Table 8. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 8. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Commodities5

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 37,332 100 98,025 100 62,213 100 620 12.1 - 22.7 - 23.3 - 9.3
Single modes 29,407 78.8 97,021 99 61,151 98.3 163 11 2.2 22.8 0.6 23.7 1.4 16.7
Truck6 25,356 67.9 49,248 50.2 8,151 13.1 147 10.7 3 17.7 5.9 18.9 9.5 18.6
For-hire truck 14,304 38.3 20,973 21.4 6,256 10.1 622 15.9 2.3 18 2.7 18.4 6.6 9.3
Private truck 11,052 29.6 28,275 28.8 1,894 3 51 11.3 3.1 21.5 5.7 25.6 2.9 12.5
Rail 1,893 5.1 47,769 48.7 52,994 85.2 1,012 22.4 0.9 30.5 5.8 27.4 9.6 10.8
Air (incl truck and air) 2,158 5.8 4 - 6 - 1,398 44.7 1.9 24 - 27 - 4.2
Multiple modes 7,344 19.7 831 0.8 S S 1,118 22.9 2.2 46.6 0.6 S S 6.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 7,157 19.2 76 0.1 80 0.1 1,118 23.8 2.3 18.3 - 17.8 - 6.5
Truck and rail 160 0.4 S S S S 1,056 37.4 0.2 S S S S 19.9
Truck and water 20 0.1 2 - 3 - 2,269 4.8 0.2 11.1 - 26.1 0.1 4.1
Rail and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 580 1.6 172 0.2 91 0.1 S 18.3 0.3 30 - 36 0.1 S

SCTG2 01, Live animals and live fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 02, Cereal grains

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 772 100 4,683 100 1,339 100 S 35.3 - 36 - 28.7 - S
Single modes 770 99.8 4,674 99.8 1,337 99.8 S 35.3 0.6 36.1 0.4 28.8 1.2 S
Truck6 595 77.1 3,897 83.2 541 40.4 124 44.2 10.6 43.6 11.1 37.1 10.7 38.9
For-hire truck 529 68.5 3,415 72.9 474 35.4 145 48.9 9.1 48.8 10.2 42.6 10.1 36.8
Private truck 67 8.6 482 10.3 S S S 36.3 4.7 38.5 5.2 S S S
Rail 175 22.7 777 16.6 796 59.4 1,006 31.4 11.7 33.9 12.4 40.3 10 15.3
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 03, Other agricultural products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 563 100 S S S S 372 37.6 - S S S S 37
Single modes 563 99.9 S S S S 373 37.6 5 S S S S 37
Truck6 563 99.9 S S S S 373 37.6 5 S S S S 37
For-hire truck 370 65.7 S S S S 964 45.8 11.9 S S S S 12.4
Private truck 192 34.2 189 15.9 S S S 47.9 15 42.5 18.3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 04, Animal feed and products of animal origin, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 365 100 S S S S S 42 - S S S S S
Single modes 328 89.7 S S S S S 43 5.7 S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck 215 59 S S S S S 39.4 13.1 S S S S S
Rail 54 14.9 S S S S 1,771 18.7 17.4 S S S S 7.4
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S 44 1.4 29 3 S S S 16.9 17.1 42.4 6.2 S

SCTG2 05, Meat, fish, seafood, and their preparations

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2,279 100 645 100 732 100 S 34 - 34.6 - 36.2 - S
Single modes 2,239 98.2 635 98.5 728 99.4 S 34.1 1 34.4 0.6 36.2 0.3 S
Truck6 2,207 96.8 602 93.3 661 90.2 S 34.4 2 35.5 3.9 38.2 6.1 S
For-hire truck 1,952 85.7 529 81.9 602 82.2 1,174 33 5.8 34.3 7.6 36 9.5 24.1
Private truck S S 73 11.4 S S S S S 32.2 20 S S S
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 28 1.2 S S - - S 35.8 2.1 S S 17 - S

SCTG2 06, Milled grain products and preparations and bakery products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S 40 100 2 100 S S S 18.8 - 39.5 - S
Single modes S S 40 100 2 100 S S S 18.8 - 39.5 - S
Truck6 S S 40 100 2 100 S S S 18.8 - 39.5 - S
Private truck S S 40 100 2 100 S S S 18.8 - 39.5 - S

