Table 8. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 8. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Commodities5

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 130,489 100 106,737 100 13,085 100 795 7.8 - 5.6 - 10.4 - 7.9
Single modes 103,320 79.2 103,887 97.3 12,040 92 353 8.2 2.8 5.4 1.1 10.4 2.1 21.8
Truck6 96,074 73.6 103,613 97.1 11,884 90.8 216 8.4 2.3 5.3 1.1 10.2 2.2 16.6
For-hire truck 42,705 32.7 35,006 32.8 8,113 62 788 18.1 4.1 15.6 5.2 13.1 4.2 17.1
Private truck 53,369 40.9 68,607 64.3 3,771 28.8 52 8.3 2.9 9.4 5.2 13.6 4.1 5.2
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) 7,129 5.5 S S 73 0.6 1,397 29.2 1.8 S S 42.1 0.2 8
Pipeline7 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 24,122 18.5 632 0.6 905 6.9 1,359 14.7 2.3 25.1 0.1 26.9 1.9 4.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 23,860 18.3 272 0.3 319 2.4 1,359 14.9 2.3 13.4 - 14.9 0.3 4.6
Truck and rail 198 0.2 351 0.3 558 4.3 1,419 22.6 0.1 36.9 0.1 38.2 2.2 19.8
Truck and water 64 - S S S S 3,025 45.5 - S S S S 9.9
Other and unknown modes 3,047 2.3 S S 140 1.1 S 32.4 0.8 S S 41.3 0.3 S

SCTG2 02, Cereal grains

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S 209 S S S S S S 35.3
Single modes S S S S S S 222 S S S S S S 35.4
Truck6 S S S S S S 190 S S S S S S 33.9
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S 53 S S S S S S 31.3
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 03, Other agricultural products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 378 100 264 100 68 100 S 25.1 - 29.5 - 34.3 - S
Single modes 336 88.9 250 94.4 50 72.6 102 24.2 6.1 32 6 29.4 11.6 46.1
Truck6 336 88.9 250 94.4 50 72.6 102 24.2 6.1 32 6 29.4 11.6 46.1
For-hire truck S S 135 51.3 41 60.1 S S S 47.7 15.2 35.9 15.3 S
Private truck 154 40.8 114 43.2 S S 76 32.2 18.1 38.9 18.1 S S 11
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 04, Animal feed and products of animal origin, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,298 100 1,567 100 S S S 35.6 - 42.5 - S S S
Single modes 1,252 96.4 1,219 77.8 S S S 37.7 9.5 50 10.2 S S S
Truck6 1,252 96.4 1,219 77.8 S S S 37.7 9.5 50 10.2 S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck 852 65.7 459 29.3 40 16.1 71 49 13.6 39.8 13.6 38.7 11.2 37.4
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 05, Meat, fish, seafood, and their preparations

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2,436 100 759 100 198 100 S 19 - 21.8 - 36.1 - S
Single modes 2,436 100 759 100 198 100 S 19 - 21.8 - 36.1 - S
Truck6 2,433 99.8 759 100 197 99.8 S 19 0.1 21.8 - 36.2 0.5 S
For-hire truck S S 217 28.6 151 76.3 S S S 36.9 19.9 47.1 17 S
Private truck 1,798 73.8 542 71.4 S S S 22 8.3 26.3 9.5 S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 06, Milled grain products and preparations and bakery products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S 141 S S S S S S 16.6
Single modes 2,372 92.1 S S S S 141 47.3 2.6 S S S S 15.6
Truck6 2,372 92.1 S S S S 141 47.3 2.6 S S S S 15.6
For-hire truck 718 27.9 S S S S S 47.9 15.7 S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S 73 S S S S S S 16
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 07, Other prepared foodstuffs and fats and oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 7,772 100 8,759 100 1,220 100 68 16.3 - 16.9 - 33.6 - 9.6
Single modes 7,748 99.7 8,743 99.8 1,219 99.9 63 16.4 0.3 17 0.2 33.7 0.2 12.2
Truck6 7,747 99.7 8,743 99.8 1,219 99.9 63 16.4 0.3 17 0.2 33.7 0.2 12.1
For-hire truck 2,337 30.1 3,171 36.2 1,001 82.1 S 36.2 8 45 11.4 42.5 13.3 S
Private truck 5,410 69.6 5,572 63.6 218 17.9 49 21.9 7.9 23.5 11.3 18.8 13.1 19.6
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 08, Alcoholic beverages

