Table 7. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 7. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Commodities5

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 139,642 100 137,063 100 19,756 100 744 11.7 - 24.8 - 16.3 - 12.8
Single modes 104,966 75.2 128,288 93.6 15,860 80.3 191 14.7 4.7 26.5 3.7 15.2 4.5 9.2
Truck6 92,260 66.1 104,352 76.1 12,002 60.8 178 14.4 4.4 24.2 5.1 14.4 4.5 9.2
For-hire truck 46,149 33 37,613 27.4 8,290 42 637 8.1 3.5 17.2 5.7 9.7 5.3 10.4
Private truck 46,111 33 66,739 48.7 3,712 18.8 49 24.1 3.3 34.9 5.3 33.2 3.1 12.8
Rail 3,776 2.7 4,864 3.5 2,431 12.3 S 24.3 1.1 27.7 1.6 24.4 4.1 S
Water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Shallow draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) 1,189 0.9 20 - S S 1,428 21 0.2 44 - S S 7.4
Pipeline7 6,713 4.8 16,997 12.4 S S S 42.4 4 42.7 6.6 S S S
Multiple modes 31,363 22.5 7,766 5.7 3,762 19 894 22.8 4.5 45.4 3.6 43.2 4.7 8.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 28,687 20.5 658 0.5 505 2.6 894 25.5 4.6 18.4 0.2 23.1 0.7 8.1
Truck and rail 666 0.5 S S S S S 24.6 0.1 S S S S S
Truck and water S S 112 0.1 90 0.5 1,212 S S 31.2 0.1 26.9 0.2 22.5
Rail and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 254 S S S S S S -
Other and unknown modes 3,314 2.4 1,009 0.7 133 0.7 72 23.8 0.5 37.8 0.6 23.2 0.3 47.7

SCTG2 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 3,977 100 2,030 100 596 100 S 18.6 - 15.8 - 25.3 - S
Single modes 3,724 93.6 1,956 96.3 472 79.2 S 19.1 3 15.5 1.6 17.3 7.5 S
Truck6 3,724 93.6 1,956 96.3 472 79.2 S 19.1 3 15.5 1.6 17.3 7.5 S
For-hire truck 1,321 33.2 527 26 337 56.5 581 25.8 6.7 31.7 7.1 18.2 7.6 20.4
Private truck 2,403 60.4 1,429 70.4 135 22.7 42 24.2 7.3 17.2 6.9 21.5 5.7 16.8
Multiple modes S S S S S S 917 S S S S S S 20.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 934 S S S S S S 23.3
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water 12 0.3 5 0.2 2 0.4 S 47.8 2.1 49.5 2.9 34.5 3.1 S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 524 S S S S S S 46

SCTG2 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 12,388 100 7,938 100 2,239 100 682 23.7 - 23 - 23.6 - 24.4
Single modes 10,136 81.8 7,714 97.2 2,019 90.2 S 24.9 5.1 23.4 2.1 25.7 5.3 S
Truck6 10,080 81.4 7,691 96.9 1,979 88.4 S 25.2 4.8 23.6 2.3 26.5 5.7 S
For-hire truck 4,730 38.2 2,935 37 1,576 70.4 486 23 6.4 30.8 8.7 28.8 7.7 23.7
Private truck 5,350 43.2 4,756 59.9 402 18 29 31.7 5 28.8 9.4 31.3 6.7 23.1
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) 14 0.1 1 - 1 - 1,477 36.3 0.5 42.7 0.1 41.4 0.2 7.3
Multiple modes 1,969 15.9 159 2 195 8.7 1,168 49.2 5.8 40.6 1.6 42.4 4.8 27.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 1,168 S S S S S S 17.3
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water S S 9 0.1 33 1.5 3,599 S S 3.1 1.8 11.3 12 2.9
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 10-14, Stones, nonmetallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 813 100 35,929 100 3,198 100 102 17.5 - 24 - 49 - 19.2
Single modes 773 95 32,997 91.8 1,567 49 54 16.9 1.9 28.3 9.3 30.2 16.5 20.5
Truck6 773 95 32,972 91.8 1,567 49 54 16.9 1.9 28.3 9.3 30.2 16.5 20.5
For-hire truck 589 72.5 18,729 52.1 1,057 33.1 70 23.1 7.9 31.1 10.7 36.6 15.1 26.3
Private truck 183 22.5 14,244 39.6 510 15.9 33 28.8 8.2 38.7 9.3 37 8.9 47
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,265 S S S S S S 35.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 2 0.3 S S S S S 49.8 1.6 S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water S S S S S S 296 S S S S S S 8.9
Other and unknown modes - - S S S S S 46.6 - S S S S S

