Table 7. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 7. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Commodities5

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 89,416 100 63,674 100 10,933 100 568 15.6 - 15.8 - 15.4 - 12.9
Single modes 79,864 89.3 61,678 96.9 9,776 89.4 240 15.8 1.3 16.5 2 15.1 3.1 12.8
Truck6 68,217 76.3 40,086 63 6,304 57.7 232 12.6 4.2 11.5 9 10.5 5.1 13.6
For-hire truck 48,895 54.7 19,015 29.9 5,065 46.3 584 18.6 4 10 4.7 11.9 3.7 12.6
Private truck 19,323 21.6 21,070 33.1 1,239 11.3 51 12.3 4.1 18.6 6.8 20.1 2.4 9.2
Rail 1,909 2.1 4,387 6.9 3,126 28.6 820 35.9 0.8 30.5 2.2 33.2 5.6 33.8
Water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Shallow draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) 967 1.1 S S S S 1,488 43 0.6 S S S S 12.7
Pipeline7 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 8,717 9.7 S S S S 854 22.8 1.2 S S S S 8.9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 8,262 9.2 231 0.4 151 1.4 852 24.3 1.2 22.1 0.1 25 0.5 8.9
Truck and rail 82 0.1 82 0.1 102 0.9 1,462 31.4 - 46.3 0.1 33.5 0.4 26.9
Truck and water S S S S S S 3,363 S S S S S S 29.9
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 240 S S S S S S 25.7
Other and unknown modes 835 0.9 334 0.5 S S S 17.2 0.3 46.9 0.2 S S S

SCTG2 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 3,483 100 1,868 100 1,005 100 S 25.1 - 20.4 - 41.1 - S
Single modes 3,406 97.8 1,806 96.7 601 59.8 S 26 5 21.6 3.5 23.2 12.8 S
Truck6 3,368 96.7 1,601 85.7 471 46.9 82 26.7 7.2 26.6 9.7 29.7 15.8 46.5
For-hire truck 985 28.3 592 31.7 374 37.2 537 33.5 7.9 22 9.1 31.5 12.9 48.7
Private truck 2,382 68.4 1,009 54 97 9.7 53 37.1 11.2 42 10.9 37.6 9.4 25.8
Rail S S S S S S 529 S S S S S S 26.1
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 2,130 S S S S S S 43.7
Multiple modes 74 2.1 S S S S S 38.8 19.2 S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 6,224 100 3,578 100 1,029 100 119 28.4 - 31.9 - 23.8 - 18.9
Single modes 6,136 98.6 3,554 99.3 1,010 98.2 109 28.5 0.6 32.1 0.4 24 1 14.9
Truck6 6,066 97.5 3,524 98.5 920 89.4 106 28.8 1.1 32.5 0.9 25.7 5.2 13.8
For-hire truck 2,643 42.5 1,830 51.1 775 75.3 602 23.9 6.2 30.4 9.3 24.7 7.3 10.6
Private truck 3,424 55 1,695 47.4 S S 52 36.6 6.2 41.2 9.3 S S 16.5
Rail 66 1.1 29 0.8 90 8.7 3,060 29.5 1.6 22.4 1.5 23.2 10.1 4.1
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 10-14, Stones, nonmetallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 132 100 3,832 100 302 100 73 31.4 - 22.5 - 23.5 - 41.2
Single modes 130 99.1 3,813 99.5 300 99.4 73 30.9 0.3 22.8 0.9 23.3 0.3 42.8
Truck6 128 97.3 3,725 97.2 288 95.2 73 31 1 23.5 2.1 23.1 2.4 42.3
For-hire truck 84 64.1 2,746 71.7 242 80.1 94 41.4 8.3 26.4 6.3 26.6 8.6 33.6
Private truck 44 33.3 980 25.6 45 15.1 S 33.1 8.2 37.9 6.2 37.6 8 S
Rail 2 1.7 87 2.3 S S S 45.2 2.3 45.5 4.4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 15,989 100 34,020 100 4,516 100 76 38.2 - 33.6 - 28.4 - 43.8
Single modes 15,685 98.1 32,738 96.2 4,235 93.8 66 38.6 3.3 34.9 3.7 31.2 7.5 49.4
Truck6 5,271 33 11,717 34.4 1,166 25.8 S 20 14.2 17.3 13 26.5 9.3 S
For-hire truck 3,679 23 5,001 14.7 711 15.7 160 27.1 6.6 31.4 5.9 44.1 4.5 31.2
Private truck 1,592 10 6,715 19.7 455 10.1 S 21.9 11.4 27.9 13.3 31 11.7 S
Rail 1,640 10.3 3,837 11.3 2,761 61.1 819 38.3 4.7 29.1 4.7 33 6.3 10.9
Water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Shallow draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,044 S S S S S S 17.6
Pipeline7 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 735 S S S S S S 13
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S - - - - 741 S S 44.4 - 45.3 - 8.5
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S 2 - S S S S S 14.4 0.1 S S S