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,526 100 707 100 23 100 65 13.9 - 20.7 - 25.2 - 19.2
Single modes 1,525 100 707 100 23 99.9 65 13.9 - 20.7 - 25.3 0.3 19.3
Truck6 1,525 100 707 100 23 99.9 65 13.9 - 20.7 - 25.3 0.3 19.3
Private truck 1,525 100 707 100 23 99.9 65 13.9 - 20.7 - 25.3 0.3 19.3
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 10, Calcareous monumental or building stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 11, Natural sands

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 77 100 S S 147 100 S 49.4 - S S 40.2 - S
Single modes S S S S 145 98.6 S S S S S 40.3 0.8 S
Truck6 S S S S 145 98.6 S S S S S 40.3 0.8 S
For-hire truck S S S S 82 55.6 S S S S S 45.1 18.9 S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 12, Gravel and crushed stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 344 100 29,612 100 2,475 100 95 11.5 - 14.6 - 21.8 - 34.5
Single modes 338 98.5 29,483 99.6 2,154 87 81 11.6 1 14.7 0.4 22.4 5.8 37.2
Truck6 338 98.5 29,483 99.6 2,154 87 81 11.6 1 14.7 0.4 22.4 5.8 37.2
For-hire truck 155 45.3 11,400 38.5 1,546 62.5 175 21.7 9.3 28.7 10.5 31.7 10.6 40.1
Private truck 183 53.3 18,083 61.1 608 24.6 28 15.7 9.5 26.4 10.1 30.7 13.7 38.7
Multiple modes 5 1.5 129 0.4 S S 2,491 32.3 5.9 32.4 2.8 S S 6.4
Truck and rail 5 1.5 129 0.4 S S 2,491 32.3 5.9 32.4 2.8 S S 6.4

SCTG2 13, Nonmetallic minerals nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 65 100 S S S S S 45.5 - S S S S S
Single modes 65 100 S S S S 47 45.6 - S S S S 22.3
Truck6 65 100 S S S S 47 45.6 - S S S S 22.3
For-hire truck S S S S S S 75 S S S S S S 1.4
Private truck 65 99.3 S S S S 45 46.2 9.4 S S S S 23.6
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 14, Metallic ores and concentrates

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 17, Gasoline and aviation turbine fuel

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 4,410 100 5,256 100 686 100 160 48.5 - 42.7 - 41.4 - 19
Single modes 4,398 99.7 5,238 99.7 677 98.7 159 48.6 0.2 42.7 0.2 41.3 0.5 19
Truck6 4,398 99.7 5,238 99.7 677 98.7 159 48.6 0.2 42.7 0.2 41.3 0.5 19
For-hire truck S S 928 17.7 80 11.7 S S S 47.4 4.1 41.6 4.6 S
Private truck 3,505 79.5 4,310 82 597 87 171 46.9 4.4 41.9 4.2 41.8 4 19.8
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 18, Fuel oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2,187 100 3,398 100 767 100 115 35.2 - 34.6 - 46.1 - 23.6
Single modes 2,187 100 3,398 100 767 100 116 35.2 - 34.6 - 46.1 - 23.3
Truck6 2,090 95.6 3,252 95.7 733 95.6 116 33.9 1.7 33.3 1.7 47.6 2.5 23.4
For-hire truck 956 43.7 1,400 41.2 S S 231 38.7 7.7 40.6 7.7 S S 27.8
Private truck 1,134 51.9 1,852 54.5 211 27.5 81 34.7 9.4 36.2 9 38.7 16.1 40.2
Pipeline7 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 19, Coal and petroleum products, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S 1,409 100 S S 102 S S 49 - S S 31.7
Single modes S S 1,222 86.8 S S 102 S S 49.3 7.9 S S 30.2
Truck6 S S 1,222 86.8 S S 102 S S 49.3 7.9 S S 30.3
For-hire truck S S 501 35.6 S S 693 S S 38.4 16.1 S S 33.9
Private truck S S S S S S 47 S S S S S S 35.1
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S - - S S S S S 39.5 - S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,075 S S S S S S 2.9
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 20, Basic chemicals