SCTG2 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 27,416 100 59,292 100 3,982 100 41 40.8 - 45.3 - 42.4 - 13.6
Single modes 25,947 94.6 55,596 93.8 3,070 77.1 34 42 2.8 47 2.9 40 7.4 12.9
Truck6 17,911 65.3 S S 1,589 39.9 31 43.2 11.2 S S 44.8 16.8 13.1
For-hire truck 2,087 7.6 3,148 5.3 156 3.9 S 39.9 12.3 44.6 13.2 25.9 13.8 S
Private truck S S S S S S 27 S S S S S S 15.2
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Shallow draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Pipeline7 6,713 24.5 16,997 28.7 S S S 42.4 11.6 42.7 12.4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 612 S S S S S S 43.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 11 - 1 - S S 807 48.1 - 42.5 - S S 16.2
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Rail and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 254 S S S S S S -
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 20-24, Basic chemicals, chemical, and pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 20,859 100 13,719 100 4,001 100 578 9.2 - 28.2 - 17.9 - 11
Single modes 17,335 83.1 13,320 97.1 3,707 92.7 289 9.6 3.5 29.2 1.3 19.6 2.5 27.9
Truck6 14,325 68.7 9,562 69.7 1,824 45.6 274 11.8 4.1 35.8 7.6 15.2 7.2 28.9
For-hire truck 10,378 49.8 3,018 22 1,383 34.6 666 11.3 3.8 8.7 7.6 12.3 7.8 10.4
Private truck 3,946 18.9 S S S S 57 21.8 2.9 S S S S 29
Rail 2,825 13.5 3,756 27.4 1,882 47 S 32.7 5.2 33.2 8.2 31.2 9 S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S 1 - 1,070 S S S S 46.5 - 15.3
Multiple modes 3,286 15.8 361 2.6 270 6.7 719 27.6 3.7 33.4 1.2 34.6 2.6 10.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 3,012 14.4 94 0.7 54 1.4 719 29.4 3.8 23.6 0.6 26.7 0.6 10.6
Truck and rail 252 1.2 259 1.9 213 5.3 1,685 27.9 0.5 38.3 1.8 35 3.7 28.8
Truck and water 22 0.1 S S 3 0.1 S 37.1 0.2 S S 45 0.1 S
Other and unknown modes 238 1.1 S S 24 0.6 S 44.4 0.8 S S 43.1 0.6 S

SCTG2 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 13,409 100 4,315 100 1,542 100 550 14 - 11.3 - 17 - 15.2
Single modes 9,737 72.6 4,084 94.7 1,394 90.4 256 15 5.9 11.9 1.3 18.1 2.4 20.3
Truck6 9,639 71.9 4,018 93.1 1,338 86.8 225 15.3 5.6 11.9 1.7 17.4 2.7 23.1
For-hire truck 6,144 45.8 2,335 54.1 1,212 78.6 718 18.4 5 13.2 6.7 18.8 3.5 10.7
Private truck 3,495 26.1 1,684 39 126 8.2 S 19.9 5.1 24.4 6.7 38.1 3.6 S
Rail S S S S S S 1,695 S S S S S S 39.4
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 3,420 25.5 171 4 113 7.3 698 30.8 6.2 25.7 1.3 24.6 2 11.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 3,399 25.3 118 2.7 82 5.3 698 30.7 6.2 24.2 0.9 28.2 1.8 11.1
Truck and water 21 0.2 52 1.2 S S S 46.7 0.2 45.9 2.2 S S S
Other and unknown modes 251 1.9 S S S S S 41.2 1.1 S S S S S

