Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 37,332 100 98,025 100 62,213 100 620 12.1 - 22.7 - 23.3 - 9.3
Less than 50 lbs 6,516 17.5 79 0.1 39 0.1 807 22.1 1.9 12.5 - 11.7 - 10.3
50 - 99 lbs 1,271 3.4 47 - 16 - 350 19.2 0.8 15.7 - 21.1 - 17.0
100 - 499 lbs 4,465 12.0 310 0.3 74 0.1 247 26.5 1.9 13.0 0.1 11.7 0.1 20.8
500 - 749 lbs 1,302 3.5 145 0.1 29 - 199 25.1 0.9 23.1 0.1 21.6 0.1 16.7
750 - 999 lbs 391 1.0 126 0.1 22 - 176 30.4 0.3 25.8 0.1 30.5 0.1 21.4
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 6,286 16.8 2,468 2.5 421 0.7 154 18.3 2.3 29.5 1.8 21.4 1.0 15.9
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 12,854 34.4 23,256 23.7 6,051 9.7 237 14.8 3.2 14.6 5.4 24.7 8.6 14.5
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 2,003 5.4 16,158 16.5 1,174 1.9 72 37.9 1.6 31.2 1.9 19.7 0.8 13.0
More than 100,000 lbs 2,244 6.0 55,435 56.6 54,387 87.4 565 22.0 1.1 31.5 7.0 27.0 9.7 28.4

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 29,407 100 97,021 100 61,151 100 163 11.0 - 22.8 - 23.7 - 16.7
Less than 50 lbs 1,584 5.4 38 - 5 - 173 19.1 1.0 21.3 - 41.7 - 28.1
50 - 99 lbs 477 1.6 34 - 3 - 96 23.2 0.6 19.2 - 18.7 - 17.9
100 - 499 lbs 2,965 10.1 274 0.3 43 0.1 149 25.0 1.6 15.0 0.1 19.5 0.1 16.2
500 - 749 lbs 1,240 4.2 141 0.1 26 - 186 26.5 1.3 23.9 0.1 23.6 0.1 16.6
750 - 999 lbs 384 1.3 126 0.1 22 - 172 29.8 0.3 25.7 0.1 30.8 0.1 22.0
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 6,048 20.6 2,433 2.5 399 0.7 148 18.6 2.7 30.0 1.8 21.6 1.0 15.7
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 12,603 42.9 23,161 23.9 5,989 9.8 236 14.9 4.0 14.6 5.4 25.0 8.6 14.6
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 1,969 6.7 16,091 16.6 1,141 1.9 71 38.0 1.8 31.3 2.0 19.5 0.8 13.6
More than 100,000 lbs 2,137 7.3 54,724 56.4 53,523 87.5 564 23.1 1.2 31.7 7.0 27.5 9.7 26.0

Truck4

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 25,356 100 49,248 100 8,151 100 147 10.7 - 17.7 - 18.9 - 18.6
Less than 50 lbs 1,012 4.0 37 0.1 4 0.1 139 26.6 1.3 21.6 - 47.8 - 31.8
50 - 99 lbs 437 1.7 34 0.1 3 - 85 25.7 0.6 19.4 - 20.6 - 19.7
100 - 499 lbs 2,557 10.1 273 0.6 41 0.5 141 24.9 1.5 15.0 0.3 19.6 0.2 17.4
500 - 749 lbs 1,132 4.5 141 0.3 26 0.3 184 25.0 1.3 23.9 0.1 24.0 0.2 17.0
750 - 999 lbs 379 1.5 126 0.3 22 0.3 172 30.5 0.4 25.8 0.1 31.0 0.1 22.1
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 4,999 19.7 2,431 4.9 395 4.9 145 19.7 3.0 30.0 2.2 21.9 1.9 16.2
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 12,582 49.6 23,152 47.0 5,979 73.4 235 14.9 4.0 14.6 5.5 25.0 3.8 14.7
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 1,967 7.8 16,086 32.7 1,135 13.9 70 38.1 2.0 31.3 3.6 19.7 2.0 13.6
More than 100,000 lbs 291 1.1 6,970 14.2 546 6.7 S 34.7 0.5 41.2 4.8 47.1 3.3 S

