Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 37,332 100 98,025 100 62,213 100 12.1 - 22.7 - 23.3 -
Less than 50 miles 8,587 23 42,429 43.3 1,123 1.8 17 2.5 26.6 5.3 26.9 0.9
50 - 99 miles 3,504 9.4 4,723 4.8 464 0.7 6.8 1.6 14.6 0.7 14.8 0.3
100 - 249 miles 2,632 7.1 11,845 12.1 2,438 3.9 9.6 1.2 38.2 2.5 38.3 0.8
250 - 499 miles 2,658 7.1 3,496 3.6 2,092 3.4 14.6 1.3 34.3 0.6 38.2 1.1
500 - 749 miles 3,239 8.7 5,969 6.1 7,669 12.3 15.2 0.5 38.5 1.3 44.1 4.1
750 - 999 miles 7,939 21.3 6,345 6.5 8,835 14.2 21 2.3 31.1 1.8 33.2 4.2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 5,581 15 22,766 23.2 38,714 62.2 22.6 1.8 24.7 5.3 26.5 7.7
1,500 - 2,000 miles 2,407 6.4 449 0.5 874 1.4 21.4 0.6 27 0.2 27.1 1
More than 2,000 miles S S 2 - 4 - S S 47 - 48.3 -

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 29,407 100 97,021 100 61,151 100 11 - 22.8 - 23.7 -
Less than 50 miles 8,179 27.8 42,371 43.7 1,121 1.8 18.1 2.6 26.6 5.3 27 0.9
50 - 99 miles 3,245 11 4,695 4.8 462 0.8 7.4 1.7 14.6 0.7 14.8 0.3
100 - 249 miles 2,461 8.4 11,463 11.8 2,350 3.8 10.5 1.5 37.8 2.4 38 0.8
250 - 499 miles 2,266 7.7 3,406 3.5 2,034 3.3 15 1.5 35.2 0.5 39.3 1
500 - 749 miles 2,539 8.6 5,902 6.1 7,606 12.4 14.7 0.6 38.7 1.3 44.4 4.1
750 - 999 miles 5,225 17.8 6,297 6.5 8,778 14.4 20.9 2.3 31.3 1.9 33.4 4.2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 3,935 13.4 22,509 23.2 38,067 62.3 20.9 2 25 5.2 27 7.7
1,500 - 2,000 miles 1,121 3.8 377 0.4 729 1.2 26.1 0.7 32.1 0.2 31.9 1
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Truck4

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 25,356 100 49,248 100 8,151 100 10.7 - 17.7 - 18.9 -
Less than 50 miles 7,610 30 34,345 69.7 847 10.4 17.9 2.9 22 3.7 20.8 1.7
50 - 99 miles 3,245 12.8 4,695 9.5 462 5.7 7.4 1.8 14.6 1.4 14.8 1.1
100 - 249 miles 2,304 9.1 3,911 7.9 781 9.6 11.3 1.6 19.9 1.3 20.3 2.1
250 - 499 miles 2,157 8.5 1,956 4 1,031 12.6 16 1.7 16.5 0.6 14.8 1.5
500 - 749 miles 2,191 8.6 1,641 3.3 1,416 17.4 16.3 0.8 28 1 28.4 1.7
750 - 999 miles 3,652 14.4 1,350 2.7 1,556 19.1 17 1.4 19.5 0.6 19.6 2.7
1,000 - 1,499 miles 3,205 12.6 1,111 2.3 1,608 19.7 27.1 2.3 37.3 0.9 37.2 3.5
1,500 - 2,000 miles 990 3.9 237 0.5 447 5.5 29.6 0.7 42.9 0.2 43 0.9
More than 2,000 miles 2 - S S S S 41.3 - S S S S

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 14,304 100 20,973 100 6,256 100 15.9 - 18 - 18.4 -
Less than 50 miles 1,362 9.5 10,104 48.2 280 4.5 29.3 1.8 29.7 8 31.7 1.4
50 - 99 miles 1,304 9.1 2,609 12.4 264 4.2 16.8 2 25.7 3.1 26.5 1.1
100 - 249 miles 936 6.5 2,894 13.8 567 9.1 17.7 1.6 23.6 1.8 22.7 2
250 - 499 miles 1,506 10.5 1,549 7.4 807 12.9 20.2 2.6 17.8 1.2 15.8 1.8
500 - 749 miles 1,912 13.4 1,489 7.1 1,285 20.5 16.3 1.6 28.3 2.2 28.9 2.4
750 - 999 miles 3,406 23.8 1,240 5.9 1,426 22.8 17.2 1.5 19 2.3 19 3.5
1,000 - 1,499 miles 2,945 20.6 863 4.1 1,205 19.3 27.1 3.1 37.2 1.1 34.1 3.3
1,500 - 2,000 miles 930 6.5 222 1.1 420 6.7 30.7 1 45.6 0.5 45.5 1.3
More than 2,000 miles 2 - S S S S 41.3 - S S S S

