Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 89,416 100 63,674 100 10,933 100 15.6 - 15.8 - 15.4 -
Less than 50 miles 34,258 38.3 40,875 64.2 875 8 24.3 3.2 26 5.4 24 3.4
50 - 99 miles 19,155 21.4 7,987 12.5 823 7.5 22.3 2.4 16.5 2.2 17.1 1.2
100 - 249 miles 11,256 12.6 6,254 9.8 1,420 13 8.7 1.3 16.2 2.3 20.6 2.7
250 - 499 miles 7,988 8.9 4,530 7.1 2,359 21.6 15.2 1.5 22 1.8 25 5.1
500 - 749 miles 6,562 7.3 1,870 2.9 1,474 13.5 19.4 1 27.3 1.3 27.1 2.5
750 - 999 miles 2,537 2.8 624 1 657 6 13 0.6 26.1 0.2 28.4 1.3
1,000 - 1,499 miles 3,122 3.5 886 1.4 1,388 12.7 18.4 0.9 39.1 0.6 42.2 2.7
1,500 - 2,000 miles 926 1 112 0.2 225 2.1 16.1 0.3 21.9 0.1 23.4 0.3
More than 2,000 miles 3,612 4 536 0.8 1,711 15.7 17.1 0.7 18.7 0.2 25.9 1.9

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 79,864 100 61,678 100 9,776 100 15.8 - 16.5 - 15.1 -
Less than 50 miles 32,652 40.9 40,362 65.4 859 8.8 25.2 3.6 26.2 5.1 24.4 3.5
50 - 99 miles 18,349 23 7,927 12.9 816 8.3 23.2 2.5 16.7 2.4 17.4 1.4
100 - 249 miles 9,037 11.3 5,260 8.5 1,143 11.7 9 1.4 15 1.3 19.3 1.3
250 - 499 miles 6,826 8.5 4,468 7.2 2,330 23.8 17.1 1.7 22.3 1.7 25.3 5.1
500 - 749 miles 5,606 7 1,827 3 1,443 14.8 21.2 1 27.9 1.3 27.7 2.8
750 - 999 miles 1,843 2.3 440 0.7 445 4.6 14.5 0.6 18.4 0.2 18 0.8
1,000 - 1,499 miles 2,430 3 863 1.4 1,356 13.9 23.6 1 40.1 0.6 43.2 3.1
1,500 - 2,000 miles 726 0.9 94 0.2 184 1.9 20.8 0.3 20.6 0.1 20.1 0.4
More than 2,000 miles 2,394 3 438 0.7 1,200 12.3 17.3 0.8 18.9 0.1 18.4 1.9

Truck4

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 68,217 100 40,086 100 6,304 100 12.6 - 11.5 - 10.5 -
Less than 50 miles 23,931 35.1 23,216 57.9 581 9.2 15.6 2.2 14.7 3.1 12 1.1
50 - 99 miles 18,133 26.6 7,886 19.7 809 12.8 23.7 2.7 16.7 2 17.5 2
100 - 249 miles 8,229 12.1 4,046 10.1 761 12.1 10.1 1.3 9.9 0.7 9.1 0.9
250 - 499 miles 6,073 8.9 2,410 6 1,042 16.5 18 1.8 17.2 1 17.7 2.5
500 - 749 miles 4,996 7.3 1,250 3.1 954 15.1 23 1 14.8 0.8 14.1 2
750 - 999 miles 1,796 2.6 439 1.1 444 7 14.2 0.6 18.5 0.3 18.1 1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 2,164 3.2 362 0.9 491 7.8 23.6 1 13.3 0.1 13.2 0.6
1,500 - 2,000 miles 693 1 93 0.2 182 2.9 22.7 0.3 20.9 0.1 20.4 0.5
More than 2,000 miles 2,202 3.2 383 1 1,040 16.5 19.2 0.8 22.5 0.2 22.2 2.2

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 48,895 100 19,015 100 5,065 100 18.6 - 10 - 11.9 -
Less than 50 miles 13,080 26.8 8,363 44 215 4.3 31.9 3.6 13.1 3.1 18.8 0.4
50 - 99 miles 12,393 25.3 3,395 17.9 340 6.7 34.7 3.3 15.9 2 16.2 1.2
100 - 249 miles 6,397 13.1 2,742 14.4 539 10.7 11.6 1.8 9.7 1 10.7 1.1
250 - 499 miles 5,280 10.8 2,012 10.6 875 17.3 21.4 2.5 19.5 1.6 19.9 2.8
500 - 749 miles 4,891 10 1,228 6.5 938 18.5 23.4 1.2 15.1 0.8 14.2 2.1
750 - 999 miles 1,795 3.7 438 2.3 443 8.7 14.2 1.1 18.5 0.5 18.2 1.2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 2,163 4.4 361 1.9 491 9.7 23.6 1.7 13.3 0.2 13.2 0.7
1,500 - 2,000 miles 693 1.4 93 0.5 182 3.6 22.7 0.6 20.9 0.2 20.4 0.7
More than 2,000 miles 2,202 4.5 383 2 1,040 20.5 19.2 1.6 22.5 0.4 22.2 2.9

