Table 8. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 8. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Commodities5

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 99,709 100 88,876 100 20,926 100 521 7.7 - 10.1 - 20 - 14.9
Single modes 84,601 84.8 85,005 95.6 16,314 78 135 8.9 3 10.1 1.7 8.8 6 20.6
Truck6 77,971 78.2 62,293 70.1 10,246 49 130 8.7 2.6 12.1 7.1 10.8 8.1 20.6
For-hire truck 48,003 48.1 35,159 39.6 8,717 41.7 379 10.9 3.6 18.7 5.4 12.4 7.4 13
Private truck 29,968 30.1 27,133 30.5 1,529 7.3 56 11.3 2.7 14.3 5.1 15.3 1.6 19.7
Rail 6,036 6.1 22,705 25.5 6,060 29 446 23.2 1.2 36.6 6.3 28.1 4.2 3.7
Air (incl truck and air) 594 0.6 8 - 8 - 942 18.7 0.1 37.8 - 35.9 - 9.7
Multiple modes 13,571 13.6 S S S S 864 19.5 2.9 S S S S 10.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 11,340 11.4 206 0.2 145 0.7 863 18.3 2.3 22 0.1 28.6 0.2 10.4
Truck and rail 783 0.8 772 0.9 646 3.1 732 16.1 0.1 31 0.4 21.5 0.7 31.1
Truck and water S S S S S S 4,790 S S S S S S 23
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 1,538 1.5 S S S S 537 41.2 0.5 S S S S 24.9

SCTG2 01, Live animals and live fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 03, Other agricultural products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 399 100 323 100 21 100 S 26.9 - 33.1 - 26.8 - S
Single modes 399 100 323 100 21 100 S 26.9 - 33.1 - 26.8 - S
Truck6 399 100 323 100 21 100 S 26.9 - 33.1 - 26.8 - S
For-hire truck S S S S 2 9.2 S S S S S 49.2 6.3 S
Private truck 383 96 300 92.8 19 90.8 S 27.1 2.2 31.5 2.8 25.4 3.7 S

SCTG2 04, Animal feed and products of animal origin, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 20 100 S S S S 207 24.5 - S S S S 44.8
Single modes 20 100 S S S S 207 24.5 - S S S S 44.8
Truck6 20 100 S S S S 207 24.5 - S S S S 44.8
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S 179 S S S S S S 41.3

SCTG2 05, Meat, fish, seafood, and their preparations

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,242 100 300 100 42 100 S 31.9 - 29.1 - 18.7 - S
Single modes 1,220 98.2 291 97 37 87 S 29.3 0.7 27.1 1.3 21.7 5.7 S
Truck6 1,220 98.2 291 97 37 87 S 29.3 0.7 27.1 1.3 21.7 5.7 S
For-hire truck S S S S S S 423 S S S S S S 37.5
Private truck 1,167 93.9 270 89.9 S S 57 24.8 2.5 23.6 4.6 S S 19.5
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 06, Milled grain products and preparations and bakery products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 344 100 153 100 15 100 S 42.5 - 38.9 - 32.9 - S
Single modes 330 95.9 151 98.7 14 95.7 S 43.1 1.8 36.7 0.5 31.7 1.9 S
Truck6 330 95.9 151 98.7 14 95.7 S 43.1 1.8 36.7 0.5 31.7 1.9 S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck 316 91.8 142 92.4 12 80.8 S 46.6 12.9 41.7 14.1 38.4 11.7 S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 07, Other prepared foodstuffs and fats and oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2,380 100 2,184 100 853 100 S 43.9 - 29.4 - 35 - S
Single modes 2,069 86.9 2,176 99.6 830 97.2 S 39.5 4 29.5 0.3 36.2 3.2 S
Truck6 2,069 86.9 2,176 99.6 830 97.2 S 39.5 4 29.5 0.3 36.2 3.2 S
For-hire truck 707 29.7 1,763 80.8 768 90 S 35.7 15 37.6 17.2 38.2 16.9 S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,011 S S S S S S 18
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 752 S S S S S S 13.5
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 08, Alcoholic beverages

