Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 130,489 100 106,737 100 13,085 100 7.8 - 5.6 - 10.4 -
Less than 50 miles 45,714 35 81,134 76 1,832 14 7.7 2.3 6.2 2.6 11.1 3.7
50 - 99 miles 7,592 5.8 6,035 5.7 528 4 20 0.8 13 0.7 14.2 0.5
100 - 249 miles 15,223 11.7 8,577 8 1,672 12.8 17.8 1.3 22 1.4 22.4 1.8
250 - 499 miles 20,418 15.6 6,310 5.9 2,791 21.3 19.6 2.3 17.9 0.8 19.9 2.5
500 - 749 miles 7,918 6.1 2,055 1.9 1,696 13 20.6 1.5 26.5 0.6 26.7 3
750 - 999 miles 6,253 4.8 534 0.5 603 4.6 21.9 1.2 26.1 0.1 26 1.4
1,000 - 1,499 miles 10,811 8.3 1,133 1.1 1,842 14.1 12.4 1 10.7 0.1 11.8 1.4
1,500 - 2,000 miles 11,475 8.8 611 0.6 1,227 9.4 14.7 1 20.8 0.1 20 1.8
More than 2,000 miles 5,086 3.9 348 0.3 893 6.8 19.8 0.8 27.7 0.1 27.8 1.8

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 103,320 100 103,887 100 12,040 100 8.2 - 5.4 - 10.4 -
Less than 50 miles 42,443 41.1 79,104 76.1 1,809 15 8.4 3.1 6.4 2.7 11.4 3.9
50 - 99 miles 7,287 7.1 5,988 5.8 522 4.3 20.9 1 12.8 0.8 13.8 0.6
100 - 249 miles 13,797 13.4 8,503 8.2 1,659 13.8 18.6 1.6 22.3 1.4 22.6 2
250 - 499 miles 17,274 16.7 5,984 5.8 2,534 21 21.3 2.5 16.7 0.8 17.1 2.2
500 - 749 miles 5,863 5.7 2,025 1.9 1,672 13.9 28.5 1.8 26.8 0.6 27 3.1
750 - 999 miles 3,211 3.1 501 0.5 566 4.7 40.2 1.2 28 0.1 27.8 1.4
1,000 - 1,499 miles 5,582 5.4 1,031 1 1,680 14 15.2 0.7 11.5 0.1 12.3 1.5
1,500 - 2,000 miles 5,046 4.9 543 0.5 1,086 9 29.1 1.2 22.1 0.1 21.3 1.8
More than 2,000 miles 2,816 2.7 207 0.2 511 4.2 26.1 0.7 40.8 0.1 41 1.3

Truck4

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 96,074 100 103,613 100 11,884 100 8.4 - 5.3 - 10.2 -
Less than 50 miles 42,423 44.2 79,099 76.3 1,808 15.2 8.4 3.6 6.4 2.7 11.4 3.9
50 - 99 miles 7,286 7.6 5,983 5.8 521 4.4 21 1.1 12.8 0.8 13.8 0.6
100 - 249 miles 13,687 14.2 8,356 8.1 1,625 13.7 18.3 1.6 21.1 1.4 21.3 1.9
250 - 499 miles 15,073 15.7 5,918 5.7 2,499 21 25.1 2.7 16.6 0.8 16.7 2.2
500 - 749 miles 5,377 5.6 2,016 1.9 1,666 14 30.9 1.9 26.8 0.6 27 3.1
750 - 999 miles 2,363 2.5 500 0.5 564 4.7 33.3 0.9 28 0.1 27.9 1.4
1,000 - 1,499 miles 4,135 4.3 1,006 1 1,645 13.8 12.8 0.7 11.6 0.1 12.4 1.5
1,500 - 2,000 miles 4,409 4.6 541 0.5 1,082 9.1 33.4 1.4 22.2 0.1 21.5 1.8
More than 2,000 miles 1,320 1.4 193 0.2 471 4 26.8 0.5 43.1 0.1 43.1 1.3

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 42,705 100 35,006 100 8,113 100 18.1 - 15.6 - 13.1 -
Less than 50 miles 8,360 19.6 21,965 62.7 481 5.9 26.4 3.4 19.3 4.3 17.9 2
50 - 99 miles 2,086 4.9 2,850 8.1 248 3.1 49.6 1.2 22 1.4 23.4 1
100 - 249 miles 4,355 10.2 2,352 6.7 450 5.5 42.2 2.2 31.7 1.4 29 1
250 - 499 miles 10,306 24.1 3,588 10.3 1,511 18.6 33.6 2.7 19.8 2 18 2.5
500 - 749 miles 5,373 12.6 2,014 5.8 1,664 20.5 30.9 3.3 26.8 1.3 27.1 3.8
750 - 999 miles 2,361 5.5 496 1.4 560 6.9 33.3 2.9 27.5 0.3 27.4 1.7
1,000 - 1,499 miles 4,135 9.7 1,006 2.9 1,645 20.3 12.8 2.5 11.6 0.9 12.4 2.1
1,500 - 2,000 miles 4,409 10.3 541 1.5 1,082 13.3 33.4 4.7 22.2 1 21.5 3.3
More than 2,000 miles 1,320 3.1 193 0.6 471 5.8 26.8 1.2 43.1 0.2 43.1 1.6

