Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 139,642 100 137,063 100 19,756 100 11.7 - 24.8 - 16.3 -
Less than 50 miles 47,906 34.3 78,916 57.6 1,820 9.2 15.7 3.3 32.1 5.8 38.8 2
50 - 99 miles 26,537 19 34,687 25.3 3,889 19.7 20.7 2.9 40 5.9 43.7 5.8
100 - 249 miles 18,085 13 8,264 6 1,723 8.7 17.3 1.2 19 1.1 20 1.5
250 - 499 miles 15,102 10.8 9,292 6.8 4,615 23.4 11.1 0.9 34 4.3 39.7 5
500 - 749 miles 9,544 6.8 2,615 1.9 1,986 10.1 10.9 0.7 14.9 0.5 14.4 1.2
750 - 999 miles 6,281 4.5 947 0.7 985 5 18.4 0.6 15.4 0.2 15.5 0.4
1,000 - 1,499 miles 6,823 4.9 1,198 0.9 1,789 9.1 19.7 0.9 8.9 0.3 9.6 1.7
1,500 - 2,000 miles 1,942 1.4 267 0.2 519 2.6 15 0.2 14.5 0.1 14.8 0.6
More than 2,000 miles 7,423 5.3 877 0.6 2,429 12.3 14 0.4 18.2 0.2 18.2 2.3

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 104,966 100 128,288 100 15,860 100 14.7 - 26.5 - 15.2 -
Less than 50 miles 43,185 41.1 78,016 60.8 1,812 11.4 16.8 2.8 32.6 4.9 39 2.1
50 - 99 miles 21,013 20 30,637 23.9 2,932 18.5 23.8 2.8 38 5.2 37.7 4.7
100 - 249 miles 12,670 12.1 8,126 6.3 1,692 10.7 19.4 0.9 19.1 1.5 20.1 1.4
250 - 499 miles 10,165 9.7 6,300 4.9 2,871 18.1 12.4 0.9 18.1 1.7 17.6 2.7
500 - 749 miles 6,274 6 2,409 1.9 1,822 11.5 11.5 0.7 16.2 0.8 15.6 1.4
750 - 999 miles 3,349 3.2 849 0.7 872 5.5 23.5 0.4 16.7 0.3 17.2 0.6
1,000 - 1,499 miles 3,179 3 987 0.8 1,418 8.9 8.4 0.5 12 0.3 11.9 1.6
1,500 - 2,000 miles 997 0.9 230 0.2 443 2.8 12.1 0.2 14.5 0.1 14.6 0.6
More than 2,000 miles 4,135 3.9 735 0.6 1,998 12.6 19 0.5 20.8 0.2 20.9 2.3

Truck4

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 92,260 100 104,352 100 12,002 100 14.4 - 24.2 - 14.4 -
Less than 50 miles 40,227 43.6 71,691 68.7 1,604 13.4 14.7 2.3 27.7 4 31.8 2
50 - 99 miles 15,271 16.6 17,076 16.4 1,661 13.8 15.8 0.8 25.1 1.9 26.7 2
100 - 249 miles 11,622 12.6 7,316 7 1,498 12.5 22.1 0.7 23.5 1.4 25.2 1.7
250 - 499 miles 8,784 9.5 3,711 3.6 1,600 13.3 16.1 0.9 17.3 1.4 18.6 1.6
500 - 749 miles 5,882 6.4 2,176 2.1 1,636 13.6 12.2 0.8 15.8 0.7 15.2 1.3
750 - 999 miles 3,131 3.4 784 0.8 797 6.6 24.8 0.4 16.7 0.3 17.3 0.7
1,000 - 1,499 miles 2,691 2.9 691 0.7 953 7.9 9.8 0.5 15.2 0.2 15 1.2
1,500 - 2,000 miles 967 1 230 0.2 442 3.7 11.8 0.2 14.5 0.1 14.6 0.7
More than 2,000 miles 3,686 4 675 0.6 1,811 15.1 21.6 0.5 22.7 0.2 23 2.4

