Table 7. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 7. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Commodities5

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 118,573 100 181,511 100 38,978 100 437 11.6 - 13.1 - 12.4 - 8.1
Single modes 103,165 87 175,597 96.7 34,610 88.8 190 11.1 1.6 13.4 0.5 13.5 1.5 6.2
Truck6 94,228 79.5 149,399 82.3 20,517 52.6 175 11.1 1.3 14 1.5 8.7 2.6 6.3
For-hire truck 64,544 54.4 70,907 39.1 15,462 39.7 485 15.5 2.2 21.2 5.3 9.2 2 9.7
Private truck 29,684 25 78,492 43.2 5,054 13 56 9.9 2.6 19.6 5.8 16.4 2 7.5
Rail 7,842 6.6 25,396 14 13,418 34.4 627 19.6 1.2 17.3 1.4 21.2 2.4 7.3
Water S S S S S S 821 S S S S S S 21.8
Shallow draft S S S S S S 821 S S S S S S 21.8
Air (incl truck and air) 602 0.5 11 - S S 856 43.9 0.3 47.9 - S S 7.2
Pipeline7 5 - 32 - S S S 5.8 - 43.8 0.1 S S S
Multiple modes 14,185 12 4,459 2.5 3,986 10.2 812 21.9 1.8 8.9 0.5 11.3 1.7 6.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 5,553 4.7 169 0.1 135 0.3 811 23.1 1.5 29 - 31.4 0.1 6.9
Truck and rail 7,576 6.4 3,379 1.9 2,861 7.3 880 43.2 2 11.9 0.5 14.4 1.7 16.5
Truck and water 854 0.7 571 0.3 594 1.5 S 42.3 0.4 34.7 0.1 35.8 0.5 S
Rail and water 10 - 13 - 58 0.1 S 41.4 0.1 23.7 - 47.9 1.1 S
Other multiple modes 191 0.2 328 0.2 339 0.9 1,058 33.6 0.2 36.7 0.2 39.4 0.8 5.7
Other and unknown modes 1,223 1 1,455 0.8 382 1 S 12.4 0.2 33.5 0.2 35.6 0.3 S

SCTG2 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 5,025 100 8,825 100 1,661 100 672 12.6 - 21 - 21.6 - 19.5
Single modes 4,637 92.3 7,822 88.6 1,409 84.8 198 14.6 3.2 22.2 4.5 22 5 30.2
Truck6 4,360 86.8 7,332 83.1 1,269 76.4 196 14.9 4.6 23.2 5.8 23.7 7.7 30.8
For-hire truck 2,866 57 3,965 44.9 966 58.2 436 20.9 6.1 36.1 9.4 28.6 7.7 15.9
Private truck 1,495 29.7 3,367 38.2 302 18.2 S 19.7 5.8 38 10.4 30.5 8.7 S
Rail 261 5.2 485 5.5 131 7.9 269 43 10.5 39.7 7.3 46.3 10.3 11.3
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 191 3.8 S S S S 1,032 37.6 2 S S S S 13.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 53 1.1 6 0.1 6 0.4 1,033 34.4 2 25.7 0.1 29.1 1.2 16
Truck and rail 139 2.8 S S 174 10.5 991 44 5.4 S S 48.9 12.3 28.3
Other and unknown modes 197 3.9 671 7.6 72 4.3 S 37.9 3.9 47.2 5.9 49.8 2.8 S

SCTG2 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 4,378 100 4,066 100 774 100 S 14.5 - 24.3 - 46.4 - S
Single modes 4,185 95.6 3,796 93.4 696 89.9 64 15 3.9 23.9 7.1 47.9 3.2 46.4
Truck6 4,185 95.6 3,796 93.4 696 89.9 64 15 3.9 23.9 7.1 47.9 3.2 46.4
For-hire truck 1,464 33.4 S S S S 326 28.7 7.3 S S S S 47
Private truck 2,721 62.1 2,328 57.3 187 24.1 53 17.9 9.1 28.5 11.6 42.3 13.8 37.8
Multiple modes 50 1.1 2 0.1 1 0.2 699 37.4 2.9 29.9 0.1 34.4 0.9 38.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 50 1.1 2 0.1 1 0.2 699 37.4 2.9 29.9 0.1 34.4 0.9 38.6
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 10-14, Stones, nonmetallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 526 100 26,972 100 3,099 100 S 27 - 27.4 - 24.2 - S
Single modes 486 92.3 26,501 98.3 2,812 90.8 S 26.9 2.6 28.1 1.8 22.3 2.5 S
Truck6 324 61.6 24,060 89.2 1,289 41.6 S 29.7 9.5 31.9 14.1 35.3 12.3 S
For-hire truck 194 36.9 7,108 26.4 S S S 49.5 10.1 35.3 11.9 S S S
Private truck 130 24.7 16,952 62.8 S S S 37.1 13.3 37.9 15.4 S S S
Rail 161 30.7 2,441 9.1 1,523 49.1 494 23.1 7.7 27.1 16.1 13.3 9.5 23.4
Multiple modes 39 7.5 S S S S 526 43.1 3.1 S S S S 17
Truck and rail 39 7.4 S S S S 551 41 3.4 S S S S 9.7
Truck and water - 0.1 9 - - - 56 37.4 0.3 45.8 0.1 44.1 - -
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 19 S S S S S S 25.2

