Table 7. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 7. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Commodities5

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 96,082 100 99,037 100 24,802 100 830 6.2 - 22.9 - 24.9 - 12.8
Single modes 69,989 72.8 83,022 83.8 17,464 70.4 250 8.8 3.1 22.9 4.8 22.2 3.6 13.4
Truck6 63,407 66 72,637 73.3 14,856 59.9 233 7.5 2.7 23.4 5.9 24.3 4.7 13.4
For-hire truck 33,732 35.1 41,894 42.3 13,476 54.3 757 11.2 2.9 35.8 4.6 26.4 4.1 13.2
Private truck 29,676 30.9 30,743 31 1,380 5.6 60 7.7 2.1 8.5 5.2 9.3 1.5 8.2
Rail 1,267 1.3 2,015 2 2,344 9.5 1,078 17.8 0.2 21.2 0.4 29.8 2.8 21
Water 1,832 1.9 8,316 8.4 246 1 1,779 28.1 0.6 37 2.8 44.6 0.4 26
Shallow draft 1,656 1.7 8,267 8.3 118 0.5 58 26.3 0.7 35.4 3 28.5 0.2 19.1
Deep draft S S S S S S 2,786 S S S S S S 4.5
Air (incl truck and air) S S 10 - 17 0.1 1,501 S S 15.5 - 17.5 - 5.5
Pipeline7 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 21,693 22.6 S S 6,991 28.2 1,365 13.3 3.4 S S 36 3.7 10.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 19,798 20.6 257 0.3 271 1.1 1,363 14.2 3.3 18.6 0.1 17.4 0.4 10.2
Truck and rail 1,545 1.6 S S 6,025 24.3 1,495 26.6 0.5 S S 42.8 4.2 14.5
Truck and water 339 0.4 243 0.2 660 2.7 2,676 31.4 0.1 28.7 0.2 40.6 2 10.2
Other multiple modes 11 - 13 - 35 0.1 2,685 19.9 - 7.9 0.1 8.9 0.5 4.1
Other and unknown modes 4,400 4.6 9,988 10.1 347 1.4 S 27.7 1.5 44.6 4.8 45.6 0.4 S

SCTG2 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 5,485 100 16,283 100 486 100 S 21.3 - 33.5 - 38.1 - S
Single modes 3,324 60.6 7,441 45.7 269 55.3 56 12.6 10.4 30.7 14.1 35.4 11.5 32.5
Truck6 2,076 37.9 1,498 9.2 184 37.9 54 17.3 14 27.3 19.8 22.3 14.2 32.9
For-hire truck 308 5.6 614 3.8 101 20.7 S 23.2 3.1 46.8 8.1 30 6.1 S
Private truck 1,768 32.2 884 5.4 83 17.2 48 20 12.5 20.2 15.2 22.1 11.8 27.2
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Water 1,243 22.7 5,940 36.5 S S 1,708 29 15.2 27.5 16.4 S S 46.8
Shallow draft 1,236 22.5 5,911 36.3 1 0.2 - 16.4 18.9 13.2 19.9 32.6 0.7 28.4
Deep draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,421 S S S S S S 22
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 11 0.2 S S S S 1,347 46 0.4 S S S S 35.1
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water S S S S S S 2,006 S S S S S S 11.4
Other and unknown modes 2,048 37.3 8,778 53.9 40 8.3 29 46.2 12.8 42.5 15.5 41 15.3 34.8

SCTG2 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 6,738 100 5,347 100 3,280 100 307 21 - 21.5 - 20.4 - 31.5
Single modes 6,566 97.4 5,268 98.5 3,087 94.1 187 20.9 0.8 20.9 0.4 18.7 1.9 43.5
Truck6 6,566 97.4 5,268 98.5 3,087 94.1 187 20.9 0.8 20.9 0.4 18.7 1.9 43.4
For-hire truck 3,278 48.7 2,769 51.8 2,911 88.8 1,374 13.6 4.5 15.4 5 18.8 2.2 11.8
Private truck 3,288 48.8 2,499 46.7 176 5.4 45 30.1 4.3 33.1 4.9 24.9 1.5 29.4
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 2,558 S S S S S S 4.9
Multiple modes 170 2.5 S S S S 1,084 36.9 0.8 S S S S 17.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 101 1.5 9 0.2 9 0.3 1,063 39.5 0.9 39.4 0.1 43.3 0.6 20.9
Truck and water S S S S S S 2,698 S S S S S S 35.6
Other and unknown modes 2 - S S 2 - S 29.1 - S S 50 - S

