Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 15,204 100 45,761 100 7,468 100 404 19.5 - 12.1 - 15.6 - 18.9
Less than 50 lbs 1,116 7.3 22 - 11 0.1 654 16.5 0.8 28.0 - 15.5 - 18.8
50 - 99 lbs 301 2.0 22 - 5 0.1 214 27.2 0.3 40.8 - 14.7 - 32.9
100 - 499 lbs 1,368 9.0 112 0.2 18 0.2 157 26.3 2.9 19.5 0.1 20.7 0.1 13.7
500 - 749 lbs 274 1.8 64 0.1 12 0.2 184 27.4 0.8 20.0 - 20.9 0.1 35.0
750 - 999 lbs 195 1.3 48 0.1 10 0.1 213 28.4 0.5 17.2 - 29.9 - 28.6
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 2,534 16.7 1,390 3.0 299 4.0 200 20.1 1.9 10.5 0.6 21.5 0.6 21.2
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 7,593 49.9 21,005 45.9 3,177 42.5 151 25.8 4.7 15.8 7.6 12.3 8.6 17.4
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 1,319 8.7 10,392 22.7 1,215 16.3 118 43.6 2.3 33.9 5.0 36.4 3.6 16.2
More than 100,000 lbs 503 3.3 12,707 27.8 2,722 36.4 424 41.5 1.7 33.0 8.9 33.3 9.3 32.9

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 13,685 100 43,558 100 6,335 100 112 21.8 - 11.5 - 13.5 - 25.4
Less than 50 lbs 363 2.7 14 - 1 - S 39.6 0.6 45.0 - 33.8 - S
50 - 99 lbs 187 1.4 19 - 1 - 65 41.6 0.5 47.7 - 35.4 - 18.6
100 - 499 lbs 896 6.5 103 0.2 12 0.2 106 30.4 1.3 20.4 0.1 19.7 0.1 14.3
500 - 749 lbs 233 1.7 60 0.1 10 0.2 162 23.8 1.1 22.4 - 28.4 0.1 40.3
750 - 999 lbs 190 1.4 45 0.1 10 0.2 214 28.1 0.6 18.2 - 31.3 - 28.9
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 2,492 18.2 1,359 3.1 259 4.1 188 20.3 2.1 10.2 0.7 14.8 0.6 19.1
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 7,550 55.2 20,792 47.7 3,098 48.9 146 25.6 4.1 15.3 7.3 11.3 7.4 17.1
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 1,318 9.6 10,323 23.7 1,212 19.1 118 43.7 2.6 34.1 5.7 36.5 4.5 16.1
More than 100,000 lbs 456 3.3 10,844 24.9 1,733 27.4 311 43.4 1.7 36.7 8.8 36.3 7.7 35.3

Truck4

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 12,938 100 34,422 100 4,714 100 104 22.2 - 16.6 - 12.0 - 25.2
Less than 50 lbs 228 1.8 14 - 1 - 51 38.9 0.3 45.4 - 43.1 - 27.7
50 - 99 lbs 187 1.4 19 0.1 1 - 64 41.7 0.5 47.7 - 36.0 - 18.2
100 - 499 lbs 590 4.6 103 0.3 11 0.2 97 33.9 0.8 20.5 0.1 21.5 0.1 16.4
500 - 749 lbs 233 1.8 60 0.2 10 0.2 162 23.8 1.1 22.4 0.1 28.4 0.1 40.3
750 - 999 lbs 189 1.5 45 0.1 10 0.2 210 28.1 0.6 18.3 0.1 32.3 0.1 29.4
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 2,491 19.3 1,359 3.9 258 5.5 188 20.3 2.4 10.2 1.6 14.9 1.1 19.1
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 7,550 58.4 20,792 60.4 3,098 65.7 146 25.6 3.9 15.3 5.4 11.3 5.0 17.1
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 1,318 10.2 10,323 30.0 1,212 25.7 118 43.7 3.0 34.1 6.1 36.5 5.6 16.1
More than 100,000 lbs 152 1.2 S S 114 2.4 S 49.2 0.8 S S 43.1 1.2 S

For-hire truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 6,958 100 18,164 100 3,608 100 353 22.6 - 29.9 - 13.9 - 23.0
Less than 50 lbs S S - - - - S S S 45.8 - 47.4 - S
50 - 99 lbs 19 0.3 - - - - 1,160 40.0 0.2 17.7 - 18.0 - 16.6
100 - 499 lbs 206 3.0 5 - 5 0.2 1,161 46.7 1.8 16.4 - 26.3 0.1 13.7
500 - 749 lbs S S 7 - 7 0.2 1,074 S S 34.8 - 38.4 0.1 14.0
750 - 999 lbs S S 8 - 7 0.2 910 S S 35.2 0.1 43.1 0.1 12.5
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 700 10.1 247 1.4 174 4.8 714 16.7 1.6 13.9 1.0 16.9 1.4 14.4
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 4,798 68.9 9,553 52.6 2,367 65.6 269 27.9 4.8 28.1 5.9 11.3 5.2 30.2
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S 8,182 45.0 1,006 27.9 123 S S 40.1 7.0 41.6 6.0 20.4
More than 100,000 lbs 56 0.8 S S 41 1.1 S 39.3 1.9 S S 49.3 2.9 S