For-hire truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 14,304 100 20,973 100 6,256 100 622 15.9 - 18.0 - 18.4 - 9.3
Less than 50 lbs 500 3.5 S S S S 788 46.2 2.0 S S S S 16.5
50 - 99 lbs 248 1.7 3 - 1 - 386 38.7 1.1 35.0 - 32.6 - 41.7
100 - 499 lbs 1,721 12.0 29 0.1 27 0.4 916 35.9 1.7 20.1 0.1 21.5 0.2 8.7
500 - 749 lbs 695 4.9 22 0.1 20 0.3 903 33.7 2.5 21.8 0.1 25.9 0.2 10.1
750 - 999 lbs 191 1.3 15 0.1 16 0.3 1,098 46.5 0.6 30.7 0.1 35.5 0.2 7.0
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 1,688 11.8 253 1.2 214 3.4 914 19.4 2.5 17.2 0.6 23.0 1.3 8.8
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 8,263 57.8 10,297 49.1 4,797 76.7 474 21.2 4.2 12.8 7.1 22.5 3.9 16.2
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 798 5.6 7,577 36.1 791 12.6 104 31.1 1.6 25.8 5.2 26.6 2.3 8.4
More than 100,000 lbs 199 1.4 S S S S 735 29.1 0.8 S S S S 27.6

Private truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 11,052 100 28,275 100 1,894 100 51 11.3 - 21.5 - 25.6 - 12.5
Less than 50 lbs 512 4.6 33 0.1 1 0.1 36 31.8 1.5 25.1 0.1 20.5 - 25.1
50 - 99 lbs 189 1.7 31 0.1 2 0.1 51 22.6 0.5 21.7 0.1 29.8 0.1 13.6
100 - 499 lbs 837 7.6 244 0.9 13 0.7 55 18.0 1.8 15.4 0.7 25.1 0.5 12.1
500 - 749 lbs 437 4.0 118 0.4 6 0.3 48 24.4 0.8 25.1 0.2 21.5 0.1 14.9
750 - 999 lbs 188 1.7 111 0.4 5 0.3 48 23.3 0.4 26.4 0.2 25.6 0.1 17.6
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 3,312 30.0 2,178 7.7 182 9.6 67 23.2 4.8 31.9 4.0 25.6 4.1 20.9
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 4,319 39.1 12,854 45.5 1,181 62.4 83 14.5 6.5 19.2 6.9 39.1 6.4 31.3
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S 8,509 30.1 344 18.2 S S S 46.9 6.0 32.6 4.7 S
More than 100,000 lbs 92 0.8 4,197 14.8 160 8.5 S 38.7 0.6 38.9 7.1 36.7 4.7 S

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,893 100 47,769 100 52,994 100 1,012 22.4 - 30.5 - 27.4 - 10.8
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - S S - - S 16.2 - S S 46.8 - S
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S 9 - 10 - 1,490 S S 27.7 - 48.0 - 27.0
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs 1,846 97.5 47,754 100.0 52,977 100.0 1,017 21.9 0.8 30.5 - 27.4 0.3 9.5

Air (incl truck and air)

