Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 64,905 100 71,898 100 6,065 100 14.6 - 19 - 17.8 -
Less than 50 miles 22,847 35.2 49,888 69.4 1,206 19.9 24.3 4 23.9 5.3 18.4 3.6
50 - 99 miles 8,916 13.7 13,559 18.9 1,174 19.4 11.4 1.8 33.3 4 31.7 3
100 - 249 miles 14,070 21.7 5,431 7.6 1,060 17.5 10.8 2.7 17.8 2 17 1.4
250 - 499 miles 4,702 7.2 1,454 2 633 10.4 22.3 1 32.9 0.7 30.9 2.7
500 - 749 miles 2,936 4.5 307 0.4 227 3.7 32.8 0.8 18.5 0.1 18.5 0.5
750 - 999 miles 5,265 8.1 779 1.1 849 14 33.1 1.3 17.2 0.4 17.9 2.7
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S 251 0.3 339 5.6 S S 20.1 0.1 21.1 0.9
1,500 - 2,000 miles 672 1 83 0.1 167 2.8 43.5 0.3 38.9 - 38 0.7
More than 2,000 miles S S 146 0.2 408 6.7 S S 24.1 0.1 24.2 1.6

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 50,997 100 70,605 100 5,826 100 14 - 19 - 17.4 -
Less than 50 miles 20,961 41.1 48,929 69.3 1,186 20.4 26.6 3.6 24.3 5.5 18.3 3.7
50 - 99 miles 8,458 16.6 13,481 19.1 1,167 20 11.7 1.6 33.5 4.2 31.9 3.1
100 - 249 miles 12,808 25.1 5,311 7.5 1,032 17.7 11.3 2.6 18 2.1 17.3 1.5
250 - 499 miles 3,244 6.4 1,435 2 625 10.7 9.2 1.1 33.3 0.7 31.3 2.7
500 - 749 miles 1,128 2.2 274 0.4 201 3.4 17.5 0.5 21.4 0.1 21.3 0.5
750 - 999 miles 2,503 4.9 744 1.1 811 13.9 15.6 0.5 17.9 0.4 18.6 2.8
1,000 - 1,499 miles 990 1.9 234 0.3 316 5.4 24.2 0.6 21.3 0.1 22.2 0.8
1,500 - 2,000 miles 182 0.4 79 0.1 161 2.8 23.8 0.1 39.5 - 38.8 0.8
More than 2,000 miles 722 1.4 119 0.2 327 5.6 31.6 0.5 22.4 0.1 22.2 1.6

Truck4

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 49,706 100 70,511 100 5,760 100 13.3 - 19 - 17.4 -
Less than 50 miles 20,943 42.1 48,925 69.4 1,186 20.6 26.6 3.9 24.3 5.5 18.3 3.7
50 - 99 miles 8,458 17 13,481 19.1 1,167 20.3 11.7 1.6 33.5 4.2 31.9 3.2
100 - 249 miles 12,776 25.7 5,273 7.5 1,023 17.8 11.4 2.6 18 2.1 17.4 1.5
250 - 499 miles 3,190 6.4 1,401 2 608 10.6 9.3 1.1 33.6 0.7 31.4 2.7
500 - 749 miles 1,036 2.1 273 0.4 201 3.5 18.2 0.5 21.5 0.1 21.4 0.5
750 - 999 miles 1,933 3.9 741 1.1 807 14 10.9 0.7 18 0.4 18.8 2.8
1,000 - 1,499 miles 766 1.5 231 0.3 312 5.4 19.7 0.4 21.9 0.1 22.8 0.8
1,500 - 2,000 miles 154 0.3 68 0.1 131 2.3 26.8 0.1 40.7 - 39.1 0.6
More than 2,000 miles 450 0.9 118 0.2 325 5.6 15.6 0.2 22.5 0.1 22.3 1.6

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 12,521 100 31,700 100 3,959 100 8.7 - 26.8 - 21 -
Less than 50 miles 2,105 16.8 18,409 58.1 592 14.9 19.2 3.1 33.8 7.8 28.9 3.8
50 - 99 miles 1,240 9.9 8,619 27.2 742 18.8 16.6 1.3 38.2 5.1 36.9 3.8
100 - 249 miles 2,946 23.5 2,197 6.9 435 11 18 3.1 33.5 4.3 30.6 1.5
250 - 499 miles 2,045 16.3 1,106 3.5 484 12.2 10.5 1.8 42.1 0.9 39.5 2.3
500 - 749 miles 1,020 8.1 253 0.8 185 4.7 18.7 1.3 22.3 0.5 22.2 0.9
750 - 999 miles 1,823 14.6 718 2.3 783 19.8 11.1 1.2 18.1 2.1 18.8 4.4
1,000 - 1,499 miles 747 6 221 0.7 300 7.6 19.5 1.2 21.4 0.3 22.4 1.5
1,500 - 2,000 miles 146 1.2 59 0.2 114 2.9 27.8 0.4 44.7 - 42.9 0.7
More than 2,000 miles 449 3.6 118 0.4 323 8.2 15.6 0.4 22.6 0.5 22.4 2.8

