Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 130,489 100 106,737 100 13,085 100 795 7.8 - 5.6 - 10.4 - 7.9
Less than 50 lbs 32,011 24.5 227 0.2 161 1.2 1,051 19.9 4.1 4.7 - 9.1 0.2 6.4
50 - 99 lbs 5,729 4.4 150 0.1 65 0.5 439 25.8 0.8 7.5 - 14.3 0.1 13.8
100 - 499 lbs 18,300 14.0 1,083 1.0 262 2.0 270 12.3 1.3 7.5 0.1 13.2 0.3 15.4
500 - 749 lbs 3,649 2.8 543 0.5 102 0.8 187 22.1 0.8 12.9 0.1 19.2 0.2 10.6
750 - 999 lbs 2,841 2.2 525 0.5 56 0.4 107 21.4 0.5 10.1 0.1 13.6 0.1 20.1
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 23,782 18.2 8,146 7.6 1,509 11.5 160 13.0 2.6 6.2 0.4 18.2 2.3 9.9
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 37,570 28.8 68,334 64.0 8,562 65.4 128 10.6 2.5 5.7 3.7 11.1 4.0 12.1
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 5,697 4.4 17,820 16.7 1,325 10.1 72 30.1 0.9 19.5 2.9 25.3 1.7 12.1
More than 100,000 lbs 911 0.7 9,909 9.3 1,043 8.0 S 27.1 0.2 40.2 3.3 31.6 2.2 S

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 103,320 100 103,887 100 12,040 100 353 8.2 - 5.4 - 10.4 - 21.8
Less than 50 lbs 16,549 16.0 114 0.1 37 0.3 590 34.5 4.8 12.7 - 26.2 0.1 21.3
50 - 99 lbs 3,152 3.1 101 0.1 23 0.2 237 24.5 0.5 10.5 - 34.9 0.1 30.6
100 - 499 lbs 12,158 11.8 930 0.9 126 1.0 151 13.8 1.3 7.8 0.1 17.2 0.4 17.9
500 - 749 lbs 2,527 2.4 504 0.5 78 0.6 154 11.4 0.3 12.9 0.1 26.4 0.2 16.2
750 - 999 lbs 2,800 2.7 519 0.5 54 0.5 105 21.8 0.6 10.3 0.1 13.7 0.1 20.4
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 23,126 22.4 7,928 7.6 1,436 11.9 156 13.1 2.8 6.0 0.4 17.8 2.3 9.9
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 36,673 35.5 67,435 64.9 8,132 67.5 125 10.4 3.8 5.6 3.7 11.3 3.7 12.7
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 5,631 5.4 17,138 16.5 1,311 10.9 74 30.3 1.2 19.2 2.9 25.6 1.8 11.7
More than 100,000 lbs 704 0.7 9,218 8.9 842 7.0 S 27.1 0.2 41.9 3.3 31.9 2.1 S

Truck4

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 96,074 100 103,613 100 11,884 100 216 8.4 - 5.3 - 10.2 - 16.6
Less than 50 lbs 12,937 13.5 106 0.1 24 0.2 324 33.5 4.1 12.1 - 24.9 0.1 23.4
50 - 99 lbs 2,381 2.5 100 0.1 21 0.2 216 31.1 0.5 10.7 - 36.5 0.1 32.0
100 - 499 lbs 10,517 10.9 926 0.9 119 1.0 143 17.1 1.3 7.8 0.1 18.1 0.3 18.6
500 - 749 lbs 2,412 2.5 502 0.5 76 0.6 150 11.8 0.3 13.0 0.1 27.6 0.2 17.2
750 - 999 lbs 2,694 2.8 519 0.5 54 0.5 104 22.4 0.6 10.2 0.1 13.8 0.1 20.5
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 22,330 23.2 7,911 7.6 1,425 12.0 155 12.1 2.7 6.1 0.4 17.9 2.4 9.8
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 36,584 38.1 67,401 65.1 8,094 68.1 124 10.4 3.9 5.6 3.6 11.1 3.7 12.3
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 5,631 5.9 17,138 16.5 1,311 11.0 74 30.3 1.2 19.2 2.9 25.6 1.8 11.7
More than 100,000 lbs 589 0.6 9,011 8.7 760 6.4 S 29.6 0.3 41.9 3.2 34.9 2.1 S

For-hire truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 42,705 100 35,006 100 8,113 100 788 18.1 - 15.6 - 13.1 - 17.1
Less than 50 lbs 8,552 20.0 24 0.1 21 0.3 1,037 43.9 5.6 24.4 - 28.1 0.1 21.0
50 - 99 lbs S S 19 0.1 16 0.2 903 S S 25.7 - 47.9 0.1 20.3
100 - 499 lbs 5,276 12.4 107 0.3 76 0.9 779 36.7 3.7 15.5 0.2 26.8 0.5 17.7
500 - 749 lbs 632 1.5 58 0.2 45 0.5 761 26.0 0.5 27.9 0.2 41.8 0.4 16.5
750 - 999 lbs 1,294 3.0 75 0.2 28 0.3 377 47.2 1.3 33.3 0.1 22.6 0.1 21.2
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 9,353 21.9 1,600 4.6 945 11.6 573 21.3 5.3 10.3 1.9 23.4 4.6 12.5
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 13,501 31.6 22,943 65.5 5,711 70.4 263 12.6 5.5 14.1 3.1 15.4 4.5 11.5
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 2,248 5.3 6,453 18.4 753 9.3 110 34.0 1.0 21.5 2.0 24.8 1.7 28.1
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S 519 6.4 S S S S S 47.3 2.2 S