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 11,052 100 28,275 100 1,894 100 11.3 - 21.5 - 25.6 -
Less than 50 miles 6,248 56.5 24,241 85.7 567 29.9 20.7 4.7 23.6 5 22.4 5.6
50 - 99 miles 1,940 17.6 2,086 7.4 198 10.5 11.2 2.8 25 3.2 26.1 3.1
100 - 249 miles 1,368 12.4 1,017 3.6 214 11.3 15.4 2.4 18.2 1.2 21.1 2.5
250 - 499 miles 651 5.9 406 1.4 224 11.8 21.7 1.6 29.6 0.6 31.3 2.5
500 - 749 miles 279 2.5 152 0.5 131 6.9 29.7 0.8 30.4 0.4 29.4 2.4
750 - 999 miles 247 2.2 110 0.4 130 6.9 30 0.6 41.8 0.2 42.7 2.1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 260 2.4 S S S S 36.5 1.1 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 60 0.5 S S S S 45.9 0.3 S S S S
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,893 100 47,769 100 52,994 100 22.4 - 30.5 - 27.4 -
Less than 50 miles 511 27 8,025 16.8 274 0.5 36 10.6 47.9 16.5 48.6 6.1
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles 157 8.3 7,552 15.8 1,569 3 35.6 1.5 47.8 5.2 46.8 1.1
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles 210 11.1 S S S S 30.5 3.2 S S S S
750 - 999 miles 180 9.5 4,944 10.4 7,219 13.6 28.8 3.5 35.2 4.3 36.3 8.1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 673 35.5 21,397 44.8 36,458 68.8 20.1 7.9 26.8 10.4 28.7 7.8
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S 139 0.3 281 0.5 S S 48.8 0.2 49 0.3
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 2,158 100 4 100 6 100 44.7 - 24 - 27 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles 10 0.4 - 3.1 - 1 35.2 3.2 48 5 48.1 2.1
500 - 749 miles S S - 6 S S S S 49 6.6 S S
750 - 999 miles S S 2 51.5 3 50.1 S S 24.2 7.4 39.3 8.7
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S 1 18.3 S S S S 48.3 5.6 S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 68 3.2 S S S S 36.6 4.3 S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 7,344 100 831 100 S S 22.9 - 46.6 - S S
Less than 50 miles 228 3.1 S S S S 20.5 1 S S S S
50 - 99 miles 134 1.8 S S S S 31.5 1.3 S S S S
100 - 249 miles 167 2.3 S S S S 25.3 1.2 S S S S
250 - 499 miles 314 4.3 39 4.6 S S 18.9 0.8 49 7.3 S S
500 - 749 miles 674 9.2 S S S S 28.7 1.4 S S S S
750 - 999 miles 2,603 35.4 28 3.4 35 3.6 26.7 3.5 26.1 6.4 30.7 6.9
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,622 22.1 S S S S 36.1 2.9 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 1,254 17.1 S S S S 21.5 2 S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 7,157 100 76 100 80 100 23.8 - 18.3 - 17.8 -
Less than 50 miles 228 3.2 S S S S 20.5 1 S S S S
50 - 99 miles 134 1.9 S S S S 31.7 1.3 S S S S
100 - 249 miles 131 1.8 S S S S 32.4 1.2 S S S S
250 - 499 miles 278 3.9 6 7.3 3 3.9 22.5 0.7 32 1.6 25.7 0.8
500 - 749 miles 669 9.3 10 12.7 9 10.7 29.1 1.4 17 1.5 17.1 1.1
750 - 999 miles 2,543 35.5 19 24.6 21 26.8 27.3 3.4 20.8 2.6 21.3 1.8
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,607 22.5 16 21.5 24 29.9 36.5 2.8 18 2.3 18.2 1.8
1,500 - 2,000 miles 1,220 17 10 13.7 20 24.8 22.4 2.1 17.1 1.4 17.3 1.7
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 160 100 S S S S 37.4 - S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 20 100 2 100 3 100 4.8 - 11.1 - 26.1 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Rail and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 580 100 172 100 91 100 18.3 - 30 - 36 -
Less than 50 miles 180 31 54 31.5 1 1 22.1 9.9 31.2 13.5 39.4 11.2
50 - 99 miles 125 21.6 21 12.1 2 2 29.3 6 29.5 3.8 29.4 0.5
100 - 249 miles 4 0.6 - 0.2 - 0.1 44.7 3.9 33.5 1.7 32.7 9.1
250 - 499 miles 78 13.5 50 29.2 27 30.1 41.4 6.6 30.8 6.3 30.6 8.9
500 - 749 miles 26 4.4 7 3.9 6 6.6 29.4 1.6 27.6 1.5 28.7 2.1
750 - 999 miles 111 19.1 20 11.7 22 24 37.7 9.6 42.6 4.4 45.2 14.1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 24 4.1 S S S S 47.2 3.3 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 33 5.6 S S S S 46.3 3.1 S S S S
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any mileage group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the mileage group of "More than 2,000 miles" but does have data for the other mileage groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.