Table 7. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 7. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Commodities5

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 130,489 100 106,737 100 13,085 100 795 7.8 - 5.6 - 10.4 - 7.9
Single modes 103,320 79.2 103,887 97.3 12,040 92 353 8.2 2.8 5.4 1.1 10.4 2.1 21.8
Truck6 96,074 73.6 103,613 97.1 11,884 90.8 216 8.4 2.3 5.3 1.1 10.2 2.2 16.6
For-hire truck 42,705 32.7 35,006 32.8 8,113 62 788 18.1 4.1 15.6 5.2 13.1 4.2 17.1
Private truck 53,369 40.9 68,607 64.3 3,771 28.8 52 8.3 2.9 9.4 5.2 13.6 4.1 5.2
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) 7,129 5.5 S S 73 0.6 1,397 29.2 1.8 S S 42.1 0.2 8
Pipeline7 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 24,122 18.5 632 0.6 905 6.9 1,359 14.7 2.3 25.1 0.1 26.9 1.9 4.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 23,860 18.3 272 0.3 319 2.4 1,359 14.9 2.3 13.4 - 14.9 0.3 4.6
Truck and rail 198 0.2 351 0.3 558 4.3 1,419 22.6 0.1 36.9 0.1 38.2 2.2 19.8
Truck and water 64 - S S S S 3,025 45.5 - S S S S 9.9
Other and unknown modes 3,047 2.3 S S 140 1.1 S 32.4 0.8 S S 41.3 0.3 S

SCTG2 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 4,131 100 2,693 100 551 100 S 13.2 - 25.6 - 23 - S
Single modes 4,043 97.9 2,325 86.3 520 94.4 S 14 2 23.5 5.8 25 5.1 S
Truck6 4,037 97.7 2,312 85.8 501 91 S 14.1 2 23.6 6 26.2 6.3 S
For-hire truck 1,228 29.7 1,179 43.8 405 73.6 S 26.3 10.4 50 10.4 33.7 10.4 S
Private truck 2,808 68 1,133 42.1 96 17.4 54 22.9 10.3 19.4 11.7 19.5 9.3 39.9
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 34 S S S S S S 30.3

SCTG2 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 11,873 100 12,203 100 1,655 100 72 9.6 - 23.5 - 29.3 - 7.5
Single modes 11,645 98.1 11,516 94.4 1,621 98 69 9.1 1.2 19.9 2.2 29.2 0.8 10
Truck6 11,644 98.1 11,516 94.4 1,621 97.9 69 9.1 1.2 19.9 2.2 29.2 0.8 10
For-hire truck 3,055 25.7 S S 1,283 77.5 S 28.1 6.1 S S 36.8 11.4 S
Private truck 8,589 72.3 7,293 59.8 338 20.4 55 11.2 6.3 15.6 10.4 14.7 11.5 9
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 6 - S S S S 862 47.9 0.1 S S S S 44.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 836 S S S S S S 37.2
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 10-14, Stones, nonmetallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 776 100 38,177 100 2,723 100 146 28.9 - 18.2 - 20 - 23.8
Single modes 704 90.8 37,433 98.1 2,370 87.1 68 31.5 5.7 18.1 1 21.3 5.6 42.2
Truck6 704 90.8 37,433 98.1 2,370 87.1 68 31.5 5.7 18.1 1 21.3 5.6 42.2
For-hire truck 219 28.2 13,426 35.2 1,664 61.1 156 27.1 9.3 26.9 10 30.2 10.5 46.2
Private truck 485 62.6 24,007 62.9 706 25.9 25 35.6 8.4 26.1 9.3 27.3 12.7 42.7
Multiple modes S S 158 0.4 S S S S S 45.1 1.2 S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 698 S S S S S S 29.9
Truck and rail 5 0.6 129 0.3 S S 2,491 32.3 6.4 32.4 2.9 S S 6.4
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 9,799 100 10,063 100 2,012 100 118 35.1 - 33.7 - 36.5 - 23.2
Single modes 9,710 99.1 9,859 98 1,804 89.6 118 35 1.2 33.2 0.7 34.1 3.3 22.7
Truck6 9,613 98.1 9,712 96.5 1,770 88 118 34.7 1.2 32.5 1.1 34.1 3.9 22.7
For-hire truck 2,759 28.2 2,829 28.1 825 41 354 37 5.6 27.3 5.8 48 10 26.8
Private truck 6,854 69.9 6,883 68.4 945 47 81 35.2 5.7 36.5 5.8 39 11 34.6
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Pipeline7 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S - - S S S S S 39.5 - S S S
Truck and rail 64 0.7 187 1.9 199 9.9 821 4.5 0.4 16.3 2.2 14.5 7.9 23.8
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 20-24, Basic chemicals, chemical, and pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 23,784 100 4,725 100 1,339 100 1,203 36.3 - 45.5 - 26.6 - 16.3
Single modes 17,430 73.3 4,513 95.5 1,238 92.4 417 39.6 7.3 47.7 3.7 27.6 1.8 32.1
Truck6 17,033 71.6 4,495 95.1 1,213 90.6 368 39.9 7.1 47.8 3.7 28.2 2.9 35.6
For-hire truck S S S S 1,103 82.3 585 S S S S 31.8 6.6 29.4
Private truck 3,738 15.7 1,608 34 110 8.2 50 40.2 7 38.6 10 45.7 4.9 15.1
Air (incl truck and air) 396 1.7 S S S S 1,462 45 1.9 S S S S 12.7
Multiple modes S S 54 1.1 54 4.1 1,486 S S 18 0.6 21.5 1.5 11.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S 43 0.9 40 3 1,485 S S 24.3 0.5 31.5 1.4 11.2
Truck and rail 82 0.3 10 0.2 13 1 1,265 20.7 2.3 13 1.1 13 3 -
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 271 1.1 158 3.3 S S S 30.3 0.6 39.8 3.4 S S S

