Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 15,204 100 45,761 100 7,468 100 19.5 - 12.1 - 15.6 -
Less than 50 miles 4,172 27.4 20,588 45 632 8.5 32.6 3.6 24.6 9.3 31.1 3.2
50 - 99 miles 1,245 8.2 10,653 23.3 915 12.2 11.1 1.8 33.1 7.2 28.8 2.4
100 - 249 miles 4,518 29.7 10,438 22.8 2,170 29.1 36.1 4.6 47.4 6.8 43.7 6.9
250 - 499 miles 2,129 14 1,778 3.9 864 11.6 18.7 1.9 24 1.2 22.2 2.7
500 - 749 miles 606 4 1,252 2.7 1,089 14.6 23.4 1 27.9 0.6 27.8 3.1
750 - 999 miles 392 2.6 243 0.5 334 4.5 17.3 1 27.1 0.2 40.2 1.4
1,000 - 1,499 miles 721 4.7 625 1.4 1,044 14 18.6 0.8 19.1 0.3 22.7 2.7
1,500 - 2,000 miles 1,181 7.8 121 0.3 254 3.4 27.4 2.7 28.1 0.1 27.6 1
More than 2,000 miles 240 1.6 63 0.1 166 2.2 19.4 0.4 29.1 0.1 28.8 1.5

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 13,685 100 43,558 100 6,335 100 21.8 - 11.5 - 13.5 -
Less than 50 miles 4,103 30 20,290 46.6 622 9.8 33.4 3.8 24.2 9.1 30.7 3.2
50 - 99 miles 1,160 8.5 10,652 24.5 915 14.4 11.8 1.8 33.1 7.5 28.8 3
100 - 249 miles 4,361 31.9 8,942 20.5 1,717 27.1 37.7 4.9 43.4 6.3 39.1 6.4
250 - 499 miles 1,964 14.4 1,703 3.9 820 12.9 19.9 2 25.8 1.4 24.4 3.4
500 - 749 miles 542 4 1,251 2.9 1,088 17.2 26.4 1.4 27.9 0.6 27.8 3.7
750 - 999 miles 301 2.2 241 0.6 332 5.2 20.8 1 27.4 0.2 40.5 1.5
1,000 - 1,499 miles 442 3.2 302 0.7 441 7 25.5 1 28.9 0.3 27.5 3.2
1,500 - 2,000 miles 666 4.9 117 0.3 246 3.9 37.4 1.2 29.1 0.1 28.5 1.1
More than 2,000 miles 145 1.1 60 0.1 154 2.4 23.8 0.5 31.5 0.1 32.1 1.5

Truck4

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 12,938 100 34,422 100 4,714 100 22.2 - 16.6 - 12 -
Less than 50 miles 4,103 31.7 20,290 58.9 622 13.2 33.4 3.8 24.2 6.7 30.7 4.4
50 - 99 miles 932 7.2 3,307 9.6 345 7.3 9.1 1.8 32.2 2.2 28.2 1.5
100 - 249 miles 4,356 33.7 8,249 24 1,560 33.1 37.7 5.5 39.6 7.1 34.4 6.9
250 - 499 miles 1,908 14.7 1,316 3.8 644 13.7 20.3 2 19.1 1.9 18.4 3.3
500 - 749 miles 500 3.9 587 1.7 499 10.6 26.8 1.5 24.2 0.9 23.6 2.5
750 - 999 miles 295 2.3 195 0.6 204 4.3 21.2 1 26.9 0.2 26.3 1.2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 304 2.4 302 0.9 441 9.3 23.1 0.5 28.9 0.3 27.5 3
1,500 - 2,000 miles 398 3.1 117 0.3 245 5.2 30 1 29.2 0.3 28.7 2.2
More than 2,000 miles 142 1.1 60 0.2 154 3.3 25 0.5 31.5 0.1 32.1 1.5