SCTG2 07, Other prepared foodstuffs and fats and oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2,640 100 1,833 100 S S 438 30.8 - 29.2 - S S 34.7
Single modes 2,461 93.2 1,770 96.6 S S S 32.9 2.3 30.1 4.4 S S S
Truck6 2,461 93.2 1,770 96.6 S S S 32.9 2.3 30.1 4.4 S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S 981 S S S S S S 15.1
Private truck 1,102 41.7 975 53.2 84 9.1 42 28.4 13.3 28.5 12 25.9 14.1 22.1
Multiple modes 24 0.9 1 - 1 0.1 1,127 27 2.1 21.9 7.4 28.6 15 18
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 24 0.9 1 - 1 0.1 1,127 27 2.1 21.9 7.4 28.6 15 18
Other and unknown modes 155 5.9 62 3.4 47 5 S 29.7 3.8 17.8 3.9 12.2 11.9 S

SCTG2 08, Alcoholic beverages

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,428 100 1,492 100 837 100 108 34.8 - 36.1 - 39.8 - 27.8
Single modes 1,409 98.7 1,472 98.7 820 97.9 103 34.7 0.6 36.1 0.6 40 1 28.6
Truck6 1,409 98.7 1,472 98.7 820 97.9 103 34.7 0.6 36.1 0.6 40 1 28.6
For-hire truck 1,122 78.6 1,274 85.4 815 97.3 644 26.2 10.4 25.9 9.1 23.7 2.1 7.3
Private truck 288 20.1 S S S S 27 40.3 19.4 S S S S 15
Multiple modes S S S S S S 569 S S S S S S 41.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 10, Calcareous monumental or building stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 96 100 443 100 47 100 S 43.6 - 44.9 - 37.2 - S
Single modes 96 100 443 100 47 100 87 43.6 - 44.9 - 37.2 - 47.4
Truck6 96 100 443 100 47 100 87 43.6 - 44.9 - 37.2 - 47.4
For-hire truck S S S S 36 76 138 S S S S 38.9 15.3 43.7
Private truck 39 40.3 153 34.6 S S 36 47.7 14.9 44 17.1 S S 45.2
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 11, Natural sands

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 22 100 S S 43 100 S 39.8 - S S 34.7 - S
Single modes 22 100 S S 43 100 S 39.8 - S S 34.7 - S
Truck6 21 95.8 S S 37 86.3 S 41.8 4.3 S S 32.6 6.7 S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 12, Gravel and crushed stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 167 100 14,410 100 350 100 23 33.1 - 20.4 - 23.6 - 8.8
Single modes 167 100 14,410 100 350 100 23 33.1 - 20.4 - 23.6 - 8.8
Truck6 167 100 14,410 100 350 100 23 33.1 - 20.4 - 23.6 - 8.8
For-hire truck S S 3,882 26.9 104 29.8 26 S S 31.5 14.2 32.1 15 32.9
Private truck 124 74 10,528 73.1 245 70.2 22 36.1 11.7 20.4 11.6 29.8 13.6 13.9

SCTG2 13, Nonmetallic minerals nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 14, Metallic ores and concentrates

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 742 100 S S S S 1,072 48.2 - S S S S 20
Single modes 742 100 S S S S 1,072 48.2 - S S S S 20
Truck6 742 100 S S S S 1,072 48.2 - S S S S 20
For-hire truck 742 100 S S S S 1,072 48.2 - S S S S 20

SCTG2 15, Nonagglomerated bituminous coal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,218 100 53,105 100 52,142 100 S 32.8 - 32.7 - 27.9 - S
Single modes 1,210 99.4 52,888 99.6 51,559 98.9 S 33.1 1.4 32.9 0.8 28.3 1.3 S
Truck6 181 14.9 7,202 13.6 474 0.9 98 33.8 3.4 35.2 3.6 25.9 0.4 29.5
For-hire truck 97 8 3,508 6.6 296 0.6 111 44.1 3.3 45.5 2.6 30.3 0.3 19.8
Private truck 84 6.9 3,694 7 177 0.3 S 49.1 3.7 49.2 4 35.6 0.3 S
Rail 1,029 84.5 45,685 86 51,085 98 1,042 31.3 3.6 31.3 3.4 28.3 1.3 18.5
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Rail and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 17, Gasoline and aviation turbine fuel

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S 34 S S S S S S 44.6
Single modes S S S S S S 35 S S S S S S 43.1
Truck6 S S S S 48 84.6 34 S S S S 48.9 5.3 44.3
For-hire truck S S S S S S 169 S S S S S S 35.4
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 5 S S S S S S 40.8

