Table 7. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 7. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Commodities5

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 15,204 100 45,761 100 7,468 100 404 19.5 - 12.1 - 15.6 - 18.9
Single modes 13,685 90 43,558 95.2 6,335 84.8 112 21.8 3.6 11.5 1.8 13.5 4.1 25.4
Truck6 12,938 85.1 34,422 75.2 4,714 63.1 104 22.2 3.5 16.6 9.4 12 9.6 25.2
For-hire truck 6,958 45.8 18,164 39.7 3,608 48.3 353 22.6 4.8 29.9 7.5 13.9 8.1 23
Private truck 5,980 39.3 16,258 35.5 1,106 14.8 52 38.8 5.6 17.8 7.8 28.9 3.4 9.2
Rail 304 2 9,135 20 1,619 21.7 702 36.2 2.1 32.9 16 21.9 7.9 20
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 2,155 S S S S S S 7.7
Multiple modes 1,458 9.6 S S 1,119 15 1,290 22.4 3.6 S S 38 4.2 4.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1,348 8.9 18 - 20 0.3 1,286 24.9 3.6 13.6 - 13.4 0.1 4.5
Truck and rail S S S S 989 13.2 678 S S S S 32 5.2 44.9
Truck and water S S S S S S 5,518 S S S S S S 18.5
Other and unknown modes 61 0.4 S S S S S 40.1 0.1 S S S S S

SCTG2 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,152 100 1,300 100 1,088 100 793 30.1 - 23.5 - 16.9 - 13
Single modes 1,151 99.9 1,300 100 1,088 100 789 30.1 0.1 23.5 - 16.9 - 13.3
Truck6 1,151 99.9 1,300 100 1,088 100 789 30.1 0.1 23.5 - 16.9 - 13.3
For-hire truck 946 82.1 1,032 79.4 1,042 95.8 1,039 30.6 4.8 26 5.1 17.2 2.5 8.7
Private truck S S 267 20.6 S S S S S 38 5.1 S S S
Multiple modes 1 0.1 - - S S 1,370 39.3 0.2 46.2 - S S 30.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1 0.1 - - S S 1,370 39.3 0.2 46.2 - S S 30.6
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 599 100 648 100 46 100 57 23.4 - 33.8 - 34.3 - 9.4
Single modes 599 99.9 647 99.8 46 99.9 56 23.5 0.1 33.8 0.1 34.3 - 9.2
Truck6 599 99.9 647 99.8 46 99.9 56 23.5 0.1 33.8 0.1 34.3 - 9.2
For-hire truck 35 5.9 24 3.7 S S 697 32.7 1.7 33.5 1.8 S S 29.1
Private truck 563 94 622 96.1 36 77.1 53 22.1 1.7 33.5 1.3 28.6 7.3 10.5
Multiple modes - - S S S S 1,493 34.2 - S S S S 6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier - - S S S S 1,493 34.2 - S S S S 6
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 10-14, Stones, nonmetallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S 23,304 100 4,054 100 S S S 28.6 - 27.6 - S
Single modes S S 21,190 90.9 3,066 75.6 104 S S 28.2 4 27.2 6.7 43.7
Truck6 S S 19,401 83.2 2,016 49.7 97 S S 29.1 9.3 29.1 13.1 27.2
For-hire truck S S 11,127 47.7 1,335 32.9 S S S 44.2 10.7 37.2 12.6 S
Private truck S S 8,273 35.5 681 16.8 77 S S 27.8 12.2 41.5 10.7 43.2
Rail 76 2.7 1,790 7.7 1,050 25.9 764 27.3 18.1 24.8 12.6 19.2 8.9 20.3
Multiple modes S S S S 979 24.1 692 S S S S 33 7.9 43.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S - - S S 834 S S 46.3 - S S 35.4
Truck and rail S S S S 979 24.1 S S S S S 26.7 8.1 S
Other and unknown modes 4 0.1 S S S S 42 32 4.3 S S S S 19.6

