Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

Excel | CSV

All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 99,709 100 88,876 100 20,926 100 7.7 - 10.1 - 20 -
Less than 50 miles 35,088 35.2 51,281 57.7 1,670 8 10.6 2.5 14.2 4.6 20.9 1.8
50 - 99 miles 9,947 10 4,817 5.4 472 2.3 12.6 0.7 12 0.8 11.1 0.6
100 - 249 miles 14,752 14.8 14,924 16.8 3,934 18.8 10.4 1.1 30.1 3.6 31.8 2.6
250 - 499 miles 21,808 21.9 11,381 12.8 5,843 27.9 9.6 1 10 1.5 20.3 1.9
500 - 749 miles 4,922 4.9 2,019 2.3 1,575 7.5 13.9 0.5 12.6 0.4 12.3 1.5
750 - 999 miles 4,234 4.2 S S S S 19.5 0.7 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 4,608 4.6 1,167 1.3 1,813 8.7 22.4 0.9 15.9 0.3 16.1 1.4
1,500 - 2,000 miles 1,025 1 141 0.2 282 1.3 23.9 0.2 20.3 - 20.2 0.4
More than 2,000 miles 3,325 3.3 778 0.9 1,993 9.5 17 0.6 29.9 0.4 29.1 3.6

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 84,601 100 85,005 100 16,314 100 8.9 - 10.1 - 8.8 -
Less than 50 miles 33,742 39.9 50,881 59.9 1,651 10.1 11.2 2.4 14.2 4.2 21.3 1.8
50 - 99 miles 9,470 11.2 4,639 5.5 453 2.8 13.5 0.7 12.6 0.8 11.7 0.5
100 - 249 miles 12,497 14.8 14,770 17.4 3,895 23.9 11.2 1.4 30.6 4.5 32.3 5.1
250 - 499 miles 17,317 20.5 10,093 11.9 4,408 27 11.6 1.1 10.7 1.6 10 2.6
500 - 749 miles 3,479 4.1 1,868 2.2 1,443 8.8 12.9 0.4 11.3 0.3 11 1.1
750 - 999 miles 2,531 3 951 1.1 1,011 6.2 16.6 0.4 22.7 0.4 22.4 1.2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 3,216 3.8 1,008 1.2 1,530 9.4 24.8 0.7 19.2 0.3 20.1 1.6
1,500 - 2,000 miles 585 0.7 124 0.1 248 1.5 32.7 0.2 24.2 - 24.2 0.4
More than 2,000 miles 1,763 2.1 672 0.8 1,675 10.3 18.7 0.3 31.3 0.3 31.3 3.7

Truck4

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 77,971 100 62,293 100 10,246 100 8.7 - 12.1 - 10.8 -
Less than 50 miles 32,919 42.2 42,507 68.2 1,100 10.7 11.6 2.9 15.5 3.3 16.8 1.5
50 - 99 miles 9,443 12.1 4,587 7.4 445 4.3 13.7 0.7 13.2 0.7 12.7 0.5
100 - 249 miles 11,498 14.7 5,318 8.5 1,206 11.8 12.6 1.3 10.4 1 10.7 1
250 - 499 miles 13,345 17.1 6,018 9.7 2,667 26 8.7 1 11 1.4 10.9 1.5
500 - 749 miles 3,224 4.1 1,534 2.5 1,154 11.3 14.4 0.4 15.9 0.4 16 1.1
750 - 999 miles 2,388 3.1 850 1.4 884 8.6 17.8 0.4 25.6 0.4 25.9 1.3
1,000 - 1,499 miles 2,915 3.7 792 1.3 1,166 11.4 28 0.7 21 0.3 21.8 1.7
1,500 - 2,000 miles 581 0.7 124 0.2 247 2.4 33.1 0.2 24.5 - 24.4 0.4
More than 2,000 miles 1,659 2.1 562 0.9 1,376 13.4 19.1 0.4 35.4 0.4 35.7 4.3

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 48,003 100 35,159 100 8,717 100 10.9 - 18.7 - 12.4 -
Less than 50 miles 14,542 30.3 20,208 57.5 604 6.9 22.9 4.1 27.3 5.4 27.6 1.4
50 - 99 miles 4,740 9.9 2,325 6.6 222 2.6 21.2 1.3 22.3 0.9 21.4 0.5
100 - 249 miles 6,967 14.5 3,680 10.5 868 10 14.5 1.8 12.1 1.4 12.1 1
250 - 499 miles 11,716 24.4 5,323 15.1 2,382 27.3 8.2 2.3 12 2.1 12.2 1.5
500 - 749 miles 3,004 6.3 1,313 3.7 997 11.4 15.3 0.6 16.5 0.8 16.9 1.2
750 - 999 miles 2,233 4.7 844 2.4 878 10.1 18.5 0.8 25.8 0.8 26.1 1.5
1,000 - 1,499 miles 2,830 5.9 788 2.2 1,161 13.3 29 1.4 21 0.7 21.8 2.2
1,500 - 2,000 miles 581 1.2 124 0.4 247 2.8 33.1 0.4 24.5 0.1 24.4 0.6
More than 2,000 miles 1,391 2.9 554 1.6 1,357 15.6 11.5 0.6 35.9 0.7 36.1 4.8