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S 585 100 27 100 S S S 33 - 31.3 - S
Single modes S S 585 100 27 100 S S S 33 - 31.3 - S
Truck6 S S 585 100 27 100 S S S 33 - 31.3 - S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S 577 98.5 19 70.2 24 S S 28.6 0.7 38.8 14.9 17.2

SCTG2 09, Tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 62 100 1 100 S S S 9 - 9.3 - S S S
Single modes 55 89.6 1 86.9 S S S 21.6 11.4 24.9 13.7 S S S
Truck6 55 89.6 1 86.9 S S S 21.6 11.4 24.9 13.7 S S S
Private truck 55 89.6 1 86.9 S S S 21.6 11.4 24.9 13.7 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 10, Calcareous monumental or building stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 11, Natural sands

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 9 100 1,098 100 41 100 176 34 - 29.4 - 32.2 - 32.4
Single modes 9 92.7 1,098 100 41 99.7 44 31.9 3.2 29.4 - 32.3 0.2 16.9
Truck6 9 92.7 1,098 100 41 99.7 44 31.9 3.2 29.4 - 32.3 0.2 16.9
For-hire truck 4 41.6 528 48.1 21 50.4 56 38.5 16.6 32.8 17.1 27.1 17.7 16
Private truck 5 51.1 570 51.9 S S 33 45.5 15.9 46.2 16.8 S S 33.6
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 12, Gravel and crushed stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 139 100 16,127 100 365 100 23 20.6 - 23.3 - 23.7 - 9
Single modes 139 100 16,127 100 365 100 23 20.6 - 23.3 - 23.7 - 9
Truck6 139 100 16,127 100 365 100 23 20.6 - 23.3 - 23.7 - 9
For-hire truck 54 38.8 5,882 36.5 163 44.6 28 30.3 6.5 38.5 6.9 35.1 8 12.8
Private truck 85 61.2 10,245 63.5 202 55.4 20 19 6.5 20.5 6.9 20.7 8 9

SCTG2 13, Nonmetallic minerals nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 35 100 208 100 12 100 141 47.7 - 40.5 - 37.8 - 28.4
Single modes S S S S S S 68 S S S S S S 30.7
Truck6 S S S S S S 68 S S S S S S 30.7
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S 85 S S S S S S 30.2
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 14, Metallic ores and concentrates

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S 461 S S S S S S 31.3
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 15, Nonagglomerated bituminous coal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,017 100 26,891 100 3,763 100 S 38.7 - 39.5 - 44.7 - S
Single modes 1,016 99.9 26,878 100 3,763 100 S 38.7 0.4 39.6 0.3 44.7 0.1 S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck 21 2.1 631 2.3 13 0.3 S 20.6 11.9 23.3 17.1 20.9 6.3 S
Rail 630 62 16,953 63 3,385 90 249 46.7 15 46.4 14.8 43.8 11.4 7.5
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 17, Gasoline and aviation turbine fuel

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2,668 100 3,394 100 96 100 26 23.9 - 22.5 - 30.4 - 15.8
Single modes 2,668 100 3,393 100 96 100 26 23.9 - 22.5 - 30.4 - 15.8
Truck6 2,668 100 3,393 100 96 100 26 23.9 - 22.5 - 30.4 - 15.8
For-hire truck 46 1.7 66 1.9 4 4.4 S 37.4 0.9 34.9 0.9 35.2 5.5 S
Private truck 2,622 98.3 3,327 98.1 92 95.6 25 24 0.7 22.7 0.7 31.8 3.6 16.1
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 18, Fuel oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 695 100 1,113 100 44 100 S 32 - 33.2 - 22.8 - S
Single modes 695 100 1,113 100 44 100 S 32 - 33.2 - 22.8 - S
Truck6 695 100 1,113 100 44 100 S 32 - 33.2 - 22.8 - S
For-hire truck 47 6.7 84 7.5 10 23.4 S 37.3 3.6 40.1 3.9 42.4 9 S
Private truck 649 93.3 1,029 92.5 33 76.6 22 34.3 3.2 35.9 3.5 30.4 8.4 49.3

