Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 96,082 100 99,037 100 24,802 100 6.2 - 22.9 - 24.9 -
Less than 50 miles 37,868 39.4 66,128 66.8 1,191 4.8 7.1 2.1 20.9 2.1 20 0.9
50 - 99 miles 3,753 3.9 4,392 4.4 389 1.6 14.3 0.7 18.4 0.5 17.2 0.4
100 - 249 miles 17,049 17.7 11,713 11.8 2,059 8.3 8.1 0.9 29.8 1.6 32.5 1
250 - 499 miles 4,014 4.2 2,654 2.7 1,182 4.8 15.4 0.5 33.7 0.3 32.8 1
500 - 749 miles 5,912 6.2 S S S S 18.7 1 S S S S
750 - 999 miles 5,219 5.4 2,207 2.2 2,438 9.8 12.4 0.5 34.4 0.3 35.3 1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 3,896 4.1 S S S S 24.5 0.7 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 8,878 9.2 3,895 3.9 4,887 19.7 12 1.4 42.5 1.6 11.7 3.1
More than 2,000 miles 9,494 9.9 2,021 2 5,945 24 11 0.9 24.1 0.6 22.7 4.6

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 69,989 100 83,022 100 17,464 100 8.8 - 22.9 - 22.2 -
Less than 50 miles 31,427 44.9 56,262 67.8 1,145 6.6 8.5 1.8 23.9 2.2 20.8 0.8
50 - 99 miles 3,184 4.5 4,202 5.1 372 2.1 16.6 0.8 18.3 0.7 17 0.5
100 - 249 miles 14,642 20.9 10,658 12.8 1,692 9.7 8 1 27.3 1.7 22.8 1
250 - 499 miles 3,194 4.6 1,834 2.2 826 4.7 16.2 0.6 18.2 0.3 18.5 1.2
500 - 749 miles 3,304 4.7 1,233 1.5 906 5.2 28.5 0.8 13.5 0.3 14.1 0.7
750 - 999 miles 3,116 4.5 1,795 2.2 1,956 11.2 12.8 0.4 39.1 0.4 40.7 1.9
1,000 - 1,499 miles 2,716 3.9 S S S S 32.3 0.7 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 4,281 6.1 3,424 4.1 3,805 21.8 7.3 0.6 47.7 2 15.7 2.7
More than 2,000 miles 4,126 5.9 1,165 1.4 3,308 18.9 19.5 0.8 23.6 0.3 23.3 3.1

Truck4

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 63,407 100 72,637 100 14,856 100 7.5 - 23.4 - 24.3 -
Less than 50 miles 29,676 46.8 50,627 69.7 1,043 7 8.5 1.6 22.9 1.7 21.6 0.9
50 - 99 miles 3,157 5 4,146 5.7 366 2.5 16.8 0.9 18.8 0.9 17.6 0.6
100 - 249 miles 13,929 22 8,964 12.3 1,640 11 7.2 0.9 29.3 1.1 23.4 1.5
250 - 499 miles 3,156 5 1,822 2.5 818 5.5 16.5 0.6 18.1 0.4 18.3 1.3
500 - 749 miles 2,657 4.2 1,050 1.4 758 5.1 19.9 0.6 12.7 0.2 13.6 0.7
750 - 999 miles 2,649 4.2 1,603 2.2 1,727 11.6 12.1 0.4 38.5 0.3 40.4 1.7
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,929 3 S S S S 21.3 0.5 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 3,250 5.1 1,196 1.6 2,592 17.4 9.7 0.7 14.7 0.3 14.6 3.1
More than 2,000 miles 3,005 4.7 1,009 1.4 2,827 19 9.4 0.6 24.8 0.3 24.9 3.5