SCTG2 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 21,741 100 7,674 100 2,174 100 449 24.2 - 15.4 - 37.3 - 18
Single modes 17,546 80.7 6,994 91.1 1,844 84.8 219 27.5 4.2 17 4.7 36.8 3.6 21.7
Truck6 16,751 77 6,549 85.3 1,482 68.2 208 28.4 4.3 17 5.1 39.6 7.5 23
For-hire truck 8,365 38.5 3,075 40.1 926 42.6 515 16.6 6.8 27.6 7.3 12.9 10 10.9
Private truck S S 3,474 45.3 S S 112 S S 28.1 7 S S 38.6
Rail 584 2.7 440 5.7 354 16.3 S 33.2 2.1 33.8 2.9 41.2 4.5 S
Air (incl truck and air) 211 1 S S S S 1,195 32.1 0.4 S S S S 23.6
Multiple modes 3,340 15.4 225 2.9 324 14.9 632 20.3 3 37.4 1.1 48.3 3.6 13.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 3,114 14.3 81 1.1 47 2.2 632 19.7 2.9 21.2 0.3 28.6 0.5 13.9
Truck and rail 209 1 143 1.9 271 12.5 S 37.4 0.4 45.7 1.4 49.8 4.1 S
Truck and water 17 0.1 S S S S 4,413 20.5 0.4 S S S S 23.5
Other and unknown modes 855 3.9 S S S S S 47.8 3.1 S S S S S

SCTG2 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 15,106 100 1,465 100 1,230 100 594 14 - 23.5 - 31.7 - 12.2
Single modes 8,469 56.1 1,295 88.4 1,130 91.9 364 12.7 4.3 27.3 5.9 35.5 7.4 33.5
Truck6 7,948 52.6 1,280 87.4 1,096 89.1 337 13.8 5.1 27.2 5.9 35.3 7.1 35.6
For-hire truck 6,052 40.1 1,142 78 1,076 87.5 992 12.1 5.2 28.9 7.4 35.7 7.5 12.7
Private truck 1,896 12.6 138 9.4 20 1.6 32 27.2 2.7 22.2 4.6 33.2 1.2 44.1
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) 498 3.3 2 0.1 3 0.2 1,807 44.4 1.2 39.8 0.2 32.2 0.3 13.2
Multiple modes 5,358 35.5 108 7.3 75 6.1 791 24 4.9 30.6 4.1 30.2 5.9 6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 4,877 32.3 102 7 65 5.3 791 22.3 4.8 32.4 4 34.9 5.6 6
Truck and rail 11 0.1 4 0.3 9 0.8 2,236 26 0.3 5.2 3 9.1 8.7 21.7
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 1,279 8.5 63 4.3 25 2 S 33.9 2.4 29.5 2.2 48.2 2.7 S

SCTG2 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc. manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 23,907 100 4,700 100 794 100 912 28.1 - 32.9 - 39.5 - 16.4
Single modes 11,299 47.3 4,334 92.2 656 82.6 187 14.2 11.1 32.9 2.4 43.1 5.5 37.9
Truck6 11,110 46.5 4,332 92.2 655 82.4 179 13.6 11 33 2.4 43.3 5.6 40
For-hire truck 6,482 27.1 S S S S 596 26.9 6.7 S S S S 17.6
Private truck 4,627 19.4 1,629 34.7 88 11 54 15.2 8.5 23.9 8.8 19.3 4.5 15.3
Air (incl truck and air) S S 1 - 2 0.2 1,057 S S 25 - 29.2 0.3 18.2
Multiple modes S S 167 3.5 127 16 938 S S 39.1 1.1 38.3 5.1 9.2
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S 141 3 117 14.8 938 S S 34.2 0.9 37.7 4.4 9.2
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 264 1.1 S S S S S 41.5 0.5 S S S S S

SCTG2 99, Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S 315 S S S S S S 47.1
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Standard Classification of Transported Goods.
3 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
4 Coefficient of Variation.
5 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
6 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
7 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular row have no value. For example, Dallas-Fort Worth, TX by Base metal and machinery (31-34) by Water has no data for any shipment characteristic therefore the entire row is not shown. Also, entire commodity groups are not present if there is no such data for that commodity group by area. For example, Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV (DC part) by Coal and petroleum products (15-19) has no data for any mode therefore the entire commodity group is not shown.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.