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 19,323 100 21,070 100 1,239 100 12.3 - 18.6 - 20.1 -
Less than 50 miles 10,850 56.2 14,854 70.5 366 29.5 8.7 4.1 20 3.5 19.2 3.4
50 - 99 miles 5,740 29.7 4,491 21.3 469 37.9 29.3 3.8 24.7 2.5 25.8 3.4
100 - 249 miles 1,832 9.5 1,303 6.2 221 17.9 17.9 0.9 23.7 1.1 22.1 2.4
250 - 499 miles 793 4.1 399 1.9 166 13.4 25.6 1.1 28.9 0.7 29.2 2.9
500 - 749 miles 105 0.5 23 0.1 16 1.3 41.8 0.2 38 - 39.2 0.3
750 - 999 miles 1 - S S S S 18.5 - S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,909 100 4,387 100 3,126 100 35.9 - 30.5 - 33.2 -
Less than 50 miles 7 0.4 120 2.7 2 0.1 43.1 2.5 31.2 7.2 30.3 0.2
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles 675 35.4 2,057 46.9 1,288 41.2 26.7 13.1 43.9 12.6 41.7 14.1
500 - 749 miles S S 576 13.1 489 15.6 S S 48.2 10.2 46.2 15.4
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles 95 5 42 1 129 4.1 29.1 14.1 24.8 13.5 24.9 15

Water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Shallow draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 967 100 S S S S 43 - S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles 174 18 2 9.2 3 7.7 30.8 11.6 41.9 7.9 47.3 5.6
100 - 249 miles S S S S 1 3.4 S S S S 48.7 10.9
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S - 0.2 - 0.1 S S 41 1 36.3 0.7
750 - 999 miles S S S S - 0.4 S S S S 46.8 3.6
1,000 - 1,499 miles 12 1.3 S S S S 32.9 1.3 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 33 3.4 S S S S 39.3 9.3 S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 97 10 S S S S 33.4 6.4 S S S S

Pipeline5

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 8,717 100 S S S S 22.8 - S S S S
Less than 50 miles 1,302 14.9 S S S S 18.4 2.1 S S S S
50 - 99 miles 738 8.5 44 2.6 5 0.6 18.7 1.5 40.9 4.6 42 1
100 - 249 miles 2,143 24.6 S S S S 32.2 4.2 S S S S
250 - 499 miles 1,094 12.6 55 3.3 25 2.7 22.2 2.6 46.9 7 49.2 4.3
500 - 749 miles 859 9.9 27 1.6 19 2 20.5 2.2 26.9 2.4 25 2.8
750 - 999 miles 560 6.4 21 1.2 21 2.3 30.4 0.8 39 1.3 37.2 1.8
1,000 - 1,499 miles 655 7.5 16 1 23 2.5 31.1 0.8 29.8 1.4 29.8 2.8
1,500 - 2,000 miles 195 2.2 S S S S 27.3 0.5 S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 1,170 13.4 S S S S 40.3 1.8 S S S S

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 8,262 100 231 100 151 100 24.3 - 22.1 - 25 -
Less than 50 miles 1,111 13.5 22 9.3 1 0.5 19.9 2.1 14.7 2.6 11.9 0.3
50 - 99 miles 719 8.7 38 16.3 S S 19 1.6 45.2 3.2 S S
100 - 249 miles 2,028 24.6 36 15.6 7 4.9 34.7 4.4 23.9 3.2 24.2 1.3
250 - 499 miles 1,090 13.2 55 23.7 25 16.7 22.1 2.7 46.9 6.3 49.2 6.5
500 - 749 miles 854 10.3 25 10.8 17 11.2 20.6 2.2 29.4 1.4 26.7 1.8
750 - 999 miles 559 6.8 20 8.5 20 13.1 30.5 0.8 42.2 1.8 41 2.2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 648 7.8 14 6 19 12.5 31.3 1 32.8 1.1 33.5 1.9
1,500 - 2,000 miles 186 2.3 6 2.5 11 7.2 26.3 0.6 34.1 0.5 33.8 1.3
More than 2,000 miles 1,066 12.9 17 7.4 48 31.5 44.5 1.9 33.4 1.4 33 4

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 82 100 82 100 102 100 31.4 - 46.3 - 33.5 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles 6 7.8 S S 5 4.5 24.5 10.3 S S 40 9.1
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 60 73.9 21 26.1 65 63.6 36.4 6 42.3 17.4 41.7 9.6

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Other multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 835 100 334 100 S S 17.2 - 46.9 - S S
Less than 50 miles 304 36.4 115 34.4 2 0.7 41.5 10.4 48.6 10.8 40.9 10.2
50 - 99 miles 67 8 16 4.8 2 0.7 39.3 7.3 42.5 9.3 43.3 6.5
100 - 249 miles 76 9.1 3 0.9 1 0.3 49.9 2.9 37 1.7 36.2 2.1
250 - 499 miles 68 8.1 8 2.3 4 1.6 22.4 1.5 23.3 2.2 23.2 8.2
500 - 749 miles 98 11.7 17 5 13 5.4 45 8.2 38.2 2 36.3 10.6
750 - 999 miles 134 16.1 S S S S 40.4 7.4 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 37 4.5 S S S S 46 3.9 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S 1 0.2 S S S S 49.1 5.9 S S
More than 2,000 miles 47 5.6 5 1.4 14 5.9 29.8 2.2 45.6 1.4 45.6 5.5

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any mileage group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the mileage group of "More than 2,000 miles" but does have data for the other mileage groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.