Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 118,573 100 181,511 100 38,978 100 11.6 - 13.1 - 12.4 -
Less than 50 miles 32,470 27.4 97,530 53.7 2,623 6.7 23 3 16.5 3.1 21.6 1.4
50 - 99 miles 8,745 7.4 19,490 10.7 1,918 4.9 13.2 0.9 18.3 1.2 18.5 0.9
100 - 249 miles 19,504 16.4 30,504 16.8 7,397 19 11.7 1.7 16.9 1.6 19.7 3
250 - 499 miles 24,591 20.7 16,818 9.3 8,374 21.5 11.5 1.5 9.3 1.3 9 1.6
500 - 749 miles 17,393 14.7 9,798 5.4 7,701 19.8 11.2 1.2 18 1 16.6 1.8
750 - 999 miles 7,816 6.6 4,497 2.5 4,847 12.4 14.8 0.7 16.6 0.5 16.8 1.3
1,000 - 1,499 miles 2,226 1.9 988 0.5 1,541 4 9.6 0.2 20.8 0.2 24 0.6
1,500 - 2,000 miles 4,533 3.8 1,550 0.9 3,618 9.3 18.3 0.7 30.6 0.2 31.1 1.6
More than 2,000 miles 1,295 1.1 337 0.2 958 2.5 32.9 0.4 28.1 - 27.9 0.4

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 103,165 100 175,597 100 34,610 100 11.1 - 13.4 - 13.5 -
Less than 50 miles 31,479 30.5 96,398 54.9 2,556 7.4 23.8 4 16.4 3 21.1 1.3
50 - 99 miles 8,454 8.2 19,257 11 1,894 5.5 13.6 1.1 18.3 1.2 18.5 1
100 - 249 miles 18,432 17.9 29,638 16.9 7,175 20.7 12.2 1.7 17.1 1.6 20 3.1
250 - 499 miles 18,762 18.2 15,589 8.9 7,556 21.8 10 1.8 10.3 1.3 10.2 1.9
500 - 749 miles 14,619 14.2 8,780 5 6,827 19.7 12.4 1.2 18.2 1 16.7 2
750 - 999 miles 5,661 5.5 3,554 2 3,751 10.8 12.6 0.8 17.7 0.4 18 1.4
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,824 1.8 955 0.5 1,495 4.3 9.4 0.1 21.2 0.2 24.4 0.8
1,500 - 2,000 miles 2,875 2.8 1,132 0.6 2,556 7.4 22.1 0.8 41.4 0.2 43.3 1.5
More than 2,000 miles 1,057 1 294 0.2 800 2.3 39.9 0.5 33.1 0.1 34.6 0.5

Truck4

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 94,228 100 149,399 100 20,517 100 11.1 - 14 - 8.7 -
Less than 50 miles 31,414 33.3 95,974 64.2 2,515 12.3 23.9 4.1 16.6 3.5 21.8 2.1
50 - 99 miles 8,248 8.8 16,844 11.3 1,614 7.9 14.5 1.2 19.1 1.4 19.5 1.3
100 - 249 miles 16,682 17.7 18,921 12.7 3,742 18.2 12.6 1.8 17.4 1.6 15.5 1.6
250 - 499 miles 15,165 16.1 8,730 5.8 3,980 19.4 11.8 1.3 14.1 0.8 13.6 1.8
500 - 749 miles 13,003 13.8 5,840 3.9 4,359 21.2 10.8 1.3 15.1 0.8 14.3 1.9
750 - 999 miles 4,902 5.2 1,823 1.2 1,861 9.1 11.6 0.8 14.1 0.3 14.1 1.1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,533 1.6 542 0.4 779 3.8 8.4 0.2 9.9 0.1 9.8 0.6
1,500 - 2,000 miles 2,313 2.5 531 0.4 1,153 5.6 22.7 0.8 13.7 0.1 13.9 0.8
More than 2,000 miles 967 1 195 0.1 514 2.5 43.7 0.5 21.4 - 21 0.6

