.9
Single modes 6,296 86.5 819 79.4 244 58.8 140 49.3 6.2 23.9 6 13 11.1 24.4
Truck6 6,255 86 766 74.3 243 58.4 138 49.5 6.2 24.5 7.9 13.1 11.1 23.4
For-hire truck S S 373 36.2 186 44.9 264 S S 18.5 7 21 10 24.1
Private truck 934 12.8 393 38.1 56 13.6 S 25.4 7.2 40.2 8.4 49.2 10.9 S
Rail 27 0.4 39 3.8 - - 3 6.1 1.2 17 10.3 16.3 0.1 -
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,141 S S S S S S 9
Pipeline7 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 875 12 196 19 S S 635 34.7 5.4 48.5 6.3 S S 15.2
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 746 10.2 20 1.9 S S 635 34.8 5.7 44.2 1.2 S S 15.2
Truck and rail 130 1.8 177 17.1 S S 882 19.8 1.9 20.3 17.8 S S 12.3
Other and unknown modes 105 1.4 16 1.6 2 0.4 S 48.2 1.3 46.2 1.3 43.4 0.3 S

SCTG2 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,330 100 1,066 100 268 100 647 15.6 - 18.4 - 22.6 - 15.8
Single modes 1,092 82.1 1,022 95.9 235 87.9 340 15.5 3.5 18.8 1.3 23.2 3.8 24.1
Truck6 1,091 82 1,021 95.8 234 87.3 338 15.6 3.5 18.8 1.4 23.5 4.3 24.6
For-hire truck 450 33.8 298 27.9 130 48.5 702 23.8 5.9 27.7 9.5 34.9 9.3 16.8
Private truck 641 48.2 723 67.9 104 38.7 130 19 6.8 27.2 9.9 44.2 9.2 15.7
Air (incl truck and air) 2 0.1 S S S S 1,178 43.8 0.1 S S S S 12.4
Multiple modes 208 15.6 22 2 23 8.4 889 30.8 3.4 27.2 0.8 36.2 2.6 9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 204 15.3 17 1.6 14 5.4 889 31.8 3.5 27.7 0.7 35.5 2.9 9.1
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S 22 2 S S S S S 45.1 1.1 S S S

SCTG2 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 6,051 100 4,927 100 750 100 549 15 - 20 - 29.2 - 15.4
Single modes 4,946 81.7 4,706 95.5 564 75.2 301 14.1 3.2 21.2 3.7 16.6 7.1 22.1
Truck6 4,876 80.6 4,702 95.4 555 73.9 283 13.8 3.4 21.2 3.7 16 7.3 23.9
For-hire truck 3,207 53 813 16.5 417 55.6 672 12.7 5.1 18 4.5 21 5.2 9.4
Private truck 1,668 27.6 3,888 78.9 137 18.3 53 25.2 5 26.2 7.2 19.6 5 33.1
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S 4 0.1 S S S S S 45.7 0.1 S S S
Multiple modes 824 13.6 S S S S 802 34 3.2 S S S S 6.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 751 12.4 21 0.4 14 1.9 801 34.8 3.1 30.3 0.2 22.6 0.7 6.4
Truck and rail 64 1.1 S S S S 1,770 45.2 2.7 S S S S 4.5
Truck and water S S S S 1 0.1 S S S S S 29.9 0.7 S
Other and unknown modes 281 4.6 S S S S 56 27.8 1.4 S S S S 33.7

SCTG2 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 5,690 100 707 100 270 100 740 26 - 46.7 - 36.1 - 13.2
Single modes 3,747 65.9 S S 242 89.7 382 36.9 6 S S 39.5 4.8 33.3
Truck6 3,556 62.5 S S 234 86.8 380 39.2 6.6 S S 41.6 7.9 33.6
For-hire truck S S S S S S 734 S S S S S S 18.2
Private truck 1,282 22.5 147 20.8 39 14.4 S 22 8.1 30.9 10.6 46.6 9.4 S
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S - - 1,037 S S S S 28.7 - 26.1
Multiple modes 1,305 22.9 21 2.9 18 6.8 941 18.3 4.9 40.2 2.1 40.1 4.4 10.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1,255 22.1 14 1.9 12 4.3 941 18.8 5.1 21 1.4 20.9 3.6 10.3
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 638 11.2 69 9.8 9 3.4 S 40.4 7.1 42.2 7.2 45.5 2.3 S

SCTG2 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc. manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 7,203 100 2,791 100 975 100 275 12.4 - 18.6 - 13.9 - 22.5
Single modes 6,955 96.6 2,767 99.1 965 99 130 13.1 1.3 18.9 0.5 14.2 0.8 15.7
Truck6 6,944 96.4 2,766 99.1 965 99 127 13.1 1.3 18.9 0.5 14.2 0.8 15.4
For-hire truck 2,089 29 900 32.2 337 34.5 473 23.3 3.5 43.4 5.9 16.4 3.3 13.9
Private truck 4,855 67.4 1,867 66.9 628 64.4 101 12.6 3.2 15.6 5.7 14.1 2.7 19.6
Air (incl truck and air) 12 0.2 S S - - 1,021 45 0.2 S S 40.3 0.1 20.8
Multiple modes 192 2.7 10 0.4 8 0.8 818 30 1.1 26.5 0.2 31.1 0.4 14.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 192 2.7 10 0.4 8 0.8 818 30 1.1 26.5 0.2 31.1 0.4 14.1
Other and unknown modes 56 0.8 S S S S 52 43.3 0.8 S S S S 15.2

SCTG2 99, Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S - 100 S S S S S 25.8 - S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S - 79.5 S S S S S 6.1 17.1 S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S - 79.5 S S S S S 6.1 17.1 S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Standard Classification of Transported Goods.
3 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
4 Coefficient of Variation.
5 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
6 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
7 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular row have no value. For example, Dallas-Fort Worth, TX by Base metal and machinery (31-34) by Water has no data for any shipment characteristic therefore the entire row is not shown. Also, entire commodity groups are not present if there is no such data for that commodity group by area. For example, Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV (DC part) by Coal and petroleum products (15-19) has no data for any mode therefore the entire commodity group is not shown.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.