Private truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 5,980 100 16,258 100 1,106 100 52 38.8 - 17.8 - 28.9 - 9.2
Less than 50 lbs 216 3.6 13 0.1 S S 45 41.4 0.8 47.4 - S S 12.3
50 - 99 lbs 168 2.8 18 0.1 1 0.1 42 43.9 1.3 48.6 - 48.2 - 12.7
100 - 499 lbs 384 6.4 98 0.6 5 0.5 52 32.5 1.4 21.3 0.2 20.1 0.2 7.8
500 - 749 lbs 117 2.0 53 0.3 3 0.2 47 26.3 0.5 24.3 0.2 23.5 0.2 8.3
750 - 999 lbs 78 1.3 37 0.2 2 0.2 66 25.5 0.3 21.4 0.1 25.4 0.1 9.9
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 1,791 29.9 1,112 6.8 84 7.6 73 27.5 3.8 13.7 2.1 14.8 4.8 19.0
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S 11,238 69.1 731 66.1 61 S S 19.1 5.5 39.4 6.8 21.0
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 378 6.3 2,141 13.2 206 18.6 99 34.3 1.6 24.3 3.5 26.6 5.2 16.9
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S 47 S S S S S S 8.8

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 304 100 9,135 100 1,619 100 702 36.2 - 32.9 - 21.9 - 20.0
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs 304 100.0 9,135 100.0 1,619 100.0 704 36.2 - 32.9 - 21.9 - 19.9

Air (incl truck and air)

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S 2,155 S S S S S S 7.7
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 2,159 S S S S S S 8.3
50 - 99 lbs S S S S S S 1,792 S S S S S S 9.7
100 - 499 lbs S S 1 62.4 1 73.5 2,320 S S 45.5 11.3 47.5 7.6 8.9
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 2,037 S S S S S S 12.3
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,458 100 S S 1,119 100 1,290 22.4 - S S 38.0 - 4.4
Less than 50 lbs 740 50.7 8 0.4 10 0.9 1,297 15.1 6.8 16.8 7.6 16.1 8.2 4.4
50 - 99 lbs 112 7.7 3 0.1 3 0.3 1,282 12.9 1.5 20.2 2.1 18.2 2.4 10.4
100 - 499 lbs S S 5 0.2 5 0.4 1,005 S S 26.5 5.5 28.1 4.6 15.5
500 - 749 lbs S S S S 1 0.1 643 S S S S 44.6 3.1 45.7
750 - 999 lbs 4 0.3 S S - - S 27.9 1.1 S S 11.6 7.2 S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 5,733 S S S S S S 11.7
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 5,256 S S S S S S 20.2
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S 989 88.4 678 S S S S 32.0 7.0 44.9

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,348 100 18 100 20 100 1,286 24.9 - 13.6 - 13.4 - 4.5
Less than 50 lbs 740 54.9 8 44.5 10 50.2 1,297 15.1 7.2 16.8 6.0 16.1 5.6 4.4
50 - 99 lbs 112 8.3 3 14.2 3 16.2 1,282 12.9 1.4 20.2 2.7 18.2 2.9 10.4
100 - 499 lbs S S 5 26.6 5 24.8 1,005 S S 26.5 3.7 28.1 4.4 15.5
500 - 749 lbs S S S S 1 7.0 643 S S S S 44.6 2.9 45.7
750 - 999 lbs 4 0.3 S S - 1.8 S 27.9 1.1 S S 11.6 6.4 S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Truck and rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S 989 100 678 S S S S 32.0 - 44.9
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S 989 100.0 678 S S S S 32.0 - 44.9

Truck and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S 5,518 S S S S S S 18.5
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 5,733 S S S S S S 11.7
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 5,256 S S S S S S 20.2
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 61 100 S S S S S 40.1 - S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs 14 22.5 - 0.2 S S S 48.8 13.2 40.4 16.6 S S S
50 - 99 lbs 2 3.4 - 0.1 - 0.3 S 28.6 9.4 48.4 2.1 39.1 3.7 S
100 - 499 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 lbs 4 5.7 S S S S S 32.6 6.5 S S S S S
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 19 31.1 S S 2 16.2 S 36.2 11.2 S S 42.9 15.0 S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 ""Truck"" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any shipment weight group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the shipment weight groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the shipment size of "More than 100,000 lbs" but does have data for the other shipment weight groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.