SCTG2 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 689 100 S S S S 46 26.1 - S S S S 27.2
Single modes 689 99.9 S S S S 45 26.2 0.3 S S S S 22.9
Truck6 461 66.9 S S S S 45 19.1 10.7 S S S S 23
For-hire truck 18 2.7 20 0.3 5 0.8 201 31.8 6.6 34.2 10.1 46.7 14.2 32.7
Private truck 442 64.2 S S S S 42 19.4 10 S S S S 22.5
Rail S S 7,345 93.2 569 94.9 78 S S 16.8 3 16.8 2.7 -
Multiple modes - 0.1 - - S S 1,186 45.5 1.3 46.9 - S S 23.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier - 0.1 - - S S 1,186 45.5 1.3 46.9 - S S 23.1
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 20-24, Basic chemicals, chemical, and pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 941 100 1,031 100 247 100 522 30.1 - 37.1 - 29 - 24.5
Single modes 809 86 991 96.2 235 95 150 22.2 4.5 36.9 1.3 28.9 2.2 28.4
Truck6 809 85.9 991 96.2 235 95 147 22.2 4.5 36.9 1.3 28.9 2.2 28.9
For-hire truck 466 49.5 S S 130 52.6 754 20.4 11.2 S S 25.6 12.4 20.7
Private truck 343 36.5 695 67.5 S S 72 38.9 10.6 48.6 13.5 S S 25.2
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 2,135 S S S S S S 6.3
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,486 S S S S S S 13.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 1,488 S S S S S S 13.1
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water 1 0.1 - - 1 0.3 3,145 45 0.1 30 0.4 30 0.6 -
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,214 100 989 100 484 100 999 17.5 - 25.2 - 27.6 - 18.1
Single modes 1,081 89.1 981 99.3 471 97.3 305 21.8 8.8 25.5 6.5 28.6 10.1 37.1
Truck6 1,080 89 981 99.3 471 97.3 280 21.8 8.8 25.5 6.5 28.6 10.1 40.4
For-hire truck 920 75.8 891 90.2 465 96 668 23.2 10.5 25.9 11.5 28.8 10.3 22.3
Private truck 160 13.2 90 9.1 6 1.2 57 21 3.9 31 6.8 28.4 1.2 9.1
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S 4 0.4 S S 1,572 S S 43.6 2.7 S S 13.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S 2 0.2 S S 1,559 S S 49 2.7 S S 13.8
Truck and water 6 0.5 2 0.2 8 1.6 5,970 48.8 1.8 35.7 1.3 0.4 8.3 34.8
Other and unknown modes S S 3 0.3 S S 1,129 S S 37.4 8.4 S S 44.1

SCTG2 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2,550 100 9,899 100 729 100 174 19.4 - 17.1 - 17.5 - 37.4
Single modes 2,451 96.2 9,891 99.9 727 99.7 S 20.7 3.1 17.1 0.1 17.5 0.2 S
Truck6 2,447 96 9,891 99.9 727 99.7 S 20.8 3.2 17.1 0.1 17.5 0.2 S
For-hire truck 1,866 73.2 4,474 45.2 578 79.3 234 27.1 9.4 28.2 9.6 19.8 6.4 45.9
Private truck 581 22.8 5,416 54.7 149 20.4 43 14.6 8.1 27.3 9.6 26.4 6.4 12.6
Air (incl truck and air) 4 0.2 S S S S 1,983 49.3 1 S S S S 5
Multiple modes 87 3.4 1 - 1 0.1 1,055 47.8 3.1 30.5 - 37.5 0.1 15.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 87 3.4 1 - 1 0.1 1,055 47.8 3.1 30.5 - 37.5 0.1 15.5
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 3,670 100 S S S S S 39 - S S S S S
Single modes 2,920 79.6 S S 17 13.4 S 47.1 14.9 S S 35.2 17.6 S
Truck6 S S S S 15 12.1 S S S S S 37 17.4 S
For-hire truck S S S S 11 9.1 S S S S S 33.8 15.1 S
Private truck S S S S 4 3 42 S S S S 48.2 5.4 45.1
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 2,333 S S S S S S 9.9
Multiple modes 745 20.3 S S S S 1,088 45.6 14.8 S S S S 13
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 689 18.8 6 1.7 6 4.8 1,066 49.5 15.1 42.3 13.7 31.9 14.5 13.9
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 5 0.1 - - S S S 38.3 1.1 43.6 0.2 S S S

SCTG2 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc. manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,523 100 346 100 94 100 1,031 24.5 - 39.5 - 31.2 - 10.3
Single modes 1,166 76.5 338 97.7 85 90.6 218 29.8 9.2 40.2 4.5 33.4 9 42.9
Truck6 1,160 76.2 338 97.6 85 90.6 216 29.7 9.1 40.2 4.5 33.4 9 43.4
For-hire truck 338 22.2 49 14.3 32 34 650 22.1 9.1 27.7 11.3 30.1 8.7 24.3
Private truck 822 54 289 83.4 53 56.6 93 37.9 11.2 44.5 13.7 41.3 12.8 21.2
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,885 S S S S S S 8
Multiple modes 344 22.6 7 2.1 9 9.3 1,349 23.5 8.8 22.1 4.1 19.7 9 3.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 344 22.6 7 2.1 9 9.3 1,349 23.5 8.8 22.1 4.1 19.7 9 3.3
Other and unknown modes 13 0.8 1 0.2 - 0.1 S 48.1 0.9 43 0.8 36.8 - S

SCTG2 99, Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S - 100 S S S S S 10.9 - S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Standard Classification of Transported Goods.
3 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
4 Coefficient of Variation.
5 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
6 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
7 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular row have no value. For example, Dallas-Fort Worth, TX by Base metal and machinery (31-34) by Water has no data for any shipment characteristic therefore the entire row is not shown. Also, entire commodity groups are not present if there is no such data for that commodity group by area. For example, Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV (DC part) by Coal and petroleum products (15-19) has no data for any mode therefore the entire commodity group is not shown.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.