Table 7. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 7. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

Excel | CSV

All Commodities5

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 55,985 100 44,138 100 4,978 100 537 10.7 - 19.1 - 12.4 - 12.7
Single modes 47,685 85.2 42,392 96 4,141 83.2 175 11.7 2.1 19.2 0.9 9.8 3.2 12
Truck6 43,700 78.1 41,395 93.8 4,011 80.6 152 10.4 3 19.7 1.7 9.3 3.4 10.5
For-hire truck 31,619 56.5 17,896 40.5 2,868 57.6 332 17.1 4.7 24 5.5 8.9 4.6 24.7
Private truck 12,082 21.6 23,500 53.2 1,143 23 61 9.3 4.1 30 5.6 23 3.2 9
Rail 96 0.2 973 2.2 89 1.8 S 39.4 0.1 39.9 2.4 47.1 1.3 S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,248 S S S S S S 8.3
Multiple modes 7,426 13.3 1,330 3 755 15.2 939 14.1 2.1 28.3 0.8 30.8 2.9 7.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 6,739 12 103 0.2 88 1.8 941 15.5 2 16.2 0.1 19.7 0.5 7.4
Truck and rail 647 1.2 1,209 2.7 641 12.9 S 30.8 0.4 31.8 0.9 37.5 3 S
Truck and water 40 0.1 S S S S 1,570 32.3 - S S S S 31.8
Other and unknown modes 874 1.6 416 0.9 S S S 36.5 0.7 46.8 0.3 S S S

SCTG2 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,709 100 2,396 100 441 100 101 21 - 20.6 - 26.3 - 47.7
Single modes 1,680 98.3 2,370 98.9 411 93.2 93 21.3 1 20.5 0.5 26.1 2.8 47
Truck6 1,680 98.3 2,370 98.9 411 93.2 93 21.3 1 20.5 0.5 26.1 2.8 47
For-hire truck 985 57.6 820 34.2 261 59.1 345 33 8.1 26 5.6 27.2 7 27.3
Private truck 695 40.7 1,550 64.7 150 34.1 79 17.4 10.5 20 6.8 25.1 11 27.5
Multiple modes 16 1 S S S S S 32 0.5 S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,487 100 1,357 100 460 100 S 17.8 - 36.4 - 40.5 - S
Single modes 1,150 77.4 S S 163 35.6 S 19.6 7.7 S S 47.9 16.5 S
Truck6 1,150 77.4 S S 163 35.6 S 19.6 7.7 S S 47.9 16.5 S
For-hire truck S S 154 11.4 S S 529 S S 36.2 17.3 S S 26.2
Private truck 875 58.8 S S S S 42 20.1 11 S S S S 25.4
Multiple modes S S 405 29.8 S S 691 S S 47 11.6 S S 20.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 14 0.9 1 0.1 1 0.1 684 31.6 1.1 17.6 0.2 25.4 2.7 17.5
Truck and rail 323 21.7 404 29.8 S S 825 46.8 12.1 38.6 15.8 S S 30.9

SCTG2 10-14, Stones, nonmetallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 288 100 20,457 100 756 100 34 27.3 - 37.1 - 31.3 - 20.2
Single modes 255 88.4 19,968 97.6 522 69 26 29.8 5.1 38.1 1.8 42.1 11.4 11.7
Truck6 255 88.4 19,968 97.6 522 69 26 29.8 5.1 38.1 1.8 42.1 11.4 11.7
For-hire truck 128 44.3 9,134 44.7 268 35.5 28 29.6 11.4 42 13.8 46 11.9 45
Private truck S S S S S S 24 S S S S S S 14
Multiple modes 33 11.5 471 2.3 S S 498 19 13.4 19.9 5.6 S S 5.7
Truck and rail 33 11.5 471 2.3 S S 498 19 13.4 19.9 5.6 S S 5.7
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 3,584 100 4,954 100 S S 32 45.2 - 42.3 - S S 31.6
Single modes 3,513 98 4,853 98 S S 34 44.3 0.7 41.3 0.7 S S 28.5
Truck6 3,513 98 4,853 98 S S 34 44.3 0.7 41.3 0.7 S S 28.5
For-hire truck 2,562 71.5 3,308 66.8 S S 45 49.8 16.5 49.9 15.5 S S 28.3
Private truck 950 26.5 1,545 31.2 50 23.9 27 26.5 18.4 18.5 17.2 27.6 18.6 41.5
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 20-24, Basic chemicals, chemical, and pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 23,333 100 1,703 100 346 100 329 26.4 - 21.2 - 12.8 - 20.2
Single modes 22,114 94.8 1,666 97.8 317 91.8 181 27.6 2.1 21.7 0.9 11.3 2 19.5
Truck6 19,251 82.5 1,659 97.4 312 90.3 178 24.7 4.3 21.8 1 11.7 2.4 19.4
For-hire truck 15,233 65.3 410 24.1 191 55.3 S 33.6 10 12.9 10.1 9 6.8 S
Private truck 4,018 17.2 1,249 73.3 121 34.9 87 28 10.4 29.9 10.4 26.4 7.1 11.4
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S 2 0.6 1,023 S S S S 26.4 0.2 17.6
Multiple modes 1,082 4.6 25 1.5 S S 723 30.1 1.8 31.7 0.5 S S 12.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1,068 4.6 22 1.3 S S 724 30.6 1.8 37.6 0.4 S S 12.7
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 3,961 100 3,732 100 1,152 100 518 11.4 - 13.6 - 13 - 16.9
Single modes 3,651 92.2 3,628 97.2 1,082 93.9 324 12.4 2.5 13.7 1.1 12.3 2 22.7
Truck6 3,591 90.7 3,572 95.7 1,016 88.2 312 12.6 2.5 13.9 1.7 12.9 4.7 23.9
For-hire truck 2,057 51.9 2,309 61.9 889 77.2 770 16.5 5.1 15.3 5.8 12.9 4.5 12.1
Private truck 1,535 38.7 1,263 33.8 127 11 64 18.9 5.1 33.4 6.1 35.9 3.2 13.6
Rail S S 55 1.5 S S 2,038 S S 28 2.1 S S 40
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,249 S S S S S S 23.8
Multiple modes 252 6.4 67 1.8 31 2.7 716 32.2 2.6 31.3 0.5 26.8 0.7 15.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 239 6 15 0.4 10 0.9 718 34 2.5 38.7 0.2 41.4 0.3 15
Truck and rail 11 0.3 49 1.3 19 1.6 S 44.4 0.4 38.3 0.8 20.3 1 S
Truck and water 2 0.1 3 0.1 2 0.2 660 42.7 0.2 46.1 0.2 32.5 0.6 28.8
Other and unknown modes 58 1.5 S S S S S 48.3 0.7 S S S S S