SCTG2 18, Fuel oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S 28 S S S S S S 48.3
Single modes S S S S S S 28 S S S S S S 46.4
Truck6 S S S S S S 28 S S S S S S 46.4
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S 28 S S S S S S 46.9
Other and unknown modes 9 0.9 12 0.9 S S 8 36 11.2 21.6 11.6 S S 46.5

SCTG2 19, Coal and petroleum products, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 751 100 1,190 100 43 100 47 42.4 - 38.5 - 43.8 - 31.3
Single modes 745 99.2 1,186 99.7 42 98.1 38 42.9 7.8 38.7 2.6 43.8 1.1 15.9
Truck6 745 99.2 1,186 99.7 42 98.1 38 42.9 7.8 38.7 2.6 43.8 1.1 15.9
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck 697 92.8 737 61.9 32 75 39 46.1 9.1 48.9 15 47.7 13.5 17.6
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S 4 0.3 S S S S S 38.5 5.6 S S S

SCTG2 20, Basic chemicals

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 92 100 S S S S S 44.4 - S S S S S
Single modes 83 89.9 S S 399 72.5 S 33.4 4.8 S S 46.1 12.7 S
Truck6 52 56.1 S S S S S 46 13.7 S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,002 S S S S S S 13
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Rail 31 33.8 S S S S 1,553 8.6 15 S S S S 3
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,319 S S S S S S 35.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 1,221 S S S S S S 35.3
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 21, Pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,173 100 S S 1 100 635 36 - S S 25.7 - 42.5
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S 9 S S S S S S 27.7
Multiple modes 924 78.7 S S 1 84.5 1,343 37.4 8 S S 29.9 5.9 4.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 924 78.7 S S 1 84.5 1,343 37.4 8 S S 29.9 5.9 4.5

SCTG2 22, Fertilizers

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S 95 S S S S S S 30.2
Single modes S S S S S S 83 S S S S S S 27.3
Truck6 S S S S S S 83 S S S S S S 27.3
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S 59 S S S S S S 25.6
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 23, Chemical products and preparations, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S - 0.3 S S S S S 49.9 15.2 S S S
Private truck S S S S S S 27 S S S S S S 12.1
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 24, Plastics and rubber

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 588 100 125 100 77 100 S 24.2 - 23.3 - 24.2 - S
Single modes 494 83.9 117 94.1 74 96.8 S 24.4 3.2 21.9 1.7 24.9 3.3 S
Truck6 489 83.2 117 94 74 96.7 S 24.2 3 21.9 1.7 24.9 3.3 S
For-hire truck 382 64.9 87 70 71 92.2 792 26.6 6.9 15.9 8.8 22.5 4.7 19.1
Private truck 107 18.3 30 24 S S S 41.1 8.3 45.8 10.2 S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,662 S S S S S S 16.1
Multiple modes 62 10.5 1 1.1 2 2.3 1,264 30.3 2.6 38.5 0.6 43.1 2.7 10.9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 55 9.4 1 1 2 2 1,264 31.6 2.2 42.8 0.7 48.2 2.7 10.9
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 25, Logs and other wood in the rough

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes - 100 S S S S S 44.5 - S S S S S
Single modes - 100 S S S S S 44.5 - S S S S S
Truck6 - 100 S S S S S 44.5 - S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 26, Wood products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 501 100 676 100 181 100 342 21.4 - 32.1 - 38.6 - 36
Single modes 478 95.4 675 99.8 181 99.6 S 22.3 2.9 32.1 0.1 38.8 0.7 S
Truck6 477 95.3 675 99.8 181 99.6 S 22.3 2.9 32.1 0.1 38.8 0.7 S
For-hire truck 146 29.2 333 49.3 S S 701 23.4 8.5 46.6 10.9 S S 24.3
Private truck 331 66.1 341 50.5 112 61.7 S 31.7 8.5 27.3 10.9 40.7 13.4 S
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,446 S S S S S S 15.8
Multiple modes S S 1 0.2 S S 1,021 S S 37.4 0.3 S S 28.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 1,028 S S S S S S 8
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 27, Pulp, newsprint, paper, and paperboard

