Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 158,703 100 174,630 100 51,566 100 10.6 - 14.5 - 8.1 -
Less than 50 miles 44,608 28.1 93,288 53.4 3,307 6.4 16.9 1.8 22.3 3.9 29 1.7
50 - 99 miles 28,128 17.7 25,253 14.5 2,472 4.8 18.9 1.5 12.5 1.6 11.7 0.5
100 - 249 miles 35,864 22.6 29,448 16.9 5,901 11.4 11.2 1.6 17.3 1.6 18.5 1.9
250 - 499 miles 11,893 7.5 7,658 4.4 3,205 6.2 12.2 0.9 14.1 0.8 15.1 0.9
500 - 749 miles 9,272 5.8 4,168 2.4 3,185 6.2 12.7 0.7 10.2 0.3 9.9 0.5
750 - 999 miles 4,376 2.8 2,046 1.2 2,386 4.6 7.4 0.3 17.2 0.3 19 0.8
1,000 - 1,499 miles 4,836 3 2,965 1.7 5,258 10.2 10.6 0.4 27.1 0.4 27.7 1.7
1,500 - 2,000 miles 8,108 5.1 4,091 2.3 9,278 18 8.9 0.7 12.4 0.3 13.8 1.5
More than 2,000 miles 11,617 7.3 5,714 3.3 16,574 32.1 9.8 0.6 13.2 0.9 13.7 4

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 140,278 100 166,353 100 44,330 100 11.1 - 15.2 - 8 -
Less than 50 miles 42,020 30 88,563 53.2 3,117 7 17.1 2.1 23.7 4 31.3 2.1
50 - 99 miles 27,308 19.5 25,101 15.1 2,451 5.5 19.5 1.5 12.6 1.7 11.8 0.6
100 - 249 miles 32,178 22.9 28,796 17.3 5,669 12.8 11.1 1.6 17.4 1.6 18 2
250 - 499 miles 10,427 7.4 7,546 4.5 3,144 7.1 12.8 1 14.4 0.8 15.5 1.1
500 - 749 miles 8,425 6 4,002 2.4 3,032 6.8 13.2 0.8 10.5 0.4 10.4 0.7
750 - 999 miles 3,724 2.7 1,922 1.2 2,225 5 8.9 0.4 18.7 0.3 20.8 0.9
1,000 - 1,499 miles 3,707 2.6 2,659 1.6 4,675 10.5 9.4 0.4 28.6 0.4 29.4 1.9
1,500 - 2,000 miles 5,469 3.9 3,382 2 7,494 16.9 9.3 0.5 12.9 0.3 14 1.5
More than 2,000 miles 7,021 5 4,382 2.6 12,523 28.3 12.6 0.6 14 0.8 14.7 3.7

Truck4

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 136,339 100 159,787 100 35,464 100 11.2 - 15.9 - 6.7 -
Less than 50 miles 41,909 30.7 88,174 55.2 3,101 8.7 17.1 2.2 23.8 4 31.5 2.2
50 - 99 miles 26,894 19.7 23,622 14.8 2,325 6.6 20 1.6 12 1.7 11.5 0.6
100 - 249 miles 31,853 23.4 28,368 17.8 5,575 15.7 11.4 1.7 17.9 1.7 18.5 2.1
250 - 499 miles 10,301 7.6 7,077 4.4 2,853 8 12.9 1 12.6 0.6 12.1 0.8
500 - 749 miles 8,284 6.1 3,750 2.3 2,799 7.9 13.4 0.8 9.9 0.4 9.6 0.9
750 - 999 miles 3,471 2.5 1,423 0.9 1,598 4.5 9 0.4 10.2 0.2 10.7 0.6
1,000 - 1,499 miles 3,208 2.4 1,581 1 2,693 7.6 8.2 0.3 8 0.2 7.7 0.7
1,500 - 2,000 miles 4,585 3.4 2,403 1.5 5,108 14.4 11 0.4 10.4 0.3 10.3 1.2
More than 2,000 miles 5,834 4.3 3,390 2.1 9,412 26.5 15.2 0.6 14.4 0.6 14.7 3.3