SCTG2 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 7,188 100 23,914 100 4,095 100 S 28.4 - 19 - 31.6 - S
Single modes 7,138 99.3 23,852 99.7 4,062 99.2 S 28.1 0.3 19 0.2 32 1.2 S
Truck6 6,366 88.6 13,917 58.2 1,174 28.7 S 32.6 7 27.1 12.6 36.6 18.4 S
For-hire truck 3,581 49.8 7,862 32.9 891 21.7 108 45.6 8.6 35.2 8.3 40.4 11.4 37.3
Private truck 2,785 38.7 6,055 25.3 283 6.9 29 23.8 8.7 21.1 9.1 39.6 9.2 32.9
Rail 772 10.7 9,936 41.5 2,888 70.5 S 12.6 17.8 11.6 18.3 17.8 11.3 S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 20-24, Basic chemicals, chemical, and pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 13,375 100 9,765 100 4,459 100 450 14.8 - 14.4 - 15.9 - 20.8
Single modes 12,269 91.7 9,543 97.7 4,202 94.3 302 16.3 2.9 14.5 0.5 15.7 1.5 29.9
Truck6 9,217 68.9 4,036 41.3 1,501 33.7 276 11.5 4.5 13.2 6.9 11.6 6.7 34.1
For-hire truck 7,636 57.1 2,883 29.5 1,313 29.4 781 14.4 3.3 17.2 7.4 11.8 6.4 9.8
Private truck 1,581 11.8 1,153 11.8 188 4.2 S 13.8 3.6 18.7 1.6 22.9 0.7 S
Rail 2,937 22 5,451 55.8 2,680 60.1 497 35.1 4.4 21.6 6.9 19.9 6.9 25.3
Water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Shallow draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 816 S S S S S S 20.9
Pipeline7 5 - 32 0.3 S S S 5.8 0.2 43.8 4.6 S S S
Multiple modes 1,073 8 187 1.9 242 5.4 693 32.7 2.9 31.1 0.5 41.7 1.5 8.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 574 4.3 13 0.1 11 0.3 688 49.8 2.4 33.3 0.1 40.6 0.3 12.7
Truck and rail 64 0.5 68 0.7 52 1.2 720 29.1 0.2 30.4 0.2 33.6 0.5 16.7
Truck and water 435 3.3 106 1.1 178 4 1,943 49.1 5.6 42.1 1.2 43.6 3.5 8.3
Other and unknown modes 33 0.2 S S S S S 36.6 0.2 S S S S S

SCTG2 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 18,926 100 70,920 100 12,372 100 402 6.6 - 21.3 - 8.8 - 16.7
Single modes 17,272 91.3 68,745 96.9 10,497 84.8 201 6.1 1.4 21.6 1.2 8.4 2.8 24.8
Truck6 15,520 82 64,713 91.2 7,749 62.6 191 7.6 2.1 23.1 4.7 9.3 3.6 26
For-hire truck 10,799 57.1 34,145 48.1 5,990 48.4 361 9 2.9 35.4 9.2 9 3.8 18
Private truck 4,721 24.9 30,569 43.1 1,759 14.2 73 12.7 2.6 38.7 10.1 28.6 4.1 22.2
Rail 1,751 9.3 4,031 5.7 2,747 22.2 672 13 1.7 15 3.9 13.4 2.8 9.1
Air (incl truck and air) S S - - - - S S S 41.1 - 30.9 - S
Multiple modes 1,485 7.8 1,844 2.6 1,703 13.8 821 24 1.4 24.1 1.1 27.2 3.1 11.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 518 2.7 21 - 16 0.1 822 39.6 0.8 30.6 - 28.7 - 8
Truck and rail 877 4.6 1,809 2.6 1,674 13.5 747 23.5 1 24.4 1.1 27.4 3.1 25.4
Truck and water S S S S S S 1,050 S S S S S S 31.1
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 169 0.9 S S S S 193 34.9 0.3 S S S S 24.9