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 64,544 100 70,907 100 15,462 100 15.5 - 21.2 - 9.2 -
Less than 50 miles 17,493 27.1 37,141 52.4 1,190 7.7 43.7 6.7 36.1 8.4 37.3 2.5
50 - 99 miles 3,948 6.1 7,083 10 668 4.3 18 1.4 21.4 2 21.3 0.8
100 - 249 miles 9,280 14.4 11,393 16.1 2,328 15.1 13.2 1.6 17.9 2.2 16.9 1.8
250 - 499 miles 12,464 19.3 7,042 9.9 3,238 20.9 13.3 2 17.1 2.4 16.3 2.5
500 - 749 miles 12,006 18.6 5,380 7.6 4,021 26 11.6 2 16.6 2.2 15.6 2.2
750 - 999 miles 4,590 7.1 1,673 2.4 1,710 11.1 12.4 1.5 12.6 0.9 12.7 1.3
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,507 2.3 518 0.7 740 4.8 8.5 0.3 9.7 0.3 9.4 0.7
1,500 - 2,000 miles 2,289 3.5 482 0.7 1,053 6.8 23 1.4 9.7 0.2 10.2 1.1
More than 2,000 miles 966 1.5 194 0.3 513 3.3 43.8 0.8 21.4 0.1 21.1 0.7

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 29,684 100 78,492 100 5,054 100 9.9 - 19.6 - 16.4 -
Less than 50 miles 13,921 46.9 58,833 75 1,324 26.2 10 4.7 20.7 3.8 25 3.2
50 - 99 miles 4,300 14.5 9,761 12.4 946 18.7 14.1 1.7 28.4 1.6 27.3 3.2
100 - 249 miles 7,402 24.9 7,528 9.6 1,414 28 19.1 2.4 20.9 2.4 17.1 3
250 - 499 miles 2,701 9.1 1,688 2.2 741 14.7 26.6 1.4 15.9 0.6 16.7 1.6
500 - 749 miles 997 3.4 460 0.6 338 6.7 25.1 0.6 17.3 0.2 16.5 1.1
750 - 999 miles 311 1 150 0.2 151 3 46.2 0.6 45 0.1 43.4 1.2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 26 0.1 24 - 40 0.8 31.7 - 24 - 24.7 0.4
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 1 - - - 1 - 8.5 - 24 - 26.7 0.1

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 7,842 100 25,396 100 13,418 100 19.6 - 17.3 - 21.2 -
Less than 50 miles 62 0.8 S S S S 43.3 1.2 S S S S
50 - 99 miles 202 2.6 2,389 9.4 278 2.1 27.4 1.3 33 2.6 33.5 1
100 - 249 miles 1,475 18.8 10,431 41.1 3,266 24.3 31.3 6.8 35.2 8.9 36.7 7.7
250 - 499 miles 3,298 42.1 6,526 25.7 3,267 24.3 31.4 9.4 19.8 9.1 17.8 6.7
500 - 749 miles 1,368 17.4 2,820 11.1 2,303 17.2 38.4 3.6 26.6 2.9 24.1 4.2
750 - 999 miles 718 9.2 1,707 6.7 1,871 13.9 33 1.5 23.1 1.6 23.3 2.4
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S 413 1.6 715 5.3 S S 43.4 0.6 46.9 1.4
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Shallow draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 602 100 11 100 S S 43.9 - 47.9 - S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S - 0.8 S S S S 46.7 1.8
250 - 499 miles S S 1 11.4 1 4.1 S S 27.1 9.2 23.5 7
500 - 749 miles 153 25.4 2 15.2 1 7.6 39.7 8.8 32.5 5.9 34.4 5
750 - 999 miles S S - 4.3 - 2.8 S S 24.4 3.9 23.1 4.6
1,000 - 1,499 miles 27 4.5 1 5.2 1 4.4 45.5 5 46.6 5.4 44.7 7.5
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 17 2.8 - 3.6 S S 48.4 4.7 46.5 7 S S

