Table 7. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 7. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Commodities5

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 64,905 100 71,898 100 6,065 100 564 14.6 - 19 - 17.8 - 21.2
Single modes 50,997 78.6 70,605 98.2 5,826 96.1 120 14 5.6 19 0.7 17.4 0.8 10.1
Truck6 49,706 76.6 70,511 98.1 5,760 95 107 13.3 5.7 19 0.7 17.4 0.8 12
For-hire truck 12,521 19.3 31,700 44.1 3,959 65.3 346 8.7 3.2 26.8 7.9 21 4 17.5
Private truck 37,186 57.3 38,811 54 1,801 29.7 65 18.3 5.7 28.7 7.8 12.2 3.8 6.7
Rail 35 0.1 86 0.1 55 0.9 567 37.9 0.1 25.7 0.1 38.2 0.9 15.6
Air (incl truck and air) 1,256 1.9 8 - 11 0.2 1,337 46.3 0.5 35.2 - 38.3 0.1 12.5
Multiple modes S S 221 0.3 157 2.6 1,032 S S 29.5 0.2 46.2 0.5 12
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S 115 0.2 78 1.3 1,032 S S 22.7 0.1 25.4 0.3 12
Truck and rail 111 0.2 95 0.1 S S S 36.7 0.1 35.3 0.2 S S S
Truck and water 93 0.1 10 - 9 0.2 3,781 46.4 0.2 38.9 - 20.5 0.2 39.3
Other and unknown modes 2,016 3.1 S S 82 1.3 43 30.4 0.9 S S 30.3 0.6 21.9

SCTG2 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,618 100 S S S S S 29 - S S S S S
Single modes 1,585 97.9 2,119 76.7 S S S 29.5 1.1 49.2 7.2 S S S
Truck6 1,578 97.5 2,112 76.4 S S S 29.7 1.8 49.4 6.8 S S S
For-hire truck 396 24.5 S S S S 805 31 16.7 S S S S 14.4
Private truck 1,182 73 S S 83 21.6 S 32.9 13.6 S S 36 12.7 S
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 14 0.8 S S S S 1,121 42.5 1.4 S S S S 19
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 7 0.4 S S 1 0.2 1,177 45.2 1.6 S S 46 0.2 9.6
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 3,535 100 3,438 100 1,047 100 111 22.1 - 18.9 - 32.9 - 31
Single modes 3,525 99.7 3,434 99.9 1,044 99.7 93 22.1 0.3 18.9 0.1 32.9 0.5 37.2
Truck6 3,508 99.2 3,423 99.6 1,014 96.9 93 22 0.3 18.8 0.2 32.4 0.9 36.9
For-hire truck 1,199 33.9 1,037 30.2 843 80.5 790 33.8 4.4 33.4 5.1 34.9 6 10.7
Private truck 2,309 65.3 2,386 69.4 171 16.4 35 18 4.5 17 5.2 40.3 6.3 24.2
Rail 17 0.5 11 0.3 30 2.9 2,605 31.5 1.3 35.4 0.7 34.2 3 2.2
Multiple modes 11 0.3 S S 3 0.3 882 35.9 0.6 S S 49.3 1 24.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 883 S S S S S S 32.3
Truck and water 8 0.2 3 0.1 2 0.2 718 7.7 1.6 4.5 0.6 2.1 3.2 2.4
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 10-14, Stones, nonmetallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 730 100 32,679 100 1,665 100 104 47.9 - 31.3 - 36.8 - 23.8
Single modes 730 100 32,679 100 1,665 100 104 47.9 0.1 31.3 - 36.8 - 23.8
Truck6 730 100 32,679 100 1,665 100 104 47.9 0.1 31.3 - 36.8 - 23.8
For-hire truck 385 52.8 25,023 76.6 1,279 76.8 115 36.3 8.4 23.7 6.1 27.4 5.8 25.7
Private truck S S 7,656 23.4 386 23.2 78 S S 38.9 14.6 49.2 14.6 24.5
Multiple modes - - S S S S S 24.3 - S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier - - S S S S S 24.3 - S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 263 S S S S S S 47.2
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 263 S S S S S S 47.2
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 20-24, Basic chemicals, chemical, and pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 20,208 100 3,020 100 691 100 885 34.1 - 18 - 20.1 - 22.9
Single modes 12,364 61.2 2,911 96.4 590 85.4 124 26.4 12.8 18.3 1.7 22.5 6.6 25.3
Truck6 12,363 61.2 2,911 96.4 590 85.4 119 26.4 12.8 18.3 1.7 22.5 6.6 22.3
For-hire truck 1,867 9.2 922 30.5 338 48.9 360 15.4 8 23.5 5.5 27.7 5.6 8.7
Private truck 10,496 51.9 1,989 65.9 252 36.5 94 31.6 11.5 23.5 6.2 24.2 5.2 15.3
Air (incl truck and air) 1 - S S S S 1,990 27.6 - S S S S 22.6
Multiple modes S S 65 2.1 S S 1,200 S S 49.2 1.6 S S 17.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S 37 1.2 S S 1,200 S S 43.2 0.7 S S 17.4
Truck and rail 11 0.1 S S S S S 31.2 0.9 S S S S S
Truck and water S S 3 0.1 1 0.2 431 S S 40.6 0.4 42.1 1.1 9.2
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 62 S S S S S S 24.2

