Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 7,843 100 4,961 100 564 100 24.9 - 9.6 - 16.1 -
Less than 50 miles 2,394 30.5 3,471 70 62 11 20.4 5.2 10.9 5.6 10.1 2.9
50 - 99 miles 1,030 13.1 648 13.1 66 11.7 31.1 3.1 39 3.4 39.5 3.7
100 - 249 miles 821 10.5 404 8.1 82 14.6 27 2.7 29.1 1.6 26.6 3.7
250 - 499 miles S S 215 4.3 98 17.4 S S 27.9 1.9 26.6 3.2
500 - 749 miles S S 99 2 84 14.8 S S 31.9 0.8 32.6 3.6
750 - 999 miles 156 2 62 1.2 65 11.6 23.7 0.6 33.7 0.6 34.4 2.8
1,000 - 1,499 miles 316 4 S S S S 34.1 1.7 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 39 0.5 4 0.1 8 1.4 24.4 0.2 42.9 0.1 46.7 0.4
More than 2,000 miles S S 9 0.2 26 4.6 S S 43.6 0.1 44.2 4.2

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 7,241 100 4,941 100 550 100 26.9 - 9.7 - 16.4 -
Less than 50 miles 2,344 32.4 3,463 70.1 61 11.2 20.8 5.8 11 5.6 10.5 3.1
50 - 99 miles 967 13.4 646 13.1 65 11.9 30.4 3.3 39.1 3.5 40.1 4
100 - 249 miles 791 10.9 403 8.1 82 14.9 27.9 2.9 29.1 1.6 26.6 3.8
250 - 499 miles S S 210 4.3 95 17.3 S S 29 2 27.9 3.5
500 - 749 miles S S 98 2 83 15.1 S S 32.2 0.8 32.8 3.6
750 - 999 miles 109 1.5 60 1.2 64 11.6 33.9 0.7 34.9 0.7 35.4 2.9
1,000 - 1,499 miles 186 2.6 S S S S 28.9 1.6 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 17 0.2 S S S S 29.1 0.1 S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Truck4

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 4,776 100 4,773 100 408 100 19.1 - 11.1 - 15.3 -
Less than 50 miles 2,344 49.1 3,463 72.6 61 15.1 20.8 5.5 11 5.2 10.5 2.7
50 - 99 miles 966 20.2 646 13.5 65 16 30.5 3.2 39.1 3.5 40.1 4
100 - 249 miles 784 16.4 402 8.4 82 20.1 28.1 2.7 29.2 1.6 26.6 3.7
250 - 499 miles 335 7 133 2.8 56 13.8 33 1.3 22.3 1.2 20.2 3.9
500 - 749 miles 95 2 58 1.2 47 11.4 19.5 0.4 31.6 0.4 32 2.8
750 - 999 miles 72 1.5 43 0.9 45 11 20.8 0.5 31.8 0.4 31.6 2.7
1,000 - 1,499 miles 135 2.8 17 0.3 24 5.9 35.3 1 33.5 0.1 35.7 3
1,500 - 2,000 miles 17 0.3 S S S S 29.3 0.1 S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 29 0.6 S S S S 27.5 0.2 S S S S

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 2,158 100 1,058 100 244 100 45.1 - 24.7 - 15.8 -
Less than 50 miles S S 474 44.8 10 4.2 S S 45.5 9.1 39.5 1.5
50 - 99 miles S S 152 14.4 13 5.5 S S 28.9 5.5 27.4 2.3
100 - 249 miles 418 19.4 209 19.8 48 19.6 34.6 2 23.8 3.1 21.4 4.2
250 - 499 miles 304 14.1 114 10.8 49 19.9 37.6 3.5 19.3 6.4 17.4 5.2
500 - 749 miles 83 3.8 48 4.5 38 15.7 23.8 2.1 41.5 1.7 42.1 4.3
750 - 999 miles 64 3 36 3.4 37 15.2 24.2 1.9 38.5 1.6 38.8 3.7
1,000 - 1,499 miles 131 6.1 16 1.5 22 9.1 37 2.5 37.2 0.5 39.5 3.4
1,500 - 2,000 miles 16 0.8 S S S S 26.5 1.3 S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 29 1.3 S S S S 27.5 1 S S S S

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 2,619 100 3,714 100 163 100 13.6 - 13.2 - 35.1 -
Less than 50 miles 1,653 63.1 2,989 80.5 51 31.4 10.9 8.2 12 5.5 12.6 13.2
50 - 99 miles 545 20.8 494 13.3 52 31.9 35.1 4.6 46.9 3.9 47 7
100 - 249 miles 366 14 193 5.2 34 20.9 39.8 4.2 46.1 1.8 46.9 4.9
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - 0.1 33.8 - 15.5 - 12.5 2.2
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 196 100 166 100 140 100 19.9 - 20.9 - 25.5 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles 71 36.2 76 45.7 38 27.5 20.8 2.1 23.2 2 26.8 4.6
500 - 749 miles S S 40 24 S S S S 21.1 16.7 S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 49 24.9 33 19.7 S S 12.5 18.5 5.4 15.5 S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S 2 100 2 100 S S 48.5 - 48.3 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S 1 34.8 S S S S 40.5 17.1
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S - 12.8 1 41.7 S S 46.1 5 46.4 12.9

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 547 100 14 100 S S 43.6 - 48.5 - S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S 1 5.3 S S S S 31.4 2.8 S S
100 - 249 miles 25 4.5 1 4.8 - 1.3 17.2 3 30.7 4.5 32.3 1.4
250 - 499 miles S S 1 5.4 - 3.5 S S 36 3.5 37.5 2.7
500 - 749 miles 39 7.1 1 4 - 3.9 40.4 2.6 29.9 2.7 29 2.6
750 - 999 miles 46 8.4 1 8.5 S S 18.9 3.3 50 2.7 S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 22 4.1 S S S S 37.1 2.6 S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 79 14.4 S S S S 44.8 2.9 S S S S

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 536 100 5 100 4 100 44.2 - 11.5 - 14.9 -
Less than 50 miles S S 1 13.1 - 0.7 S S 31.9 3.7 32.8 0.3
50 - 99 miles S S - 10.6 S S S S 14.7 2.1 S S
100 - 249 miles 24 4.5 - 8.7 - 1.8 16.2 3 21.6 1.5 21.1 0.3
250 - 499 miles S S 1 12.9 - 6.6 S S 30.9 3.3 34.8 2.6
500 - 749 miles 38 7.2 1 11.5 - 8.8 41 2.6 31.6 3.6 31.1 2.6
750 - 999 miles 44 8.2 1 11.6 1 12.6 21.3 3.4 21.2 2.2 21.8 2.3
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S 1 13.8 1 20.4 S S 18.7 2 19.5 2.6
1,500 - 2,000 miles 22 4 - 6.5 1 12.7 38.8 2.6 41.1 2.2 41.2 3.1
More than 2,000 miles 78 14.5 1 11.2 S S 45.4 3.5 21.6 1.5 S S

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S 9 100 S S S S 31.6 - S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 55 100 S S S S 34.8 - S S S S
Less than 50 miles 19 34.7 2 27.1 - 0.7 31.7 13.3 39.5 15.5 33.8 13.8
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles 4 8 - 4.7 - 2 43.2 2.7 40.5 7.1 34 4.7
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 16 28.6 S S S S 49.1 14.6 S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any mileage group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the mileage group of "More than 2,000 miles" but does have data for the other mileage groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.