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S 1 100 S S S S S 44.6 - S
Single modes S S S S 1 99.9 S S S S S 42 1.4 S
Truck6 S S S S 1 99.9 S S S S S 42 1.4 S
For-hire truck S S S S - 83.7 S S S S S 33.7 11.5 S
Private truck S S S S S S 30 S S S S S S 10.4
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 28, Paper or paperboard articles

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S 895 S S S S S S 20.6
Single modes S S S S S S 484 S S S S S S 36.2
Truck6 S S S S S S 484 S S S S S S 36.2
For-hire truck S S S S S S 772 S S S S S S 24.1
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,150 S S S S S S 28.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 1,150 S S S S S S 28.8
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 29, Printed products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 793 100 131 100 57 100 838 21 - 21.4 - 30.2 - 13.2
Single modes 402 50.7 106 81 38 67.6 S 24.9 10.3 19.4 11.3 39.5 13.5 S
Truck6 401 50.6 106 80.9 38 67.3 S 20.5 8.9 13.3 3.7 37.2 11.5 S
For-hire truck 308 38.9 64 48.9 37 66.2 S 33.1 12.1 27.3 11.5 38.1 13.3 S
Private truck 93 11.7 42 32.1 1 1.1 13 44 10.8 26.6 13 24.9 2.2 35.4
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,448 S S S S S S 20.6
Multiple modes S S 13 10.2 16 27.8 1,228 S S 40.5 14.6 46.9 14.5 5.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S 13 9.6 15 26.2 1,228 S S 43.5 14.7 49.4 14.8 5.3
Truck and rail 15 1.9 1 0.6 1 1.6 1,146 45.3 6 46.4 2.2 46.4 6.5 -
Other and unknown modes 123 15.5 11 8.8 S S S 29.9 4.4 27.1 4.7 S S S

SCTG2 30, Textiles, leather, and articles of textiles or leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 343 100 7 100 10 100 1,237 39.3 - 39.2 - 42.9 - 11.9
Single modes S S S S S S 961 S S S S S S 26.7
Truck6 S S S S S S 917 S S S S S S 26.8
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,398 S S S S S S 6.5
Private truck S S S S S S 23 S S S S S S 35
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 245 71.5 5 68.6 6 67.1 1,256 26.9 8.4 30.6 7 32.3 8 6.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 245 71.5 5 68.6 6 67.1 1,256 26.9 8.4 30.6 7 32.3 7.9 6.4
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S - - S S S S S 34.9 13.5 S S S

SCTG2 31, Nonmetallic mineral products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 838 100 6,169 100 968 100 256 38.5 - 33.3 - 45 - 23
Single modes 764 91.1 5,761 93.4 859 88.7 184 38.6 2.7 32.5 2.3 43.3 3.4 23.8
Truck6 719 85.8 5,439 88.2 578 59.6 178 38.7 3.7 32.8 4.4 41.3 11.5 24.6
For-hire truck 465 55.5 2,604 42.2 513 53 334 45.1 8.2 42.3 10.6 42.8 10.3 16.1
Private truck 254 30.3 2,835 46 64 6.6 95 32.6 10.7 33 12.4 31.5 15.1 39.3
Rail 44 5.3 322 5.2 282 29.1 857 26.8 4.3 40.2 7.4 17.3 6.8 29.3
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 72 8.6 S S S S 1,120 45.9 3.2 S S S S 21.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 33 4 1 - 1 0.1 1,267 30.6 3.2 40.9 - 43.7 0.1 20.8
Truck and rail 39 4.7 407 6.6 108 11.2 258 33.7 5.1 44.6 8.5 24.4 5.8 28.3
Other and unknown modes 2 0.2 S S S S S 29.9 0.5 S S S S S

SCTG2 32, Base metal in prim. or semifin. forms & in finished basic shapes

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 318 100 396 100 315 100 S 29.8 - 32.8 - 38.2 - S
Single modes 316 99.4 396 100 315 100 S 30.1 1.3 32.8 0.1 38.2 5.7 S
Truck6 305 96.1 379 95.8 303 96.3 S 30.6 2.3 33.1 2.4 38.7 5.5 S
For-hire truck 220 69.3 331 83.6 283 89.7 812 35 13.8 36.6 16.6 39.8 15.1 19.9
Private truck 85 26.9 48 12.2 21 6.6 S 28.8 14.5 25.9 18.4 41.5 14.6 S
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S - - - - 1,346 S S 43.5 0.2 38.7 13.9 10.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S - - - - 1,346 S S 43.5 0.2 38.7 13.9 10.7

