Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

Excel | CSV

All Modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 64,905 100 71,898 100 6,065 100 564 14.6 - 19.0 - 17.8 - 21.2
Less than 50 lbs 15,389 23.7 122 0.2 53 0.9 823 45.7 5.4 17.8 0.1 37.1 0.3 18.3
50 - 99 lbs 3,378 5.2 115 0.2 17 0.3 147 36.8 2.5 29.6 0.1 13.0 0.1 22.8
100 - 499 lbs 7,512 11.6 699 1.0 110 1.8 148 19.9 1.9 14.3 0.3 8.8 0.3 27.5
500 - 749 lbs 1,846 2.8 371 0.5 55 0.9 147 11.6 0.3 14.3 0.2 25.1 0.2 17.0
750 - 999 lbs 1,317 2.0 302 0.4 40 0.7 132 8.9 0.4 12.4 0.2 8.7 0.2 12.9
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 20,944 32.3 5,725 8.0 767 12.7 133 28.2 4.6 9.5 3.2 8.6 2.9 6.1
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 13,418 20.7 49,518 68.9 4,247 70.0 96 10.1 4.1 25.3 4.9 21.1 2.9 19.3
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 866 1.3 9,497 13.2 574 9.5 59 17.8 0.4 32.0 2.7 34.1 2.1 17.0
More than 100,000 lbs 236 0.4 S S 203 3.3 S 38.2 0.2 S S 49.4 1.4 S

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 50,997 100 70,605 100 5,826 100 120 14.0 - 19.0 - 17.4 - 10.1
Less than 50 lbs 4,947 9.7 63 0.1 7 0.1 136 22.9 2.1 27.3 - 27.1 0.1 20.1
50 - 99 lbs 2,781 5.5 92 0.1 7 0.1 72 44.3 2.6 38.1 - 22.7 - 18.6
100 - 499 lbs 6,601 12.9 651 0.9 89 1.5 124 22.9 2.3 14.8 0.3 9.8 0.3 36.4
500 - 749 lbs 1,747 3.4 357 0.5 51 0.9 142 12.7 0.4 14.6 0.2 27.3 0.2 16.1
750 - 999 lbs 1,292 2.5 297 0.4 39 0.7 131 8.8 0.4 12.6 0.2 9.0 0.2 13.6
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 20,016 39.2 5,544 7.9 747 12.8 133 29.3 4.4 9.6 3.4 8.5 3.1 6.4
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 12,563 24.6 48,605 68.8 4,112 70.6 95 9.8 4.7 25.4 4.9 20.5 2.9 20.3
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 865 1.7 9,486 13.4 573 9.8 59 17.8 0.4 32.0 2.8 34.2 2.1 17.1
More than 100,000 lbs 186 0.4 S S 201 3.5 S 42.2 0.2 S S 49.7 1.4 S

Truck4

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 49,706 100 70,511 100 5,760 100 107 13.3 - 19.0 - 17.4 - 12.0
Less than 50 lbs 4,160 8.4 62 0.1 6 0.1 98 26.4 2.3 27.8 - 34.1 0.1 20.4
50 - 99 lbs 2,639 5.3 92 0.1 6 0.1 65 47.2 2.6 38.4 - 24.8 - 18.3
100 - 499 lbs 6,436 12.9 648 0.9 86 1.5 119 23.0 2.3 14.8 0.3 9.7 0.2 37.6
500 - 749 lbs 1,724 3.5 357 0.5 51 0.9 141 12.5 0.4 14.6 0.2 27.8 0.2 16.5
750 - 999 lbs 1,220 2.5 295 0.4 37 0.6 124 8.9 0.4 12.7 0.2 10.5 0.2 14.4
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 19,955 40.1 5,543 7.9 746 12.9 132 29.4 4.7 9.6 3.4 8.5 3.1 6.5
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 12,554 25.3 48,596 68.9 4,105 71.3 95 9.8 4.8 25.4 4.9 20.5 3.0 20.2
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 865 1.7 9,486 13.5 573 10.0 59 17.8 0.4 32.0 2.8 34.2 2.1 17.1
More than 100,000 lbs 154 0.3 S S S S S 48.6 0.2 S S S S S

For-hire truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 12,521 100 31,700 100 3,959 100 346 8.7 - 26.8 - 21.0 - 17.5
Less than 50 lbs 278 2.2 3 - 2 - 429 28.5 0.5 27.0 - 29.0 - 38.5
50 - 99 lbs 85 0.7 5 - 2 - 423 29.1 0.2 49.8 - 29.3 - 21.9
100 - 499 lbs 1,426 11.4 106 0.3 52 1.3 498 22.0 2.0 24.9 0.3 16.6 0.4 15.8
500 - 749 lbs 523 4.2 75 0.2 31 0.8 406 21.5 0.8 49.0 0.1 44.0 0.3 17.8
750 - 999 lbs 378 3.0 40 0.1 17 0.4 427 20.4 0.9 16.9 0.2 19.3 0.3 19.9
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 3,681 29.4 731 2.3 314 7.9 425 15.0 3.2 6.9 2.0 8.1 2.9 7.2
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 5,708 45.6 18,715 59.0 2,974 75.1 198 11.5 3.2 25.5 4.6 23.2 3.5 28.5
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 389 3.1 7,042 22.2 440 11.1 61 39.9 1.7 36.0 3.0 37.8 2.6 24.7
More than 100,000 lbs 53 0.4 S S S S S 45.8 0.2 S S S S S