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2,480 100 1,231 100 544 100 491 50 - 39.4 - 47.4 - 22.2
Single modes S S 1,208 98.1 509 93.6 254 S S 40.2 1.6 47.1 2.3 29.7
Truck6 S S 1,207 98.1 509 93.5 230 S S 40.2 1.8 47.1 7.6 32
For-hire truck S S S S S S 636 S S S S S S 38.1
Private truck S S S S S S 43 S S S S S S 30.4
Air (incl truck and air) 57 2.3 S S S S 1,032 49.1 14.6 S S S S 11.5
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,627 S S S S S S 13.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 1,627 S S S S S S 13.5
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 21, Pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 17,160 100 235 100 290 100 1,338 46.5 - 21.2 - 32.4 - 20.6
Single modes S S 194 82.4 255 88 413 S S 23.2 7.4 34.7 6.1 46.7
Truck6 S S 178 75.6 233 80.4 S S S 24.5 7.8 38.8 8.3 S
For-hire truck S S 157 66.7 231 79.6 452 S S 30.5 11.1 39.4 10.5 48.6
Private truck 722 4.2 21 8.9 S S 68 43.6 17.2 34.1 15.2 S S 18.3
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,541 S S S S S S 29.9
Multiple modes S S 33 14 32 11.1 1,526 S S 29.4 3.2 36.4 3.4 16.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S 23 9.7 S S 1,526 S S 39.5 3.2 S S 16.7
Truck and rail 82 0.5 10 4.3 13 4.4 1,265 20.7 4.4 13 3.8 13 2.9 -
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 22, Fertilizers

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S 67 S S S S S S 12.8
Single modes S S S S S S 68 S S S S S S 13.2
Truck6 S S S S S S 68 S S S S S S 13.2
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S 45 S S S S S S 19.9
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 51 S S S S S S 24.6

SCTG2 23, Chemical products and preparations, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,792 100 677 100 130 100 1,031 24.5 - 39.7 - 29.3 - 19.7
Single modes 1,493 83.3 620 91.6 113 86.4 582 28 10.2 44.9 10.1 34.2 13.1 24.8
Truck6 1,450 80.9 619 91.5 112 85.9 456 29 10 44.9 10.1 34.5 13.3 25.7
For-hire truck 488 27.2 102 15.1 80 61.7 1,194 40.4 13.1 40.7 12 43.2 13.1 15.8
Private truck 962 53.7 S S 32 24.2 43 46.4 12.2 S S 45.4 10.7 13.4
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,436 S S S S S S 15.8
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,378 S S S S S S 20.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 1,373 S S S S S S 20.2
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 24, Plastics and rubber

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2,060 100 503 100 222 100 552 23.1 - 25.5 - 34.6 - 23.1
Single modes 1,586 77 461 91.7 210 94.6 364 23.8 4.6 24.9 1.5 35.9 7.9 39.4
Truck6 1,523 73.9 460 91.5 209 94.1 345 24.9 5.3 24.9 1.5 35.9 8.2 41
For-hire truck 1,008 48.9 315 62.7 196 88.2 971 31.6 8.1 29.2 10.5 35.5 11.6 23.6
Private truck 515 25 145 28.8 S S 43 28.3 7.9 27.4 10.9 S S 29.6
Air (incl truck and air) 64 3.1 S S S S 1,520 49 2.8 S S S S 14.3
Multiple modes 354 17.2 8 1.6 6 2.5 931 28.8 4.4 34 1 28.5 7.4 14.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 354 17.2 8 1.6 6 2.5 931 28.8 4.4 34 1 28.5 7.4 14.1
Other and unknown modes 120 5.8 34 6.7 S S S 39 1.5 43.3 1.6 S S S

SCTG2 25, Logs and other wood in the rough

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 39 100 107 100 S S S 6 - 7.2 - S S S
Single modes 39 100 107 100 S S S 6 - 7.2 - S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S 62 S S S S S S 35.6
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 26, Wood products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2,262 100 2,763 100 262 100 109 16 - 15.2 - 20.1 - 10.9
Single modes 2,221 98.2 2,720 98.4 256 97.7 102 16.4 0.6 15.4 0.7 20.8 1.4 10.3
Truck6 2,217 98 2,708 98 244 93.5 101 16.5 0.6 15.5 0.8 21 3 10.3
For-hire truck 583 25.8 999 36.2 116 44.5 150 22.5 5 23.1 5.8 17.2 7.1 29.3
Private truck 1,634 72.3 1,709 61.8 128 49 89 22.6 5.3 19.2 6.2 39 7.7 13.7
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 614 S S S S S S 41.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 36 1.6 43 1.5 S S 171 27.3 0.8 45.5 0.9 S S 49.8