SCTG2 19, Coal and petroleum products, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,243 100 2,024 100 S S S 24.8 - 42.5 - S S S
Single modes 1,235 99.4 2,018 99.7 S S S 25 0.8 42.6 0.7 S S S
Truck6 1,017 81.8 1,278 63.2 232 37.4 S 23.8 5.5 29.6 10 24.1 16.5 S
For-hire truck 444 35.8 664 32.8 190 30.6 467 19 10.1 30.2 10.1 26.4 11.9 14.9
Private truck 572 46.1 S S 42 6.8 34 42.1 11.8 S S 43.5 13.5 28.9
Rail 218 17.5 S S S S 948 49.7 7.2 S S S S 18.9
Multiple modes S S S S - - S S S S S 47.4 0.1 S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S - - S S S S S 47.4 0.1 S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 20, Basic chemicals

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,804 100 1,853 100 666 100 S 19.2 - 33.7 - 38 - S
Single modes 1,640 90.9 1,771 95.5 520 78 S 20.2 4.2 34.4 2.2 27.6 6.6 S
Truck6 1,585 87.9 1,588 85.7 341 51.1 S 20.2 4.2 38.4 5 26.3 11.7 S
For-hire truck 1,040 57.7 687 37.1 276 41.4 560 21.9 6.9 30.7 11.7 30.5 11.7 10.5
Private truck 545 30.2 S S 64 9.7 S 42.6 9.6 S S 44.2 9.9 S
Rail 48 2.6 183 9.9 179 26.9 961 24.8 1.2 27 8 25.7 11.4 38.6
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,019 S S S S S S 35.7
Multiple modes 164 9.1 S S S S 641 25.1 5.1 S S S S 27.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S 1 - S S 583 S S 49.6 0.9 S S 22.6
Truck and rail 74 4.1 S S S S S 38.6 9.8 S S S S S
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 21, Pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 12,973 100 280 100 28 100 507 25.2 - 31.4 - 25.5 - 21.2
Single modes 10,210 78.7 271 96.8 22 78.2 S 33.9 11.2 30.2 4 32.8 7.9 S
Truck6 10,210 78.7 271 96.8 22 78.2 S 33.9 11.2 30.2 4 32.8 7.9 S
For-hire truck 8,461 65.2 48 17 5 18.6 S 38.8 14.9 34.4 14.4 37.6 12.1 S
Private truck 1,749 13.5 224 79.7 17 59.6 35 47.6 11.9 35 13.4 33.3 10.5 49.9
Multiple modes S S 9 3 6 20.2 749 S S 28.2 11.8 34.3 11.1 15.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S 9 3 6 20.2 749 S S 28.2 11.8 34.3 11.1 15.5
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 862 S S S S S S 44.2

SCTG2 22, Fertilizers

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 206 100 457 100 92 100 S 43.7 - 29.9 - 22.3 - S
Single modes 201 97.6 439 96.2 81 87.3 S 45 3 31.2 3.1 26.5 9 S
Truck6 188 91.5 397 86.8 65 70.9 S 49 6.9 33.8 6.6 21.1 11.7 S
For-hire truck S S S S S S 559 S S S S S S 39.4
Private truck S S S S S S 80 S S S S S S 27.2
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,185 S S S S S S 22.2
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 23, Chemical products and preparations, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2,590 100 1,677 100 747 100 374 20.1 - 42.1 - 27.2 - 10
Single modes 2,366 91.4 1,578 94.1 674 90.3 441 20.5 2.8 44.6 2.9 30.1 5.1 10.4
Truck6 2,360 91.1 1,577 94 674 90.2 438 20.6 2.9 44.6 2.9 30.1 5.1 10.3
For-hire truck 1,968 76 1,209 72.1 585 78.3 547 21.7 6.1 42 6 27.7 6 5.7
Private truck 392 15.2 S S S S 105 48.4 5.1 S S S S 21.1
Air (incl truck and air) S S - - S S 1,203 S S 38.8 0.1 S S 20.7
Multiple modes 205 7.9 99 5.9 72 9.7 358 32 2.7 46.1 2.9 47.6 5.1 41.2
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S 2 0.3 344 S S S S 48.5 0.3 38
Truck and rail 114 4.4 93 5.5 66 8.9 S 39.9 4.1 38.1 5.7 40.9 9.9 S
Truck and water 9 0.3 2 0.1 4 0.5 2,418 49.7 1.3 26.9 0.3 43.9 0.6 27.9
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 28 S S S S S S 47.4