SCTG2 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 21,578 100 29,171 100 10,230 100 358 26.3 - 25.8 - 44.9 - 8.9
Single modes 19,662 91.1 28,105 96.3 9,215 90.1 201 28 1.7 26.1 1.2 47.3 3.2 17.2
Truck6 17,315 80.2 24,327 83.4 5,132 50.2 190 22.2 2.3 21.3 3.4 25.5 8.5 17.3
For-hire truck 12,421 57.6 9,292 31.9 4,007 39.2 549 24.1 2.3 27.9 4.6 27.2 7.6 5.9
Private truck 4,895 22.7 15,034 51.5 1,126 11 53 19.3 2.4 21.8 5.4 22.7 3.3 16.7
Rail S S S S S S 1,161 S S S S S S 14.4
Water S S S S S S 849 S S S S S S 15.8
Shallow draft S S S S S S 849 S S S S S S 15.8
Air (incl truck and air) 13 0.1 S S 2 - 1,105 34.9 0.1 S S 48.4 - 13.8
Multiple modes 1,577 7.3 1,020 3.5 999 9.8 697 17.2 1.6 30.1 1.2 30.3 3.3 12.2
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 954 4.4 33 0.1 23 0.2 697 23.9 1.5 26.5 0.1 24.7 0.2 12.1
Truck and rail 151 0.7 268 0.9 213 2.1 688 30.8 0.4 45.4 0.8 48.2 2.3 36.4
Truck and water 273 1.3 378 1.3 368 3.6 S 37.5 2.2 36.9 1.2 36.5 4.1 S
Rail and water 10 - 13 - 58 0.6 S 41.4 0.3 23.7 0.3 47.9 6 S
Other multiple modes 189 0.9 327 1.1 338 3.3 1,044 11.1 1.9 16.6 3.2 22.6 5.7 7.6
Other and unknown modes 339 1.6 47 0.2 16 0.2 S 27 0.5 33.6 0.1 32.5 0.2 S

SCTG2 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 34,132 100 3,823 100 1,113 100 613 30.4 - 28.7 - 28 - 13.2
Single modes 24,968 73.2 3,268 85.5 576 51.8 226 30.2 4.8 27.5 3.1 21.1 10.1 36.7
Truck6 24,413 71.5 3,256 85.2 567 51 199 31.1 4.4 27.5 3.1 21.1 10 36.7
For-hire truck 20,421 59.8 2,541 66.5 442 39.7 415 37.3 7 32.5 6 17.7 9.9 23.8
Private truck 3,993 11.7 715 18.7 125 11.3 76 28 4.1 48.2 6.5 48.7 4.3 31.2
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) 452 1.3 4 0.1 5 0.4 1,001 45 1.4 36.3 0.1 38.6 0.2 9.2
Multiple modes 8,853 25.9 513 13.4 S S 898 36.1 5 47 2.9 S S 11.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 2,552 7.5 53 1.4 48 4.3 896 30.7 5.1 44.7 1.5 45.7 4.9 12.1
Truck and rail 6,301 18.5 460 12 460 41.4 928 13.4 12.1 17.9 5.2 30.5 17.5 15.8
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 311 0.9 42 1.1 S S S 28.8 0.5 44.4 3.3 S S S

SCTG2 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc. manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 13,445 100 4,055 100 1,175 100 642 17.3 - 9.4 - 16.1 - 9.5
Single modes 12,549 93.3 3,965 97.8 1,141 97 322 18.5 2.1 9.3 1 16.5 1.6 13
Truck6 12,527 93.2 3,962 97.7 1,139 96.9 308 18.6 2.3 9.4 1 16.5 1.6 13.5
For-hire truck 5,163 38.4 1,643 40.5 783 66.6 737 26.6 5.6 14 6.4 22.5 4.8 7.4
Private truck 7,364 54.8 2,319 57.2 356 30.3 86 23.8 6.1 16.3 6.1 17.8 5 25.3
Rail S S S S 1 0.1 S S S S S 46.8 1 S
Air (incl truck and air) 14 0.1 - - - - 668 38.3 0.2 41.6 - 43.5 - 32
Multiple modes 866 6.4 S S S S 791 32.6 2.1 S S S S 6.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 853 6.3 41 1 S S 791 32.5 2.1 48.8 0.5 S S 6.8
Truck and rail 6 - 1 - S S S 47.2 0.3 7.9 0.1 S S S
Truck and water S S S S S S 1,933 S S S S S S 26.1
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 99, Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S - 100 - 100 98 S S 36.9 - 24 - 16.4
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Standard Classification of Transported Goods.
3 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
4 Coefficient of Variation.
5 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
6 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
7 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular row have no value. For example, Dallas-Fort Worth, TX by Base metal and machinery (31-34) by Water has no data for any shipment characteristic therefore the entire row is not shown. Also, entire commodity groups are not present if there is no such data for that commodity group by area. For example, Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV (DC part) by Coal and petroleum products (15-19) has no data for any mode therefore the entire commodity group is not shown.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.