Private truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 37,186 100 38,811 100 1,801 100 65 18.3 - 28.7 - 12.2 - 6.7
Less than 50 lbs 3,882 10.4 58 0.1 4 0.2 69 29.5 3.0 29.4 - 39.3 0.1 12.5
50 - 99 lbs 2,554 6.9 87 0.2 4 0.2 46 49.1 3.3 41.0 0.1 38.3 0.1 12.9
100 - 499 lbs 5,010 13.5 543 1.4 34 1.9 60 29.9 2.7 18.0 0.4 22.5 0.3 7.1
500 - 749 lbs 1,201 3.2 282 0.7 20 1.1 69 18.9 0.5 13.3 0.3 19.9 0.3 13.5
750 - 999 lbs 842 2.3 255 0.7 19 1.1 76 12.0 0.4 15.0 0.3 20.2 0.2 13.4
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 16,274 43.8 4,812 12.4 432 24.0 91 36.7 5.6 11.0 4.0 11.4 4.0 8.0
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 6,846 18.4 29,881 77.0 1,131 62.8 40 11.0 5.0 37.6 5.9 18.4 4.3 21.4
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 475 1.3 2,445 6.3 134 7.4 53 27.0 0.6 30.7 1.6 35.2 2.0 14.2
More than 100,000 lbs 101 0.3 450 1.2 22 1.2 54 48.8 0.3 42.9 1.9 27.3 0.9 47.4

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 35 100 86 100 55 100 567 37.9 - 25.7 - 38.2 - 15.6
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 713 S S S S S S 46.7
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs 32 92.3 80 92.6 51 92.4 622 34.5 4.2 23.2 4.3 34.8 4.2 19.4

Air (incl truck and air)

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,256 100 8 100 11 100 1,337 46.3 - 35.2 - 38.3 - 12.5
Less than 50 lbs S S 1 11.9 1 12.3 1,364 S S 34.9 7.6 34.6 8.1 11.4
50 - 99 lbs S S 1 6.4 1 5.5 1,117 S S 24.3 7.9 30.0 5.4 12.9
100 - 499 lbs 166 13.2 2 28.5 3 27.5 1,247 46.2 8.8 27.0 9.8 34.8 10.5 18.0
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S 1,120 S S S S S S 45.3
750 - 999 lbs 72 5.7 1 16.8 S S 1,594 40.3 7.5 42.5 9.3 S S 25.5
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,906 S S S S S S 18.7
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S 221 100 157 100 1,032 S S 29.5 - 46.2 - 12.0
Less than 50 lbs S S 55 25.0 46 29.1 1,054 S S 35.7 4.2 43.6 5.6 12.1
50 - 99 lbs 545 4.6 19 8.8 10 6.3 491 17.3 3.7 23.9 2.7 20.2 3.2 19.6
100 - 499 lbs 795 6.7 33 15.0 19 12.3 565 13.9 5.3 13.7 5.7 11.4 7.7 16.8
500 - 749 lbs 74 0.6 8 3.5 4 2.3 S 32.1 1.3 32.0 2.2 38.8 2.4 S
750 - 999 lbs 8 0.1 1 0.5 S S S 39.0 0.4 33.1 1.8 S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S 3 2.0 S S S S S 34.9 4.6 S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 71 0.6 55 25.1 S S 1,307 31.7 1.6 46.6 8.9 S S 30.5
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S 2 1.1 S S S S S 38.8 6.2 S

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S 115 100 78 100 1,032 S S 22.7 - 25.4 - 12.0
Less than 50 lbs S S 55 48.1 46 58.8 1,054 S S 35.7 6.6 43.6 9.7 12.1
50 - 99 lbs 543 4.6 19 16.7 10 12.6 492 17.2 3.8 23.2 2.1 20.1 2.9 19.5
100 - 499 lbs 789 6.8 32 28.2 18 22.9 546 14.0 5.7 14.2 4.8 12.5 6.9 16.6
500 - 749 lbs 71 0.6 7 6.4 4 4.6 500 34.1 1.4 32.6 3.2 39.4 3.0 49.6
750 - 999 lbs 4 - 1 0.6 S S 1,260 26.3 0.5 46.1 2.6 S S 43.7
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Truck and rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 111 100 95 100 S S S 36.7 - 35.3 - S S S
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 499 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S 125 S S S S S S 17.3
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 243 S S S S S S 4.0
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S 47 48.7 S S 1,440 S S 49.8 19.7 S S 38.5
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

Truck and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 93 100 10 100 9 100 3,781 46.4 - 38.9 - 20.5 - 39.3
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 568 S S S S S S 26.3
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S 9 86.0 7 74.8 S S S 22.6 6.7 8.6 14.8 S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 2,016 100 S S 82 100 43 30.4 - S S 30.3 - 21.9
Less than 50 lbs 161 8.0 4 0.4 - 0.1 21 31.1 6.4 30.5 3.6 26.3 1.7 36.8
50 - 99 lbs 52 2.6 3 0.3 S S 45 44.6 4.6 29.8 2.4 S S 22.1
100 - 499 lbs 115 5.7 15 1.4 1 1.5 92 47.9 2.6 41.7 4.7 45.7 6.7 31.0
500 - 749 lbs 24 1.2 5 0.5 - 0.2 S 22.2 1.3 28.9 4.2 39.8 1.2 S
750 - 999 lbs 18 0.9 4 0.4 S S 54 42.0 1.1 30.8 4.4 S S 45.0
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 861 42.7 171 16.0 18 21.4 S 33.7 11.9 38.2 12.4 40.6 11.0 S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S 61 75.1 S S S S S 32.7 12.5 S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 2 0.1 11 1.0 1 1.2 S 31.9 1.8 31.9 1.6 25.0 2.5 S
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 ""Truck"" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any shipment weight group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the shipment weight groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the shipment size of "More than 100,000 lbs" but does have data for the other shipment weight groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.