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 37,186 100 38,811 100 1,801 100 18.3 - 28.7 - 12.2 -
Less than 50 miles 18,838 50.7 30,516 78.6 594 33 28.4 4.6 37.1 5.1 24.1 5.1
50 - 99 miles 7,218 19.4 4,862 12.5 425 23.6 14.4 2.1 27.8 3.3 26.2 3.4
100 - 249 miles 9,831 26.4 3,076 7.9 587 32.6 17.4 3.2 12.8 2.4 12.4 3.9
250 - 499 miles 1,145 3.1 295 0.8 124 6.9 20.4 0.9 44.3 0.7 41.6 3.9
500 - 749 miles 16 - 20 0.1 15 0.8 29.8 - 42.6 - 45.2 0.4
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 19 0.1 9 - S S 30.3 0.1 50 - S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 35 100 86 100 55 100 37.9 - 25.7 - 38.2 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles 9 25.3 37 42.6 9 16.4 32.9 12.7 28.6 11.3 28 11
250 - 499 miles 9 24.7 34 39.4 16 29.1 45.6 17.3 45.4 14 45.7 19
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles 17 49.1 11 13.2 30 54.4 31.5 13.4 35.4 7.4 34.2 15.4
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,256 100 8 100 11 100 46.3 - 35.2 - 38.3 -
Less than 50 miles 18 1.4 S S S S 48.1 3.1 S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles 45 3.6 S S S S 46.9 7.3 S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S - 3.6 - 2.2 S S 36.4 1.9 35.5 0.9
750 - 999 miles S S 3 35.8 S S S S 45.1 12.7 S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S 1 7.1 2 14.3 S S 33.1 2.4 31.4 5

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S 221 100 157 100 S S 29.5 - 46.2 -
Less than 50 miles 747 6.3 S S S S 20.9 3.3 S S S S
50 - 99 miles 406 3.4 16 7.4 2 1 25.8 1.8 23.5 1.5 24 0.3
100 - 249 miles S S 60 27.4 16 10.1 S S 37.2 6.4 44.7 7.2
250 - 499 miles S S 13 6.1 6 4.1 S S 29.4 1.7 29 1.2
500 - 749 miles S S 12 5.5 9 5.6 S S 25.8 1.3 25.2 2
750 - 999 miles S S 19 8.8 21 13 S S 23.3 3 24.1 4.8
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S 12 5.3 15 9.7 S S 28.5 3.5 28.4 4.2
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S 3 1.2 5 3.2 S S 42 0.4 40.4 0.8
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S 115 100 78 100 S S 22.7 - 25.4 -
Less than 50 miles 694 5.9 18 15.4 1 0.7 19.6 3.5 21.1 2.3 23.4 0.4
50 - 99 miles 397 3.4 13 11.6 1 1.5 26.3 1.9 23.4 1.8 24.1 0.8
100 - 249 miles S S 24 21.2 5 6.2 S S 26.2 3.6 24.4 3.3
250 - 499 miles S S 12 10.2 6 7.2 S S 33.5 1.8 33.1 1.1
500 - 749 miles S S 8 7.2 6 7.7 S S 36.5 1.1 35.7 1.2
750 - 999 miles S S 18 15.7 19 24.2 S S 22.6 2.4 22.6 2.9
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S 12 10.2 15 19.7 S S 28.5 3.2 28.4 3.4
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S 3 2.2 5 6.6 S S 42 0.6 40.4 1.5
More than 2,000 miles S S 7 6.3 20 26.2 S S 29 1.2 30.1 3.2

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 111 100 95 100 S S 36.7 - 35.3 - S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S 3 3.2 - 0.5 S S 48.3 11.3 39.2 5
100 - 249 miles 32 28.7 S S S S 34.9 19.4 S S S S
250 - 499 miles 3 2.7 S S S S 17.6 15 S S S S
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles 2 1.9 1 1.4 S S 0.3 10.9 1.8 10.5 S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 93 100 10 100 9 100 46.4 - 38.9 - 20.5 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S 6 58.5 3 30.1 S S 24.6 11.5 29.9 12.8
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 2,016 100 S S 82 100 30.4 - S S 30.3 -
Less than 50 miles 1,138 56.5 S S S S 23 9.7 S S S S
50 - 99 miles 52 2.6 62 5.8 5 6.6 43.9 1.5 41.8 3.3 44.8 5.3
100 - 249 miles S S 60 5.6 12 14.9 S S 48 7 49.4 7.3
250 - 499 miles 13 0.7 S S S S 47.9 0.5 S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 10 0.5 6 0.5 7 9 48.4 0.4 44.9 3.4 41.8 12.5
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any mileage group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the mileage group of "More than 2,000 miles" but does have data for the other mileage groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.