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 33,732 100 41,894 100 13,476 100 11.2 - 35.8 - 26.4 -
Less than 50 miles 11,430 33.9 25,233 60.2 608 4.5 18.3 3.5 38.8 3.3 31.3 0.6
50 - 99 miles 885 2.6 2,607 6.2 228 1.7 16.6 0.4 24.9 1.6 23.3 0.5
100 - 249 miles 5,845 17.3 5,605 13.4 1,018 7.6 14.6 1.4 42.2 1.3 34 1.1
250 - 499 miles 2,118 6.3 1,394 3.3 655 4.9 22.1 1.2 19.4 1 18.5 1.4
500 - 749 miles 2,653 7.9 1,050 2.5 758 5.6 19.9 0.9 12.7 0.8 13.6 0.8
750 - 999 miles 2,637 7.8 1,583 3.8 1,709 12.7 12.1 0.5 39.1 0.7 40.9 1.7
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,919 5.7 S S S S 21.4 0.9 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 3,249 9.6 1,196 2.9 2,591 19.2 9.7 1.6 14.7 1 14.6 3.7
More than 2,000 miles 2,995 8.9 1,008 2.4 2,826 21 9.5 1.6 24.9 0.9 24.9 3.9

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 29,676 100 30,743 100 1,380 100 7.7 - 8.5 - 9.3 -
Less than 50 miles 18,246 61.5 25,394 82.6 435 31.5 9.7 2.7 8.8 2 10.9 2.5
50 - 99 miles 2,273 7.7 1,539 5 138 10 19.2 1.5 21.4 0.9 21.5 1.5
100 - 249 miles 8,084 27.2 3,359 10.9 622 45.1 8.5 1.9 13.1 1.3 11.5 3.2
250 - 499 miles 1,038 3.5 427 1.4 163 11.8 15.3 0.5 22.5 0.3 24.2 2.3
500 - 749 miles S S - - - - S S 28.3 - 30.9 -
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 9 - S S S S 34.3 0.1 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,267 100 2,015 100 2,344 100 17.8 - 21.2 - 29.8 -
Less than 50 miles 509 40.2 693 34.4 17 0.7 29.2 12.5 27.2 11.8 48.1 0.3
50 - 99 miles 26 2.1 56 2.8 6 0.3 30.2 2.5 36.7 7 37.8 0.7
100 - 249 miles 55 4.3 88 4.4 19 0.8 20.1 2.6 29.8 4.8 31.2 0.9
250 - 499 miles S S 12 0.6 8 0.3 S S 48 2.9 48.6 1.7
500 - 749 miles 93 7.4 182 9 147 6.3 33 4.5 33.7 2.9 38.3 1.3
750 - 999 miles S S 190 9.5 226 9.6 S S 48.1 3.6 46.9 6
1,000 - 1,499 miles 188 14.8 227 11.2 369 15.7 35.4 9.9 30.6 3.8 29.1 6.8
1,500 - 2,000 miles 185 14.6 455 22.6 1,193 50.9 27.6 5.6 33.4 8.6 33.2 9.2
More than 2,000 miles 100 7.9 112 5.5 359 15.3 29.2 6.1 49.2 1.8 49.5 5.3

Water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,832 100 8,316 100 246 100 28.1 - 37 - 44.6 -
Less than 50 miles 875 47.8 4,899 58.9 86 34.8 35.4 15.8 39.7 14.4 26.8 18.1
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Shallow draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,656 100 8,267 100 118 100 26.3 - 35.4 - 28.5 -
Less than 50 miles 875 52.8 4,899 59.3 86 72.7 35.4 17.1 39.7 14.6 26.8 13.9
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Deep draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S 10 100 17 100 S S 15.5 - 17.5 -
Less than 50 miles S S 1 7.8 - 0.6 S S 34.2 2.6 25.2 0.2
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles 299 8.6 1 6 - 1 35.2 7.3 34.5 2.7 37.6 0.3
250 - 499 miles S S - 0.2 - 0.1 S S 39 0.1 41.1 -
500 - 749 miles S S 1 5 - 1.8 S S 40.9 2.2 40.4 0.9
750 - 999 miles 380 10.9 2 20.8 2 13.3 47.8 4.3 37.2 6.7 33.6 5.1
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 298 8.6 2 16.1 3 18.8 31 6.2 41.7 7.6 37.2 8.5
More than 2,000 miles S S 4 35.8 10 57.3 S S 30.5 6.8 30.9 8.9