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 2,158 100 4 100 6 100 1,398 44.7 - 24.0 - 27.0 - 4.2
Less than 50 lbs 572 26.5 - 10.9 1 9.1 1,368 41.5 10.2 33.8 4.8 33.6 3.7 5.3
50 - 99 lbs 40 1.8 S S S S 1,347 40.3 3.2 S S S S 9.5
100 - 499 lbs S S 1 27.5 2 27.5 1,665 S S 37.5 8.6 37.6 10.1 12.8
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S 1,885 S S S S S S 21.4
750 - 999 lbs 5 0.2 - 1.6 S S 1,657 36.2 4.8 45.0 8.4 S S 20.5
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S 2 46.1 3 49.3 1,805 S S 31.9 8.7 44.6 9.1 13.1
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 7,344 100 831 100 S S 1,118 22.9 - 46.6 - S S 6.4
Less than 50 lbs 4,865 66.2 33 4.0 33 3.4 1,119 26.6 4.7 20.6 9.0 12.6 8.9 6.5
50 - 99 lbs 780 10.6 11 1.4 13 1.3 1,152 23.2 2.6 23.0 2.8 24.1 2.8 6.0
100 - 499 lbs 1,456 19.8 29 3.5 31 3.2 1,059 34.0 3.4 23.9 8.7 28.3 8.9 8.6
500 - 749 lbs 53 0.7 2 0.2 2 0.2 1,150 44.0 0.7 38.6 0.8 36.3 1.1 8.5
750 - 999 lbs S S - - - - 1,386 S S 24.2 0.9 32.4 0.9 21.8
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 46 0.6 5 0.6 9 0.9 1,580 25.4 1.2 21.4 3.2 35.2 5.0 31.5
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 53 0.7 S S S S 1,278 49.9 1.6 S S S S 14.6
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 9 0.1 S S S S S 45.8 1.3 S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs 74 1.0 700 84.2 S S S 27.7 1.9 44.9 14.9 S S S

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 7,157 100 76 100 80 100 1,118 23.8 - 18.3 - 17.8 - 6.5
Less than 50 lbs 4,861 67.9 33 43.9 33 41.7 1,118 26.5 5.0 20.6 3.0 12.6 3.1 6.5
50 - 99 lbs 780 10.9 11 14.8 13 16.3 1,152 23.2 2.7 23.0 2.9 24.1 3.1 6.0
100 - 499 lbs 1,455 20.3 29 38.1 31 38.5 1,057 34.1 3.6 23.9 3.5 28.4 4.2 8.6
500 - 749 lbs 53 0.7 2 2.7 2 2.9 1,150 44.0 0.7 38.6 0.7 36.3 1.3 8.5
750 - 999 lbs S S - 0.4 - 0.6 1,386 S S 24.2 1.0 32.4 1.1 21.8
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Truck and rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 160 100 S S S S 1,056 37.4 - S S S S 19.9
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 499 lbs - 0.2 - - - 0.1 1,440 36.3 8.1 50.0 1.3 35.1 2.4 13.2
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,289 S S S S S S 46.5
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,278 S S S S S S 14.6
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs 66 41.6 482 89.9 S S S 31.6 16.8 47.1 5.4 S S S

Truck and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 20 100 2 100 3 100 2,269 4.8 - 11.1 - 26.1 - 4.1
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 20 100.0 2 100.0 3 100.0 2,269 4.8 - 11.1 - 26.1 - 4.1
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Rail and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 580 100 172 100 91 100 S 18.3 - 30.0 - 36.0 - S
Less than 50 lbs 66 11.5 S S S S 22 27.4 9.8 S S S S 12.2
50 - 99 lbs 14 2.4 2 0.9 - 0.1 S 35.9 0.7 36.3 0.8 41.9 0.7 S
100 - 499 lbs 44 7.6 8 4.4 - 0.2 S 46.1 3.9 37.9 8.9 26.1 6.7 S
500 - 749 lbs 8 1.5 S S S S S 45.5 0.8 S S S S S
750 - 999 lbs - - - - S S 11 3.5 0.1 46.2 0.2 S S 36.3
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 192 33.1 30 17.5 S S 557 25.0 7.5 29.6 8.1 S S 28.9
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 198 34.2 86 50.0 49 53.9 557 17.2 11.3 27.7 13.3 23.0 13.9 20.8
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 25 4.3 25 14.7 S S S 24.3 10.7 25.0 14.3 S S S
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 ""Truck"" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any shipment weight group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the shipment weight groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the shipment size of "More than 100,000 lbs" but does have data for the other shipment weight groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.