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 53,369 100 68,607 100 3,771 100 8.3 - 9.4 - 13.6 -
Less than 50 miles 34,063 63.8 57,134 83.3 1,328 35.2 8.2 4 11 2.9 17.2 4.9
50 - 99 miles 5,200 9.7 3,133 4.6 273 7.2 27.7 1.7 13 0.9 13.4 1.2
100 - 249 miles 9,333 17.5 6,004 8.8 1,175 31.2 19.7 2 22.8 1.9 22.8 3.3
250 - 499 miles 4,768 8.9 2,330 3.4 989 26.2 27.2 2.1 21.8 0.8 23.3 4
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 7,129 100 S S 73 100 29.2 - S S 42.1 -
Less than 50 miles 18 0.3 S S S S 40.5 1.3 S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles 2,189 30.7 S S S S 38.5 9.3 S S S S
500 - 749 miles 485 6.8 S S S S 40.3 4 S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S 1 2.1 S S S S 44.9 2.3 S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,442 20.2 S S S S 38.4 7.8 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S 2 3.4 4 5.4 S S 34 2.4 34.1 4.1
More than 2,000 miles 1,497 21 14 23.3 40 54.2 46.4 4.7 43.9 7.5 46.2 8.9

Pipeline5

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 24,122 100 632 100 905 100 14.7 - 25.1 - 26.9 -
Less than 50 miles 1,548 6.4 36 5.7 1 0.1 22.1 1.3 27.9 1.4 36.4 0.2
50 - 99 miles 275 1.1 11 1.8 1 0.1 21 0.4 45 0.4 45.9 -
100 - 249 miles 792 3.3 21 3.3 4 0.4 23.3 0.7 16.8 1.8 17.4 0.3
250 - 499 miles 2,901 12 S S S S 18.3 2.4 S S S S
500 - 749 miles 2,038 8.4 21 3.4 17 1.9 30.7 1.5 21.8 1.1 22.1 0.9
750 - 999 miles 3,037 12.6 29 4.6 32 3.5 34.9 3.5 32 1 31.3 0.8
1,000 - 1,499 miles 5,052 20.9 96 15.1 154 17 17.7 2.5 32 7.2 34.3 7.7
1,500 - 2,000 miles 6,284 26.1 60 9.6 124 13.7 22.1 3 20.8 3.3 21.1 5.2
More than 2,000 miles 2,194 9.1 S S S S 32.3 1.7 S S S S

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 23,860 100 272 100 319 100 14.9 - 13.4 - 14.9 -
Less than 50 miles 1,545 6.5 28 10.2 1 0.3 22.2 1.3 15.2 1.2 39.3 0.2
50 - 99 miles 275 1.2 11 4.2 1 0.4 21 0.4 45 1.1 45.9 0.1
100 - 249 miles 791 3.3 19 7.1 4 1.1 23.3 0.7 14.5 1.4 15.7 0.3
250 - 499 miles 2,838 11.9 41 14.9 17 5.4 18.7 2.4 33.9 2.8 32.3 1.2
500 - 749 miles 2,038 8.5 21 7.8 17 5.5 30.7 1.6 21.8 1.5 22.1 1.2
750 - 999 miles 3,037 12.7 29 10.6 32 10.1 34.9 3.6 32 3.2 31.3 3.5
1,000 - 1,499 miles 4,927 20.7 42 15.6 71 22.4 18.2 2.5 21 1.9 22.2 2.3
1,500 - 2,000 miles 6,284 26.3 60 22.2 124 38.9 22.1 3.1 20.8 2.7 21.1 4.5
More than 2,000 miles 2,124 8.9 20 7.4 51 15.9 32.1 1.7 23.4 1.2 22.9 2.1

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 198 100 351 100 558 100 22.6 - 36.9 - 38.2 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles 125 62.9 S S S S 17.1 18.9 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 64 100 S S S S 45.5 - S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles 64 99.3 S S S S 42.3 0.3 S S S S

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 3,047 100 S S 140 100 32.4 - S S 41.3 -
Less than 50 miles 1,723 56.5 S S S S 43.4 6.7 S S S S
50 - 99 miles 30 1 S S S S 28 0.3 S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles 243 8 S S S S 32.5 2.8 S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S 6 0.3 8 6 S S 29.1 2.1 26.3 6.9
1,500 - 2,000 miles 144 4.7 7 0.3 17 12 36.3 4 42.9 0.9 43.5 8.1
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any mileage group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the mileage group of "More than 2,000 miles" but does have data for the other mileage groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.