Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 55,985 100 44,138 100 4,978 100 10.7 - 19.1 - 12.4 -
Less than 50 miles 13,427 24 31,997 72.5 657 13.2 21.1 3.9 23.8 4.5 30.4 2.1
50 - 99 miles 5,071 9.1 4,275 9.7 370 7.4 14 1.8 24.2 2.5 22.4 1.2
100 - 249 miles 6,277 11.2 3,740 8.5 667 13.4 10 2.1 24 2.1 20.4 2.8
250 - 499 miles 10,838 19.4 2,299 5.2 1,086 21.8 26.3 2.6 22.5 0.9 22.8 2.8
500 - 749 miles 13,157 23.5 999 2.3 756 15.2 29.3 4.5 12.8 0.2 14 0.8
750 - 999 miles 1,106 2 241 0.5 263 5.3 13 0.4 21.1 0.1 22.3 0.7
1,000 - 1,499 miles 2,010 3.6 311 0.7 428 8.6 9.1 0.3 18.2 0.1 18.4 1.1
1,500 - 2,000 miles 768 1.4 45 0.1 95 1.9 30.2 0.5 26.5 - 25.7 0.6
More than 2,000 miles 3,331 5.9 231 0.5 656 13.2 17.6 1.3 14.1 0.1 13.7 2.3

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 47,685 100 42,392 100 4,141 100 11.7 - 19.2 - 9.8 -
Less than 50 miles 12,427 26.1 31,513 74.3 638 15.4 21 3.9 24.1 4.6 31.4 2.7
50 - 99 miles 4,479 9.4 4,103 9.7 355 8.6 12.7 1.8 24.5 2.7 22.7 1.6
100 - 249 miles 5,440 11.4 3,617 8.5 642 15.5 11 2.5 24.6 2.1 21 2.9
250 - 499 miles 8,769 18.4 1,706 4 805 19.4 31.1 2.8 19.8 0.7 19.5 2.5
500 - 749 miles 11,902 25 812 1.9 604 14.6 32.5 5.2 8.3 0.3 7.6 1
750 - 999 miles 778 1.6 194 0.5 207 5 18.6 0.4 24.6 0.1 26.2 1.1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,568 3.3 226 0.5 311 7.5 9.9 0.4 14.1 0.1 14.5 1.4
1,500 - 2,000 miles 451 0.9 40 0.1 85 2 35.7 0.5 30.8 - 30 0.7
More than 2,000 miles 1,871 3.9 181 0.4 495 11.9 27.4 1.5 19.3 0.1 19.4 2.3

Truck4

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 43,700 100 41,395 100 4,011 100 10.4 - 19.7 - 9.3 -
Less than 50 miles 12,383 28.3 30,629 74 633 15.8 21 3.9 25 4.7 31.7 2.9
50 - 99 miles 4,478 10.2 4,103 9.9 355 8.8 12.7 1.8 24.5 2.7 22.7 1.7
100 - 249 miles 5,400 12.4 3,617 8.7 641 16 11.2 2.6 24.6 2.1 20.9 3
250 - 499 miles 5,667 13 1,636 4 770 19.2 16.1 1.4 20.3 0.7 20.1 2.6
500 - 749 miles 11,396 26.1 800 1.9 596 14.8 34.7 5.7 8.3 0.3 7.6 0.9
750 - 999 miles 761 1.7 192 0.5 206 5.1 19.1 0.4 24.7 0.1 26.3 1.1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,535 3.5 226 0.5 311 7.7 9.6 0.5 14.2 0.1 14.6 1.4
1,500 - 2,000 miles 377 0.9 39 0.1 84 2.1 42.5 0.6 30.5 - 29.8 0.7
More than 2,000 miles 1,703 3.9 152 0.4 416 10.4 29.5 1.5 20.6 0.1 20.6 2.3

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 31,619 100 17,896 100 2,868 100 17.1 - 24 - 8.9 -
Less than 50 miles 5,888 18.6 11,366 63.5 210 7.3 43.4 5 31.7 7.2 26 1.4
50 - 99 miles 2,011 6.4 1,872 10.5 149 5.2 30.3 1.6 40.1 3.4 34.9 1.4
100 - 249 miles 2,898 9.2 2,098 11.7 369 12.9 15.4 2.7 36.7 2.9 29.2 2.6
250 - 499 miles 5,178 16.4 1,224 6.8 600 20.9 18.4 2.4 14.6 2.2 16.1 3
500 - 749 miles 11,340 35.9 763 4.3 565 19.7 34.8 6.4 9 1 8.3 0.8
750 - 999 miles 702 2.2 163 0.9 173 6 19.3 0.9 18.5 0.3 19.7 1.2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,520 4.8 219 1.2 302 10.5 9.6 1.2 14.5 0.3 14.8 1.4
1,500 - 2,000 miles 377 1.2 39 0.2 84 2.9 42.5 1 30.5 0.1 29.8 0.8
More than 2,000 miles 1,703 5.4 152 0.8 416 14.5 29.5 2.5 20.6 0.3 20.6 2.7