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 46,149 100 37,613 100 8,290 100 8.1 - 17.2 - 9.7 -
Less than 50 miles 10,014 21.7 20,314 54 521 6.3 16.2 2.4 19.2 4.2 16.7 0.8
50 - 99 miles 7,379 16 6,902 18.4 626 7.6 13.3 1.5 25 2.1 25.6 1.3
100 - 249 miles 6,820 14.8 3,500 9.3 725 8.7 9.7 1.2 30.1 1.3 29.4 1.7
250 - 499 miles 6,896 14.9 2,643 7 1,115 13.4 10.7 1.2 13.6 1.7 13.5 0.9
500 - 749 miles 5,264 11.4 1,961 5.2 1,486 17.9 13.7 1.2 17 1.6 16.6 2.3
750 - 999 miles 2,892 6.3 758 2 770 9.3 15.5 0.6 14.2 0.6 14.5 0.9
1,000 - 1,499 miles 2,600 5.6 683 1.8 941 11.4 9.4 0.7 15 0.5 14.9 1.1
1,500 - 2,000 miles 952 2.1 228 0.6 439 5.3 11.6 0.3 14.4 0.2 14.5 0.8
More than 2,000 miles 3,333 7.2 624 1.7 1,667 20.1 12.7 0.6 16 0.3 15.9 3

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 46,111 100 66,739 100 3,712 100 24.1 - 34.9 - 33.2 -
Less than 50 miles 30,213 65.5 51,377 77 1,083 29.2 19.7 3.3 36.8 4.5 44.3 4.1
50 - 99 miles 7,892 17.1 10,174 15.2 1,035 27.9 20.1 1.5 33.1 2.3 35.4 3.2
100 - 249 miles 4,802 10.4 3,817 5.7 773 20.8 42 1.8 33.2 1.9 36.5 1.9
250 - 499 miles S S 1,068 1.6 485 13.1 S S 38.2 1.3 37.8 4.4
500 - 749 miles S S 216 0.3 150 4.1 S S 32.2 0.2 32.4 1.4
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 3,776 100 4,864 100 2,431 100 24.3 - 27.7 - 24.4 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles 956 25.3 808 16.6 193 8 47.2 10.9 47.4 10.6 46.2 5.4
250 - 499 miles 1,329 35.2 2,588 53.2 1,271 52.3 29.7 6.1 46.6 9.3 42.8 9.4
500 - 749 miles 247 6.5 225 4.6 182 7.5 20.1 5.4 13.1 5.8 12.9 5.2
750 - 999 miles 74 2 61 1.3 71 2.9 30.8 3.3 35.8 1.1 37.6 1.2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 347 9.2 289 5.9 457 18.8 26.8 2.8 29 2.5 26 5.1
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles 86 2.3 54 1.1 171 7 40 14.6 49.5 15 49.6 17.1

Water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Shallow draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,189 100 20 100 S S 21 - 44 - S S
Less than 50 miles S S - 2 - 0.3 S S 35.3 7 38.4 1.4
50 - 99 miles 114 9.6 1 5.3 - 1.6 34 11 35 7.3 37.4 5.5
100 - 249 miles 92 7.7 2 8.2 1 1.8 36 1.7 43.5 4.9 44.6 1.8
250 - 499 miles 53 4.5 - 1.9 - 0.8 33.2 3 42.4 2.1 39.5 1.4
500 - 749 miles S S 1 4 1 2.1 S S 36.8 1.5 34.7 1.5
750 - 999 miles S S 4 19 4 11.8 S S 43.9 7.9 42.7 6.9
1,000 - 1,499 miles 136 11.5 S S S S 41.7 3.9 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 29 2.5 - 2.5 1 3.5 41.3 2.5 43.8 3.4 42.8 3.4
More than 2,000 miles 363 30.5 S S S S 30.4 9.5 S S S S