SCTG2 10-14, Stones, nonmetallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S 16,801 100 410 100 27 S S 19 - 20.2 - 15.3
Single modes S S 16,412 97.7 392 95.5 28 S S 18.4 1.3 21.2 7.5 12.5
Truck6 S S 14,546 86.6 331 80.7 28 S S 17.1 3.8 20.3 7.8 12.5
For-hire truck S S 4,366 26 162 39.4 44 S S 25 6.5 24 9.4 35.9
Private truck S S 10,180 60.6 169 41.2 20 S S 20.3 7.5 25.1 10.5 16.8
Water 9 1.3 1,866 11.1 61 14.8 33 19.6 4 18.4 5.9 20.9 8.4 4.6
Shallow draft 9 1.3 1,866 11.1 61 14.8 33 19.6 4 18.4 5.9 20.9 8.4 4.6
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S 145 0.9 S S S S S 46.3 1.9 S S S

SCTG2 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 6,697 100 10,305 100 557 100 S 35.1 - 35.6 - 27.7 - S
Single modes 6,679 99.7 10,295 99.9 535 96 60 35.3 1.2 35.6 0.6 29.2 3.9 13.7
Truck6 6,607 98.6 10,154 98.5 489 87.8 59 34.9 1.2 35.2 0.7 28 4.5 9.8
For-hire truck 3,759 56.1 6,279 60.9 335 60.1 S 37.9 7.3 39.3 8.5 33.9 7.1 S
Private truck 2,847 42.5 3,875 37.6 154 27.7 48 33.7 7.1 33.7 8.6 36.2 6.9 13
Water S S S S S S 1,931 S S S S S S 40
Shallow draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Deep draft S S S S S S 2,263 S S S S S S 18.1
Multiple modes 16 0.2 S S S S S 45.5 1.8 S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 454 S S S S S S 44.3
Truck and water S S S S S S 2,684 S S S S S S 5.2
Other and unknown modes S S 1 - S S S S S 27.2 - S S S

SCTG2 20-24, Basic chemicals, chemical, and pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 4,208 100 1,787 100 682 100 615 12.9 - 12 - 9.5 - 19.1
Single modes 3,045 72.4 1,683 94.1 587 86 127 14.4 6.6 13.6 3.8 12.3 5.6 23.5
Truck6 2,914 69.2 1,460 81.7 479 70.3 125 14.5 6.8 10.9 4.1 14.5 6.7 24
For-hire truck 1,546 36.7 900 50.4 450 66 406 22.5 5.4 13.7 5.7 15.9 6.9 27.5
Private truck 1,368 32.5 560 31.3 29 4.3 44 11.2 3.6 19.2 3.5 13.8 0.7 16.4
Rail 119 2.8 222 12.4 107 15.7 S 25.3 1.1 34 4.3 31 6.6 S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,069 S S S S S S 32.1
Multiple modes 926 22 59 3.3 74 10.9 1,255 27.9 5.4 27.4 1.5 30.2 3.5 11.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 863 20.5 S S S S 1,254 29.7 5.3 S S S S 11.8
Truck and rail 55 1.3 20 1.1 23 3.3 901 29.1 0.7 26.8 0.8 22.3 1.8 47.2
Truck and water 7 0.2 S S S S 2,470 47.8 0.1 S S S S 13.9
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 55 S S S S S S 24.6

SCTG2 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 12,862 100 10,110 100 9,782 100 1,289 17.2 - 13.4 - 23.4 - 16.6
Single modes 10,555 82.1 8,345 82.5 6,057 61.9 264 21 4.1 15.2 2.7 30.6 6.6 34
Truck6 9,685 75.3 7,028 69.5 4,112 42 251 22 4.5 14.9 3.9 33.9 7.2 35.7
For-hire truck 5,153 40.1 4,460 44.1 3,856 39.4 736 36.6 6.4 24.6 6.3 36.6 7.4 21.7
Private truck 4,532 35.2 2,568 25.4 255 2.6 77 22.3 5.1 20.4 5 20.7 1.4 14.2
Rail 366 2.8 957 9.5 1,917 19.6 2,126 28 1.5 33.2 2.3 35.7 3.8 7.3
Water 466 3.6 358 3.5 27 0.3 134 34.8 2.5 28.6 3.1 29.4 0.3 19.9
Shallow draft 346 2.7 357 3.5 24 0.2 68 29 2.5 28.6 3.1 28 0.3 6.5
Deep draft 120 0.9 S S 3 - 2,012 42.1 2.2 S S 40.7 0.1 -
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S 1 - 1,284 S S S S 45.4 - 32.2
Multiple modes 2,141 16.6 1,635 16.2 3,506 35.8 1,744 13.2 4.2 18 2.7 19.9 6.8 8.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1,356 10.5 52 0.5 72 0.7 1,742 21.1 3.8 30.2 0.2 35.8 0.3 8.7
Truck and rail 754 5.9 1,483 14.7 3,125 31.9 2,024 30.2 1.7 20.8 2.5 23.8 5.9 8.5
Truck and water 19 0.1 S S S S 2,675 34 0.2 S S S S 25.4
Other multiple modes 11 0.1 13 0.1 35 0.4 2,685 19.9 0.3 7.9 0.5 8.9 1.6 4.1
Other and unknown modes 166 1.3 130 1.3 S S 587 30.7 0.3 46.8 0.5 S S 40.6

