Table 7. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 7. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Commodities5

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 99,709 100 88,876 100 20,926 100 521 7.7 - 10.1 - 20 - 14.9
Single modes 84,601 84.8 85,005 95.6 16,314 78 135 8.9 3 10.1 1.7 8.8 6 20.6
Truck6 77,971 78.2 62,293 70.1 10,246 49 130 8.7 2.6 12.1 7.1 10.8 8.1 20.6
For-hire truck 48,003 48.1 35,159 39.6 8,717 41.7 379 10.9 3.6 18.7 5.4 12.4 7.4 13
Private truck 29,968 30.1 27,133 30.5 1,529 7.3 56 11.3 2.7 14.3 5.1 15.3 1.6 19.7
Rail 6,036 6.1 22,705 25.5 6,060 29 446 23.2 1.2 36.6 6.3 28.1 4.2 3.7
Air (incl truck and air) 594 0.6 8 - 8 - 942 18.7 0.1 37.8 - 35.9 - 9.7
Multiple modes 13,571 13.6 S S S S 864 19.5 2.9 S S S S 10.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 11,340 11.4 206 0.2 145 0.7 863 18.3 2.3 22 0.1 28.6 0.2 10.4
Truck and rail 783 0.8 772 0.9 646 3.1 732 16.1 0.1 31 0.4 21.5 0.7 31.1
Truck and water S S S S S S 4,790 S S S S S S 23
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 1,538 1.5 S S S S 537 41.2 0.5 S S S S 24.9

SCTG2 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,663 100 732 100 87 100 S 27.3 - 28.3 - 35.2 - S
Single modes 1,639 98.6 722 98.7 82 93.6 47 25.5 0.5 26.6 0.5 37.5 2.4 32.8
Truck6 1,639 98.6 722 98.7 82 93.6 47 25.5 0.5 26.6 0.5 37.5 2.4 32.8
For-hire truck 79 4.8 S S S S 244 49 5.5 S S S S 39.5
Private truck 1,560 93.8 633 86.5 52 59.8 40 27 4 22.6 4.1 27.9 10.5 28.7
Multiple modes 3 0.2 S S S S S 11.1 1.4 S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 3 0.2 S S S S S 11.1 1.4 S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 3,935 100 2,923 100 895 100 S 36.9 - 16.8 - 32.7 - S
Single modes 3,602 91.6 2,913 99.7 870 97.3 S 36.9 3 16.9 0.4 33.8 3.2 S
Truck6 3,602 91.6 2,913 99.7 870 97.3 S 36.9 3 16.9 0.4 33.8 3.2 S
For-hire truck 736 18.7 1,782 61 778 87 S 34.7 15.6 37.1 15.4 37.9 18.3 S
Private truck 2,866 72.8 1,131 38.7 S S 41 44.3 9.7 23.2 17.7 S S 23.5
Multiple modes S S S S S S 796 S S S S S S 19.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 632 S S S S S S 18.9
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 10-14, Stones, nonmetallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,194 100 17,566 100 460 100 52 48.1 - 22.5 - 18.5 - 24.5
Single modes 1,113 93.2 17,507 99.7 456 99 28 46.5 2 22.7 0.6 18.9 1.4 11.5
Truck6 1,113 93.2 17,507 99.7 456 99 28 46.5 2 22.7 0.6 18.9 1.4 11.5
For-hire truck S S 6,608 37.6 228 49.6 38 S S 35.5 7.3 24.3 8.7 28.4
Private truck 136 11.4 10,899 62 228 49.5 22 24.2 11.3 21.6 7 22.6 8.1 7.7
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,021 S S S S S S 38.9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 1,021 S S S S S S 38.9
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 5,623 100 33,421 100 4,521 100 56 18.3 - 30.8 - 40.4 - 17.1
Single modes 5,614 99.8 33,403 99.9 4,520 100 55 18.3 0.1 30.8 0.1 40.4 0.1 16.3
Truck6 4,766 84.8 15,710 47 749 16.6 51 23.4 8.8 41.6 13.3 35.4 16.6 11.2
For-hire truck 902 16 S S 569 12.6 S 37 4.7 S S 43.8 10.3 S
Private truck 3,864 68.7 5,602 16.8 180 4 29 26.4 9.5 24.9 14.2 28.3 8.1 13.7
Rail 848 15.1 17,693 52.9 3,771 83.4 568 40 9.7 49 13.6 48.1 15.8 17.2
Multiple modes S S S S - - S S S S S 47.4 - S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S - - S S S S S 47.4 - S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 20-24, Basic chemicals, chemical, and pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 20,699 100 5,975 100 2,735 100 456 16.8 - 22.8 - 17.9 - 11.6
Single modes 17,259 83.4 5,669 94.9 2,338 85.5 S 21.7 7.8 23.3 1.6 16.3 3.5 S
Truck6 16,885 81.6 5,063 84.7 1,709 62.5 S 21.9 7.5 26.3 2.6 20.9 5 S
For-hire truck 13,521 65.3 3,157 52.8 1,469 53.7 288 28.5 9.5 20.5 5.3 21 5.2 27.1
Private truck 3,364 16.3 1,906 31.9 240 8.8 35 32.5 5.4 41.4 5.2 28.6 1.7 35
Rail 360 1.7 606 10.1 628 23 1,002 21.6 1.2 14.5 3.6 17.8 6.7 10.9
Air (incl truck and air) 14 0.1 1 - 1 - 1,056 43.8 0.1 38 - 49.3 - 18
Multiple modes 3,058 14.8 288 4.8 393 14.4 728 42.1 7.4 38.9 1.6 34.1 3.6 12.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 2,713 13.1 19 0.3 11 0.4 727 46.2 7.2 19.4 0.2 16 0.2 12.4
Truck and rail 310 1.5 259 4.3 339 12.4 1,088 27.9 0.8 42.6 1.7 36.5 3.6 26.9
Truck and water 35 0.2 11 0.2 S S 2,811 47.1 0.1 30.6 0.1 S S 38.5
Other and unknown modes S S 18 0.3 S S 759 S S 49.3 0.2 S S 29.8