Pipeline5

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 6,713 100 16,997 100 S S 42.4 - 42.7 - S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 31,363 100 7,766 100 3,762 100 22.8 - 45.4 - 43.2 -
Less than 50 miles 2,839 9.1 125 1.6 5 0.1 15.1 2 13.2 3.9 14.1 0.3
50 - 99 miles 5,081 16.2 S S S S 28.8 3.7 S S S S
100 - 249 miles 5,262 16.8 119 1.5 27 0.7 34.2 2.4 18.5 3 18.2 0.7
250 - 499 miles 4,850 15.5 S S S S 26.3 1.7 S S S S
500 - 749 miles 2,821 9 147 1.9 117 3.1 19.8 0.9 22.9 1.8 23.1 2.1
750 - 999 miles 2,728 8.7 89 1.1 106 2.8 35.4 1 19.7 1.5 19.6 1.8
1,000 - 1,499 miles 3,633 11.6 210 2.7 370 9.8 34.1 2 36.4 6 40.7 8.4
1,500 - 2,000 miles 921 2.9 29 0.4 59 1.6 22.4 0.3 29.3 0.7 32.1 2.4
More than 2,000 miles 3,227 10.3 129 1.7 397 10.6 22.4 1.6 30.6 3 30.6 7.8

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 28,687 100 658 100 505 100 25.5 - 18.4 - 23.1 -
Less than 50 miles 2,784 9.7 93 14.2 4 0.8 15.7 2.1 17.7 2.1 18.4 0.2
50 - 99 miles 3,584 12.5 82 12.5 9 1.8 34.7 1.3 21.8 1 19 0.4
100 - 249 miles 4,759 16.6 105 15.9 23 4.6 37.8 1.8 19 1.5 17.7 0.7
250 - 499 miles 4,723 16.5 109 16.5 50 9.9 27.3 1.8 19.5 1.3 21.1 1.2
500 - 749 miles 2,715 9.5 78 11.8 58 11.5 21 0.9 21.6 0.8 21.5 1.6
750 - 999 miles 2,672 9.3 53 8 54 10.7 36 0.9 23.8 0.8 24 1.1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 3,451 12 52 7.9 73 14.4 36.5 2 27.1 1.2 27.7 2.2
1,500 - 2,000 miles 912 3.2 20 3 38 7.5 23 0.4 19.5 0.6 18.9 1.5
More than 2,000 miles 3,086 10.8 67 10.2 196 38.8 21.7 1.8 31.2 1.7 35.3 4.3

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 666 100 S S S S 24.6 - S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles 128 19.2 S S S S 40.2 8.1 S S S S
500 - 749 miles 105 15.8 69 2 S S 20.2 17.1 37.9 10.9 S S
750 - 999 miles 50 7.6 31 0.9 35 1.6 27.2 7.1 17.7 8.3 17.9 4.3
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S 112 100 90 100 S S 31.2 - 26.9 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S 65 58.1 S S S S 47.2 18.1 S S
100 - 249 miles S S 11 9.6 3 3.3 S S 43.6 17.6 41.6 9.8
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Rail and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Other multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 3,314 100 1,009 100 133 100 23.8 - 37.8 - 23.2 -
Less than 50 miles 1,882 56.8 S S 3 2.6 26.3 8.1 S S 25.7 5.2
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles 154 4.6 19 1.9 4 3.1 34 2.3 30.8 2.7 32.4 1.9
250 - 499 miles 86 2.6 S S S S 47.6 2 S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S 8 0.8 8 5.9 S S 49.2 4.6 48.2 12.2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 12 0.4 1 0.1 S S 31.9 0.3 34.3 1.1 S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 25 0.7 S S S S 33.4 0.5 S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 61 1.8 13 1.2 34 25.7 32.1 1.5 34.3 2.7 34.7 9.3

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any mileage group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the mileage group of "More than 2,000 miles" but does have data for the other mileage groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.