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 72,685 100 66,702 100 28,773 100 10.5 - 8.5 - 6.7 -
Less than 50 miles 11,689 16.1 25,263 37.9 S S 18.9 1.8 14.8 3.9 S S
50 - 99 miles 10,292 14.2 9,305 14 971 3.4 13.9 1.5 17.9 1.8 17.7 0.5
100 - 249 miles 18,120 24.9 14,914 22.4 2,989 10.4 15.3 2.1 18.2 3.4 17.9 1.7
250 - 499 miles 7,296 10 4,743 7.1 2,001 7 13.3 1.1 11.7 0.9 11.6 0.9
500 - 749 miles 8,205 11.3 3,691 5.5 2,756 9.6 13.3 1 10.1 0.7 9.8 1
750 - 999 miles 3,467 4.8 1,421 2.1 1,594 5.5 9 0.5 10.2 0.3 10.8 0.6
1,000 - 1,499 miles 3,205 4.4 1,579 2.4 2,690 9.4 8.2 0.5 8 0.3 7.8 0.8
1,500 - 2,000 miles 4,582 6.3 2,399 3.6 5,101 17.7 11 0.9 10.4 0.6 10.3 1.6
More than 2,000 miles 5,829 8 3,386 5.1 9,400 32.7 15.2 1 14.4 1.1 14.7 3.2

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 63,654 100 93,085 100 6,691 100 19.5 - 27.3 - 21.3 -
Less than 50 miles 30,220 47.5 62,911 67.6 1,831 27.4 21.9 3.4 35.3 4.5 37.7 3.5
50 - 99 miles 16,602 26.1 14,317 15.4 1,355 20.2 25.7 1.7 17.8 2.5 17.2 2.7
100 - 249 miles 13,733 21.6 13,454 14.5 2,586 38.6 15.5 2 19.4 1.8 21.2 2.2
250 - 499 miles 3,005 4.7 2,334 2.5 852 12.7 42.5 1.3 35.2 1 33.4 3.1
500 - 749 miles 80 0.1 59 0.1 43 0.6 40.1 0.1 41.6 - 42.5 0.7
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,890 100 5,789 100 8,636 100 28.7 - 44.3 - 37.1 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S 16 0.2 S S S S 48.4 0.5
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles 28 1.5 219 3.8 66 0.8 23 2.1 40.9 9.5 38.4 2
250 - 499 miles 85 4.5 S S S S 42.4 4.9 S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles 155 8.2 S S S S 42 4 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 298 15.8 S S S S 47.7 6 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 654 34.6 973 16.8 2,373 27.5 35.1 7 34.5 8.3 35.8 7.7
More than 2,000 miles 381 20.2 939 16.2 2,976 34.5 30.1 6.7 38.1 7.3 38.9 7.9

Water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 9 100 36 100 91 100 23.8 - 36.1 - 35.9 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles 9 100 36 100 91 100 23.8 - 36.1 - 35.9 -

Deep draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 9 100 36 100 91 100 23.8 - 36.1 - 35.9 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles 9 100 36 100 91 100 23.8 - 36.1 - 35.9 -

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,516 100 S S S S 48.7 - S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles 38 2.5 - 1.7 S S 48.2 8.6 32 9.8 S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles 98 6.4 S S S S 37.7 11.4 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S 1 5.1 3 4.9 S S 48 4.6 49.7 4
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Pipeline5

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 15,814 100 3,421 100 6,680 100 10.7 - 17 - 14.8 -
Less than 50 miles 851 5.4 S S S S 35.3 1.4 S S S S
50 - 99 miles 721 4.6 84 2.5 13 0.2 17.4 1.3 38.6 1.1 45.1 0.1
100 - 249 miles 3,372 21.3 484 14.2 S S 18.3 2.8 38.8 5.1 S S
250 - 499 miles 1,382 8.7 84 2.4 47 0.7 23.2 1.3 24.8 0.8 28.9 0.2
500 - 749 miles 783 4.9 142 4.1 135 2 15.8 0.6 26.5 1.6 26.7 0.9
750 - 999 miles 633 4 119 3.5 155 2.3 18.5 0.6 33.4 1 33.2 0.9
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,100 7 290 8.5 554 8.3 25.7 1 20.2 2.4 21 2.2
1,500 - 2,000 miles 2,552 16.1 658 19.2 1,671 25 19.2 3.2 26.7 4.5 27.4 5.2
More than 2,000 miles 4,422 28 1,275 37.3 3,890 58.2 8.6 1.4 18.7 5.9 19 7.5