SCTG2 33, Articles of base metal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2,042 100 1,185 100 631 100 705 16.7 - 29.6 - 27 - 15.4
Single modes 1,731 84.7 1,170 98.7 614 97.3 332 23.3 10.2 30.2 3.8 28.3 4.8 33.2
Truck6 1,249 61.2 511 43.1 298 47.3 325 34.2 10.4 44.1 13.4 24.7 11.7 36.1
For-hire truck 610 29.9 224 18.9 225 35.7 990 23.4 5.3 24.6 11.9 26.2 11.3 7.8
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Rail S S 659 55.6 315 50 665 S S 30.1 15.9 38.8 17.1 19.6
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 964 S S S S S S 20.1
Multiple modes 267 13.1 12 1 16 2.5 1,226 42.9 9 33.6 3.1 35.5 4.3 13.9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 264 12.9 11 0.9 14 2.2 1,226 43.1 8.9 35.5 2.9 37.2 4.1 13.9
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,145 S S S S S S 29
Other and unknown modes S S 3 0.2 S S 88 S S 48.7 1.8 S S 40.8

SCTG2 34, Machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2,539 100 241 100 122 100 843 29 - 39.1 - 29 - 14.8
Single modes 1,929 76 225 93.7 100 82.1 463 34.5 8.8 41.6 4 29 5 21.9
Truck6 1,916 75.5 223 92.5 99 81.6 452 34.8 9 42.2 4.2 29.2 5.2 21.4
For-hire truck 1,290 50.8 S S 82 67 923 34.9 8.7 S S 36.4 8.8 11.6
Private truck S S 86 35.7 S S S S S 48.3 11 S S S
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) 9 0.4 S S - 0.2 1,371 44.6 2 S S 47.8 4.5 17.9
Multiple modes 572 22.5 S S S S 1,188 34.8 7.4 S S S S 7.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 518 20.4 5 2.3 7 5.5 1,185 37.8 7.4 43.2 3.9 48.1 4.7 11.3
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water 20 0.8 2 0.6 3 2.8 2,269 4.8 3.4 11.1 2.1 26.1 3.6 4.1
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 147 S S S S S S 47.7

SCTG2 35, Electronic & other electrical equip & components & office equip

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 6,538 100 120 100 40 100 845 37.5 - 47.3 - 23.4 - 16.7
Single modes 3,470 53.1 S S 29 72.9 S 32 7.7 S S 28.9 8.7 S
Truck6 2,370 36.3 S S 27 67.5 S 35.6 7.6 S S 30.1 8.3 S
For-hire truck 1,721 26.3 20 16.5 21 53.1 923 43.5 8.5 28.5 11.3 29.8 7.7 14.4
Private truck 649 9.9 S S S S S 40 7.9 S S S S S
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) 1,076 16.5 1 0.9 S S 1,353 47.1 5.7 34.8 0.8 S S 4.6
Multiple modes S S 8 6.5 10 24.1 1,449 S S 24.7 7.5 28.2 7.9 5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S 8 6.5 10 24.1 1,448 S S 24.7 7.5 28.2 7.9 5
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 58 0.9 5 4 S S S 25.5 2.2 42.9 3 S S S

SCTG2 36, Motorized and other vehicles (including parts)

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 506 100 72 100 57 100 436 32.6 - 41.2 - 45.1 - 27.2
Single modes 448 88.6 69 95.8 55 98 655 30.2 3.7 42.5 2.2 45.6 8 24.1
Truck6 405 80.1 68 95.1 54 96.2 560 28.4 7.1 42.8 2.7 46 7.9 24
For-hire truck 265 52.4 S S S S 782 34.1 13 S S S S 20.5
Private truck 140 27.6 S S S S 301 34.6 15.2 S S S S 41.6
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 2,044 S S S S S S 35.5
Multiple modes S S 1 1.1 S S 737 S S 38 0.6 S S 19.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S 1 1.1 S S 737 S S 38 0.6 S S 19.6
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 37, Transportation equipment, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 323 100 S S S S 1,248 29 - S S S S 6.1
Single modes 181 56 S S S S 1,183 26.4 12 S S S S 16.9
Truck6 127 39.3 S S S S 666 42.2 13.3 S S S S 22.6
For-hire truck 116 35.9 S S S S 851 46.4 14.1 S S S S 5.4
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) 51 15.9 - 1.4 - 2.3 1,509 18.8 5.7 11.3 7.4 21.6 10.2 13.6
Multiple modes 142 44 S S S S 1,260 32.1 15.6 S S S S 9.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 139 43.2 S S S S 1,261 33.9 16.6 S S S S 8.4
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 38, Precision instruments and apparatus