SCTG2 24, Plastics and rubber

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 3,126 100 1,707 100 1,202 100 380 11.5 - 16.6 - 16.9 - 19.6
Single modes 2,842 90.9 1,610 94.3 1,041 86.7 269 11.2 1.6 17.2 1.9 19 5.2 25.5
Truck6 2,541 81.3 1,230 72 607 50.5 261 11.9 3.4 16.4 6.5 19.8 9.2 26.3
For-hire truck 1,981 63.4 993 58.2 558 46.4 456 12 4.5 15.9 7 20.9 9.6 16.7
Private truck 559 17.9 237 13.9 49 4.1 60 24 3.1 34 2.9 45.7 1.2 32.8
Rail 299 9.6 380 22.3 434 36.1 1,132 15.2 6.5 22.9 10.3 17.8 12.3 16.4
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,153 S S S S S S 24.3
Multiple modes 247 7.9 87 5.1 157 13 632 24.7 1.5 32.1 1.7 44.7 5.1 20.2
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 122 3.9 5 0.3 3 0.2 620 36.7 1.3 24.3 0.3 22.6 0.9 21
Truck and rail 119 3.8 79 4.6 126 10.5 1,959 18.4 2.4 9.2 2.7 22.2 7.4 18.3
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 25, Logs and other wood in the rough

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S 92 S S S S S S 49.9

SCTG2 26, Wood products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 844 100 1,192 100 123 100 124 14.4 - 27.3 - 23.2 - 22.7
Single modes 839 99.3 1,184 99.3 120 97.4 120 14.3 0.3 27.4 0.3 22.7 1.3 20.8
Truck6 828 98.1 1,171 98.3 120 97.2 118 14.6 1.1 27.9 1.8 22.7 1.3 19.8
For-hire truck 355 42 757 63.5 86 69.8 352 18.6 6.7 43.3 12 31.9 10.2 28.8
Private truck 473 56.1 414 34.8 34 27.4 84 22.3 6.9 21.6 12.4 21.5 10.3 13.7
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S - 0.1 741 S S S S 33.9 0.1 49.7
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 15 S S S S S S 26

SCTG2 27, Pulp, newsprint, paper, and paperboard

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 366 100 S S S S 80 37.2 - S S S S 23.4
Single modes 349 95.1 S S S S 72 37.3 2.3 S S S S 21.5
Truck6 349 95.1 S S S S 72 37.3 2.3 S S S S 21.5
For-hire truck 30 8.3 S S S S 204 45.7 16.1 S S S S 30
Private truck 318 86.9 S S S S 69 38.5 8.6 S S S S 23.4
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 28, Paper or paperboard articles

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 368 100 222 100 55 100 193 22 - 27.8 - 26.4 - 29
Single modes 357 97 222 99.7 55 99.8 S 23.2 5.7 27.8 0.9 26.4 2.3 S
Truck6 357 97 222 99.7 55 99.8 S 23.2 5.7 27.8 0.9 26.4 2.3 S
For-hire truck 197 53.5 170 76.2 53 96 304 31.5 9 33.1 10.2 26.9 11.6 17.2
Private truck 160 43.5 52 23.5 2 3.8 S 41.4 8.5 22.3 11 23.6 12.3 S
Multiple modes S S - 0.2 - 0.2 471 S S 26.9 1.5 32.5 4.1 19.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S - 0.2 - 0.2 471 S S 26.9 1.5 32.5 4.1 19.7
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 29, Printed products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,215 100 247 100 24 100 S 32 - 31.3 - 32.1 - S
Single modes 948 78.1 235 95 18 75.8 S 40.3 6 33.4 6.1 38.8 6.4 S
Truck6 946 77.9 235 95 18 75.6 S 40.4 6 33.4 6.1 39 6.6 S
For-hire truck 236 19.4 94 38 13 56.3 S 22.2 6.9 44.3 11.2 39.8 7.6 S
Private truck 710 58.5 141 57 S S S 48.2 10.6 40.9 13.3 S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S - - - 0.2 911 S S 23 0.1 8.6 1.9 39.4
Multiple modes 255 21 9 3.5 5 21 670 39.5 6.2 28.6 3.4 29.5 5.5 11.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 251 20.6 8 3.4 5 20.7 676 40.3 6.1 28.7 3.4 29.4 5.5 11.9
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 11 0.9 S S S S S 12.7 2.4 S S S S S