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 12,276 100 318 100 355 100 13.6 - 18.5 - 22 -
Less than 50 miles 844 6.9 28 8.8 1 0.2 35.8 1.8 44 3 39.8 0.1
50 - 99 miles 557 4.5 21 6.7 2 0.6 9.4 0.7 18.2 1.7 19.8 0.2
100 - 249 miles 2,651 21.6 72 22.8 16 4.4 16.3 2.4 25.9 3.3 24.9 1.1
250 - 499 miles 1,359 11.1 39 12.2 17 4.7 23.8 1.6 27 1.5 27.2 1.2
500 - 749 miles 735 6 23 7.1 18 5.1 18.2 0.8 25.7 0.5 24 0.6
750 - 999 miles 546 4.4 17 5.4 19 5.4 20.5 0.8 29.6 0.8 28.9 0.9
1,000 - 1,499 miles 816 6.6 18 5.6 30 8.5 36.9 1.3 45.7 1.1 45.7 1.3
1,500 - 2,000 miles 1,734 14.1 40 12.6 88 24.7 16.8 2.7 27.7 2.2 28.4 2.8
More than 2,000 miles 3,033 24.7 60 18.9 165 46.4 13.3 2.5 19.8 2.9 19.4 3.3

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 2,537 100 2,689 100 5,659 100 19.1 - 22.5 - 17.8 -
Less than 50 miles 7 0.3 S S S S 11.5 1.8 S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S 36 1.3 7 0.1 S S 33.9 2.1 40.9 0.2
100 - 249 miles 196 7.7 199 7.4 36 0.6 36.2 7.1 30.9 3.9 31.1 0.4
250 - 499 miles 10 0.4 33 1.2 23 0.4 48.4 0.3 48.8 0.8 48.4 0.2
500 - 749 miles 48 1.9 119 4.4 117 2.1 24.5 2 24.5 3.5 23.1 1.8
750 - 999 miles 87 3.4 102 3.8 136 2.4 30.6 3.5 35.6 2.8 34 1.9
1,000 - 1,499 miles 282 11.1 270 10 510 9 20.7 1.8 22.1 2.8 22.6 2.3
1,500 - 2,000 miles 796 31.4 598 22.2 1,467 25.9 36.4 6.4 28 5.4 27.5 6.1
More than 2,000 miles 1,026 40.4 1,075 40 3,349 59.2 29.2 6 23 6.7 22.9 8.2

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,001 100 414 100 667 100 47 - 45.9 - 25.9 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 363 36.2 140 33.8 376 56.4 23 16.9 26.9 16.8 27.6 12.9

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 2,612 100 S S 555 100 24.1 - S S 36.4 -
Less than 50 miles 1,738 66.5 S S S S 30.5 6.9 S S S S
50 - 99 miles 99 3.8 68 1.4 8 1.4 28.6 1.4 40.9 3.2 37.5 1.6
100 - 249 miles 314 12 168 3.5 32 5.8 31.3 4.6 34.9 2.1 30.2 3.4
250 - 499 miles 85 3.2 28 0.6 14 2.6 24.5 1.4 12.6 2.2 14.5 1.8
500 - 749 miles 65 2.5 24 0.5 18 3.3 22.3 2.1 20.8 4.4 21.2 4.1
750 - 999 miles 19 0.7 5 0.1 6 1.1 37.2 0.6 36.4 0.3 34.9 1.9
1,000 - 1,499 miles 30 1.1 16 0.3 29 5.2 33.4 1.8 33.2 0.5 34.7 3.6
1,500 - 2,000 miles 88 3.4 51 1 113 20.3 29.2 1.8 43.7 0.8 45.5 9.2
More than 2,000 miles 175 6.7 S S S S 38.9 2.5 S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any mileage group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the mileage group of "More than 2,000 miles" but does have data for the other mileage groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.