SCTG2 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 5,222 100 2,172 100 397 100 814 28.3 - 24.4 - 33.4 - 21.5
Single modes 3,762 72 2,110 97.1 357 90 170 27.5 8.1 25.1 1.5 36.7 5.6 41.1
Truck6 3,750 71.8 2,097 96.6 357 89.9 168 27.6 8.1 25.4 1.8 36.7 5.7 41.4
For-hire truck S S 1,106 50.9 195 49.1 718 S S 32.1 8.3 19.1 9.4 19.8
Private truck 1,734 33.2 991 45.7 S S 36 22.8 8.2 29.4 7.8 S S 26.3
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) 3 0.1 - - S S S 38.7 0.1 44.8 - S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 987 S S S S S S 13.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 988 S S S S S S 13.7
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 23 0.4 18 0.8 S S S 14.8 0.2 37.1 0.7 S S S

SCTG2 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 33,669 100 17,850 100 8,701 100 376 10.2 - 13.3 - 35.3 - 6.9
Single modes 30,530 90.7 14,908 83.5 5,114 58.8 266 11.8 3.5 11.9 6.8 16 12 6.9
Truck6 26,316 78.2 11,550 64.7 3,734 42.9 257 11.8 4.1 11 6.4 14.3 9.7 7.1
For-hire truck 21,979 65.3 9,157 51.3 3,462 39.8 466 11.6 4.3 13.4 5 15.5 8.3 6.2
Private truck 4,337 12.9 2,393 13.4 272 3.1 73 28.4 2.5 18.2 4.6 36.8 3.6 21.8
Rail 4,155 12.3 3,354 18.8 1,377 15.8 409 32.7 3.4 26.1 4.2 28.1 5.2 18.3
Air (incl truck and air) 60 0.2 S S S S S 31 0.1 S S S S S
Multiple modes 2,732 8.1 S S S S 566 41.9 3.6 S S S S 9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1,262 3.7 40 0.2 24 0.3 561 19.1 1 38.5 0.1 46.4 0.2 9.2
Truck and rail 318 0.9 S S 260 3 S 37.4 0.5 S S 40.5 2.3 S
Truck and water S S S S S S 1,658 S S S S S S 30.1
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 407 1.2 S S S S 273 34 0.6 S S S S 23.4