SCTG2 27, Pulp, newsprint, paper, and paperboard

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 831 100 S S 86 100 626 43.7 - S S 32.4 - 35.8
Single modes 826 99.3 S S 86 99.8 710 44.1 6.6 S S 32.5 6.1 32.8
Truck6 820 98.6 S S 85 99.6 707 44.4 6.5 S S 32.6 6.1 32.9
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,758 S S S S S S 21.5
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,502 S S S S S S 50
Multiple modes S S - - S S 457 S S 46.2 0.1 S S 38.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S - - S S 457 S S 46.2 0.1 S S 38.6
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 28, Paper or paperboard articles

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S 449 S S S S S S 21.6
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck 222 11.3 S S 108 28.7 258 20.5 16.2 S S 45.5 16.2 39.7
Private truck S S S S S S 51 S S S S S S 34.3
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,137 S S S S S S 17.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 1,137 S S S S S S 17.6
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 29, Printed products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 963 100 128 100 26 100 786 18.6 - 42.6 - 22 - 21.2
Single modes 452 47 S S 12 44.1 S 27.7 11 S S 28.8 11.2 S
Truck6 433 45 S S 10 37.4 S 29.6 11.3 S S 34.6 12 S
For-hire truck 112 11.6 12 9.1 8 30.1 936 26.7 3.1 47.1 5.9 40.1 10.4 23.6
Private truck 321 33.4 S S S S S 38.8 11.9 S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,335 S S S S S S 24.1
Multiple modes 419 43.5 16 12.5 12 47.3 887 24.6 10.4 36.8 12.6 30.2 11 14.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 419 43.5 16 12.5 12 47.2 888 24.7 10.4 37 12.6 30.3 11 14.7
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 91 9.5 S S S S S 29.2 16.2 S S S S S

SCTG2 30, Textiles, leather, and articles of textiles or leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,090 100 S S S S 1,287 26.6 - S S S S 21.1
Single modes 858 78.7 S S S S 1,164 34.6 9.9 S S S S 28.8
Truck6 761 69.8 S S S S S 39.9 11.5 S S S S S
For-hire truck 71 6.5 S S S S S 45.3 8.1 S S S S S
Private truck 690 63.3 S S S S 48 40.9 12.7 S S S S 19
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,421 S S S S S S 23.1
Multiple modes 201 18.4 5 0.6 6 6.5 1,550 39.7 7.5 44.7 5.4 44.6 11.8 16.9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 201 18.4 5 0.6 6 6.5 1,550 39.7 7.5 44.7 5.4 44.6 11.8 16.9
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 31, Nonmetallic mineral products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2,868 100 19,211 100 805 100 93 17.1 - 23.5 - 20.5 - 28.8
Single modes 2,823 98.4 19,039 99.1 804 99.8 92 17 0.5 23.7 0.9 20.4 0.1 32.8
Truck6 2,810 98 19,033 99.1 803 99.7 91 17 0.5 23.7 0.9 20.4 0.1 33.6
For-hire truck 790 27.5 2,883 15 353 43.9 374 25 5.6 25.1 9.3 39.2 9.5 25.4
Private truck 2,020 70.4 16,151 84.1 450 55.9 40 18.6 5.7 29.4 9.6 29.2 9.5 19.1
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,761 S S S S S S 12.3
Multiple modes 21 0.7 S S 1 0.1 S 49.5 0.3 S S 39.2 - S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S 1 - - - S S S 27.3 - 34.9 - S
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 32, Base metal in prim. or semifin. forms & in finished basic shapes

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2,852 100 S S 230 100 S 34.7 - S S 42.2 - S
Single modes 2,830 99.2 S S 230 99.9 S 35 1.8 S S 42.3 1.6 S
Truck6 2,790 97.8 S S 230 99.7 S 35.5 2.9 S S 42.4 1.6 S
For-hire truck 1,479 51.9 S S 203 88.2 S 47 8.6 S S 46.2 10.3 S
Private truck 1,312 46 1,086 30.7 27 11.5 31 33.8 8.1 44.9 10.6 39 12.1 30.2
Air (incl truck and air) S S - - - 0.2 1,938 S S 45 - 48.9 0.7 6.4
Multiple modes S S 1 - S S 396 S S 41.3 0.1 S S 24.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S 1 - S S 396 S S 41.3 0.1 S S 24.1
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 33, Articles of base metal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 3,363 100 974 100 459 100 660 19.4 - 25.5 - 27.7 - 18.4
Single modes 2,458 73.1 949 97.4 416 90.7 334 22.1 6.4 25.5 0.9 26.9 2.3 27.1
Truck6 2,412 71.7 948 97.3 415 90.4 217 22.9 6.8 25.5 0.9 27 2.6 29.4
For-hire truck 872 25.9 612 62.8 383 83.4 1,172 23.1 5.7 30.4 9.6 28.5 7.3 11.4
Private truck 1,540 45.8 335 34.4 S S 39 31.5 7.7 42.8 9.7 S S 20.3
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,324 S S S S S S 21.6
Multiple modes 736 21.9 17 1.8 S S 1,094 33.7 6.2 49 0.5 S S 12.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 708 21.1 11 1.2 13 2.9 1,091 35.3 6.3 32.9 0.5 41.5 1.4 12.8
Truck and water S S S S S S 3,120 S S S S S S 0.4
Other and unknown modes 169 5 8 0.9 10 2.2 267 44 3.2 39.7 0.7 48.7 2.4 49.2