SCTG2 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 4,162 100 8,041 100 737 100 224 27.9 - 20.6 - 31.2 - 20.1
Single modes 3,661 88 7,618 94.7 708 96.2 125 32.5 4.8 19.2 1.9 31.4 1.2 17.6
Truck6 3,604 86.6 6,705 83.4 688 93.3 119 32.8 5.4 20.1 6.1 31.1 1.9 21.3
For-hire truck 2,196 52.8 1,063 13.2 384 52.1 557 49 8.9 27.9 5.2 32.9 7.1 16.6
Private truck 1,407 33.8 5,642 70.2 304 41.2 51 19.9 8.6 21.1 6 31.6 7.5 12.9
Rail 48 1.1 913 11.4 S S S 32.2 2.3 36.3 14.1 S S S
Air (incl truck and air) 10 0.2 S S S S 832 41.1 0.2 S S S S 30.4
Multiple modes 448 10.8 S S S S 441 31 4.9 S S S S 20.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 431 10.4 8 0.1 S S 450 32.9 4.9 36.7 - S S 19.2
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 21 S S S S S S 17.6

SCTG2 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 14,120 100 725 100 727 100 561 15.5 - 20.6 - 21.3 - 19
Single modes 9,208 65.2 614 84.6 610 83.9 413 14.7 4.9 23.6 5.2 25.5 7.2 36.8
Truck6 8,206 58.1 593 81.8 572 78.7 S 15.2 5.9 23.8 5.2 25.1 7.2 S
For-hire truck 7,294 51.7 544 75.1 562 77.3 920 14.2 6.3 26.5 6.8 25.4 7.3 8.9
Private truck 912 6.5 49 6.7 10 1.4 S 43 1.9 32.3 2.2 41.1 0.4 S
Air (incl truck and air) 1,001 7.1 S S S S 1,304 29.7 2 S S S S 5.6
Multiple modes 4,491 31.8 53 7.3 103 14.1 973 25.5 5.1 35.4 1.9 37.3 5.4 14.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 4,240 30 S S S S 971 27.2 5.3 S S S S 14.3
Truck and rail 230 1.6 21 2.9 66 9.1 3,190 10.8 3.5 6 5.2 6.1 18.7 0.3
Truck and water 21 0.1 S S S S 1,843 36.3 0.2 S S S S 36.4
Other and unknown modes 421 3 S S S S S 42.1 2.4 S S S S S

SCTG2 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc. manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 3,342 100 772 100 151 100 906 18.9 - 31.4 - 23.3 - 15.9
Single modes 2,454 73.4 725 93.8 125 82.5 149 26.4 6.3 31.3 1.6 24.4 3.7 29.6
Truck6 2,450 73.3 725 93.8 124 82.4 148 26.5 6.4 31.4 1.6 24.3 3.8 30.1
For-hire truck 888 26.6 153 19.8 63 41.7 552 25.9 4.1 21.9 9 35.4 8.4 16.9
Private truck 1,563 46.8 572 74.1 61 40.7 87 31.1 8.1 38.6 9.8 43 8.5 10.7
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 693 S S S S S S 20.6
Multiple modes 767 23 41 5.3 26 16.9 1,053 23.3 5.7 38.5 1.7 31.9 3.8 9.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 740 22.1 27 3.4 21 13.9 1,054 24.8 5.8 34 1.8 37.6 4.2 9.8
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 99, Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes - 100 S S S S S 46.6 - S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Standard Classification of Transported Goods.
3 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
4 Coefficient of Variation.
5 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
6 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
7 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular row have no value. For example, Dallas-Fort Worth, TX by Base metal and machinery (31-34) by Water has no data for any shipment characteristic therefore the entire row is not shown. Also, entire commodity groups are not present if there is no such data for that commodity group by area. For example, Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV (DC part) by Coal and petroleum products (15-19) has no data for any mode therefore the entire commodity group is not shown.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.