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 12,082 100 23,500 100 1,143 100 9.3 - 30 - 23 -
Less than 50 miles 6,494 53.8 19,263 82 424 37 12.5 4.9 36.2 5.3 45.7 6.1
50 - 99 miles 2,467 20.4 2,231 9.5 205 18 17.2 2.4 26.5 3.4 28 2.9
100 - 249 miles 2,502 20.7 1,519 6.5 272 23.8 18.6 3.4 17.8 2 17.5 4.3
250 - 499 miles 489 4 413 1.8 171 14.9 30.5 1.1 47.2 0.9 45.2 3.9
500 - 749 miles 56 0.5 37 0.2 30 2.7 35.7 0.1 42.6 0.2 43.6 2
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 15 0.1 S S 8 0.7 46.8 0.1 S S 46.5 1.3
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 96 100 973 100 89 100 39.4 - 39.9 - 47.1 -
Less than 50 miles S S 884 90.9 5 5.4 S S 23.5 3.9 17.6 15.5
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - 35.7 0.1 35.7 0.4 35.7 0.1
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S - 0.7 - 0.1 S S 49.2 0.2 41.6 0.1
250 - 499 miles S S 5 20.1 3 6.9 S S 36 15.1 40.8 13.2
500 - 749 miles S S S S 2 4.6 S S S S 36.9 14.2
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 74 1.9 S S S S 39.3 5 S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 7,426 100 1,330 100 755 100 14.1 - 28.3 - 30.8 -
Less than 50 miles 499 6.7 S S S S 29.1 2.2 S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles 767 10.3 95 7.1 20 2.7 21.2 2.5 47.4 2.6 42.3 1.5
250 - 499 miles 1,898 25.6 580 43.7 274 36.2 23.9 3.6 34.9 8.5 35.5 8.2
500 - 749 miles 1,246 16.8 171 12.8 S S 24.4 1.8 47.6 4 S S
750 - 999 miles 286 3.9 S S 15 2 21.6 0.5 S S 49.4 1.8
1,000 - 1,499 miles 434 5.8 S S S S 24.6 2.2 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 316 4.3 S S S S 37.8 1.6 S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 1,460 19.7 50 3.8 161 21.3 28.1 3.6 30.8 4.7 31.4 9.5

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 6,739 100 103 100 88 100 15.5 - 16.2 - 19.7 -
Less than 50 miles 480 7.1 10 10 - 0.4 31 2.6 21.5 3.3 25.1 0.2
50 - 99 miles S S 6 6.3 1 0.7 S S 26.9 1.4 28.3 0.3
100 - 249 miles 692 10.3 17 16 3 3.9 20 2.5 22.6 3.1 21 1.4
250 - 499 miles 1,738 25.8 19 18.6 12 14.2 26 4.2 12 2.1 18.6 3.3
500 - 749 miles 1,161 17.2 23 21.9 17 19.5 26 1.8 42.1 4.4 40.8 3.6
750 - 999 miles 275 4.1 5 5 6 6.7 22.1 0.6 35.2 1.3 36.7 2.2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 389 5.8 8 8 11 12.9 23.1 2.2 23.8 1.5 23.8 2.7
1,500 - 2,000 miles 316 4.7 S S S S 37.8 1.7 S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 1,203 17.9 10 9.4 26 29.5 34.2 3.8 29.2 1.8 29.1 4.8

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 647 100 1,209 100 641 100 30.8 - 31.8 - 37.5 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles 65 10 S S 15 2.3 41.8 17.2 S S 46.7 5.5
250 - 499 miles 149 23.1 554 45.8 257 40 44.6 14.4 30.4 10.6 32 11.1
500 - 749 miles S S 147 12.1 121 18.9 S S 27.4 11.1 40.5 10.9
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles 248 38.4 S S S S 41 18.8 S S S S

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 40 100 S S S S 32.3 - S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles 10 24.1 S S S S 38.6 18.3 S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S 7 41.3 S S S S 37.6 13.4 S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S - 2.3 S S S S 18.2 15.8 S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 874 100 416 100 S S 36.5 - 46.8 - S S
Less than 50 miles 500 57.2 207 49.7 S S 39.7 8.3 44.3 10.1 S S
50 - 99 miles 73 8.4 S S S S 35.6 9.2 S S S S
100 - 249 miles 70 8 28 6.7 5 6.5 47.3 10.2 43.9 12.2 43.5 13.2
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 8 0.9 S S S S 49.8 14.2 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 1 0.1 - - - 0.2 42.8 2.2 42 0.2 40.3 8.2
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any mileage group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the mileage group of "More than 2,000 miles" but does have data for the other mileage groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.