SCTG2 20-24, Basic chemicals, chemical, and pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 14,850 100 2,167 100 700 100 797 31.4 - 24 - 27.6 - 20.4
Single modes 12,455 83.9 2,110 97.4 657 93.8 165 32.3 4.6 24.8 2.2 29.6 4.2 21.2
Truck6 12,281 82.7 1,955 90.2 546 78 161 32.9 4.6 24.5 2.9 27.9 5.5 19.8
For-hire truck 10,349 69.7 1,094 50.5 508 72.5 315 40.5 6.9 28.1 8.3 28.6 5.7 28.1
Private truck 1,932 13 861 39.8 38 5.5 73 28.4 7.1 34.5 7.8 28.3 4.2 25.8
Rail 134 0.9 153 7.1 110 15.7 S 18.8 1.1 29.9 4.8 34.7 9 S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,662 S S S S S S 29.3
Multiple modes S S 42 1.9 33 4.7 968 S S 31.3 1.4 33.5 2.4 18
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S 31 1.4 17 2.5 968 S S 40.3 1.3 50 1.7 18
Truck and rail S S 6 0.3 15 2.2 2,779 S S 12.4 0.4 9.6 2.4 5.3
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 79 0.5 S S S S 582 48.4 0.8 S S S S 47.8

SCTG2 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 17,013 100 3,759 100 1,073 100 609 23.3 - 22.6 - 21 - 15.6
Single modes 15,114 88.8 3,568 94.9 948 88.3 598 23.8 4.1 24.1 3.2 20.7 3.3 19.4
Truck6 14,655 86.1 3,564 94.8 944 88 598 23.7 4.3 24 3.2 20.7 3.4 19.7
For-hire truck 11,797 69.3 1,949 51.9 856 79.8 838 28.6 8.7 23.1 7.5 20.3 3.9 14.8
Private truck 2,858 16.8 1,614 42.9 88 8.2 45 42.2 5.2 39.8 7.9 48 2.8 10.3
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 1,707 10 123 3.3 117 10.9 725 36.2 2.9 36.7 1.4 46.6 3.4 12.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1,688 9.9 103 2.7 66 6.1 725 36.3 2.9 38.6 1.3 44.4 2.8 12.6
Truck and rail 16 0.1 20 0.5 51 4.8 2,758 43.6 - 48.1 0.8 42.8 2.9 5.2
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 192 1.1 S S 8 0.7 S 36.1 2.7 S S 44.1 1.5 S

SCTG2 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 7,395 100 9,677 100 1,133 100 417 13.6 - 28 - 13.3 - 18.2
Single modes 6,039 81.7 9,560 98.8 1,089 96.1 S 12.2 2.8 27.8 0.3 12.6 1.1 S
Truck6 5,968 80.7 9,493 98.1 1,048 92.5 S 12.1 2.9 27.6 0.7 12.4 2.5 S
For-hire truck 3,506 47.4 3,355 34.7 845 74.6 438 14.7 6.7 27.8 9.7 13.8 5.6 21.4
Private truck 2,462 33.3 6,138 63.4 202 17.9 40 23 7 40.1 9.6 32.4 4 27.2
Rail 32 0.4 S S 40 3.5 S 43.3 0.6 S S 47.8 5 S
Air (incl truck and air) 39 0.5 S S S S 971 30.1 0.4 S S S S 35.7
Multiple modes 1,140 15.4 S S S S 676 23.7 2.2 S S S S 12.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1,112 15 30 0.3 S S 676 23.1 2.3 35.4 0.1 S S 13.2
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water 13 0.2 S S S S S 49.6 0.5 S S S S S
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 216 2.9 50 0.5 S S S 43.6 1.5 43.2 0.4 S S S

SCTG2 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 7,215 100 290 100 164 100 649 9.7 - 17 - 22.4 - 10.6
Single modes 4,641 64.3 230 79.4 129 78.5 311 15.4 5.9 22.1 6.6 30.9 9.3 24
Truck6 4,230 58.6 227 78.2 124 75.4 280 16.3 5.7 22.7 6.9 32.6 9.8 25.9
For-hire truck 3,442 47.7 184 63.4 122 74.1 614 18 4.9 26.4 8.4 33.3 10 16.5
Private truck 788 10.9 43 14.8 2 1.3 26 20.6 2.8 31.3 7.9 40 3.1 19.2
Air (incl truck and air) 410 5.7 3 1.2 5 3 1,624 44.2 3.8 44.4 1.1 43.8 2.6 10.3
Multiple modes 2,330 32.3 37 12.9 34 20.5 858 19.3 5.1 29.1 5.1 36.6 9.5 8.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 2,326 32.2 37 12.9 34 20.5 858 19.4 5.1 29.1 5.1 36.6 9.5 8.8
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc. manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 17,108 100 4,481 100 1,010 100 387 31.4 - 23.6 - 24.4 - 18.6
Single modes 16,250 95 4,297 95.9 807 79.9 123 32.3 2.7 24.6 2.9 24.9 8.1 31.5
Truck6 16,242 94.9 4,278 95.5 797 78.9 119 32.3 2.7 24.3 2.9 24.4 8.1 32.2
For-hire truck 12,402 72.5 2,263 50.5 632 62.6 372 44.2 11.4 35.8 8.4 29.4 9.9 19.8
Private truck 3,840 22.4 2,015 45 165 16.3 66 17.2 10.4 18.6 8.5 19.8 9.8 17.1
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) 1 - S S S S 2,107 18.7 - S S S S 47.9
Multiple modes 840 4.9 30 0.7 S S 769 32.1 2.7 38.5 0.4 S S 14.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 824 4.8 26 0.6 14 1.4 751 32.7 2.7 37.1 0.4 33.5 1.2 14.2
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 99, Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Standard Classification of Transported Goods.
3 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
4 Coefficient of Variation.
5 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
6 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
7 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular row have no value. For example, Dallas-Fort Worth, TX by Base metal and machinery (31-34) by Water has no data for any shipment characteristic therefore the entire row is not shown. Also, entire commodity groups are not present if there is no such data for that commodity group by area. For example, Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV (DC part) by Coal and petroleum products (15-19) has no data for any mode therefore the entire commodity group is not shown.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.