SCTG2 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 7,141 100 6,507 100 861 100 918 16.1 - 20.6 - 24.3 - 17.6
Single modes 6,316 88.4 6,398 98.3 830 96.4 750 17.3 2.6 21 1 25.3 1.5 27.9
Truck6 6,178 86.5 6,347 97.6 795 92.3 124 18.1 3.8 21.4 1.6 26.7 4 28.5
For-hire truck 1,199 16.8 1,582 24.3 288 33.5 479 10.3 4.7 18.1 5.4 19.7 7.3 17.1
Private truck 4,978 69.7 4,765 73.2 507 58.9 59 23.6 6.6 24.6 6.1 34.3 9.3 19.6
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,420 S S S S S S 20.5
Multiple modes 659 9.2 24 0.4 21 2.4 1,101 26 2.4 30.7 0.2 26 1.1 15.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 657 9.2 24 0.4 20 2.4 1,101 26 2.3 30.6 0.2 25.5 1.1 15.4
Truck and rail - - S S S S 442 20.4 - S S S S 37.6
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 166 2.3 85 1.3 11 1.2 S 22.5 0.8 32 0.8 31.7 0.8 S

SCTG2 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 16,563 100 24,070 100 1,604 100 549 25.5 - 18.9 - 11.6 - 19.6
Single modes 14,753 89.1 23,848 99.1 1,544 96.2 362 29 3.1 19.2 0.8 11.1 1.2 24.8
Truck6 12,405 74.9 23,838 99 1,537 95.8 176 19 3.9 19.2 0.8 11.1 1.2 24.2
For-hire truck 4,088 24.7 6,071 25.2 1,022 63.7 854 22.8 5.8 30.8 7.2 16.6 6.9 19.6
Private truck 8,316 50.2 17,768 73.8 515 32.1 36 28.7 2.9 25.8 7.4 24 6.7 9.9
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,402 S S S S S S 11.3
Multiple modes 1,479 8.9 37 0.2 S S 1,100 22.1 3.2 32.4 0.1 S S 17.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1,448 8.7 22 0.1 24 1.5 1,099 22.4 3.2 26 - 34.5 0.4 17.4
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water S S S S S S 3,120 S S S S S S 0.4
Other and unknown modes 331 2 S S 16 1 S 33.8 1.1 S S 47.7 0.5 S

SCTG2 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 33,426 100 1,261 100 678 100 839 12.4 - 21.3 - 38.3 - 14.2
Single modes 18,012 53.9 1,007 79.9 489 72.1 388 16.8 6.5 23.9 5.5 48.1 6.9 30.7
Truck6 14,260 42.7 1,000 79.3 479 70.7 342 15 6.5 24.1 5.5 49 6.8 33.1
For-hire truck 10,579 31.6 493 39.1 S S 1,457 21.5 6.9 33 7.4 S S 16.1
Private truck 3,681 11 507 40.2 46 6.8 31 25.5 2.5 22.1 5.8 40.4 2.6 18
Air (incl truck and air) 3,753 11.2 7 0.5 10 1.4 1,428 35.5 2.4 37.2 0.5 38.6 1.2 7.3
Multiple modes 13,744 41.1 121 9.6 175 25.8 1,437 19.5 6.4 22.4 1.5 25.3 6.5 8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 13,729 41.1 120 9.5 173 25.6 1,436 19.6 6.4 22.6 1.5 25.8 6.6 8.1
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 1,669 5 S S S S S 41.4 1.4 S S S S S

SCTG2 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc. manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 22,988 100 7,037 100 1,662 100 707 9.1 - 10.3 - 11.5 - 13.6
Single modes 20,699 90 6,985 99.3 1,624 97.7 251 9 1.8 10.3 0.2 11.9 0.6 21.1
Truck6 20,192 87.8 6,955 98.8 1,597 96.1 241 8.7 1.8 10.5 0.6 11.6 1.2 21.4
For-hire truck 6,281 27.3 2,315 32.9 1,089 65.5 886 27.9 6 11.3 5.4 17.9 5 12
Private truck 13,911 60.5 4,641 65.9 508 30.5 83 12 5.7 17.9 5.7 15.1 5.5 5.9
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 707 S S S S S S 48
Multiple modes 1,976 8.6 32 0.5 37 2.2 1,380 20.4 1.4 24.3 0.2 17 0.6 8.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1,959 8.5 31 0.4 31 1.9 1,380 20.9 1.4 25.6 0.1 18 0.4 8.7
Truck and water S S S S S S 2,364 S S S S S S 18.9
Other and unknown modes 312 1.4 S S 1 0.1 76 47.3 0.6 S S 31.4 - 31.1

SCTG2 99, Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 8 100 2 100 - 100 45 34.2 - 38.2 - 40.6 - 42.5
Single modes 8 97.1 2 99.9 - 98.2 S 32.7 4.6 35 0.1 37.9 1 S
Truck6 8 97.1 2 99.9 - 98.2 S 32.7 4.6 35 0.1 37.9 1 S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck 7 84.9 2 93 - 80.2 11 30.1 8.3 27.8 4 43 10.7 34.6
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Standard Classification of Transported Goods.
3 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
4 Coefficient of Variation.
5 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
6 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
7 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular row have no value. For example, Dallas-Fort Worth, TX by Base metal and machinery (31-34) by Water has no data for any shipment characteristic therefore the entire row is not shown. Also, entire commodity groups are not present if there is no such data for that commodity group by area. For example, Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV (DC part) by Coal and petroleum products (15-19) has no data for any mode therefore the entire commodity group is not shown.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.