Pipeline5

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 21,693 100 S S 6,991 100 13.3 - S S 36 -
Less than 50 miles 2,901 13.4 S S 4 0.1 12.2 1.2 S S 38.7 -
50 - 99 miles 310 1.4 S S S S 35.2 0.4 S S S S
100 - 249 miles 2,230 10.3 S S S S 26.7 1.4 S S S S
250 - 499 miles 820 3.8 S S S S 24.8 0.6 S S S S
500 - 749 miles 2,594 12 S S S S 29.5 2.1 S S S S
750 - 999 miles 2,078 9.6 410 6.8 480 6.9 19.8 1.8 19.2 5.9 18.9 4.3
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,172 5.4 250 4.1 438 6.3 16.8 1 41.9 2.5 40.3 2.1
1,500 - 2,000 miles 4,465 20.6 446 7.4 1,029 14.7 24 2.5 28.8 4.6 29.4 4.7
More than 2,000 miles 5,124 23.6 784 13 2,445 35 11.4 2.5 22.8 10 21.3 9.9

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 19,798 100 257 100 271 100 14.2 - 18.6 - 17.4 -
Less than 50 miles 2,850 14.4 43 16.6 1 0.5 12.2 1.4 20.9 3.6 14.2 0.1
50 - 99 miles 253 1.3 11 4.5 1 0.4 27.1 0.3 33.7 0.6 30.1 0.1
100 - 249 miles 2,015 10.2 56 21.9 12 4.3 30.8 1.7 40.6 3.8 38.7 1.4
250 - 499 miles 734 3.7 22 8.7 10 3.7 24.4 0.5 32.5 1.2 31.8 0.8
500 - 749 miles 2,402 12.1 16 6 11 4.2 33 2.4 11.6 1.3 11.8 1.4
750 - 999 miles 1,882 9.5 15 5.8 17 6.2 20.2 1.9 12.6 1.1 13.9 0.9
1,000 - 1,499 miles 963 4.9 18 7.2 30 11 19.4 0.8 38.3 1.6 38.7 2.1
1,500 - 2,000 miles 4,067 20.5 38 14.6 82 30.1 27.2 2.9 25.8 2.2 25.5 4
More than 2,000 miles 4,632 23.4 38 14.7 107 39.5 12.6 3.1 13.3 2.7 13.3 4

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,545 100 S S 6,025 100 26.6 - S S 42.8 -
Less than 50 miles 51 3.3 S S S S 41.2 3 S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles 187 12.1 S S S S 49.7 5.9 S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles 189 12.3 367 6.7 429 7.1 23.7 3.9 20.8 9.9 20.5 7.8
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S 231 4.2 404 6.7 S S 43.6 4.1 41.8 3.5
1,500 - 2,000 miles 293 19 361 6.5 839 13.9 39.5 3.5 37.4 5.8 37.8 6.1
More than 2,000 miles 347 22.4 604 11 1,817 30.2 29.7 7.7 31.1 11.3 29.9 11.4

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 339 100 243 100 660 100 31.4 - 28.7 - 40.6 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles 28 8.4 S S S S 30.3 19.7 S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S 44 17.9 98 14.9 S S 35.4 15.1 34.7 16.4
More than 2,000 miles S S 133 54.7 496 75.2 S S 41.6 13 46.9 15.7

Other multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 11 100 13 100 35 100 19.9 - 7.9 - 8.9 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 9 81.8 S S S S 5.1 18.2 S S S S

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 4,400 100 9,988 100 347 100 27.7 - 44.6 - 45.6 -
Less than 50 miles 3,540 80.5 9,533 95.4 42 12.2 32.2 8.7 46.6 14.5 39.8 11
50 - 99 miles S S 147 1.5 13 3.7 S S 47.7 4 45.1 5.2
100 - 249 miles 177 4 204 2 40 11.5 39.5 3.2 44.9 11.9 45.1 10.2
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any mileage group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the mileage group of "More than 2,000 miles" but does have data for the other mileage groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.