SCTG2 34, Machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S 351 100 110 100 871 S S 31.4 - 33.3 - 21.7
Single modes S S 328 93.7 94 85.6 775 S S 33.6 2.7 35.6 4.8 23.8
Truck6 4,392 58.7 326 92.9 90 81.6 353 49.9 8.3 33.8 2.7 38 8.5 21.5
For-hire truck 948 12.7 129 36.9 83 75.1 1,675 21.9 9.8 38.4 8.9 41.2 11.9 18.8
Private truck S S 196 56 7 6.5 S S S 37.1 10.3 26.9 9.5 S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,419 S S S S S S 18.2
Multiple modes 702 9.4 9 2.6 10 9.4 1,181 39 8 32.6 2 46.3 4.4 21.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 702 9.4 9 2.6 10 9.4 1,181 39 8 32.6 2 46.3 4.4 21.7
Other and unknown modes 135 1.8 13 3.7 S S 505 39.6 2.1 45.8 2.1 S S 45

SCTG2 35, Electronic & other electrical equip & components & office equip

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 21,958 100 619 100 S S 1,036 21.7 - 41 - S S 16.5
Single modes 11,072 50.4 S S S S 580 29.3 7.2 S S S S 36
Truck6 8,335 38 S S S S 520 25.7 7 S S S S 41.6
For-hire truck 6,423 29.3 S S S S 1,521 32.4 7.5 S S S S 17.9
Private truck 1,912 8.7 S S S S 25 46.5 4.2 S S S S 22.5
Air (incl truck and air) 2,737 12.5 6 0.9 8 1.7 1,448 47.6 2.9 48.1 1.2 44.3 3.2 8.4
Multiple modes 10,019 45.6 94 15.2 150 29.7 1,562 26.6 6.8 30.1 5.1 32.2 10.4 8.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 10,004 45.6 94 15.1 148 29.4 1,561 26.7 6.8 30.4 5.1 32.8 10.6 8.4
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 36, Motorized and other vehicles (including parts)

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 3,871 100 600 100 128 100 172 26.8 - 20.8 - 19.2 - 28.4
Single modes 3,297 85.2 539 89.9 115 90.2 100 32 8.1 24.2 6.8 22.7 7.3 24.8
Truck6 3,293 85.1 539 89.9 115 90.2 99 32 8.1 24.2 6.8 22.8 7.3 24.8
For-hire truck 1,787 46.2 202 33.6 73 57.3 1,058 47.3 9.4 40.5 8.7 27.4 10.7 22.1
Private truck 1,506 38.9 337 56.2 42 32.8 37 19.8 8.3 31.5 8.7 45.9 9.1 28.8
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 862 S S S S S S 10.8
Multiple modes 172 4.4 9 1.5 S S 573 23.9 2.2 40.5 1 S S 19.2
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 172 4.4 9 1.5 S S 573 23.9 2.2 40.5 1 S S 19.2
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 37, Transportation equipment, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 5,001 100 S S S S 1,087 41.2 - S S S S 16.4
Single modes S S S S S S 726 S S S S S S 20.4
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,183 S S S S S S 20.9
Private truck 104 2.1 S S S S S 28.1 10.2 S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) 822 16.4 1 6.5 1 7.2 1,332 30.4 9.7 35.7 11.5 37.3 13.2 12.8
Multiple modes 2,215 44.3 2 14.8 3 19.2 1,241 40 10.5 40.3 11.7 42 11 10.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 2,215 44.3 2 14.8 3 19.2 1,241 40 10.5 40.3 11.7 42 11 10.8
Other and unknown modes 70 1.4 S S S S S 46.7 1.7 S S S S S