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,355 100 S S S S 1,105 32 - S S S S 6.7
Single modes 365 26.9 S S S S 588 38.4 8 S S S S 35.4
Truck6 342 25.2 S S S S 442 38.6 7.3 S S S S 40.1
For-hire truck 336 24.8 S S S S 1,146 39.7 7.8 S S S S 18.6
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,806 S S S S S S 13.7
Multiple modes 989 73 6 38.9 S S 1,113 38.8 8 48 13.9 S S 6.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 989 73 6 38.9 S S 1,113 38.8 8 48 13.9 S S 6.7
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 39, Furniture, mattresses & mattress supports, lamps, lighting

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 153 100 33 100 25 100 369 35.8 - 41.3 - 45.4 - 39.7
Single modes 124 80.9 25 77 20 78.3 324 35.4 6.7 42.7 8.1 40 7.3 44.9
Truck6 122 79.9 25 75 18 72.4 297 35.8 7 43.7 8.9 38.5 9.4 44.9
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck 101 66.2 17 50.5 12 47.5 S 30.9 8.5 33.4 14.3 48.4 15.7 S
Rail S S S S S S 1,595 S S S S S S 9
Air (incl truck and air) - 0.1 - 0.1 - 0.2 1,320 44.2 0.2 8.5 0.3 37.9 0.5 30.8
Multiple modes S S S S S S 948 S S S S S S 28.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S - 0.5 S S 877 S S 49 0.3 S S 34.9
Truck and rail 14 9.4 S S S S 1,423 10.2 14.1 S S S S -
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 40, Miscellaneous manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2,777 100 S S 295 100 794 38.4 - S S 43.9 - 18.6
Single modes S S S S 280 95 884 S S S S 44.6 8.3 18.4
Truck6 1,259 45.3 S S 279 94.5 872 47.8 14.5 S S 44.5 8.5 18.9
For-hire truck S S S S 226 76.7 1,062 S S S S 46.2 11.5 11.4
Private truck S S 303 35.9 S S S S S 46.3 14.8 S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 2,022 S S S S S S 27.1
Multiple modes 568 20.5 S S 15 5 790 40.2 15.6 S S 48.1 9.3 20
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 568 20.5 S S 15 5 790 40.2 15.6 S S 48.1 9.3 20
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 41, Waste and scrap

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1 100 9 100 S S S 24.2 - 19.9 - S S S
Single modes 1 100 9 100 S S S 24.2 - 19.9 - S S S
Truck6 1 100 9 100 S S S 24.2 - 19.9 - S S S
For-hire truck 1 100 9 100 S S S 24.2 - 19.9 - S S S

SCTG2 43, Mixed freight

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2,801 100 869 100 174 100 112 28.7 - 26 - 32.8 - 32.4
Single modes 2,778 99.2 869 99.9 173 99.8 89 28.9 1.3 26 - 32.8 - 36.9
Truck6 2,777 99.1 869 99.9 173 99.8 88 28.9 1.3 26 - 32.8 0.1 35.7
For-hire truck S S 158 18.2 S S 233 S S 47.8 6.6 S S 37.3
Private truck 2,200 78.5 711 81.8 140 80.5 85 26.4 6.8 23.8 5.4 30.3 5.6 39.8
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,236 S S S S S S 1.4
Multiple modes 21 0.8 - - - 0.2 570 49.8 1.7 40.9 - 47.4 0.1 34.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 21 0.8 - - - 0.2 570 49.8 1.7 40.9 - 47.4 0.1 34.6
Other and unknown modes S S - - - - 10 S S 36.3 - 25.6 - 36.6

SCTG2 99, Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Standard Classification of Transported Goods.
3 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
4 Coefficient of Variation.
5 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
6 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
7 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular row have no value. For example, Orlando-Deltona-Daytona Beach, FL by Alcoholic Beverages (08) by Air has no data for any cell therefore the entire row is not shown. Also, two-digit commodities are not present if there is no such data for an entire commodity by area. For example, Pittsburgh-New Castle, PA by Cereal Grains (02) has no data for any mode therefore the entire commodity is not shown.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.