SCTG2 30, Textiles, leather, and articles of textiles or leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S 74 100 S S 1,007 S S 44.6 - S S 13.3
Single modes S S 42 56.5 S S 888 S S 45.6 10 S S 18.3
Truck6 S S 42 56.5 S S 888 S S 45.6 10 S S 18.3
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,064 S S S S S S 12.3
Private truck S S 8 10.8 S S S S S 35.7 11.3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,013 S S S S S S 13
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 1,013 S S S S S S 13
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 31, Nonmetallic mineral products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 886 100 1,416 100 256 100 547 25.2 - 32.4 - 36.8 - 18.2
Single modes 698 78.8 1,384 97.8 237 92.7 260 30.4 8.9 33.5 5.6 41 7.1 22.5
Truck6 693 78.2 1,382 97.7 236 92.2 255 30.7 9.2 33.6 6 41.4 7.6 23.6
For-hire truck 466 52.5 792 56 209 81.6 394 31.8 8.6 33.9 8.3 45.9 8.3 24.2
Private truck 227 25.7 590 41.7 27 10.6 83 35.7 7.4 35.3 7.9 38.1 4.7 41.7
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 793 S S S S S S 13
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 793 S S S S S S 13
Truck and rail S S S S S S 592 S S S S S S 16.6
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 32, Base metal in prim. or semifin. forms & in finished basic shapes

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 25,326 100 14,924 100 7,800 100 373 10.9 - 15.8 - 39.9 - 8
Single modes 23,571 93.1 12,053 80.8 4,248 54.5 327 12.3 4.2 12.2 7.3 17.6 13 7.9
Truck6 19,630 77.5 8,709 58.4 2,877 36.9 319 12.3 5.2 10.1 6.8 15.2 10 8.5
For-hire truck 17,053 67.3 7,320 49 2,675 34.3 444 13.7 5.6 14.1 5.8 17.3 8.5 7.1
Private truck 2,578 10.2 1,389 9.3 S S 69 43.6 4.4 30.8 6 S S 20.6
Rail 3,930 15.5 3,344 22.4 1,371 17.6 409 35.7 4.4 26.2 5 28.2 5.9 18.4
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,711 S S S S S S 21.3
Multiple modes S S S S S S 670 S S S S S S 40
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S 2 - S S 627 S S 44.8 - S S 19.5
Truck and rail 310 1.2 S S 258 3.3 S 37 1.1 S S 39.8 3.7 S
Truck and water S S S S S S 1,658 S S S S S S 30.1
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 302 S S S S S S 38.1