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 29,968 100 27,133 100 1,529 100 11.3 - 14.3 - 15.3 -
Less than 50 miles 18,378 61.3 22,299 82.2 495 32.4 7.3 3.3 15.9 1.9 14.5 2.7
50 - 99 miles 4,702 15.7 2,262 8.3 223 14.6 22.9 1.6 11.4 1 11.6 2
100 - 249 miles 4,531 15.1 1,638 6 338 22.1 24.9 1.7 13.8 0.9 14.4 1.8
250 - 499 miles 1,629 5.4 695 2.6 285 18.6 22.5 1 27.3 0.8 24 3.3
500 - 749 miles 219 0.7 S S S S 29.6 0.2 S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S 6 - 6 0.4 S S 45.9 - 44 0.3
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S 4 - 5 0.3 S S 35 - 33.3 0.2
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 6,036 100 22,705 100 6,060 100 23.2 - 36.6 - 28.1 -
Less than 50 miles 823 13.6 S S S S 23.5 7.3 S S S S
50 - 99 miles 28 0.5 S S S S 47 1.4 S S S S
100 - 249 miles 955 15.8 9,451 41.6 2,688 44.4 27.1 5.3 47.8 8.8 46.5 9.1
250 - 499 miles 3,671 60.8 4,072 17.9 1,740 28.7 35.4 12.1 22.2 11.6 20.5 9.6
500 - 749 miles 200 3.3 332 1.5 287 4.7 19 1.5 22.6 1.5 20.2 2.7
750 - 999 miles 82 1.4 100 0.4 125 2.1 31.1 2 42.1 0.4 45.4 0.8
1,000 - 1,499 miles 212 3.5 S S S S 38.8 2 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles 65 1.1 110 0.5 297 4.9 28.8 0.3 22 0.8 22 4.8

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 594 100 8 100 8 100 18.7 - 37.8 - 35.9 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles 45 7.5 S S S S 39.8 4.8 S S S S
250 - 499 miles 300 50.6 3 33.2 2 20.2 28.1 8.3 33.6 9.3 38.9 10.3
500 - 749 miles 55 9.3 S S S S 37.1 4.2 S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S 1 7.1 S S S S 50 3.8 S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S 1 10.5 1 17 S S 34.1 10.8 42.2 11.7
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S 1 7.4 2 19.6 S S 46.4 4.4 42.8 9.1

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 13,571 100 S S S S 19.5 - S S S S
Less than 50 miles 1,100 8.1 S S S S 26 2.1 S S S S
50 - 99 miles 440 3.2 S S S S 14.6 0.9 S S S S
100 - 249 miles 2,064 15.2 75 2.3 S S 16.6 1.7 46.6 1.9 S S
250 - 499 miles 3,906 28.8 S S S S 22.4 2.8 S S S S
500 - 749 miles 1,257 9.3 144 4.4 127 2.9 18.9 1.4 37.8 10.1 38.4 10.4
750 - 999 miles 1,640 12.1 S S S S 47.7 2.9 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,224 9 150 4.6 270 6.1 29.7 2.9 27.4 8.3 27.8 11.8
1,500 - 2,000 miles 418 3.1 16 0.5 34 0.8 38.2 0.6 38.5 0.3 39 0.6
More than 2,000 miles 1,522 11.2 88 2.7 273 6.1 28.8 1.8 36.7 2.5 34.1 6.8

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 11,340 100 206 100 145 100 18.3 - 22 - 28.6 -
Less than 50 miles 1,003 8.8 24 11.4 1 0.6 25.6 2.5 15.2 4.9 21.6 0.5
50 - 99 miles 368 3.2 12 6 1 0.9 17.2 1 25.4 1.9 22.7 0.6
100 - 249 miles 2,011 17.7 37 18.1 9 6.1 16.2 2.1 25.9 2.3 28.1 1.6
250 - 499 miles 3,279 28.9 62 29.9 29 20.2 20.4 3.1 30.4 3 30.4 1.4
500 - 749 miles 1,159 10.2 16 7.8 12 8.1 20.4 1.3 26.9 1 26.5 1
750 - 999 miles 774 6.8 15 7.2 15 10.5 28.2 0.9 34.8 1 35.3 1.2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,059 9.3 18 8.6 24 16.6 32.6 2.9 31.3 1.9 31.2 2.9
1,500 - 2,000 miles 397 3.5 8 3.9 16 11.3 36.6 1 40.6 1.2 41.9 2.7
More than 2,000 miles 1,290 11.4 15 7 37 25.6 34.4 2 38.9 1.1 38.9 2.7

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 783 100 772 100 646 100 16.1 - 31 - 21.5 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S 115 14.9 12 1.9 S S 44 7.8 42.1 2.2
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles 196 25.1 S S S S 46.5 8.1 S S S S
500 - 749 miles 98 12.5 S S S S 25.5 12.3 S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 130 16.6 98 12.7 166 25.6 14.3 15.1 22.1 19.4 20.6 17.5
1,500 - 2,000 miles 21 2.6 8 1 17 2.7 43.8 15.9 15.1 9.8 4.6 9.8
More than 2,000 miles 116 14.8 67 8.7 182 28.3 30.2 5.7 46.2 5.1 45.8 7.4

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Other multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,538 100 S S S S 41.2 - S S S S
Less than 50 miles 245 15.9 285 48.4 S S 23 11.2 48.1 10.6 S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles 191 12.5 S S S S 32.6 11.2 S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any mileage group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the mileage group of "More than 2,000 miles" but does have data for the other mileage groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.