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 6,958 100 18,164 100 3,608 100 22.6 - 29.9 - 13.9 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles 298 4.3 1,853 10.2 221 6.1 24.1 1.8 26.3 3.5 26.8 1.7
100 - 249 miles 2,391 34.4 S S 1,065 29.5 43.5 6.1 S S 43.3 6.1
250 - 499 miles 1,496 21.5 1,009 5.6 526 14.6 17.2 2.2 18.4 4.3 18.2 3.5
500 - 749 miles 486 7 556 3.1 472 13.1 26.4 2.2 25.4 2.4 24.7 3.1
750 - 999 miles 293 4.2 194 1.1 202 5.6 21.3 1.6 27 0.6 26.4 1.4
1,000 - 1,499 miles 304 4.4 302 1.7 441 12.2 23.1 1.4 28.9 1 27.5 4.3
1,500 - 2,000 miles 398 5.7 117 0.6 245 6.8 30 2.6 29.2 0.8 28.7 2.6
More than 2,000 miles 142 2 60 0.3 154 4.3 25 0.8 31.5 0.3 32.1 1.7

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 5,980 100 16,258 100 1,106 100 38.8 - 17.8 - 28.9 -
Less than 50 miles 2,955 49.4 11,936 73.4 340 30.7 32.2 5.1 20.6 6.7 27.1 8.3
50 - 99 miles 634 10.6 1,454 8.9 124 11.2 14.4 3 48.7 2.2 40.5 3
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles 412 6.9 307 1.9 119 10.7 35.4 2.6 31.6 0.7 32.2 3.8
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S 1 - 2 0.1 S S 47 - 47.1 0.8
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 304 100 9,135 100 1,619 100 36.2 - 32.9 - 21.9 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles 228 75 7,345 80.4 569 35.2 13.2 7.1 16.8 7.2 16.8 11.7
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S 387 4.2 176 10.8 S S 48.4 7 9.1 17.9
500 - 749 miles S S S S 589 36.4 S S S S 34.7 19.7
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,458 100 S S 1,119 100 22.4 - S S 38 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles 80 5.5 1 - - - 42.7 5.5 25.8 2.7 24.4 0.3
100 - 249 miles 155 10.6 S S S S 31.4 2.9 S S S S
250 - 499 miles 163 11.2 S S S S 36.4 2.9 S S S S
500 - 749 miles 63 4.3 1 0.1 1 0.1 18 0.9 23.2 1 23.2 0.9
750 - 999 miles 90 6.2 2 0.1 2 0.2 16.3 1.5 18.9 1.6 19.5 1.8
1,000 - 1,499 miles 266 18.3 322 16.9 602 53.8 19.8 4.8 44.8 12.9 46.4 12.4
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S 3 0.2 7 0.6 S S 22.2 4.1 21.1 5.4
More than 2,000 miles 89 6.1 3 0.2 S S 22.3 1.2 48.9 3.9 S S

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,348 100 18 100 20 100 24.9 - 13.6 - 13.4 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles 80 6 1 5.1 - 0.5 42.7 5.5 25.8 2.2 24.4 0.3
100 - 249 miles 121 9 2 13 1 2.5 32.5 2.4 30.3 4.5 29.7 1.8
250 - 499 miles 156 11.6 2 12.8 1 7.4 38.3 2.9 23.1 2.3 25.3 2.1
500 - 749 miles 63 4.7 1 6.3 1 4.9 18 0.9 23.2 1.1 23.2 0.9
750 - 999 miles 90 6.7 2 9.4 2 9.9 16.3 1.6 18.9 1.2 19.5 1.5
1,000 - 1,499 miles 204 15.1 3 16.5 5 23.8 16.3 3.5 18.4 3.2 18.1 2.8
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S 3 18.5 7 33.8 S S 22.2 2.7 21 4.8
More than 2,000 miles 82 6.1 1 7.5 3 17 19.7 1.1 27.6 1.5 28.2 2.5

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S 989 100 S S S S 32 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 61 100 S S S S 40.1 - S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles 1 2 S S S S 46.2 1.3 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any mileage group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the mileage group of "More than 2,000 miles" but does have data for the other mileage groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.