Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 89,416 100 63,674 100 10,933 100 568 15.6 - 15.8 - 15.4 - 12.9
Less than 50 lbs 9,407 10.5 141 0.2 79 0.7 732 28.3 1.0 16.0 - 24.9 0.3 11.5
50 - 99 lbs 2,043 2.3 91 0.1 23 0.2 238 21.6 0.3 16.4 - 13.8 - 23.9
100 - 499 lbs 9,277 10.4 689 1.1 155 1.4 235 16.6 2.7 15.8 0.3 14.4 0.5 17.6
500 - 749 lbs 3,500 3.9 359 0.6 69 0.6 190 16.7 0.4 16.5 0.1 25.7 0.2 19.6
750 - 999 lbs 3,957 4.4 346 0.5 74 0.7 214 30.1 1.0 20.2 0.2 26.9 0.1 15.7
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 20,274 22.7 4,678 7.3 978 8.9 213 13.1 2.3 12.0 1.7 12.9 1.9 15.1
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 27,464 30.7 23,586 37.0 4,970 45.5 202 16.2 3.4 16.4 6.6 13.5 4.0 20.3
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 2,585 2.9 10,797 17.0 706 6.5 64 19.2 0.6 15.8 3.3 21.5 0.9 12.8
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S 3,879 35.5 526 S S S S 24.2 4.5 24.3

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 79,864 100 61,678 100 9,776 100 240 15.8 - 16.5 - 15.1 - 12.8
Less than 50 lbs 3,667 4.6 50 0.1 17 0.2 348 34.2 0.9 19.6 - 38.0 0.1 21.4
50 - 99 lbs 1,219 1.5 48 0.1 7 0.1 140 38.9 0.4 15.9 - 22.3 - 35.8
100 - 499 lbs 7,693 9.6 561 0.9 87 0.9 156 19.7 2.8 21.0 0.3 18.6 0.5 10.8
500 - 749 lbs 3,070 3.8 332 0.5 62 0.6 183 18.7 0.6 17.4 0.2 27.2 0.1 20.6
750 - 999 lbs 3,948 4.9 345 0.6 74 0.8 213 30.2 1.1 20.2 0.2 26.9 0.2 15.8
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 19,986 25.0 4,624 7.5 951 9.7 211 13.5 2.8 12.2 1.7 13.4 2.1 15.4
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 27,080 33.9 23,391 37.9 4,478 45.8 187 16.5 3.5 16.4 6.7 12.7 5.0 14.6
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 2,585 3.2 10,797 17.5 706 7.2 64 19.2 0.7 15.8 3.6 21.5 0.9 12.8
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S 3,393 34.7 522 S S S S 28.9 5.6 25.7

Truck4

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 68,217 100 40,086 100 6,304 100 232 12.6 - 11.5 - 10.5 - 13.6
Less than 50 lbs 3,540 5.2 49 0.1 17 0.3 339 35.8 1.1 19.8 - 40.1 0.2 22.2
50 - 99 lbs 1,173 1.7 47 0.1 5 0.1 106 40.8 0.4 15.8 - 25.9 - 44.0
100 - 499 lbs 7,591 11.1 561 1.4 86 1.4 155 20.1 2.8 21.0 0.3 18.6 0.5 10.9
500 - 749 lbs 3,028 4.4 331 0.8 62 1.0 183 19.5 0.7 17.4 0.2 27.3 0.3 20.6
750 - 999 lbs 3,804 5.6 343 0.9 72 1.1 209 32.4 1.3 20.4 0.2 27.7 0.3 16.2
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 19,478 28.6 4,606 11.5 918 14.6 208 14.4 2.7 12.3 1.7 13.0 2.3 15.2
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 26,917 39.5 23,194 57.9 4,292 68.1 182 16.6 4.5 16.4 3.8 12.6 3.7 14.6
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 2,508 3.7 10,732 26.8 685 10.9 63 19.6 0.9 16.0 3.6 21.7 2.3 12.6
More than 100,000 lbs S S 222 0.6 S S S S S 32.8 0.3 S S S

For-hire truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 48,895 100 19,015 100 5,065 100 584 18.6 - 10.0 - 11.9 - 12.6
Less than 50 lbs 2,672 5.5 20 0.1 15 0.3 721 44.0 1.4 40.1 - 42.2 0.2 14.8
50 - 99 lbs S S 12 0.1 4 0.1 S S S 36.5 - 37.6 - S
100 - 499 lbs 5,644 11.5 128 0.7 67 1.3 543 27.9 3.8 13.5 0.1 18.4 0.5 20.5
500 - 749 lbs 2,244 4.6 90 0.5 50 1.0 558 26.4 0.8 25.5 0.1 32.3 0.3 10.0
750 - 999 lbs 3,138 6.4 105 0.6 63 1.2 590 40.3 1.7 29.2 0.1 31.9 0.4 9.8
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 12,717 26.0 1,392 7.3 703 13.9 590 23.5 2.9 11.0 1.4 16.5 2.5 8.4
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 20,033 41.0 12,090 63.6 3,663 72.3 308 18.0 4.7 9.4 3.7 14.2 4.2 9.9
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 1,575 3.2 5,086 26.7 347 6.9 67 28.8 1.1 22.0 3.9 37.5 2.0 15.7
More than 100,000 lbs S S 94 0.5 S S 1,534 S S 40.1 0.4 S S 40.1