SCTG2 38, Precision instruments and apparatus

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2,597 100 27 100 31 100 1,068 39.5 - 31.7 - 45.4 - 9.1
Single modes 928 35.7 S S 12 38.8 698 43.7 10.7 S S 49.1 12.7 40.6
Truck6 S S S S 12 38.4 602 S S S S 48.7 14.7 34
For-hire truck 579 22.3 S S S S 1,022 39.8 18 S S S S 26.1
Private truck S S S S S S 45 S S S S S S 33.5
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,426 S S S S S S 28.6
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,155 S S S S S S 9.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 1,155 S S S S S S 9.7
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 39, Furniture, mattresses & mattress supports, lamps, lighting

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,338 100 187 100 70 100 195 25.2 - 27.1 - 24.6 - 22.3
Single modes 1,302 97.3 184 98.4 69 98.9 127 26.3 2.6 27.9 3 24.8 2.1 27.5
Truck6 1,295 96.7 184 98.4 69 98.8 125 26.5 2.6 27.9 3 24.8 2.2 28.1
For-hire truck 274 20.5 50 26.8 60 85.9 1,250 16.3 4.3 24.5 5.9 26 8.4 10.8
Private truck 1,021 76.3 134 71.7 9 12.9 40 33 3.7 37.4 5.2 26.1 6.3 8.6
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S - 0.2 S S S S S 28.2 1.8 S
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 746 S S S S S S 37.3

SCTG2 40, Miscellaneous manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 8,097 100 2,058 100 688 100 1,144 23.9 - 21.1 - 25.1 - 10.6
Single modes 5,954 73.5 2,016 98 652 94.9 537 30.9 7.6 21.4 2 26.6 4 19.9
Truck6 5,499 67.9 2,014 97.9 651 94.7 523 32.2 7.4 21.4 2 26.6 4 20.1
For-hire truck 4,414 54.5 1,488 72.3 607 88.3 983 38.7 8.1 20.2 7.4 26.9 4.9 11.7
Private truck 1,085 13.4 526 25.6 S S S 28.5 6.1 48.6 7.4 S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 676 S S S S S S 24.1
Multiple modes 1,882 23.2 27 1.3 35 5 1,451 20.7 6.4 25.2 2 18.3 4 7.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1,865 23 25 1.2 29 4.3 1,450 21.1 6.3 26.8 1.7 19.8 2.4 7.2
Truck and water S S S S S S 2,353 S S S S S S 23.6
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 41, Waste and scrap

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 43, Mixed freight

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 13,423 100 4,723 100 872 100 176 11.1 - 15.9 - 12.8 - 28.6
Single modes 13,314 99.2 4,716 99.9 870 99.8 165 11 0.3 15.9 - 12.8 0.1 26.1
Truck6 13,269 98.8 4,688 99.3 844 96.8 163 11.2 0.5 16.2 1.1 13.4 2.8 25.5
For-hire truck 1,529 11.4 750 15.9 398 45.7 721 20.5 3.1 23.5 5.2 23.5 6.7 16.3
Private truck 11,740 87.5 3,938 83.4 446 51.1 94 14 3.2 21.4 5.8 17.6 7.7 10.5
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 79 0.6 4 0.1 2 0.2 428 48.1 0.2 32 - 46.9 0.1 37.2
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 79 0.6 4 0.1 2 0.2 428 48.1 0.2 32 - 46.9 0.1 37.2
Other and unknown modes 30 0.2 3 0.1 S S S 30.2 0.1 45.3 - S S S

SCTG2 99, Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 8 100 2 100 - 100 45 34.2 - 38.2 - 40.6 - 42.5
Single modes 8 97.1 2 99.9 - 98.2 S 32.7 4.6 35 0.1 37.9 1 S
Truck6 8 97.1 2 99.9 - 98.2 S 32.7 4.6 35 0.1 37.9 1 S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck 7 84.9 2 93 - 80.2 11 30.1 8.3 27.8 4 43 10.7 34.6
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Standard Classification of Transported Goods.
3 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
4 Coefficient of Variation.
5 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
6 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
7 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular row have no value. For example, Orlando-Deltona-Daytona Beach, FL by Alcoholic Beverages (08) by Air has no data for any cell therefore the entire row is not shown. Also, two-digit commodities are not present if there is no such data for an entire commodity by area. For example, Pittsburgh-New Castle, PA by Cereal Grains (02) has no data for any mode therefore the entire commodity is not shown.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.