SCTG2 33, Articles of base metal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 4,771 100 1,273 100 549 100 336 29.2 - 21.8 - 24.5 - 10.8
Single modes 4,266 89.4 1,246 97.9 537 98 238 32.8 4.1 22.2 0.8 24.9 1.1 11.2
Truck6 4,036 84.6 1,235 97.1 531 96.9 234 29.4 3.6 21.8 0.8 24.4 1.1 12
For-hire truck 3,020 63.3 886 69.6 495 90.3 516 34.4 5.4 24.3 7.5 25.1 3.1 7.9
Private truck 1,015 21.3 349 27.4 S S 83 29.3 4.5 38.5 7.2 S S 32.6
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 431 9 14 1.1 7 1.3 501 25.7 3.9 23.3 0.5 26.2 0.5 10.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 431 9 14 1.1 7 1.3 501 25.7 3.9 23.3 0.5 26.2 0.5 10.7
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 34, Machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2,686 100 237 100 97 100 354 12 - 19.4 - 30.5 - 20.4
Single modes 1,994 74.3 224 94.6 90 93.5 194 18.9 7.9 20.8 3.7 32.7 8 30.1
Truck6 1,957 72.9 224 94.3 89 92.2 180 18.9 7.8 20.8 3.7 33 8.2 32.4
For-hire truck 1,440 53.6 159 67 83 85.7 515 24.3 7.5 25.8 8.8 34 8.3 15.4
Private truck 517 19.2 65 27.3 S S S 20.5 3.5 31.8 6.2 S S S
Air (incl truck and air) 38 1.4 1 0.3 S S S 46.7 0.7 37.4 0.5 S S S
Multiple modes 542 20.2 6 2.7 4 3.7 477 27.8 6.9 21.2 2.2 23.8 6.5 17.2
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 534 19.9 6 2.6 3 3 477 28.4 6.9 22.5 2.2 27.4 6.4 17.2
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 570 S S S S S S 27

SCTG2 35, Electronic & other electrical equip & components & office equip

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 5,133 100 154 100 104 100 892 29.3 - 18.1 - 25.9 - 16.8
Single modes 2,587 50.4 136 88.4 91 88.1 297 14.4 8.7 20.7 4 28.3 3.6 24.6
Truck6 2,273 44.3 129 84.2 84 81.3 230 16.5 8.3 22.1 5.4 31 6.1 32.9
For-hire truck 1,702 33.1 104 67.9 80 76.9 503 23.5 7.2 28.8 7.8 32.9 7.2 14.2
Private truck 572 11.1 25 16.4 S S 29 29.5 5.2 30.2 6.4 S S 40.6
Rail 56 1.1 5 3.3 S S 936 38.2 1.9 34.2 6.7 S S 27.9
Air (incl truck and air) 257 5 S S 1 1.3 1,101 38.5 3.9 S S 50 2.3 13.4
Multiple modes S S 14 8.9 12 11.6 1,022 S S 29.3 3.8 34.9 3.7 13.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S 13 8.3 9 8.9 1,022 S S 31.6 3.9 42.5 3.6 13.4
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 40 0.8 S S S S 60 48.2 1.4 S S S S 47.5

SCTG2 36, Motorized and other vehicles (including parts)

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S 146 S S S S S S 46.9
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S 525 S S S S S S 22.6
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 314 S S S S S S 31.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 314 S S S S S S 31.1
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 37, Transportation equipment, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S 967 S S S S S S 10.3
Single modes S S S S S S 999 S S S S S S 11.4
Truck6 S S S S S S 1,004 S S S S S S 14
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,150 S S S S S S 15.8
Private truck S S S S S S 473 S S S S S S 17.2
Rail S S S S S S 1,904 S S S S S S -
Air (incl truck and air) 60 2.4 S S S S 776 41.7 5.6 S S S S 8.1
Multiple modes 188 7.5 1 0.2 1 0.1 854 40.7 6.5 34.1 5.3 37.4 5.8 13.9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 188 7.5 1 0.2 1 0.1 854 41 6.5 35.5 5.3 38.8 5.7 13.9
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,789 S S S S S S 44.3

SCTG2 38, Precision instruments and apparatus

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2,809 100 43 100 36 100 981 33.2 - 31.3 - 39.4 - 14.5
Single modes 997 35.5 26 61 23 62.6 743 36.4 10.5 31.9 12.2 38.8 12.1 18.8
Truck6 839 29.9 25 58.4 21 59.3 732 35.3 7.7 32.8 11.2 40.9 11 20.4
For-hire truck 744 26.5 24 54.4 21 58.6 815 35.1 6.6 33.8 10 39.7 9.8 20.5
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S 1 2.5 S S 821 S S 39.4 3.2 S S 24.2
Multiple modes 1,457 51.9 14 33.2 S S 1,042 45.4 11 45 12.2 S S 12.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1,366 48.6 14 31.6 S S 1,043 49.1 11.6 48.8 12.7 S S 12.8
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,336 S S S S S S 43.2