Pipeline5

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 5 100 32 100 S S 5.8 - 43.8 - S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 14,185 100 4,459 100 3,986 100 21.9 - 8.9 - 11.3 -
Less than 50 miles 599 4.2 S S S S 38.7 1.2 S S S S
50 - 99 miles 224 1.6 S S S S 24.6 0.6 S S S S
100 - 249 miles 896 6.3 526 11.8 157 3.9 18 1.7 25.2 3.1 28.5 1.4
250 - 499 miles 5,634 39.7 1,053 23.6 732 18.4 33.1 6.4 20.9 3.8 20.7 3.8
500 - 749 miles 2,530 17.8 871 19.5 761 19.1 19.5 3.6 17.9 3.2 17.3 3
750 - 999 miles 2,057 14.5 911 20.4 1,062 26.6 30.7 1.5 20.2 3.5 19.7 4.3
1,000 - 1,499 miles 395 2.8 S S S S 37.5 0.7 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 1,616 11.4 413 9.3 1,052 26.4 29.3 2 28.9 3.9 29.1 6.1
More than 2,000 miles 234 1.7 29 0.7 123 3.1 34.2 0.7 47.5 0.5 47 1.2

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 5,553 100 169 100 135 100 23.1 - 29 - 31.4 -
Less than 50 miles 379 6.8 7 4.2 S S 36.9 1.7 48.1 1.3 S S
50 - 99 miles 162 2.9 5 3.2 - 0.4 28.1 0.7 25.3 0.7 23.9 0.1
100 - 249 miles 656 11.8 23 13.8 6 4.1 22 2.6 26.4 1.8 29.7 0.6
250 - 499 miles 1,147 20.7 40 23.4 19 14.2 32.9 2.8 29.2 1.7 29.3 1.6
500 - 749 miles 1,613 29 46 27.2 35 25.8 20.9 3.3 26.9 2.7 26.1 3.1
750 - 999 miles 484 8.7 21 12.4 21 15.8 22.4 0.9 41 1.3 40.6 1.8
1,000 - 1,499 miles 385 6.9 10 6.1 14 10.5 37.4 2.5 49.5 1.1 47.7 1.7
1,500 - 2,000 miles 515 9.3 10 6.1 23 17 28.8 2.1 23.2 2.1 23.6 4.7
More than 2,000 miles 212 3.8 S S S S 39 0.7 S S S S

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 7,576 100 3,379 100 2,861 100 43.2 - 11.9 - 14.4 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles 62 0.8 100 3 12 0.4 29.4 2.9 43.9 3.3 45.8 0.6
100 - 249 miles 155 2.1 393 11.6 99 3.5 26.7 5.3 23.8 5 26 1.9
250 - 499 miles S S 887 26.3 524 18.3 S S 25.4 4.9 25.6 4.7
500 - 749 miles S S 532 15.8 458 16 S S 17.6 1.8 17.4 2.3
750 - 999 miles 1,363 18 523 15.5 620 21.7 46 3.6 26.1 3.1 25.2 3.9
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 1,100 14.5 403 11.9 1,027 35.9 41.7 5.1 29.8 4.8 29.9 7.8
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 854 100 571 100 594 100 42.3 - 34.7 - 35.8 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles 523 61.2 S S S S 41.5 13.1 S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S 292 51.2 S S S S 41.3 19.8 S S
750 - 999 miles 55 6.5 S S S S 48.8 17.4 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Rail and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 10 100 13 100 58 100 41.4 - 23.7 - 47.9 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Other multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 191 100 328 100 339 100 33.6 - 36.7 - 39.4 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles 35 18.4 48 14.7 19 5.7 31.8 12.4 42.8 13 22.5 5.4
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles 154 80.7 279 85.1 319 94.2 22 10.4 26.8 9.6 26.8 3.8
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,223 100 1,455 100 382 100 12.4 - 33.5 - 35.6 -
Less than 50 miles 391 32 602 41.4 12 3 32.4 9.8 25.5 11.6 27.1 4.6
50 - 99 miles 67 5.5 S S S S 33.8 1.7 S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles 194 15.8 177 12.1 86 22.5 33.1 4.5 47.2 4.3 49.6 4.9
500 - 749 miles 245 20 147 10.1 113 29.7 33.7 5.8 38.3 7.3 38.6 9.5
750 - 999 miles S S 32 2.2 34 8.8 S S 44.8 3 43.8 5.2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 7 0.6 S S S S 32.7 0.6 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any mileage group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the mileage group of "More than 2,000 miles" but does have data for the other mileage groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.