Private truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 19,323 100 21,070 100 1,239 100 51 12.3 - 18.6 - 20.1 - 9.2
Less than 50 lbs 869 4.5 29 0.1 1 0.1 52 16.1 1.0 12.6 0.1 17.6 - 13.9
50 - 99 lbs 407 2.1 35 0.2 2 0.1 43 16.2 0.3 17.7 0.1 14.5 0.1 12.4
100 - 499 lbs 1,947 10.1 433 2.1 20 1.6 45 14.1 1.4 26.3 0.7 24.9 0.7 5.9
500 - 749 lbs 784 4.1 241 1.1 12 1.0 49 12.8 0.7 21.9 0.4 22.6 0.4 7.9
750 - 999 lbs 666 3.4 238 1.1 10 0.8 40 17.5 0.7 23.4 0.3 23.4 0.4 18.2
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 6,761 35.0 3,214 15.3 215 17.3 61 13.7 4.3 17.2 4.2 16.5 4.7 9.8
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 6,884 35.6 11,105 52.7 629 50.8 57 32.6 6.5 28.5 5.8 29.0 4.6 12.4
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 933 4.8 5,646 26.8 338 27.2 60 20.5 0.8 24.6 5.1 27.6 4.8 17.9
More than 100,000 lbs S S 128 0.6 S S 101 S S 48.4 1.7 S S 35.5

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,909 100 4,387 100 3,126 100 820 35.9 - 30.5 - 33.2 - 33.8
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 133 7.0 138 3.2 186 5.9 1,175 20.6 8.1 37.1 4.3 20.8 9.9 47.1
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs 1,736 90.9 4,227 96.3 2,918 93.3 730 38.0 6.0 31.3 3.1 34.7 6.8 28.2

Water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

Shallow draft

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

Air (incl truck and air)

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 967 100 S S S S 1,488 43.0 - S S S S 12.7
Less than 50 lbs 126 13.1 - 2.0 S S 1,330 40.4 10.5 43.7 3.2 S S 12.3
50 - 99 lbs 46 4.8 S S S S 2,200 31.3 5.4 S S S S 16.0
100 - 499 lbs S S 1 2.8 1 1.9 1,219 S S 22.3 10.7 33.3 8.0 14.0
500 - 749 lbs S S - 0.8 - 0.4 869 S S 44.8 6.3 49.6 4.3 27.6
750 - 999 lbs S S S S 2 4.5 S S S S S 32.7 10.8 S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,373 S S S S S S 46.7
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Pipeline5

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 8,717 100 S S S S 854 22.8 - S S S S 8.9
Less than 50 lbs 5,594 64.2 85 5.1 61 6.6 872 31.6 5.9 23.9 9.3 27.3 9.6 9.0
50 - 99 lbs 730 8.4 26 1.6 15 1.6 555 16.0 1.4 13.2 3.9 16.9 2.9 10.7
100 - 499 lbs 1,526 17.5 95 5.7 68 7.3 683 29.0 5.3 31.2 8.2 32.5 5.3 13.6
500 - 749 lbs S S S S 7 0.8 280 S S S S 44.9 1.1 39.8
750 - 999 lbs 6 0.1 - - - - S 39.9 0.4 26.4 0.4 36.9 1.3 S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 20 0.2 3 0.2 3 0.4 S 34.5 0.4 45.0 0.7 44.6 2.9 S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 137 1.6 S S S S 3,112 33.2 0.6 S S S S 24.3
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 8,262 100 231 100 151 100 852 24.3 - 22.1 - 25.0 - 8.9
Less than 50 lbs 5,592 67.7 85 36.9 61 40.5 870 31.6 5.4 23.9 5.3 27.4 6.1 9.0
50 - 99 lbs 730 8.8 26 11.4 15 9.9 555 16.0 1.4 13.3 2.5 17.0 2.0 10.7
100 - 499 lbs 1,522 18.4 95 41.0 68 44.7 683 29.1 5.4 31.2 6.9 32.5 7.0 13.6
500 - 749 lbs S S S S 7 4.8 280 S S S S 44.9 1.4 39.8
750 - 999 lbs 6 0.1 S S - 0.1 666 39.4 0.4 S S 27.2 1.1 41.7
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Truck and rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 82 100 82 100 102 100 1,462 31.4 - 46.3 - 33.5 - 26.9
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S 3 3.0 S S S S S 49.4 9.9 S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 65 79.4 S S 68 67.0 S 32.9 5.7 S S 38.8 11.1 S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

Truck and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S 3,363 S S S S S S 29.9
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 499 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 662 S S S S S S 45.7
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 5,931 S S S S S S 39.0
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S 240 S S S S S S 25.7
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 270 S S S S S S 1.6
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs 283 95.7 1,280 99.5 S S S 24.5 4.3 44.8 0.5 S S S

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 835 100 334 100 S S S 17.2 - 46.9 - S S S
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 lbs 94 11.2 S S S S S 46.8 4.3 S S S S S
100 - 499 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 lbs S S 2 0.7 - 0.1 S S S 42.8 1.2 34.8 0.1 S
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S 894 S S S S S S 28.2
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 268 32.1 51 15.4 S S 355 27.3 7.7 33.2 6.8 S S 28.7
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 247 29.5 75 22.6 36 15.1 489 27.4 7.9 24.2 15.1 35.8 19.9 32.4
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 ""Truck"" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any shipment weight group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the shipment weight groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the shipment size of "More than 100,000 lbs" but does have data for the other shipment weight groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.