SCTG2 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2,985 100 2,136 100 362 100 278 11.6 - 26.4 - 36 - 14.2
Single modes 2,637 88.3 2,101 98.3 349 96.6 133 11.7 3.4 26.8 1 37.1 2.7 11.5
Truck6 2,636 88.3 2,100 98.3 349 96.5 128 11.7 3.4 26.8 1 37.1 2.7 11.9
For-hire truck 1,071 35.9 1,173 54.9 277 76.6 446 22.7 5.6 33.6 9 42.8 8 19.1
Private truck 1,565 52.4 928 43.4 72 19.9 69 10.8 5.4 25 8.6 28.2 7.4 12.4
Air (incl truck and air) 1 - - - S S 793 47.9 0.1 48.8 - S S 16.4
Multiple modes 212 7.1 9 0.4 6 1.5 716 46.6 2.5 31.1 0.4 30.1 0.9 14.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 212 7.1 9 0.4 6 1.5 716 46.6 2.5 31.1 0.4 30.1 0.9 14.7
Other and unknown modes 137 4.6 27 1.2 S S S 39.9 2.8 32.4 0.9 S S S

SCTG2 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 8,127 100 S S 898 100 175 10.2 - S S 19.9 - 17.1
Single modes 7,155 88 S S 865 96.3 91 10.4 2.2 S S 21.1 1.6 21.5
Truck6 7,096 87.3 S S 863 96.2 78 10.5 2.3 S S 21.1 1.7 23.1
For-hire truck 2,583 31.8 1,723 7.6 380 42.3 352 16.4 3.7 22.4 6.6 10.6 7 22.2
Private truck 4,513 55.5 S S 483 53.8 37 14.4 4.9 S S 33.1 7.9 19.3
Air (incl truck and air) 59 0.7 2 - 2 0.2 1,196 36.1 0.4 34.6 - 34.5 0.1 14.4
Multiple modes 798 9.8 S S 12 1.3 433 30.8 2.3 S S 19.2 0.4 25
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 731 9 20 0.1 8 0.9 428 28.9 2.1 33.5 0.2 21.1 0.4 24.1
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water S S 3 - 3 0.3 S S S 39.3 0.1 26.9 0.5 S
Other and unknown modes 174 2.1 258 1.1 21 2.3 46 34.9 0.9 41.5 2.8 47.7 1.5 28

SCTG2 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 14,766 100 405 100 214 100 484 35.3 - 18.6 - 14.3 - 18.4
Single modes 11,192 75.8 318 78.6 169 79 267 48.3 9.3 23.6 7.3 19.9 8.7 47.7
Truck6 10,271 69.6 316 78.1 167 77.8 S 47.3 8.4 23.8 7.3 20.1 8.8 S
For-hire truck 3,515 23.8 180 44.5 142 66.4 559 23.1 6.4 17 7.5 20.2 9.2 18.6
Private truck S S 136 33.6 S S 40 S S 37.5 7 S S 18.2
Air (incl truck and air) S S 2 0.5 3 1.2 1,289 S S 21.4 0.1 27 0.4 13.3
Multiple modes 2,181 14.8 21 5.1 15 7.1 655 20.2 7.4 15.8 1.7 28.6 2.4 15
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 2,105 14.3 17 4.3 12 5.4 656 20.9 7.3 14.3 1.3 20.7 0.9 15.3
Truck and rail 22 0.2 3 0.6 S S S 24.2 1.5 19.1 4.4 S S S
Truck and water S S S S S S 848 S S S S S S 18.1
Other and unknown modes 1,393 9.4 66 16.3 S S 31 44.3 6.4 45.4 7.6 S S 32.5

SCTG2 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc. manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 12,409 100 4,192 100 788 100 346 13.6 - 18.7 - 35.5 - 23
Single modes 11,303 91.1 4,102 97.9 761 96.6 129 14.9 2.9 18.9 0.6 36.8 1.9 26.3
Truck6 11,018 88.8 4,030 96.1 732 92.9 119 14.6 2.7 19.4 1.2 38.3 3.1 29.7
For-hire truck 1,500 12.1 S S S S 587 35.7 5 S S S S 13.5
Private truck 9,517 76.7 2,770 66.1 316 40.1 82 17.7 6.2 15.8 8.5 18.3 9.9 11.9
Rail 17 0.1 71 1.7 25 3.2 351 22.6 0.1 22 2.7 27.6 6.3 8.2
Air (incl truck and air) 268 2.2 S S S S 1,585 37.9 0.9 S S S S 17.1
Multiple modes 923 7.4 36 0.9 23 3 843 16.3 2.9 22.3 0.3 15.9 1.7 16.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 902 7.3 26 0.6 18 2.3 843 17.1 3 21.7 0.2 23.9 1.8 16.7
Truck and rail 21 0.2 10 0.2 3 0.4 349 32.3 0.1 24.2 0.4 33.5 1 37.1
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 182 1.5 S S S S 77 46.9 1.3 S S S S 29.7

SCTG2 99, Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S 76 S S S S S S 41.9
Truck6 S S S S S S 76 S S S S S S 41.9
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S 62 S S S S S S 37.3
Multiple modes S S S S S S 615 S S S S S S 49.9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 615 S S S S S S 49.9

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Standard Classification of Transported Goods.
3 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
4 Coefficient of Variation.
5 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
6 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
7 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular row have no value. For example, Dallas-Fort Worth, TX by Base metal and machinery (31-34) by Water has no data for any shipment characteristic therefore the entire row is not shown. Also, entire commodity groups are not present if there is no such data for that commodity group by area. For example, Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV (DC part) by Coal and petroleum products (15-19) has no data for any mode therefore the entire commodity group is not shown.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.