SCTG2 39, Furniture, mattresses & mattress supports, lamps, lighting

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S 295 S S S S S S 31.6
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S 361 S S S S S S 41.9
Private truck S S S S S S 108 S S S S S S 22.6
Multiple modes S S S S S S 858 S S S S S S 45
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 858 S S S S S S 45
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 40, Miscellaneous manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2,806 100 408 100 158 100 620 9.1 - 21 - 17.3 - 11.3
Single modes 1,709 60.9 374 91.7 130 82.6 350 12 6.7 22.6 3.5 22.5 8.9 14
Truck6 1,667 59.4 374 91.5 130 82.3 317 12.7 7 22.7 3.6 22.6 8.9 13.7
For-hire truck 1,196 42.6 285 69.8 121 76.8 512 17.2 6.3 27.7 9 24.4 9 14.4
Private truck 471 16.8 89 21.8 9 5.6 49 15.6 3.6 37.4 6.1 29.5 1.7 34.5
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 824 S S S S S S 27.1
Multiple modes 1,077 38.4 32 7.9 S S 702 21.3 6.6 40.1 3.5 S S 10.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1,077 38.4 32 7.9 S S 702 21.3 6.6 40.1 3.5 S S 10.5
Other and unknown modes 19 0.7 2 0.4 S S S 38.8 1.5 41.1 0.9 S S S

SCTG2 41, Waste and scrap

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2,657 100 3,961 100 1,837 100 318 23.2 - 19.3 - 36.4 - 20.9
Single modes 2,459 92.5 3,627 91.6 1,385 75.4 309 26.7 7.9 22 6.7 45.6 10.1 22.9
Truck6 1,918 72.2 2,634 66.5 S S 322 30.4 8.8 30.1 7.1 S S 25.4
For-hire truck 1,274 48 2,057 51.9 S S S 42.8 7.8 40.2 9.3 S S S
Private truck 643 24.2 577 14.6 43 2.4 75 38 8.2 30.1 6.6 32.3 5 21.3
Rail 541 20.4 993 25.1 198 10.8 193 30.8 7.1 18.9 6.8 26.6 9.6 29.5
Multiple modes S S S S S S 918 S S S S S S 31.3
Truck and rail 47 1.8 102 2.6 44 2.4 844 43.5 2.9 49.6 1.7 45.4 8.1 34.2
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 43, Mixed freight

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 8,834 100 2,760 100 283 100 270 24.1 - 20 - 17.1 - 19.4
Single modes 8,405 95.1 2,729 98.9 268 94.9 126 24.4 4.2 20 0.5 16.6 2 11.1
Truck6 8,405 95.1 2,729 98.9 268 94.9 125 24.4 4.2 20 0.5 16.6 2 11.2
For-hire truck 386 4.4 129 4.7 62 21.9 383 23.5 2.1 27.5 3.7 29.1 8.8 18.6
Private truck 8,019 90.8 2,600 94.2 206 72.9 117 25.3 6.1 21.4 4.1 22.3 8.8 14
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 343 3.9 19 0.7 S S 613 37.5 2.3 49.3 0.2 S S 19.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 343 3.9 19 0.7 S S 613 37.5 2.3 49.3 0.2 S S 19.6
Other and unknown modes 86 1 11 0.4 2 0.8 S 39.8 3.3 31.2 0.4 46.7 0.9 S

SCTG2 99, Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S 85 S S S S S S 34.7
Truck6 S S S S S S 85 S S S S S S 34.7
For-hire truck S S S S S S 30 S S S S S S 41.5
Private truck S S S S S S 90 S S S S S S 45.1
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Standard Classification of Transported Goods.
3 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
4 Coefficient of Variation.
5 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
6 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
7 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular row have no value. For example, Orlando-Deltona-Daytona Beach, FL by Alcoholic Beverages (08) by Air has no data for any cell therefore the entire row is not shown. Also, two-digit commodities are not present if there is no such data for an entire commodity by area. For example, Pittsburgh-New Castle, PA by Cereal Grains (02) has no data for any mode therefore the entire commodity is not shown.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.