SCTG2 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 15,137 100 S S S S 670 15.1 - S S S S 17.5
Single modes 12,371 81.7 S S S S 292 16 2.2 S S S S 22
Truck6 11,377 75.2 S S S S 271 16.4 2.7 S S S S 22.2
For-hire truck 7,501 49.6 S S S S 603 19.6 3.5 S S S S 21.9
Private truck 3,876 25.6 6,865 23.2 219 2.8 48 18.9 3.7 16.7 13.2 23.6 4.6 11.4
Rail 642 4.2 593 2 269 3.4 578 32.8 1.4 39.5 2.1 44.1 3.3 36.5
Water 1 - 2 - 6 0.1 2,774 14.9 0.1 14.3 0.1 26.1 2.4 2.5
Deep draft 1 - 2 - 6 0.1 2,774 14.9 0.1 14.3 0.1 26.1 2.4 2.5
Air (incl truck and air) 345 2.3 3 - 6 0.1 1,942 26.1 0.8 22.2 - 17.8 0.2 7.7
Pipeline7 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 2,312 15.3 S S S S 1,309 22 2.3 S S S S 10.9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1,732 11.4 43 0.1 56 0.7 1,312 27.2 2.7 36.9 0.2 39.3 1.7 11.3
Truck and rail 540 3.6 S S S S 1,032 44.2 1 S S S S 39.8
Truck and water S S S S S S 3,337 S S S S S S 22.1
Other and unknown modes 455 3 323 1.1 16 0.2 S 19.3 0.7 46.4 1.7 31.7 0.4 S

SCTG2 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 28,979 100 617 100 424 100 1,120 12.7 - 24.9 - 29.5 - 15.3
Single modes 14,345 49.5 530 85.9 338 79.6 526 21.1 5.9 27.9 8.3 29.7 8.4 15.7
Truck6 11,223 38.7 511 82.8 289 68.1 420 18 5 28.3 8.2 28.7 7.5 18.5
For-hire truck 8,497 29.3 201 32.6 267 62.9 1,182 23.5 4.5 26.1 6 29.6 6.5 11
Private truck 2,726 9.4 310 50.2 22 5.2 69 24.3 2.7 39.7 10 45.1 2.6 22
Rail 29 0.1 S S S S 2,653 33.9 0.4 S S S S 14.3
Water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Deep draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S 4 0.7 S S 1,394 S S 41.3 0.3 S S 8.3
Multiple modes 13,686 47.2 72 11.6 84 19.9 1,356 16.3 6.2 42.6 6.2 41.8 8.2 13.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 13,589 46.9 59 9.6 59 13.9 1,352 16.1 6.1 34.7 6.2 20.7 8.9 13.7
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S 15 2.5 S S S S S 48.3 3.8 S S S

SCTG2 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc. manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 15,293 100 8,180 100 1,358 100 803 11.4 - 11.9 - 23.5 - 21.9
Single modes 12,509 81.8 7,438 90.9 1,134 83.5 363 14.3 5.1 13 3.6 26.5 5.2 18.9
Truck6 12,373 80.9 7,202 88 1,101 81.1 361 14.3 5.1 12.1 4 26.5 5.3 18.6
For-hire truck 3,501 22.9 4,200 51.3 828 61 1,298 21.2 4.8 21.7 7.8 33.5 5.7 18.4
Private truck 8,873 58 3,002 36.7 273 20.1 93 18.1 6.9 18 8.4 21.2 4.7 10
Rail 107 0.7 S S 30 2.2 S 35.5 0.4 S S 31.7 1.1 S
Water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Deep draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) 29 0.2 S S S S 1,585 46.4 0.3 S S S S 22
Multiple modes 2,302 15.1 193 2.4 S S 1,134 30.7 5.1 32.2 1 S S 16.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 2,137 14 S S 41 3.1 1,135 33.4 5.1 S S 40.6 1.8 16.7
Truck and rail 80 0.5 111 1.4 S S 838 23.4 0.4 35.8 1 S S 34.3
Truck and water S S S S S S 1,874 S S S S S S 17
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 99, Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S 1 100 S S 166 S S 38.3 - S S 36.4
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 241 S S S S S S 30.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 241 S S S S S S 30.5

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Standard Classification of Transported Goods.
3 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
4 Coefficient of Variation.
5 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
6 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
7 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular row have no value. For example, Dallas-Fort Worth, TX by Base metal and machinery (31-34) by Water has no data for any shipment characteristic therefore the entire row is not shown. Also, entire commodity groups are not present if there is no such data for that commodity group by area. For example, Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV (DC part) by Coal and petroleum products (15-19) has no data for any mode therefore the entire commodity group is not shown.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.