SCTG2 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 11,534 100 868 100 S S 743 17.2 - 40.3 - S S 14
Single modes 6,738 58.4 814 93.8 S S 288 22.3 7.7 42.2 4.8 S S 32.8
Truck6 6,141 53.2 764 88 S S 260 24.5 7.6 45.2 8 S S 35.7
For-hire truck 4,384 38 S S S S 747 31.6 6.4 S S S S 9.8
Private truck 1,757 15.2 S S S S 74 46.6 8 S S S S 29.7
Rail 122 1.1 47 5.4 86 11.1 1,805 23.8 0.8 39.5 8.2 42.6 13.7 13.6
Air (incl truck and air) 475 4.1 3 0.3 3 0.4 933 23.5 1.9 28.4 0.4 29.8 0.3 11.7
Multiple modes 4,249 36.8 35 4.1 26 3.3 958 36 7.8 15.7 3.6 23.7 4.7 12
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 4,144 35.9 34 3.9 22 2.9 958 37.3 7.9 17.5 3.6 27.9 4.2 12
Truck and rail S S 1 0.2 S S S S S 0.4 1.9 S S S
Truck and water 1 - S S S S S 7.3 - S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc. manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 16,161 100 7,368 100 2,356 100 376 16.1 - 12.5 - 28.4 - 15.6
Single modes 14,335 88.7 6,958 94.4 1,851 78.6 160 17.2 2.2 12.5 2.5 34.1 8.8 10.9
Truck6 13,752 85.1 5,964 80.9 1,652 70.1 156 18.4 3.1 15.8 3.5 38.3 8 10.6
For-hire truck 3,407 21.1 2,579 35 1,382 58.6 423 17.3 5.2 31.9 6.9 45.9 10 14.8
Private truck 10,345 64 3,385 45.9 271 11.5 111 25.7 7.1 17.8 6.8 20.8 6 13.7
Rail 541 3.3 993 13.5 198 8.4 193 30.8 1.9 18.9 3.7 26.6 3.9 29.5
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 878 S S S S S S 25.2
Multiple modes 1,680 10.4 S S S S 688 25.4 2 S S S S 12.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1,482 9.2 61 0.8 S S 688 20.2 1.9 39.6 0.3 S S 12.1
Truck and rail 47 0.3 102 1.4 44 1.9 844 43.5 0.3 49.6 1.2 45.4 5 34.2
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 146 0.9 15 0.2 5 0.2 S 30.7 0.6 33 0.1 40 0.3 S

SCTG2 99, Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S 85 S S S S S S 34.7
Truck6 S S S S S S 85 S S S S S S 34.7
For-hire truck S S S S S S 30 S S S S S S 41.5
Private truck S S S S S S 90 S S S S S S 45.1
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Standard Classification of Transported Goods.
3 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
4 Coefficient of Variation.
5 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
6 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
7 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular row have no value. For example, Dallas-Fort Worth, TX by Base metal and machinery (31-34) by Water has no data for any shipment characteristic therefore the entire row is not shown. Also, entire commodity groups are not present if there is no such data for that commodity group by area. For example, Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV (DC part) by Coal and petroleum products (15-19) has no data for any mode therefore the entire commodity group is not shown.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.