Private truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 53,369 100 68,607 100 3,771 100 52 8.3 - 9.4 - 13.6 - 5.2
Less than 50 lbs 4,385 8.2 82 0.1 4 0.1 38 45.2 3.6 17.2 - 17.3 - 14.6
50 - 99 lbs 910 1.7 81 0.1 4 0.1 54 10.3 0.2 12.9 - 20.6 - 14.4
100 - 499 lbs 5,241 9.8 819 1.2 43 1.2 53 10.8 1.0 7.6 0.1 10.0 0.2 4.0
500 - 749 lbs 1,779 3.3 444 0.6 31 0.8 70 12.8 0.4 13.7 0.1 17.0 0.2 11.4
750 - 999 lbs 1,400 2.6 444 0.6 26 0.7 57 11.0 0.3 11.6 0.1 10.4 0.1 11.4
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 12,978 24.3 6,311 9.2 480 12.7 70 9.8 2.2 6.4 0.7 15.1 1.5 7.2
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 23,083 43.3 44,458 64.8 2,383 63.2 60 16.5 4.6 10.7 4.1 10.0 3.6 13.3
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 3,383 6.3 10,685 15.6 558 14.8 52 28.7 1.7 26.5 3.8 33.4 2.8 14.5
More than 100,000 lbs 210 0.4 S S S S 40 33.5 0.2 S S S S 18.6

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S 48 99.0 S S S S S 26.6 1.0 S

Air (incl truck and air)

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 7,129 100 S S 73 100 1,397 29.2 - S S 42.1 - 8.0
Less than 50 lbs S S 8 13.0 12 16.9 1,396 S S 42.8 10.5 39.8 10.4 5.9
50 - 99 lbs 770 10.8 1 2.0 2 3.1 1,834 35.3 3.1 29.8 2.2 30.7 2.6 11.0
100 - 499 lbs 1,641 23.0 5 7.5 7 9.0 1,348 34.5 9.2 21.9 12.5 30.6 11.8 18.8
500 - 749 lbs 116 1.6 2 2.9 2 2.8 1,148 25.5 1.9 34.6 2.3 28.4 1.8 23.4
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 795 11.2 S S S S S 46.5 5.2 S S S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 88 1.2 S S S S 1,520 37.0 11.1 S S S S 8.0
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Pipeline5

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 24,122 100 632 100 905 100 1,359 14.7 - 25.1 - 26.9 - 4.6
Less than 50 lbs 14,853 61.6 99 15.7 123 13.6 1,373 21.8 5.8 10.7 6.5 13.0 7.3 4.7
50 - 99 lbs 2,431 10.1 39 6.2 42 4.6 1,044 32.3 2.7 20.3 2.6 23.3 2.3 8.6
100 - 499 lbs 5,473 22.7 100 15.9 133 14.7 1,271 28.9 5.5 21.2 5.8 26.2 6.6 10.9
500 - 749 lbs S S 32 5.0 24 2.7 735 S S 47.2 1.1 40.2 0.7 32.2
750 - 999 lbs S S 2 0.4 S S S S S 37.4 0.3 S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S 4 0.6 7 0.8 2,360 S S 28.0 1.2 36.0 3.6 24.2
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 155 0.6 S S S S 2,187 22.2 0.9 S S S S 15.1
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs 63 0.3 S S S S 1,075 4.7 1.4 S S S S 2.9

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 23,860 100 272 100 319 100 1,359 14.9 - 13.4 - 14.9 - 4.6
Less than 50 lbs 14,852 62.2 99 36.5 123 38.5 1,373 21.8 5.8 10.7 4.3 13.0 5.3 4.7
50 - 99 lbs 2,431 10.2 39 14.4 42 13.1 1,046 32.3 2.8 20.3 2.4 23.3 2.7 8.6
100 - 499 lbs 5,456 22.9 99 36.6 131 41.0 1,257 29.0 5.6 21.1 3.8 26.1 6.2 11.0
500 - 749 lbs S S 31 11.5 22 7.0 694 S S 48.3 4.2 43.1 3.1 31.2
750 - 999 lbs S S 2 0.9 S S S S S 37.4 0.4 S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Truck and rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 198 100 351 100 558 100 1,419 22.6 - 36.9 - 38.2 - 19.8
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 134 67.6 S S S S 2,087 31.5 17.3 S S S S 14.5
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S 1,075 S S S S S S 2.9

Truck and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 64 100 S S S S 3,025 45.5 - S S S S 9.9
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs S S S S S S 3,276 S S S S S S 4.2
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 3,002 S S S S S S 1.7
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 3,047 100 S S 140 100 S 32.4 - S S 41.3 - S
Less than 50 lbs 608 20.0 14 0.7 S S S 38.7 3.3 35.5 0.9 S S S
50 - 99 lbs 146 4.8 10 0.4 - 0.3 S 30.5 2.7 36.6 0.7 39.2 0.3 S
100 - 499 lbs 669 22.0 52 2.4 3 2.1 69 49.4 4.2 39.7 2.7 40.4 1.1 46.2
500 - 749 lbs S S S S - 0.2 40 S S S S 48.9 0.1 44.2
750 - 999 lbs S S 3 0.1 S S S S S 41.0 0.4 S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 633 20.8 215 9.7 S S 251 22.1 7.6 28.9 11.5 S S 25.4
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 742 24.4 S S 54 38.2 S 46.3 5.7 S S 48.8 8.5 S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 66 2.2 S S S S S 38.7 1.1 S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 ""Truck"" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any shipment weight group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the shipment weight groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the shipment size of "More than 100,000 lbs" but does have data for the other shipment weight groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.