Table 7. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 7. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Commodities5

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 37,332 100 98,025 100 62,213 100 620 12.1 - 22.7 - 23.3 - 9.3
Single modes 29,407 78.8 97,021 99 61,151 98.3 163 11 2.2 22.8 0.6 23.7 1.4 16.7
Truck6 25,356 67.9 49,248 50.2 8,151 13.1 147 10.7 3 17.7 5.9 18.9 9.5 18.6
For-hire truck 14,304 38.3 20,973 21.4 6,256 10.1 622 15.9 2.3 18 2.7 18.4 6.6 9.3
Private truck 11,052 29.6 28,275 28.8 1,894 3 51 11.3 3.1 21.5 5.7 25.6 2.9 12.5
Rail 1,893 5.1 47,769 48.7 52,994 85.2 1,012 22.4 0.9 30.5 5.8 27.4 9.6 10.8
Air (incl truck and air) 2,158 5.8 4 - 6 - 1,398 44.7 1.9 24 - 27 - 4.2
Multiple modes 7,344 19.7 831 0.8 S S 1,118 22.9 2.2 46.6 0.6 S S 6.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 7,157 19.2 76 0.1 80 0.1 1,118 23.8 2.3 18.3 - 17.8 - 6.5
Truck and rail 160 0.4 S S S S 1,056 37.4 0.2 S S S S 19.9
Truck and water 20 0.1 2 - 3 - 2,269 4.8 0.2 11.1 - 26.1 0.1 4.1
Rail and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 580 1.6 172 0.2 91 0.1 S 18.3 0.3 30 - 36 0.1 S

SCTG2 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 3,979 100 9,641 100 4,099 100 298 27.7 - 31.6 - 32.3 - 36.3
Single modes 3,900 98 9,578 99.3 4,064 99.1 297 27.8 1 31.6 0.6 32.6 0.5 36.6
Truck6 3,638 91.4 8,632 89.5 2,962 72.3 284 29.3 5 34 6.5 44.7 7.9 34.8
For-hire truck 2,909 73.1 5,558 57.6 2,281 55.7 527 31.3 7.4 33.7 8.3 39 7.5 15.3
Private truck 730 18.3 S S S S S 29.9 6.8 S S S S S
Rail 261 6.6 946 9.8 1,102 26.9 1,193 23.2 5.1 26.5 6.5 28.8 8 16.4
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,286 S S S S S S 30.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail S S 5 0.1 6 0.1 S S S 31.8 0.9 31.6 1.6 S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 4,148 100 3,365 100 1,767 100 285 23.9 - 24.8 - 36.5 - 44.2
Single modes 3,951 95.3 3,283 97.6 1,702 96.3 S 24.1 1.1 24.7 1.3 37.8 3.3 S
Truck6 3,951 95.3 3,283 97.6 1,702 96.3 S 24.1 1.1 24.7 1.3 37.8 3.3 S
For-hire truck 2,481 59.8 2,069 61.5 1,611 91.2 796 31.9 9.1 27.5 7.5 37 2.9 11.9
Private truck 1,470 35.4 1,214 36.1 91 5.1 35 25.8 11.6 27.8 10.3 27.6 11.8 14.9
Multiple modes 42 1 S S S S 1,122 45.8 1.1 S S S S 18.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 24 0.6 1 - 1 0.1 1,122 27.6 1.1 21.9 0.1 27.9 0.5 18.1
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 155 3.7 62 1.8 47 2.6 S 29.7 1.4 17.8 2.6 12.2 6.9 S

SCTG2 10-14, Stones, nonmetallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,047 100 16,516 100 453 100 28 42.6 - 21.1 - 19.7 - 16.8
Single modes 1,046 99.9 16,516 100 453 100 27 42.6 1.1 21.1 - 19.7 - 18.2
Truck6 1,045 99.8 16,507 99.9 448 98.7 27 42.6 1.1 21.2 0.1 19.7 1 18.1
For-hire truck S S 4,276 25.9 167 36.9 42 S S 26.6 13 20.3 12.1 40
Private truck 197 18.8 12,231 74.1 280 61.8 22 34.2 14.4 25.5 13 31.8 11.9 33
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,329 S S S S S S 8.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 1,329 S S S S S S 8.6
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 3,738 100 56,804 100 52,293 100 46 32.8 - 31.5 - 27.9 - 29.6
Single modes 3,715 99.4 56,569 99.6 51,709 98.9 41 33.1 1.1 31.7 0.8 28.3 1.3 26.9
Truck6 2,681 71.7 10,876 19.1 615 1.2 38 40.3 9.4 37.2 7 34.9 8.1 23.6
For-hire truck 252 6.7 4,109 7.2 332 0.6 79 33 4.8 41.3 2.1 32.7 0.2 26.7
Private truck 2,429 65 6,767 11.9 283 0.5 36 44 10.5 40.5 7.4 38.1 8.2 12
Rail 1,034 27.7 45,692 80.4 51,094 97.7 1,045 31.6 8.9 31.4 6.8 28.3 8.1 18.5
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Rail and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S 17 - S S S S S 45.6 0.1 S S S

SCTG2 20-24, Basic chemicals, chemical, and pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2,136 100 S S S S 371 18.3 - S S S S 44.9
Single modes 1,084 50.7 726 88.7 492 76.1 S 26.4 11.1 49.5 2.9 47.5 8.4 S
Truck6 1,048 49.1 S S S S S 26.5 10.9 S S S S S
For-hire truck 556 26 S S S S 478 32.1 9.7 S S S S 36
Private truck 492 23 159 19.4 S S S 38.6 6 45.7 12.5 S S S
Rail 31 1.5 118 14.5 182 28.1 1,553 8.6 1.3 9.1 16.5 10.9 18.4 3
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,662 S S S S S S 16.1
Multiple modes 1,018 47.7 S S S S 1,130 37.1 11.7 S S S S 10.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1,003 46.9 2 0.3 3 0.4 1,129 38.1 12.2 27.3 1.1 32.5 8.8 10.5
Truck and rail 15 0.7 S S S S 1,719 17.4 9.4 S S S S 12.6
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2,092 100 902 100 293 100 860 16.5 - 23.1 - 27.1 - 11.5
Single modes 1,407 67.2 864 95.8 259 88.4 S 16 4.3 24 1.9 28.7 3.7 S
Truck6 1,400 66.9 864 95.7 258 88.3 S 16.1 4.4 24 1.9 28.8 3.8 S
For-hire truck 801 38.3 435 48.2 135 46.2 393 22.9 6.4 34.9 8.9 32.9 8.6 45.6
Private truck 599 28.6 428 47.5 123 42.1 S 25.8 8.3 20.5 8.8 35.9 9.6 S
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,632 S S S S S S 11.5
Multiple modes 549 26.3 20 2.3 24 8.2 1,216 24 4 27 0.8 30.2 3.4 3.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 533 25.5 19 2.1 23 7.9 1,216 24.4 3.9 28 0.9 31.2 3.4 3.6
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 136 6.5 18 1.9 S S S 33.8 2.6 47.9 1.7 S S S

SCTG2 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 5,737 100 7,990 100 2,036 100 591 14.4 - 24.3 - 19.9 - 11.8
Single modes 4,739 82.6 7,552 94.5 1,888 92.7 283 18.3 5.1 23.1 1.9 19 2.7 16
Truck6 4,190 73 6,551 82 1,279 62.8 275 20.9 5.4 27.2 6.1 18.5 6.7 16.2
For-hire truck 2,586 45.1 3,295 41.2 1,103 54.2 683 17.9 2.5 31.7 7.2 18.3 5.5 11.7
Private truck 1,604 28 3,256 40.8 176 8.6 94 33.5 5.4 29.8 9.9 31.8 4.3 23.3
Rail 537 9.4 1,000 12.5 609 29.9 741 37.8 7.2 23.1 8.5 19.9 6.1 19.1
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,137 S S S S S S 12.3
Multiple modes 913 15.9 S S 146 7.2 1,205 24.2 4.4 S S 48.5 2.5 5.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 818 14.3 17 0.2 21 1.1 1,212 29 4.6 35.6 0.2 38.3 2.4 6.1
Truck and rail 76 1.3 S S S S S 44.7 1.6 S S S S S
Truck and water 20 0.3 2 - 3 0.2 2,269 4.8 1.6 11.1 0.2 26.1 0.6 4.1
Other and unknown modes S S 3 - S S S S S 40.5 - S S S

SCTG2 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 8,721 100 231 100 130 100 918 26.8 - 35.7 - 23.2 - 10.9
Single modes 4,463 51.2 205 88.9 109 84 S 22.5 5.9 38.9 3.2 24.4 4.1 S
Truck6 3,244 37.2 201 86.9 105 80.9 S 24.6 6.1 40.1 3.9 25.5 5.1 S
For-hire truck 2,438 28 87 37.8 85 65.8 921 28.9 6.6 25.5 6.9 25.7 7.9 11.8
Private truck 806 9.2 S S S S S 37.9 2.1 S S S S S
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) 1,194 13.7 2 0.9 3 2.6 1,388 41.2 4.6 28.2 0.6 33.5 0.8 5.4
Multiple modes 4,181 47.9 18 8 19 14.6 1,276 34.8 5.8 25.3 2.3 25.4 3.9 4.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 4,175 47.9 15 6.4 17 12.8 1,276 34.8 5.8 28.1 2.3 29.1 4.2 4.3
Truck and rail 7 0.1 S S S S 1,826 24.5 0.4 S S S S 45.6
Other and unknown modes 76 0.9 7 3.1 2 1.4 S 25.3 0.4 34.9 2.2 46.3 1.1 S

SCTG2 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc. manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 5,731 100 1,757 100 495 100 661 20 - 26.3 - 25.5 - 18.6
Single modes 5,102 89 1,728 98.3 474 95.9 S 20.8 3.5 26.6 1.5 25.9 2.4 S
Truck6 4,158 72.5 1,726 98.3 471 95.2 S 20.9 8.4 26.6 1.5 26 2.9 S
For-hire truck 1,433 25 S S 267 54 964 39.1 9.7 S S 37.2 9.7 14.4
Private truck 2,725 47.5 1,031 58.7 204 41.2 89 20.3 10.3 18.3 9.6 21.3 10 30.5
Rail S S S S S S 1,595 S S S S S S 9
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,773 S S S S S S 18.8
Multiple modes 616 10.7 S S 20 4.1 787 38 3.6 S S 45.5 2.4 16.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 601 10.5 S S 15 3 787 38.9 3.5 S S 47.5 1.1 16.7
Truck and rail 14 0.3 S S S S 1,423 10.2 1.3 S S S S -
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 99, Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Standard Classification of Transported Goods.
3 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
4 Coefficient of Variation.
5 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
6 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
7 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular row have no value. For example, Dallas-Fort Worth, TX by Base metal and machinery (31-34) by Water has no data for any shipment characteristic therefore the entire row is not shown. Also, entire commodity groups are not present if there is no such data for that commodity group by area. For example, Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV (DC part) by Coal and petroleum products (15-19) has no data for any mode therefore the entire commodity group is not shown.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.